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build resume help How do I best conduct my job search? 2. Although it may seem formal, don't use the interviewer's first name until invited to do so. Make sure that you pronounce the interviewers name properly. 3. Provide the interviewer with a business card if you have one. 4. Information. Let the chartres cleric interviewer initiate the conversation. Remember, you're not the interviewer. 2. Dog Breed. Maintain steady eye contact with the interviewer. 4. Different Eras In American History. Dress in information a proper manner. 5. Use positive facial expressions. Industrial Revolution. 6. Dog Breed Information. Don't use any profanity in your speech, no matter how comfortable you are. 2. Don't interrupt the chartres cleric interviewer.

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8. When. Don't exaggerate. 2. What would be my approximate starting salary and dog breed information correlated benefits? 3. How will my progress be evaluated, and how frequently will I be evaluated? 4. What are the of light intensity experiment current goals for dog breed information, the department, and what would be the expectations for model of working, my role? 5. Are there questions or concerns about my qualifications that I could address?

6. Dog Breed Information. How will the rest of the search process proceed? What are some basic facts that I should collect before an interview? When you want to impress someone personally, you try to learn about them and prove that you care. This is no less important in a professional relationship, so here are several basic facts that you should collect before going to an interview: Major products or services provided by the company. Volume of business (revenue and islam culture profit) Number of employees. National and international office locations. Dog Breed. Structure of the company. Names and strengths/weaknesses of major competitors. Companies reputation in the marketplace. Latest news about the in american company or news that could affect the dog breed information company. 2. Have you ever led a team to model memory, the successful completion of a project? 3. Have you ever taken the dog breed information initiative to buy pixar, solve a problem or suggest an improvement at dog breed work? Why do some employers conduct telephone interviews?

Typically, an chartres cleric employer conducts a telephone interview or phone screen if the prospective employee doesn't currently live near the job site or if there a lot of dog breed information, candidates for of light experiment, a job. 2. What makes you the dog breed ideal candidate for this position? 3. What would be your ideal job? 2. Why do you want to of light on photosynthesis experiment, work for information, the organization? 3. Of Working Memory. Why did you apply for dog breed information, this particular position? 4. What do you look for in a supervisor? 5. What kind of environment do you like to work in? 6. What are the elements that you desire in Franklin Delano Memorial Essay a job? 7. Dog Breed. Are you willing to Delano Memorial Essay example, travel? 8. How do you respond to information, pressure? 9. Baddeley Model Of Working Memory. Do you like working by yourself or in a team?

10. Do you like to be a leader? 2. Don't alter daily routine just because you have a big interview. 3. Information. Remind yourself that the employer must like your qualifications; otherwise, you wouldn't have been asked to come in for an interview. 4. Chartres Cleric. Remember that the fate of the world doesn't rest on this one opportunity . 5. Don't drink too much coffee! Not only will it make you hyper, you may want to dog breed information, visit the restroom more than normal. 6. Consider exercising prior to your interview.

If you can go for eras, a run or get in a good workout, you will get rid of your excess nervous energy. Extra copies of your resume. Dog Breed Information. Work samples (if appropriate) List of references. Islam Culture. What is a headhunter? If you have put your resume up on dog breed, Monster or CareerBuilder, you may receive phone calls from Essay of Technology on Today's Society firms out there that place candidates at dog breed information companies for Memorial Essay, a fee. What are the dog breed information downsides of using a recruiter? Although there are several benefits to chartres cleric, using job recruiters, there are also a few downsides. 2. Dog Breed Information. The client company is paying a fee to the headhunter, so that cost may cut into your salary.

3. Buy Pixar. Companies are less likely to use headhunters during weak economic times. Dog Breed Information. Help wanted ads. State employment offices. People you know (networking) 2. Use 8.5 x 11 paper. 3. Did Disney. Print on dog breed, one side of the paper. 4. Use a laser or high-resolution inkjet printer. 5. Don't fold or staple your resume. Baddeley Model Of Working. 2. Name of organization, and, if applicable, division. 3. Work location (city, state) 4. Dog Breed Information. Dates of employment (year or month/year) 5. List of accomplishments. Essay About Effects On Today's. 2. Include the name of the educational institution, followed by the name of the degree and dog breed information the major. Factory Workers Revolution. 3. Add your G.P.A. if it was 3.0 or greater. This becomes less relevant as your career progresses. 4. Information. Mention academic honors, if any. 2. Permanent address.

3. Chartres Cleric. Phone numbers (home, cell, work) 4. Dog Breed. Email address. Essay Effects Of Technology On Today's. 5. Information. Website (if relevant to job aspirations) 2. Avoid large fonts. Islam Culture. They waste space and may seem comical. 3. Avoid fancy fonts that may be distracting and hard to read. 4. Use the same font throughout your resume. 5. Leave white space. Crowded text is dog breed information difficult to read. 6. Use bulleted text to increase ease of Delano Roosevelt Essay example, reading. Dog Breed Information. typical salary range for specific position. state of the economy. Roosevelt Memorial Example. current health of industry. success of dog breed information, particular company as compared to chartres cleric, general industry. cost of living in specific job location. paid sick leave. retirement savings plans. The similarity of the offer to other salaries within the company. The similarity of the information offer to islam culture, salaries for competitors' employees.

2. Contact employment agencies or executive search firms. 3. Call professional associations. 4. Review trade periodicals. 5. Dog Breed. Examine free salary surveys online. Franklin Roosevelt Memorial Essay Example. 2. If your boss hands you more responsibility then you should also be handed more money.

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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Artistic medium is an dog breed information, art critical concept that first arose in 18 th century European discourse about art. Medium analysis has historically attempted to identify that out of which works of art and, more generally, art forms are created, in order to Essay Effects Society, better articulate norms or standards by which works of art and information, art forms can be evaluated. Since the 19 th century, medium analysis has emerged in two different forms of critical and theoretical discourse about Essay about Effects of Technology Society, art.Within traditional art forms, such as painting and sculpture, modernist artists and critics began to interrogate art forms and information, the history of factory industrial, their possibilities in order to discover the necessary conditions for instances of those forms. This modernist interest in medium aimed to strip away unnecessary traditional artistic conventions in order to dog breed information, identify that which is essential to the form. Industrial Revolution. Within newly emergent forms of popular art, such as movies, comics, and video games, artists and critics have attempted to information, articulate both the ways the norms of factory, these forms of popular art arise from new material and technological modes of creating and interacting with reproducible images. The possibilities for an art form, whether traditional or newly emergent, can only be discovered by artists in acts of artistic creation. For this reason, the relation between art forms and their media develops and changes as the art forms continue to be discovered and reimagined by artists. Artistic medium is a term that is used by artists and art critics to dog breed, refer to that out of chartres cleric, which a work of art or, more generally, a particular art form, is made. There are, generally speaking, two related ways of using artistic medium in critical or artistic discourse.

On the one hand, we often talk about an artistic medium by reference to the material out of which a work of art is made. Works of art in museums or galleries will often have the medium listed along with the title and the artists name on the display card. A painting might have oil on canvas or watercolor listed along with the artists name and the works title; a sculpture might have marble, steel, or papier-mache listed in the same way. On the dog breed information other hand, we also talk about medium to refer to islam culture, the way a work of art organizes its audiences experience in space and dog breed, time. An actor might talk about the differences in on photosynthesis, performing on television and on film as performing in two different artistic media.

Or a critic might describe television as a writers medium and movies as a directors medium. Sometimes there may be no interesting differences regarding the material out of which the work was made; for this way of information, using medium, the Essay of Technology crucial differences have to do with the spatiotemporal organization of the audiences experience of the information work of art. Much of the critical and about of Technology on Today's Society, theoretical interest in the concept of artistic medium stems from a belief that analyzing the material conditions that underlie a particular art form allows us to articulate its norms and standards. Often critics and theorists who make use of the concept of artistic medium do so in order to connect an analysis of an dog breed information, art forms material basis and conditions with some claim about what artistic norms or standards are proper to the art form. Because the connection between a description of a medium, an revolution, art forms material basis, and the artistic experiences appropriate to that medium is a matter of some controversy, clarification of the philosophical insights and confusions associated with the concept of artistic medium must start not by arriving at its comprehensive definition, but rather by information noting the characteristic forms of reasoning in which the factory industrial concept is used. There have been two relatively distinct forms of discourse involving artistic medium : a modernist discourse, and one associated with newly emergent popular art forms such as movies and comics. The uses of artistic medium in these discursive traditions have shared important similarities, especially a reliance on the concept to identify what is distinctive about a particular art form and an interest in grounding the norms governing a particular art form in the forms material basis. But there are important differences as well. Modernist uses of the concept appeal to artistic medium as a way of justifying avant-garde approaches to dog breed, traditional art forms by making clear how contemporary experimental instances of a form are genuine instances of that form because they inherit the tradition in question by purifying it of all that is inessential and accidental. Essay About Of Technology On Today's Society. Proponents of information, newly emergent popular art forms, on the other hand, are interested in articulating what is unique about the new forms in order to locate their possibilities in distinction from traditional or older forms and to demonstrate how its best instances are works of art.

In recent years, some analytic philosophers of art have suggested that the concept of artistic medium is necessarily a confused one and should be abandoned in favor of other art-critical concepts such as style or genre. For example, Noel Carroll, in of light intensity, his theorization of film in the 1980s and 90s, suggested abandoning medium as a critically inert and confused category. More recently, Carroll has found critical uses for the concept of artistic medium, especially in the analysis of exemplary instances of avant-garde film. Though Carroll does now recognize legitimate applications of the concept of artistic medium in film criticism and theory, it is nonetheless worthwhile to take seriously his initial radical skeptical challenge to critical and dog breed, theoretical uses of the concept of artistic medium. Of Light On Photosynthesis Experiment. Doing so allows one to articulate certain characteristic confusions that some theorists and critics have historically exhibited in their medium analyses. But, equally, it allows for the opportunity to clarify what, historically, has characterized the richest and dog breed, most insightful critical and theoretical uses of artistic medium . As we shall see, these kinds of islam culture, confusions are apt to arise when the theorist or critic does not remember that artistic medium is an art critical concept. As an art critical concept, what a medium for dog breed, an art form is can only be known through artists discovering its possibilities in the creation of works within the form. In general, confusions arise in using artistic medium when theorists and critics do not treat the concept as a critical one, but instead picture a medium as something that could be identified prior to and independently of any particular artistic uses to which it is put. In Art as Experience (1934), John Dewey attempts to combat this possibility for confusion by distinguishing between an artistic medium and raw material. Effect Of Light Intensity On Photosynthesis. When we identify some collection of matter prior to dog breed information, and independent of any particular artistic context, then we have identified some raw material, which may, it is true, be put to use for various artistic ends.

But we cannot specify what artistic possibilities are available to workers industrial revolution, artists by identifying and dog breed information, analyzing that material. Rather, when a given vehicle is taken up and explored within a particular artistic problematic or tradition, artists discover it as an artistic medium. It is thus through the work of artists that the artistic possibilities of an artistic medium can be discovered, and not by analyzing the material in isolation. In this sense artistic medium essentially is a critical concept. What is possible within a particular medium is discovered by artists as they attempt to explore a particular artistic problematic or inherit a particular artistic tradition. For this reason, what the medium of an islam culture, art form is, as Theodor Adorno insists in Philosophy of New Music (1948), is a historical question.

There is no fixed, ahistorical answer to dog breed, the question, What are the material conditions for painting, or music, or any particular art form? In order to clarify the nature of the concept artistic medium , this article takes two different, although closely related, lines of approach. This article will first clarify the roles artistic medium can rightfully play within critical and theoretical discourses by responding to the challenge of medium skepticism, which takes the concept to be necessarily confused. Then, it will outline the history of Effects of Technology, artistic medium s emergence by describing the forms of critical reasoning in which the concept has been characteristically used. In so doing, the article will articulate why the concept has been so important for dog breed, the development of new forms of popular art and for avant-garde and modernist experimentation, and Franklin Roosevelt Essay example, why the concept has been vulnerable to characteristic confusions. The first section of this article will engage with the challenge of medium skepticism. Medium skepticism, a position recently prominent in the philosophy of art, holds that artistic medium gives rise to a set of characteristic confusions because the concept is both essentializing and dog breed, one that grounds its reasoning in a priori reflection upon the nature of the material basis of an did disney buy pixar, art form. Information. As we shall see, those two theoretical temptations are not inherent in the concept but are dangers only given a certain picture of how we determine what the medium is.

Then, employing Adornos thought that our understanding of what a medium is must be located in chartres cleric, the history of the development of its art form, the dog breed article describes the emergence of the on Today's concept of artistic medium and the history of its critical and dog breed information, theoretical uses in the development of modern arts. First, there is a brief account of how philosophers and critics in the ancient world and on Today's, the European tradition theorized artistic possibilities relative to a given art form prior to dog breed, the emergence of artistic medium as a critical and theoretical category: namely, by chartres cleric identifying an art form and its norms and standards by dog breed specifying its proper experience. Then, the two sites of emergence for the concept of artistic medium are described: first, in the 18 th century, in the critical work of Gotthold Lessing and, most importantly, his reflections on the differences between painting and poetry; second, most decisively, in the 19 th century, in response to the invention of photography, its potential as a new art form, and its relation to painting. This complex historical field within which the concept of artistic medium emerged allows us to locate the centrality of the islam culture concept in 20 th -century artistic discourses and also the philosophical confusions associated with it. 2. The Challenge of Medium Skepticism. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Noel Carroll issued what we may call the challenge of medium skepticism; he argued that medium analysis of film is necessarily confused and that films medium can be identified, but that it has no artistically normative implications. Carrolls interest in the concept of artistic medium originated from within film theory, but his claims about medium analysis being an essentializing discourse, and his recommendations that theorists and critics abandon the dog breed information concept of artistic medium in favor of other art theoretic concepts like genre and style, apply to the use of medium as an art theoretic concept in general.

More recently, Carroll has moved away from his medium skepticism and has acknowledged uses for artistic medium , especially in describing and industrial revolution, evaluating avant-garde or structural film. Nonetheless, evaluating the challenge of medium skepticism is dog breed, valuable in order to clarify how critics and theorists use artistic medium in characteristically confused ways and how the concept can be used in ways that avoid those confusions. In responding to the challenge of medium skepticism, we articulate the value of artistic medium . At the factory root of Carrolls concern is his contention that medium analysis ultimately depends, either implicitly or explicitly, on an illicit judgment from the nature of material conditions underlying the work of art to dog breed, a set of norms and prescriptions meant to govern an art form. Carroll contends that medium analysis must slip into islam culture, a theory of medium specificity in dog breed, which each art form has a single medium and each medium has a distinctive feature that does and should characterize artistic creation within the form: the mediums distinctive feature or power provides the aim the art form and its practitioners should pursue. Islam Culture. Carrolls rejection of medium specificity, which he sees as the inescapable heart of medium analysis, consists of two related objections: first, that medium analysis necessarily essentializes by identifying an art form with a single medium and a medium with a unique characteristic; and second, that medium analysis is structured around a priori reflection on the nature of the medium, yielding normative prescriptions about which artistic experiences are appropriate that in dog breed, fact merely reflect ones theoretical biases or idiosyncratic tastes. b. Factory Revolution. The Need for information, the Concept of Artistic Medium. It is true that much medium analysis essentializes, but critical or theoretical discourse involving medium is not necessarily essentializing. It may seem that the modernist tradition, for example, supports Carrolls contention that use of artistic medium is Franklin Delano, necessarily essentializing, since exploration of an art form by means of its media often meant stripping away all that could be in order to discover what was essential to dog breed information, the art form.

However, the modernist question of what is essential to the art form is intensity, itself a particular, historically-located question about artistic medium, and whatever answers modernist artists generated need not be taken as definitive of the timeless and unchanging essence of some particular art form. Information. In fact, rejection of Memorial example, essentializing claims is dog breed information, revealed as necessary for sound medium analysis, since there is no independent grasp on chartres cleric, what counts as an artistic medium outside of the context provided by a particular artistic problem or concern. This can be somewhat obscured for us because of the importance of modernism for our understanding of artistic medium as a concept; it is dog breed information, characteristic of modernist artists to take an art form itself as a question or problem to Franklin Roosevelt Essay example, be explored. The modernist question of dog breed, what, for example, constitutes the conditions of painting is part of an artistic project that takes as its starting point the history of painting and looks to inherit that tradition by stripping away all that is inessential to painting. But modernist artists and critics identify and explore shape or surface or color as they arise as problems or conditions for painting at when did disney buy pixar a particular historical moment, not because of dog breed, some timeless understanding they have of the nature of the media as such. There are also essentialist tendencies in the discourses surrounding photography, film, and other new artistic forms. These essentialist claims often arise because the medium analysis starts from the problem of the new technological bases for these art forms. In this tradition of medium analysis, theorists and critics start with reflection on the nature of, say, photography as a new technological, productive process and draw aesthetic prescriptions or standards from the ontological structure of photographic experiences.

Rudolf Arnheim, a film theorist prominent in the 1930s and after, offers a perspicuous example of a commitment to medium specificity in his theorization of film. Arnheim identifies the chartres cleric characteristic differences between a black and white photographic moving image and reality, and prescribes their accentuation as the basis for dog breed, film art. Arnheims theoretical commitments to islam culture, the purity of film as a medium led him to reject the development of color film and sound film as detracting from the artistic possibilities of silent black and white movies. Dog Breed Information. As an example of effect on photosynthesis, medium analysis gone wrong, Arnheims restrictive prescriptions exemplify the reasons for Carrolls rejection of medium specificity theories, for Arnheims commitment to the purity of dog breed, silent film and rejection of the possibilities of sound movies reflects his own theoretical views about the unique characteristics of when buy pixar, film itself, but voiced as an essentialist understanding of dog breed information, film. Arnheims critical blindness to the possibilities created with sound and color stems from his a priori commitment to an understanding of the nature of the photographic image. But if Arnheims use of the concept artistic medium is subject to the confusions of medium specificity that Carroll warns of, other paradigmatic instances of Franklin Essay, medium analysis for emergent popular art forms do not fall prey to them. The critic and philosopher Walter Benjamin, in his Little History of dog breed information, Photography (1931), for workers revolution, example, articulates unique characteristics of information, photography that make possible artistic expression. However, Benjamin does not assume in advance of his critical investigation that he knows what art can be or everything that photography can do. Rather, Benjamin is committed to the view that photographys invention changed what we could do, how we could see, and workers industrial revolution, how we relate to information, our world and, at the same time, changed what can count as art and artistic experiences.

Benjamin starts not with an essentializing, a priori analysis of the nature of photography in itself and for any possible use, but with a critically honed appreciation for the photographer Eugene Atgets work and how that work discovers and explores certain characteristic possibilities for photography. Factory Workers Revolution. Benjamin aims to identify the artistic possibilities within emergent artistic practices, what he identifies in his essay The Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility as arts developmental tendencies. He does not attempt to offer an analysis of the medium independent of its emerging artistic uses and prescribe what those uses should be. Instead, Benjamin identifies unique characteristics of the new medium; that is, he describes new things that we can do with the new technology, so that he can articulate terms by which future artistic expressions can be understood. This is dog breed information, a critical judgment, to be evaluated in light of past and future instances of photography and photographic arts. Carroll, then, worries about certain forms of theoretical confusion and critical blindness that can arise around commitments to medium specificity. Sometimes critics and theorists concerned with emergent popular art forms, like Arnheim, do succumb to the temptation towards medium specificity and effect intensity, prescribe some range of appropriate artistic experiences based on a supposed a priori , essentialist understanding of the nature of the technological basis for the art form. But the best critics and theorists engaged in information, medium analysis are not attempting to prescribe to artists which experiences are proper to the medium; rather, they are critically evaluating works of art in order to offer an analysis of why the art works on its audience in the ways that it does, and to islam culture, articulate new possibilities that change what art can be. Within the modernist tradition of dog breed, medium analysis, most artists, critics, and about Effects of Technology on Today's Society, theorists do not begin with an a priori , essentialist analysis of the medium in order to identify how it should be used in particular art forms. Instead, it is dog breed, characteristic of the modernist tradition that the art form itself is factory workers industrial revolution, taken up by artists as a problem or a question. Information. Such artists, theorists, and critics do not draw out artistic prescriptions based on an understanding of the medium in isolation from any particular use.

Rather, questions of shape and color are explored so as to find ways in which shape and color are conditions of possibility for when, painting. As we shall see, some postmodernist theorists and critics, such as Rosalind Krauss, share a version of Carrolls worry that interest in dog breed, exploring a medium demonstrates a commitment to when did disney buy pixar, some form of medium specificity: they object to dog breed, the role of medium exploration in modernist arts, believing that modernist artists continually rediscover the same few automatisms or forms of repetition that they then explore as if they have, through the originality of their creation, taken on the art form itself. It is common in chartres cleric, critical discussions of art to use art form and medium more or less interchangeably and to talk about, for example, the medium of painting. It is worth distinguishing between an art form as a particular form of experience and a medium as the dog breed material conditions that underlie that form of experience and make it possible. But it is perhaps not surprising that many people do not rigorously maintain a clear distinction between these two levels in everyday discourse. More importantly, widespread talk about the medium of an art form need not indicate an implicit commitment to there being a specific material uniquely associated each particular art form. Instead, we may think about talking about the medium of an art form as indicating a level of islam culture, analysis. Furthermore, what is picked out by some claim about medium is dog breed information, a contextual question relative to the history of the art form and the particular artistic problematic the work in question explores. If talking about the medium of an Franklin Roosevelt Memorial example, art form can indicate a level of analysis rather than a commitment to the medium specificity thesis, then we are open to thinking about the medium as a shifting collection of automatisms or forms of productive repetition that can evolve through the history of the art form. Though Carroll worries that confusions can arise in using the concept of dog breed information, artistic medium, he acknowledges in his later work that critics and theorists have found productive critical and theoretical uses of the concept. In general, medium analysis that is grounded in exploring how characteristic experiences constituting a work of buy pixar, art or an art form are structured and achieved does not fall prey to the dangers of medium specificity that worried Carroll. For medium analysis pursued in this manner is critical, articulating the dog breed automatisms that underlie ongoing artistic practices.

It begins with an did disney buy pixar, artistic problem or concern and identifies media by the role they play in the discovery and exploration of possibilities within that framework. It does not start with reflection on the nature of the medium itself in order to deduce what characteristic properties or features are appropriate to exploit for artistic ends. Theorists and critics are most likely to fall victim to medium specificity confusions when they picture the medium of an art form as some type of raw material that can be grasped independently of and prior to its uses within an art form. Instead, our grasp on what a medium is and can be only arises within the context established by an artistic problem or tradition, to be discovered by artists and articulated by critics. Furthermore, Carroll warns against attempting to identify an dog breed, art form with a single artistic medium. There is did disney, no reason to think that there is some single material condition that constitutes the possibilities within an information, entire art form.

Instead, within art forms, there are different media, different forms of repetition or automatisms, which have significance in structuring characteristic instances of the form. This means that, for example, film itself, considered as a technological innovation, may not always provide the of light on photosynthesis most productive level of unity for medium analysis. Rather, we can ask: What are the various media at work in popular movies, in documentaries, in information, cartoons, and in particular film arts? How do those automatisms allow for Essay Effects of Technology, the discovery of the artistic possibilities within particular forms of film art? Approaching medium analysis in this way allows one to dog breed information, locate the concept of artistic medium as a critical tool for understanding modern art experiences in which art is taken to have its distinct forms of experience that have their own norms and standards without necessarily committing to any essentialist assumptions. 3. Theorizing About Art Forms Before the Emergence of the Concept of Artistic Medium. Prior to the 18 th century, theorists of Essay on Today's, art articulated the dog breed norms and standards characteristic of a given art form without any reference to a medium or the material conditions that underlie the work of art. Instead, theorists in the ancient and medieval worlds identified particular art forms by articulating the artistic experiences characteristic to those art forms.

In so doing, they then could develop an account of workers revolution, what was and was not appropriate within an art form, given the dog breed information experience at did disney buy pixar which the art form necessarily aimed. Aristotles account of tragedy in his Poetics is one of the earliest examples of this way of theorizing about an art form and is a paradigmatic instance of it. Aristotle develops his account of tragedy as an art form by identifying the characteristic experiencecatharsisinstances of the information art form provide for Essay Effects on Today's Society, audiences. He is able to develop a number of claims about how a tragedy should be structured in order to achieve this characteristic experience. Aristotle opens his account of tragedy by discussing what could arguably be considered the material basis of the art form. He identifies rhythm, melody, and information, verse as the means by which the effects fundamental to tragedy are achieved. However, he immediately notes that other art forms also utilize those same means and argues that what is example, specific to tragedy as an art form cannot be identified by analysis of the means by which instances of the art form are achieved. Instead, he turns his attention to the features of tragedy that are specific to the art form by analyzing the experience that structures the form. For Aristotle, tragedy is able to generate an emotional experience in its audience involving pity and fear. His name for this experience is dog breed information, catharsis . Chartres Cleric. The precise nature of this Aristotelian catharsis has been and continues to be a matter of great debate: it has been taken to be an experience of dog breed, emotional discharge, of emotional purification, and of moral education, to name just a few interpretations.

Fortunately, we do not need to determine what exactly Aristotle took catharsis to be in order to note the general shape of his reasoning about tragedy as an art form. That tragedy aims for buy pixar, catharsis, a specific emotional experience for those who watch the dog breed drama, defines the nature of tragedy as an art form for Aristotle and organizes his analysis of how tragedies are structured. Most importantly, for Aristotle, tragedy can best achieve an experience of catharsis in its audience because it, unlike history or epic poetry, has a dramatic form. When Did Disney. The events of a tragedy unfold as the audience watches; the audience apprehends events as they unfold, constituting the unity of the plot as a single action. The audience of a history or epic poem, on the other hand, learns of many actions and events, and their interrelation and history, by dog breed information means of a narrative rather than dramatic form. Because the audience members for Essay, a tragedy witness the events of the drama as they play out in front of them, they are able to understand how those events, on the one hand, have an inexorable logic and, on information, the other, arise from choices that the factory workers revolution protagonist makes that could have been otherwise. It is tragedys dramatic form that allows the audience to experience the choices made by the protagonist as both highly contingent, in that other options or other paths are always available, and necessary, in that the protagonist is such that the central action of the tragedy is characteristic of dog breed information, him.

This tension between the contingency and the inevitability of the events depicted in a tragedy arises because the audience witnesses the protagonist make a choice and come to live with, or be destroyed by, its consequences. There is, therefore, an intimate connection between the islam culture dramatic structure of tragedy as an art form and the emotional cathartic experience available only to tragedys audiences. Tragedys characteristic experience of emotional catharsis for the audience accounts for a number of features of the art form. Take, for example, Aristotles claim that the protagonist of a tragedy is characteristically of a higher station or social status than its audience members are. On his view, audience members who recognize the dog breed protagonist as their social better are in position to achieve the appropriate emotional catharsis because the events that unfold are understood to be the result of the protagonists choices and not merely to be the result of intractable or unfortunate circumstances; the heights from which the protagonist falls clarify the consequences of his action. Whether or not we agree with Aristotle about the reasons he offers for the fact that Greek tragedies characteristically centered on royal figures or even demigods, we can see that he is identifying the art forms characteristic experience in order to islam culture, explain why the art form has the features it does. Other features of tragedy that Aristotle accounts for include the information extent to which the central action is grounded within basic familial structures and tensions and the role of the Franklin Essay protagonists ignorance in the completion of the action.

Further, Aristotles account of tragedy has normative implications arising from his understanding of the form as aiming for a characteristic experience. In articulating the characteristic experience for the audience at which the art form aims, Aristotle identifies and explains why certain features, such as the high social status of its protagonist and the protagonists ignorance, aid in dog breed, producing catharsis. About Effects. Thus, his account of tragedy and how it is structured outlines a set of norms and standards that arise from the aim of achieving the art forms characteristic experience. b. Aristotle and Horace as Models for Theorizing Art. Aristotles analysis of tragedy as structured by the aim of information, achieving a characteristic experience in its audience is paradigmatic of factory industrial, artistic analysis and theory in the ancient Greek and Roman world and then again in Europe up through the 18 th century. Information. Horaces Ars Poetica , for example, identifies poetry by its characteristic experience, namely, an factory workers revolution, experience of apprehending unity of action. Beginning in the Renaissance, Europeans began more extensive theorizing about art and art forms and they relied on Horace and, to a lesser extent, Aristotle, in order to justify a variety of accounts of art forms and the characteristic experiences that establish their norms and standards. For example, literary theorists such as Lodovico Castelvetro and dog breed information, Julius Caesar Scaliger, writing in 16 th century Italy, both defended poetry as an imitative art (following Horatian principles) and argued for the legitimacy of literature produced in popular, vernacular languages. Such arguments were soon adopted across Europe by theorists such as Joachim du Bellay and industrial revolution, Philip Sidney, who developed largely Horatian-style defenses of vernacular poetry as an imitative art.

In the dog breed 17 th century, Aristotles Poetics achieved a kind of prominence as a model for theorizing the norms of art forms; especially in France, dramatists such as Pierre Corneille and literary figures associated with the Academie francaise, took Aristotle to argue for the unity of action, of place, and of time as fundamental to dramatic structure. Although it is certainly possible to identify appeals to medium within this tradition of literary criticism inspired by Aristotle and Horace, most obviously in the arguments made in chartres cleric, favor of works written in vernacular language as a legitimate means of artistic expression, by and large this Horatian tradition of poetics centers around analysis of the art forms norms and standards by reference to dog breed information, an artistic aim, characteristically imitation, which structures the particular type of artistic experience. By contrast, theorizing about music, both in the ancient world and in the European tradition prior to the 18 th century, did make appeal to of light on photosynthesis experiment, what we might think of as the medium of music in articulating the norms underlying musical practices. However, what was identified as musics medium itself changed over time. Dog Breed. This is not a weakness of these theoretical accounts but rather an illustration of Franklin Roosevelt Memorial, Adornos contention, noted above, that our understanding of the nature of the medium of some art form is itself a product of the history of that form: there is no fixed, ahistorical characterization of musics medium because what musical experiences are is dog breed, not fixed but continually discovered in islam culture, composing and playing music. The earliest theories about the nature of music within the Western tradition held that music is the dog breed expression of a set of natural ratios that are equally expressed macroscopically in the movement of the celestial spheres and microscopically with the harmonies of the human soul. Pythagoras and his followers placed mathematical and musical knowledge at the center of intensity, their studies and influenced Plato and other ancient philosophers.

One prominent example of this ancient tradition of theorizing music as an expression of natural harmonies is Boethius, a Roman statesman and Neoplatonist philosopher from the 6 th century C.E. In his De institutione musica , Boethius distinguishes between three types of music: music of the spheres, music of the human spirit, and instrumental music. Boethius account of music as the expression of the natural macro and microscopic harmonies of the universe was important through the European Middle Ages. As the musical possibilities within the European tradition developed from monophony to polyphony in the late Middle Ages and Renaissance and information, then, during the Baroque era, to more complex contrapuntal forms of composition, theorizing about the nature of music also changed. Much medieval theorizing was directly inspired by Boethius and oriented around practical instructional concerns for composers and musicians. Indeed, much of the when history of Western musical theory is bound up with theories of tuning.

By the 16 th century, there emerged in the work of theorists such as Gioseffo Zarlino, a new theoretical categorytemperamentwhich made possible accounts better suited to describe the innovations in polyphony and counterpoint composition. Another strand of European music theory that emerged during and after the Renaissance drew on concepts from ancient rhetorical theories in order to describe the space of musical possibilities. By the end of the 18 th century, such rhetorical analysis had largely been supplanted by a new type of analysis of musical forms, such as the sonata, in the work of Heinrich Koch and others. These theoretical developments around the nature of musical experience were responsive to dog breed information, the evolving nature and effect intensity on photosynthesis experiment, increasing complexity of music composition and performance in the 18 th and 19 th century. The preceding is dog breed information, not meant to be a comprehensive overview of theorizing about art and art forms in the ancient and European traditions prior to the 18 th century.

Importantly, theorizing about artistic medium did not have the central place in theorizing about islam culture, art forms more generally that it came to occupy beginning in the 18 th and 19 th centuries. As art established itself as a relatively autonomous region of experience, the concept of medium emerged as a critical means of understanding distinct types of artistic experience. Thus while we can, in retrospect, identify candidates for musics medium, there is something anachronistic about thinking of dog breed, them as examples of theorizing about artistic medium , since theorists like Boethius, for example, did not categorize music as one type of artistic experience among others. As Europeans began to conceive of art as a distinct region of experience, the Aristotelian and islam culture, Horatian model for articulating the norms of an art form by reflection on its overall aim was fundamentally modified with the introduction of sustained consideration of the medium as the means for achieving a particular type of artistic experience. 4. Gotthold Lessing and the Problem of Art in the 18th Century. With his Laocoon: An Essay on the Limits of Painting and Poetry , published in 1766, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing is often identified as the dog breed first theorist or critic to engage in buy pixar, medium analysis. In that essay, he articulates the standards by which painting and poetry should depict bodies in action through an analysis of the spatiotemporal conditions under which the art forms are experienced. Many later theorists and critics identify Lessings essay on painting and poetry as an inspiration for their own attempts at medium analysis. Before examining the particulars of Lessings own analysis of painting and information, poetry, it will be helpful to effect of light on photosynthesis experiment, note something of the dog breed wider context of art and art criticism in 18 th century Europe. By the mid-18 th century in Europe, art had become its own distinct realm of experience, the culmination of a long and complex process in which artistic creation gradually decoupled from religious expression.

It is a reflection of arts new status as a distinct form of experience that the 18 th century in Europe saw the emergence of art history and art criticism as intellectual practices and aesthetic experience became an important topic for philosophers. Johann Winckelmann, for instance, developed the first comprehensive account of ancient art, distinguishing between Greek, Greco-Roman, and Roman art, and explicitly took up the Greeks in particular as a model for contemporary artists. Islam Culture. Denis Diderot, among his many other accomplishments, began, in 1759, writing critical reports on the biennial Paris Salons for a German newsletter, offering evaluations of particular artists and paintings and, equally, developing a critical account of the experiences at which painting should aim. It is in this context that we should locate Lessings contributions to medium analysis. In writing his Laocoon essay, Lessing shared with Winckelmann and Diderot (all three writing more or less concurrently in dog breed, the 1750s and 1760s) an awareness of art as a distinct form of islam culture, experience and thus as posing its own particular questions and distinct problems. Lessing, like Winckelmann, held that art, inasmuch as it was distinct from religious experience, should take beauty as its ultimate aim. Further, the ancient Greek, Hellenic, and Roman artists provide the best model for contemporary artists in large part because, being pre-Christian, their work reflects an unadulterated focus on artistic beauty for beautys sake.

Later Christian artists were, on this view, required to dog breed, maintain a sort of double allegiance to factory, the demands of beauty and the teachings of the Church, to dog breed information, the detriment of their work artistically. Like Diderot, Lessing was interested in arts ability to generate an experience of a kind of moral or spiritual beauty in Essay about Effects of Technology, its audience. Both Diderot and Lessing believed that painting, for example, can show moments of information, beauty that are not exclusively visual in nature by encouraging audiences to imagine moral and spiritual possibilities that we do not ordinarily encounter or recognize in our everyday lives. Chartres Cleric. The aesthetic aim means that painters should choose a revelatory moment within the dog breed action depicted that offers the when chance to think through the nature of that action. Lessings work of medium analysis in information, the Laocoon essay begins with an art historical question: did the chartres cleric Laocoon Group , a statue excavated in Rome in 1506 and currently on display at dog breed the Vatican, precede or come after Virgils account of Laocoon and his death in the Aeneid ? In the Aeneid , Virgil recounts the story of Laocoon, a Trojan priest, who warns against bringing the did disney Greek offering of dog breed, a giant horse statue into Troy. Snakes sent by the gods kill Laocoon and his sons; the chartres cleric Trojans interpret this a sign from the gods that Laocoon should not be heeded and dog breed information, bring the offering into the city, ensuring their ultimate doom. The question Lessing sets out to answer, whether the sculptors inspired the poet or vice versa, serves as a jumping-off point for Lessings broader interest in establishing the different norms and of light on photosynthesis experiment, standards that govern painting and poetry. Lessing characterizes painting and poetry in quite abstract and information, capacious terms. When Did Disney Buy Pixar. He defines poetry as any art form that unfolds in time and painting as inclusive of all art forms that are visual in nature.

Distinctions between the different materials out of which works of art (between marble and oil paint on canvas, say) are not relevant for Lessings analysis: he abstracts away from what will later be thought of by information some critics and theorists as distinct artistic mediums in order to characterize painting and poetry in terms of the spatiotemporal experience of the audience in apprehending the work. This stands in contrast with later analysis of artistic medium, which often centers on factory workers, the particular matter out of which works of art are made. In fact, though often (rightly) credited as the dog breed information first critic to offer an analysis of about Effects of Technology Society, artistic medium, Lessing himself does not describe painting and poetry as artistic mediums. It is worth noting that there was no widespread appeal to a concept of artistic medium until the middle of the 19 th century, when a term that had its home in scientific contexts was extended into artistic contexts. So, although Lessing is correctly credited with the first developed medium analysis, he describes painting and poetry as different methods for achieving a particular artistic experience. Lessings account of painting and poetry as distinct methods for achieving a particular artistic experience modifies the mode of analysis within which theorists about art since Aristotle had worked. That Aristotle-inspired mode of analysis developed an account of the norms and dog breed information, standards governing an art form by identifying the factory workers revolution experience characteristic of the art form and generating an account of the features of the forms in light of their contribution to the overall experience aimed at. Similarly, Lessings analysis of painting and poetry takes as its starting point a particular artistic aim; namely the audiences imaginative apprehension of dog breed, bodies in action as beautiful, and distinguishes between two different methods for achieving that experience. Unlike Aristotle, Lessing has in mind a general type of experience, the imaginative apprehension of bodies in action as beautiful, achieved by two different methods.

Lessing is able to offer an account of the Effects different artistic norms governing painting and dog breed, poetry because he takes them up as different means by which a kind of Essay Effects of Technology on Today's Society, artistic experience can be achieved, where each means is constituted by a distinct spatiotemporal structure. According to Lessing, because signs contiguous to other signs best represent objects contiguous to other objects, paintings appropriate subject matter is bodies at a single moment of time. Similarly, because signs that succeed one another best represent objects that succeed one another in time, poetrys appropriate subject matter is actions unfolding in time. Lessing argues that the material conditions of the method determine what is appropriate to that art form: If it is true that in its imitations painting uses completely different means or signs than does poetry, namely figures and colors in space rather than articulated sounds in time, and if these signs must indisputably bear a suitable relation to the thing signified, then signs existing in space can express only objects whose wholes or parts coexist, while signs that follow one another can express only information, objects whose wholes or parts are consecutive. Objects or parts of objects which exist in space are called bodies.

Accordingly, bodies with their visible properties are the true subjects of painting. Objects or parts of objects which follow one another are called actions. Accordingly, actions are the true subject of when did disney buy pixar, poetry. Information. (78) Some subsequent critics and chartres cleric, theorists have read Lessing here as offering two distinct tasks for painting and poetry, depicting bodies and dog breed information, depicting action. But Lessing considers these to be two different methods for Essay on Today's, achieving a single effect; namely, getting the audience to imagine bodies in action.

For he completes the thought by noting painting too can imitate actions, but only by suggestion through bodies. Poetry also depicts bodies, but only by suggestion through action. (78) Because Lessing is interested in painting and information, poetry inasmuch as they are different methods for encouraging audiences to experience beauty through imagining bodies in effect intensity, action, he immediately goes on to outline the norms that govern these different methods. Poets should construct their descriptions of information, actions by referencing each body participating in the overall action in terms of a single characteristic as it makes its contributions to the action. When. That allows the audience to imagine each bodys role in the overall action and so not be distracted by unnecessary detail or description. Painters should, according to Lessing, choose to depict the single moment of an dog breed information, overall action that encourages the audience to best imagine the action and one that offers the audience particular insight into what is at effect of light intensity stake in the action. Homer and the sculptors who created the Laocoon Group are exemplary artists in Lessings view because they grasp the information norms at work in islam culture, their respective art forms. Dog Breed. Homers mastery in part stems from his ability to offer descriptions of scenes that are centered around and grow out of an action, as when he describes Agamemnons armor and regalia as he is in the act of donning it. According to Lessing, Homers usual practice is not to linger on description for its own sake but only to describe objects in the midst of action and only in terms of a single distinct characteristic, so as to encourage the audiences imagination: for example, he evokes black-prowed ships skimming over a wine-dark sea. Likewise, the sculptors of the Laocoon Group are exemplary inasmuch as they have chosen a moment before the snakes have crushed and broken Laocoon and he has started to scream. Franklin Roosevelt Essay. Instead, they show his resistance to dog breed, his suffering, the on photosynthesis way in which he is enduring the pain and suffering that will inevitably overwhelm him. In this way, the audience is dog breed, able to imagine both the enormity of effect of light intensity on photosynthesis, his suffering and the spiritual beauty of his resistance in the face of dog breed information, immense suffering.

Lessings analysis of painting and when did disney buy pixar, poetry, therefore, identifies them as distinct methods for exploring a shared artistic problematic and considers them insofar as they constitute the aimed-for artistic experience. He is able to articulate a set of critical norms and standards for the art forms by reflecting on their different underlying spatiotemporal conditions. Lessings analysis establishes the dependence of the norms of painting and poetry on the spatiotemporal conditions of the experiences of those works of art. This dependence is the information result of his choice to begin not with the material conditions of the art forms, but by locating those art forms as participating in a particular artistic aim, that is, the factory workers demand that painting and poetry encourage their audiences imaginative apprehension of the beauty possible for bodies in action. In turn this aim determines painting and information, poetry as methods and gives Lessings normative recommendations the force they have. Lessings theorization of chartres cleric, artistic medium proved influential as questions of art and information, aesthetic experience moved to the center of philosophical thought at the end of the 18 th and workers industrial, the beginning of the 19 th century. Johann Herder, for example, in his Sculpture: Some Observations on Form and Shape from Pygmalions Creative Dream (1778) extends and complicates Lessings approach to artistic medium by denying that painting and sculpture could, as Lessing held, be understood in the same terms because they both offer a single moment of an information, action up to the audience for contemplation. Instead, Herder holds that painting and sculpture are not subject to the same norms and standards because they constitute different artistic media. Most decisively, the concept of artistic medium plays a central role in the thought of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, arguably the most influential philosopher of the early 19 th century. On Hegels view, the norms and ideals that structure human interactions develop out of and so are made explicit in the history of human political development, intellectual development, and artistic development.

Artistic production in its various forms is humanitys attempt to express the ideals structuring human life, especially those ideals particularly associated with beauty. But if this is when, case, then the question arises: Why are there different art forms, given that they all are structured around a shared, if at times inchoate, desire? Hegels answer to this question, most developed in his Lectures on Aesthetics (published posthumously in 1835), is that different artistic media serve as the basis for information, and so give rise to the possible forms of expression within particular art forms. In Hegels work, we have perhaps the clearest example of the consequences of conceiving of art as a distinct form of islam culture, human experience, separate from religion and politics for example. In thinking of art as a general field of experience within which we can distinguish distinct art forms, the concept of artistic medium is critical in allowing Hegel to maintain the unity of art in general while still distinguishing clearly between particular art forms and the norms and standards that govern them. 5. The Invention of Photography and the Discovery of information, Its Artistic Possibilities.

a. The Etymology of the Term Artistic Medium As noted above, Lessing does not describe his analysis of painting and poetry as an analysis of artistic medium. He talks about painting and poetry as different methods for achieving an experience. Indeed, it was not until the middle of the 19 th century, almost 90 years after Lessings Laocoon essay, that medium began to be used in when did disney buy pixar, artistic contexts, referring to the material conditions out of which works of art are made. The Oxford English Dictionary notes that the earliest use of medium in an artistic context, signifying the raw material out of which a work of dog breed information, art is made, is from 1861. This new use of medium in an artistic context grew out of an factory industrial, earlier use that describes the substance (such as oil or water) that painters mix with pigment to create paint. We still speak of oil paint as a distinct medium that differs from watercolor; this use is an extension from an earlier one that identifies oil and water as media in which pigments are mixed.

While the first uses of medium in artistic contexts often referenced the material out of which paint and then paintings were made, the information timing of this development is likely connected to a radical problem that gripped the chartres cleric art world of the 19 th century; namely, the emergence of technologies that reproduced images: first lithography, and then photography, which reproduces images of our world now past. In the 1820s, Nicephore Niepce developed the first photoetching process; in the 1830s, a number of inventors, most prominently Niepces partner Louis Daguerre and dog breed information, William Fox Talbot, worked independently on developing photographic processes that were capable of capturing images mechanically with much shorter exposures. By the end of the 1830s, both Talbot and Daguerre had publicly debuted their technology for mechanically capturing and reproducing images from the world. The invention of photography was widely felt as a challenge to the received understanding of what could be art and chartres cleric, what artistic experiences were proper to painting specifically. Dog Breed. But the debates surrounding photography and on photosynthesis, painting in the 19 th century largely centered on dog breed information, whether or in what ways photography could serve as the means of artistic expression.

The new photographic technology was, in islam culture, many cases, quickly distinguished from processes by which works of art were produced and dismissed as being incapable of producing art. The most prominent argument made against the possibility that photography could be art was based on the mechanical nature of the photographic process. Information. William Fox Talbot, for example, claims in the introduction to his Pencil of Nature (1844) that photographs are drawn by nature using light. Talbots view that photography was the production of natural images by effect on photosynthesis experiment mechanical means alone, without the intervention of any human artistry, was widely shared in the 19 th century and taken to be grounds that photography could not ultimately be an artistic medium. If the photograph is made by the interaction of dog breed, natural processes of light and chemicals, then it cannot be a work of art, any more than a tree or a sunset could be. The 19 th century debates about the factory workers revolution possibility of photographic art seem, from our 21 st century vantage point, hopelessly misguided. But this is largely because we are the recipients of an understanding of what can count as art that has been altered by the development of dog breed information, reproductive technologies like photography and when did disney buy pixar, film. Throughout most of the 19 th century, it seemed obvious to a large number of critics that the mechanical nature of photography excluded it straightforwardly from consideration as art. Charles Baudelaire for example, in his Salon of dog breed, 1859, worries that the public is starting to confuse photography for art by did disney buy pixar mistakenly taking a mechanical means for image reproduction as capable of inspiring imagination. Photographers, on this view, were mere technicians, only capable of dog breed, reproducing natural images by exploiting the Franklin Roosevelt Essay example laws of nature.

Because there was no human creativity at work in producing the photographic images, those images could not be art and the photographers were not artists. Those who argued that photography could be art generally took two lines of dog breed information, response. On the one hand, many held that, while photography was ultimately a mechanical process, it could be artistic inasmuch as it is able to mimic painting and the artistic experiences of which painting is capable. On the other hand, some took the opposite tack and argued that photographys artistic possibilities lay in exploiting photographys unique features. Islam Culture. On the first line of response, photography was artistic by the extent to which it was able to look like painting or otherwise reproduce it.

On the second, photography was seen as artistic by the extent to which it distinguished itself from paintings artistic possibilities by taking advantage of the features that only it possessed. Photographers attempted to imitate painting in several ways. One of the earliest uses to which photography was put was the reproduction of paintings in order to disseminate widely what would otherwise require a pilgrimage to see. Further, some early photographers took photographs that were essentially reproducing the dog breed subject matter of earlier paintings by did disney buy pixar staging scenes reminiscent of those paintings. These genre photographs are the primary objects of Baudelaires denunciation of photography as essentially lacking in human creativity. Finally, some photographers began to produce photographic experiences that mimicked experiences recognizable from painting, utilizing soft focus, for dog breed, example. Julia Margaret Camerons photographic work exemplifies many of factory workers revolution, these quasi-painterly techniques and is deeply influenced by pre-Raphaelite painting. On the other hand, many photographers and critics, beginning with the earliest instances of photography, emphasized aspects of photographic production that were taken to be unique to it and therefore unlike painting.

In announcing Daguerres invention to the French Academy of Sciences in 1839, Francois Arago emphasized the precision of the photographic image and its ability to allow its audience to see aspects of their world that they would otherwise be unable to see. During the 19 th century, photographic practices evolved to capture moments and aspects of the world that are fleeting. Eugene Atget, for example, developed his photographic productive practice around capturing aspects of Parisian life that were disappearing as the city continually modernized, memorializing scenes from a form of dog breed, life that was fading away. Walter Benjamin, looking back at islam culture the development of 19 th and early 20 th century photography from the vantage point of the 1930s, articulates photographys unique features in terms of its ability to allow us to become conscious of what otherwise passes before our eyes unrecognized. On Benjamins view, photographys ability to dog breed, reveal what he terms the optical unconscious constitutes its distinctive power and its value as an artistic medium. c. Accounting for Photographys Artistic Possibilities. The problem posed by photography and its relation to art generally and painting specifically led to Franklin Delano Roosevelt Essay example, an approach towards questions of artistic medium distinct from the approach pioneered by Lessing. Dog Breed. Lessings approach starts with an artistic aim and then identifies the distinct norms arising from different methods for achieving it. Photography instead presented itself as a problem: the question is not how best to buy pixar, achieve a particular artistic experience with a mode of expression or set of material conditions, but instead, to what extent, if any, can this new mode of expression be artistic?

The emergence of this new technology raised a pressing question: Can it serve as the basis for artistic creation and, if so, what aspects or features of it are most appropriate for creating art? This approach to dog breed, medium analysis begins by identifying a particular medium and its unique features or characteristics and determining what artistic experiences artists using the buy pixar medium should pursue. Both the early defenders and objectors to dog breed, photographys artistic value follow the islam culture same basic template for analyzing medium. First, the critic identifies the dog breed information medium (the photographic technology that constitutes a new mode of expression) and determines its unique features. Then, the theorist or critic evaluates the islam culture ways in which those unique features can generate artistic experiences. There are two ways this evaluation can happen.

One can reflect on dog breed information, the nature of the medium and the unique features of chartres cleric, its productive process and try to deduce an absolute a priori claim about its artistic possibilities independently of critical examination of the works produced; this approach generates confusions or, at best, tendentious critical prescriptions. Alternately, one can engage in a critical investigation of work that utilizes the unique features of the dog breed information medium in order to articulate how new artistic possibilities are being generated. Baudelaires dismissal of photographys potential for artistic value exemplifies the first possibility. Chartres Cleric. Benjamins critical examination of Atgets work exemplifies the latter. 6. Dog Breed Information. Modernism as the Discovery of Medium. As modernism transformed almost all traditional art forms more or less simultaneously during the islam culture first half of the 20 th century, artistic medium became one of the crucial art critical concepts not just for theorists and critics but for artists as well. For modernist artists, inheriting traditional art forms meant querying the conditions of possibility underlying the art form in order to determine, through discovery and exploration, the necessary conditions for contemporary instances of the art form.

For this reason, modernist arts often seemed to critics and information, some artists to Essay Effects of Technology on Today's Society, be exercises in shedding, as some things taken to be essential to dog breed, the form earlier in the tradition are discovered to be mere conventions and thus no longer conditions for contemporary instances of the art form. There are too many important modernist artists across a wide variety of islam culture, traditional art forms to dog breed, give a comprehensive survey of them here. However, it is worth identifying a few of chartres cleric, them in order to emphasize the modernist concerns that were deeply shared by artists across a broad swath of different art forms. In dance, for example, Isadora Duncan, the American dancer, rejected the dog breed information inherited tradition of ballet techniques and thought of her own practice as the exploration of dances medium, the human body in its freedom of movement and gesture. In his Ornament and Crime (1913), Adolf Loos, an Austrian architect, critic, and theorist, argued against unnecessary architectural ornamentation in ways that heralded the modernist emphasis on purity of Essay about of Technology, form and design.

The modernist architectural commitment to form following function in design and dog breed information, the general dictum that buildings should be machines for living culminated in the work of architects such as Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. In literature, the work of Gertrude Stein, James Joyce, and Franz Kafka, to name only a few, all differently exemplify modernist commitments. In Joyces work, for example, we can see a broad modernist development from an exploration of the history of forms of literary expression in Ulysses (1922) to an obsessive examination of the expressive possibilities of language itself in his final book, Finnegans Wake (1939). b. Modernism and 20th Century Music. The history of composed music during the first half of the 20 th century illustrates this same modernist problematic. By the 1920s, a number of composers began to explore new and unconventional forms of composition, including serial and atonal composition. Among the most prominent of islam culture, these modernist composers was Arnold Schoenberg, who developed twelve-tone technique or row composition.

Other notable modernist serial composers included Anton Webern and Karlheinz Stockhausen. These new forms of composition were theoretical accomplishments and information, also new ways of organizing musical elements such as melody and harmony. Not only did these developments in composition provide new systems of musical organization, but they readjusted audiences understanding of older forms of composition now thought of as, for example, limited to tonal relations in effect experiment, contrast with modernist atonality. Dog Breed Information. As Theodor Adorno observes, Schoenbergs twelve-tone technique, for islam culture, example, stands in contrast with 19 th century composers who manipulate and transform the repetition of certain basic musical relations. In Schoenbergs compositions, however, there is no room for repetition. Dog Breed Information. Rather, the composer moves through a series of distinct relations between pitches. Usually these rows of related pitches do not get repeated but explored once, and then a new row is generated.

No longer are composers straightforwardly exploring relations between melody and harmony by the repetition and manipulation of a few themes or motifs. Franklin Delano Memorial Essay. Instead, serial composers such as Schoenberg are generating new relations between pitch intervals without recourse to the repeated exploration of some theme. Thus, in the modernist exploration of musics possibilities, the medium of music itself undergoes radical developments. Dog Breed Information. In other words, modernist composers no longer took for granted compositional techniques or assumptions that had for prior generations seemed obvious or unproblematic. Instead, modernist composers aimed to generate an entire system of composition and so too a theoretical articulation of the constraints and rules by which their particular system of islam culture, composition operates. As these modernist questions gripped more composers, the possible compositional systems and their accompanying theoretical justifications proliferated.

c. Fried on the Value of Modernism. Why modernism should have taken hold in a number of traditional art forms more or less simultaneously in the early part of the 20 th century remains an important question, one that cannot be answered directly in dog breed, this article. Islam Culture. We will simply note that it did happen and that although many artists and critics embraced the modernist moment with traditional art forms as the promise of clarifying what was truly necessary for those arts, the modernist moment also clearly marked a kind of crisis for those traditional art forms, in which that which had previously been accepted as the possible basis for serious work within the form no longer satisfied artists or audiences. The logic of modernism is important for understanding the concept of artistic medium because the exploration of the art forms medium in dog breed information, its purity was central to it. Factory Industrial Revolution. This article will focus on one clarifying example, the critical discourse analyzing and justifying modernist painting in the 1950s and 1960s, in order to bring out the characteristic structure of reasoning about medium in artistic modernism.

Three critics in particular, Clement Greenberg, writing in the 1940s and 1950s, and Stanley Cavell and Michael Fried, writing in the 1960s, championed the modernist project in dog breed, American painting and sculpture; their work offers a perspicuous example of the logic of modernism as an chartres cleric, exploration of artistic medium. Greenbergs Modernist Painting, in particular, is an early statement of critical purpose, justifying the modernist project of medium exploration for information, its own sake. Greenberg saw the modernist project as akin to the Kantian commitment to critical philosophy: like Kant, modernist artists, on Greenbergs view, engage in a project of criticism, reflecting on the nature of the form in its purity by discovering and articulating its limits. Chartres Cleric. Cavell, in his A Matter of Meaning It (1969), identifies modernism as the realization of an dog breed information, art forms artistic media through the discovery of its contemporary conditions of possibility. When Did Disney Buy Pixar. The work of the dog breed information modernist artist, according to Cavell, is to Essay example, find the criteria for an instance of an art form in the act of inheriting that form. The dominance of this modernist problematic was challenged in the 1960s as minimalist or conceptual art on the one hand and pop art on dog breed, the other developed alternative artistic possibilities to be explored.

These alternative artistic programs competed with modernist painting by of light rejecting painting and sculpture altogether as forms for artistic expression. Instead, the aim was to cultivate forms of experience in ways not bound by paintings forms, its problematics, and its media. For example, pop art was interested in information, exploring the image and contemporary experiences of images as such, rather than posing the image as a problem situated merely within the Delano Memorial history of dog breed, painting. This confrontation between modernism on the one hand and when buy pixar, pop art, minimalism, or conceptual art on the other was felt as a crisis involving the very existence of painting and sculpture as art forms by a number of artists and critics. Dog Breed. Michael Fried, in Art and Effects of Technology, Objecthood (1967), offers perhaps the strongest critical polemic on behalf of modernist painting and sculpture. Fried identifies recent developments in painting as responding to a conflict between minimalists and modernists about how shape should function as an artistic medium: What is at stake in this conflict is whether the paintings or objects in question are experienced as paintings or objects, and what decides their identity as painting is their confronting of the demand that they hold as shapes. Otherwise they are experienced as nothing more than objects. This can be summed up by saying that modernist painting has come to find it imperative that it defeat or suspend its own objecthood, and that the crucial factor in dog breed information, this undertaking is shape, but shape that must belong to paintingit must be pictorial, not, or not merely, literal. (151)

Fried here identifies the minimalist project as taking what he terms a literal approach to shape, for example, in which shape on its own is apparently explored for its artistic possibilities. By contrast, for Fried the modernist project takes the art form itself as an artistic problematic or a contemporary question and the medium exploration is in service of the exploration of that problematic: What now are the conditions of painting? Frieds objection in condemning conceptual artists and minimalists as literalists is that exploration of the medium as such loses connection with what is possible within traditional art forms like painting and sculpture; namely, an aesthetic experience. Painting and sculpture aim at the production in their audiences of a shared moment of judgment, a moment of Delano Roosevelt Memorial Essay example, judgment that audiences together take pleasure in extending and contemplating. The literalists, on the other hand, construct for their audiences experiences that cannot be shared in information, a single moment of judgment but are necessarily individual explorations of objects within a space over some duration. Fried thinks conceptual and minimal artists offer audiences theatricalized experiences, unfolding for each individual in time without the possibility of a shared moment of aesthetic judgment. For Fried, it is not possible to arrive at the unity of an aesthetic experience simply by the exploration of material conditions in Effects, themselves, cut loose from any artistic problematic or aim. In contrast, modernist artists committed to the traditional art forms are interested in discovering the material conditions for experiences that demand aesthetic judgment. The modernist worry, articulated by dog breed Fried and chartres cleric, Cavell, is that the possibility for authentic experiences of art are lost when the questions of artistic medium no longer arise in relation to an existing art form and its traditions. Dog Breed Information. Substituting theatricalized experiences for serious artistic experiences will mean that people no longer have experiences that are both aesthetic and ascetic.

Grounding ones explorations within the history of an islam culture, art form in order to offer a contemporary instance of the art form calls for an appropriately serious response on the part of the beholder, a response that demands self-work on information, the part of the beholder in ways that enrich both the did disney buy pixar experience and the beholder. Dog Breed. In contrast to aesthetic literalism, the Roosevelt Memorial example modernist project thus involves the cultivation of aesthetic judgment; through contemplation, better understanding of the relation between the present instance of the dog breed form and the history of the form is achieved. For those artists and critics committed to modernist art, the task at hand was the survival of traditional art forms through a radical exploration of what is Effects, most essential to a particular form. Dog Breed Information. In so doing, the modernist artist aims to continue the art form by an original contribution to the tradition and creating work that discovers artistic possibilities on behalf of the islam culture art form. But to those artists and critics that emerged in the wake of the modernist moment, this stance of the heroic artist revealing possibilities for an art form through creating new instances of the form came to dog breed information, seem inappropriate and a bit self-aggrandizing. Postmodern critics and artists in the 1970s and after developed new approaches to the history of traditional art forms.

Rosalind Krauss in The Originality of the Avant-Garde (1981) argues that modernists and avant-garde artists imagine that they make themselves the new origin of the art form as they continuously discover its essential conditions. Such modernist artists continually rediscover a few prominent automatisms, forms of repetition, as if they were the essence of painting and their discovery were an act of artistic originality. Krauss argues that rather than discover the essential material conditions of the art, modernist artists returned again and chartres cleric, again to a fundamental form of information, repetition activated throughout the history of factory industrial, painting; namely, the grid. Avant-garde and modernist artists from dog breed information this point of chartres cleric, view do nothing but treat the various forms of repetition and automatisms that constitute the information history of the art form as original individual discoveries of the grid and its possibilities for painting. Postmodern art is islam culture, characterized by a change in relation to an art forms tradition. Rather than attempt to investigate the necessary material conditions for contemporary expression within the information art form, the postmodernist attempts to otherwise activate a traditions discarded conventions through exaggeration, juxtaposition, and unabashed repetition. Modernisms approach to tradition is to strip away everything conventional and inessential in order to discover the fundamental conditions of the art form.

Postmodernism instead approaches an art forms tradition as a collection of of Technology, automatisms to information, be explored and activated again through conscious repetition. Rather than discarding all that is Franklin Delano, unnecessary, the postmodern artist juxtaposes or exaggerates disparate conventions and information, so hopes to rediscover possibilities within forgotten automatisms that modernism would have discarded. From the point of view of postmodernism, Frieds attachment to when buy pixar, the experience of working on oneself in order to better behold modernist works of art looks like a self-aggrandizing response analogous to the modernist artists genius in laying bare the conditions of dog breed, painting as such. On the other hand, if Benjamin is factory revolution, correct that the invention of lithography and subsequent technologies that produce and reproduce images irrevocably accelerated European arts transition from forms of experience centered around cult value to forms of dog breed information, experience centered around exhibition value, then modernist commitments to the possibilities of aesthetic-ascetic experience in inheriting traditional art forms may be seen as late attempts to sustain the possibilities of art with cult value. Modernism coheres around the concept of artistic medium, for the aims of modernism are to discover the possibilities and thus the Delano Essay example limits, the strengths, the dog breed tensions, the contradictions within an art form and its history by buy pixar discovering how the forms material conditions can be transformed into new and newly definitive instances of the form. Because postmodern artists return to the history of the form to discover its discarded conventions and automatisms rather than discarding them, they no longer think of dog breed information, media in terms of the essence of an art form. But although medium is not central to chartres cleric, postmodern art, it is nonetheless still useful in critically evaluating works of art. Postmodernism emerged in the wake of modernism; the break with the history of traditional art forms that constituted the modernist moment was a break from conventions that no longer provided conviction for artistic expression.

Medium remains a productive concept for artists and critics, even if there is now little interest in exploring an art forms possibilities through discovery of its most essential media. 7. New Forms of Popular Art in the 20th Century. The 20 th century saw the emergence of a succession of new forms of popular art, including movies, comics, and video games. These new popular arts inspired discussion about medium between artists and critics as the forms developed. Especially early in the lives of dog breed information, new popular art forms, questions of medium and Franklin Delano Roosevelt Essay example, medium analysis seem pressing to both artists and critics. This is dog breed, because new art forms grow by borrowing artistic problems and aims from related earlier forms and by exploring a different material basis that makes new forms of artistic expression possible and in which artistic questions and interests can be pursued, critiqued, or otherwise engaged. Movies and film criticism are an exemplary instance of a new form of popular art generating elaborate and often productive discourses about medium.

Much of the early history of about Effects Society, film criticism and dog breed, film theory is marked out by exploration of a number of questions related to when did disney buy pixar, film as a medium. As film theory began to establish itself as an academic field of interest in the early 1970s, interest shifted away from questions of medium. But early in dog breed, the development of the movies as an art form, films potential for chartres cleric, artistic expression was a prominent critical conversation between theorists and artists. In the dog breed information 1920s, Soviet filmmakers and critics such as Sergei Eisenstein, Vsevolod Pudovkin, and Dziga Vertov were engaged in a critical discourse about films potential for chartres cleric, popular art in dog breed, writing and with their movies. Eisenstein, for effect of light intensity, example, argued that films unique and characteristic feature was montage, the juxtaposition of images through editing into a sequence.

His own movies, such as Battleship Potemkin (1925) and Ivan the Terrible (1945), have elaborate montage sequences and editing choices that encourage political recognition. Likewise, Pudovkin claims that montage and dog breed information, juxtaposition of factory workers, images through editing can change the meaning of images. For both, the emphasis on information, montage as a unique and characteristic feature of chartres cleric, film being central to its possible artistic experiences stems from their interest in the ways in which juxtaposing images can generate both abstract judgments and strong emotional responses. Dziga Vertovs exploration of the photographic and mechanical basis of the film image was central to his artistic and dog breed, political project of discovering new ways of allowing his audiences to understand the world around them. He emphasized films ability to reveal minute features and islam culture, gestures, otherwise unseen or unnoticed, so that the audience is able to dog breed information, recognize them as characteristic of the overall environment. One exemplary instance of Vertovs exploration of the nature of chartres cleric, film as a medium of expression is his experimental movie, Man with a Movie Camera (1928). A number of early film critics developed an analysis of films artistic and political promise around its photographic basis. Dog Breed Information. In The Work of Art in islam culture, the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility, (1939) Walter Benjamin emphasized photographys ability to make visible minute aspects and dog breed, gestures so as to display the character of islam culture, people and environments.

Similarly, popular movies offer the opportunity to information, develop new habits of perception that allow audiences to recognize fraught meaningful gestures. Walter Benjamins medium analysis is exemplary, for Benjamin explicitly asks of all reproductive technologies that have developed after lithography not, What features of these material conditions are unique and thus capable of artistic experiences that take advantage of those features? but rather, How does the existence of of light on photosynthesis experiment, these new reproductive technologies change what art can be? Benjamins form of medium analysis is historically and critically grounded in dog breed, successful instances of emergent forms of revolution, popular art. Rudolf Arnheim, also writing film criticism in dog breed, the 1920s and 1930s, offered an analysis of films potential as an of light on photosynthesis, artistic medium. Unlike Benjamin, who emphasizes films ability to reveal the optical unconscious, Arnheim identifies the ways in which the film image differs from everyday images and derives from those features the norms that should serve as the information basis for effect of light intensity on photosynthesis experiment, film art. Arnheims critical blinders and dog breed, commitment to when did disney buy pixar, an idea about purity of medium led him to dog breed, argue against the possibility of film art that includes sound because film and sound are distinct media and should not be mixed. Another early theorist committed to a medium analysis of film and photography is Siegfried Kracauer. Kracauers critical articulation of films artistic possibilities stems, like Benjamins, from the unique capabilities of photography and film, and of light intensity on photosynthesis, so he identifies and encourages films documentary and democratizing impulses. Andre Bazin, a midcentury French film critic who championed the Italian neorealists and cultivated a generation of French film critics and dog breed, filmmakers, developed an analysis of films photographic basis. Bazin emphasizes photographys ability to satisfy absolutely the desire to preserve the world as the basis for a critical understanding of film and its possibilities. In so doing, he locates films ontological basis in photography and photographys ability to place us in workers revolution, relation to our world, now past. This tradition of information, exploring the meaning of films ontological status as photographic includes Stanley Cavells work, especially his The World Viewed: Reflections on the Ontology of Film (1971).

Cavell critiques and extends Bazins account of the ontology of film and photography in part by focusing his own medium analysis upon a specific artistic problematic. Memorial Essay. The World Viewed offers a medium analysis not of film as such, but of popular Hollywood movies. In analyzing the medium of movies, according to Cavell, prior to the 1960s popular movies explored the possibilities and tensions within a problematic of modern action that emerged in the 19 th century concerning the possibilities for urbane, stylish, and productive action, but by the late 1960s, a new problematic concerning the contemporary possibilities for action simpliciter was emerging. The World Viewed was written in observance of this transition within popular movies and draws on the conceptual tools of medium analysis in order to register the fact of dog breed information, this transformation. If the beginning of the 1970s saw the emergence of a new problematic for Effects of Technology, popular movies to discover and explore, it also saw the establishment of film theory as an academic discipline. In academic film studies, medium analysis had a few early prominent practitioners. Leo Braudys The World in a Frame: What We See in dog breed, Films (1976), for example, offers an analysis of films artistic possibilities by distinguishing between the ways in which movie worlds are both closed off from and open to and interpenetrate with our world.

This tradition of medium analysis of films photographic basis within film theory and criticism is well represented by Victor Perkins, who identifies minute, meaningful, characteristic gestures as fundamental to the movies artistic possibilities. Perkins commitment to of light on photosynthesis experiment, the fundamental role that artistic medium has within his critical practice points to an intimate nexus of considerations of medium and information, artistic experience within the creation of movies and artistic practices more generally. However, soon after film theory and criticism found an academic home within film studies in the 1970s, theorists and critics moved away from sustained medium analysis of film or the film arts. Instead, academics developed alternative interpretative frameworks, prominently Lacanian, feminist, and islam culture, Marxist ones, that displaced the prominence of information, medium analysis within film theory. In analytic philosophy, as philosophy and film established itself as a domain of chartres cleric, inquiry, instances of medium analysis gave way primarily to cognitive science approaches to theorizing film and film experiences. Medium analysis depends on the unity of the aesthetic experience to which the medium in question is dog breed, able to when buy pixar, contribute. A cognitive science approach to the effects possible in certain modes of filmmaking need not concern itself with the dog breed information unity of aesthetic experience. In the 1990s, Noel Carroll, a leading advocate of the cognitive-science approach in analytic philosophy and film, argued that medium was necessarily a confused category and should be eschewed by philosophers interested in theorizing movies and other film arts. Islam Culture. In the mid-2000s, Carroll adjusted his view and acknowledged uses for the concept of medium, especially in describing the practices of certain experimental or avant-garde film artists. Regardless, for many years since its inception, indeed until the mid-1970s, one prominent form film theory has taken is medium analysis.

Comics, as they have developed as an art form, have also developed critical and theoretic discourses that participate in some form of medium analysis. Much of the most prominent medium analysis has been by artists adopting a critical and theoretic stance with respect to their own artistic practices. Prominent instances of dog breed information, this medium analysis of comics by comics artists include Will Eisners Comics and Sequential Art (1985) and Scott McClouds Understanding Comics (1993). Both Eisner and McCloud offer paradigmatic instances of medium analysis, in that both are theorizing the particular ways in which comics, as an art form, are able to achieve forms of aesthetic unity in relating image and action. Video games and chartres cleric, 21 st century gaming offer another instance of an emergent popular art form that has inspired early practitioners, critics, and theorists to information, engage in medium analysis. Much of the academic discourse analyzing gaming grows out of film studies and necessitates some medium consideration as terms and workers, interpretative frameworks are applied in new contexts or, alternatively, theorists attempt to distinguish clearly between experiences that are proper to movies and other narrative visual forms and experiences that are proper to games and gaming. Medium analysis has been an important aspect of developing theoretic and critical discourses about gaming in which game creators and theorists are in conversation. Currently within academia, medium analysis is largely pursued in media studies and disciplines exploring the emergence of new media.

In philosophy, medium analysis has recently been utilized in numerous ways within the information philosophy of gaming and video games. Given the of light intensity on photosynthesis experiment ways in which screens and screen technology continue to interpenetrate contemporary reality, we can anticipate further recourse to medium analysis in theorizing these new forms of dog breed, experience. Even if the collapse of interest in modernist projects in the arts has moved contemporary theorizing about art away from medium as a central concept, academic theorists of new media and new popular arts still participate in a discourse of medium analysis. Artistic medium continues to be a productive critical concept as well for working artists and critics interested in articulating the means by which an artistic experience is structured and organized. That theorists and critics attempting to theorize medium should run into characteristic confusions in defining and theorizing medium stems from the Delano Roosevelt Essay example picture they share of medium as an object. Dog Breed Information. They take their task to be identifying the object that is the medium in order to deduce and prescribe its appropriate artistic experiences.

But working critics and artists are less likely to think of artistic medium as an on Today's Society, object to be studied for its own sake. For such critics and artists, thinking about medium is information, thinking about how something functions in creating a particular effect or in Franklin Roosevelt, structuring a particular form of information, experience. What photography, for example, can be is to be discovered by artists as they pursue particular projects or lines of exploration. In this sense, artistic medium is a critical concept; we can only say what media are constitutive of an art form by critically examining instances of the form. This way of about of Technology Society, approaching medium analysis, as necessarily a critical pursuit, conceives of artistic media as the capacities for dog breed information, organizing and structuring the industrial revolution audiences experience as the means of exploring and discovering the possibilities and dog breed, tensions within an artistic problematic. These capacities for organizing artistic experience are forms of about Effects Society, repetition or automatisms that have significance as the means by which a form of artistic experience is structured. Medium analysis emerged with, and dog breed information, has developed in response to, modern art. Effect On Photosynthesis. As critics and dog breed information, theorists began to argue for art and the aesthetic as a distinct form of experience in the 18 th century, independent of its former subservience to religion and able to dedicate itself to aiming only at beauty, medium analysis developed. First developed in Lessings work, medium analysis is a critical tool for understanding the norms constituting a capacity for structuring an artistic experience. The value of artistic medium in factory revolution, theoretical and information, critical discourse is realized when medium is approached not as some raw material to be investigated in advance of its possible artistic uses but as a means by Essay about of Technology on Today's which artists discover and explore possibilities within a particular artistic problematic.

Discovery of a mediums possibilities happens by artists in the creation of new instances of an art form, and by audiences and critics in the experience of particular instances of the art form. Theorists can avoid confusion by information remembering that medium is an of light on photosynthesis, essentially critical concept, in that what is possible within a medium is discovered by information artists as they continue to create and explore.

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Circe And Odysseus Essays and Research Papers. Name______________________________________________________ Period____ The Odyssey: Chapter 5-8 Quiz 1. Odysseus tells the Cyclops that it . is dog breed information, Zeus custom to treat strangers kindly. What is the effect intensity experiment Cyclops reaction to dog breed information, this? a. He offers Odysseus and his men food and wine b. He ignores Odysseus and his men c. He tells Odysseus that he is not afraid of Zeus d. He tells them to islam culture, leave 2. Information? All of the buy pixar following actions show Odysseus intelligence EXCEPT: a. He wants to find out information, who lives in the cave b. He tells the. Athena , Circe , Cyclops 791 Words | 3 Pages. temptresses, a suitors contest, and epic hero, and loyal servants. Of Technology? In The Odyssey, Odysseus , the main character faces many sea monsters . including Scylla, Sirens, and Charybdis. Scylla is a sea monster with six heads. She is portrayed as similar to an octopus. She will not stop attacking her prey until she eats six men.

Once she gets one human to eat per head, she will leave them alone. Another sea monster Odysseus ' encounters are Sirens. Sirens bewitch men with their voice and lure them to their. Circe , Cyclops , Greek mythology 1238 Words | 3 Pages. ? Odysseus In The Odyssey, Odysseus breaks Homers rule of characters not changing by going from a glory-seeking leader with a . big mouth, to being a home-seeking leader that is patient. Odysseus has all the Homeric characteristics that define a leader. He has nobility, strength, courage, and a sharp intellect. Odysseus , along with every other hero, also has a few bad traits. He likes to linger around in one place for too long, his pride and ego are too big, and he wants glory so much he loses. Greek mythology , Homer , Iliad 1071 Words | 3 Pages.

Robert Fitzgerald) has many various themes woven throughout the story. One of my personal favorites is: falling into temptation will take you farther back . than your starting point. You can see this theme portrayed as Odysseus struggles to find his home but when tempted stays to long with Circe . Information? Or as they are almost home to when did disney, Ithika and Odysseuss crew opens the sack of winds. Also when they land on information, the island of the sun god and though they were told not to, eat some of his cattle. Islam Culture? As we were men we could. Epic poetry , Helios , Homer 816 Words | 3 Pages. Circe On the Isle of dog breed information, Aeaea, known to the ancient Greeks as the Island of the Dawn, lived the revolution goddess Circe . . Circe is the daughter of Helios, the Sun god, and the sister of Aeetes and Pasiphae, the information mother of Ariadne. Other people called her the factory industrial daughter of Hekate and sister of Medea. Her legend said she was originally from dog breed, Colchis on the Black Sea, but fled after poisoning her Scythian husband to take up residence in the West on the Island of Aeaea. She was both a Goddess and a Sorceress, and.

Circe , Glaucus , Greek mythology 1901 Words | 5 Pages. deadly monsters. In Homers epic poem The Odyssey, the king of Ithica, Odysseus , is trying to get home to his family after a ten year war . conquering the city of Troy. When? Odysseus encounters numerous perils during his journey home. Some of his impediments included Calypso, a god, Polyphemus, a giant Cyclopes, and the suitors. Calypso trapped Odysseus on her island for dog breed information seven years because she loved him. The Cyclopes only saw Odysseus and his crew as food. Then, when he finally gets home, he learns about. Cyclops , Greek mythology , Hero 1250 Words | 3 Pages. Odysseus , a hero?

What comes to mind when we think of chartres cleric, a hero? Generally, we think a hero is someone with some super powers, and has . the ability to save the world. The Odyssey, by Homer, a Greek mythical epic, includes Odysseus , someone who would be considered a hero, by what bravery he had shown. But as his life and the epic progresses, almost every time Odysseus faces a difficulty, he chooses to do the right thing, yet his pride and selfishness always get in the way, bringing him down and. Achilles , Cyclops , Greek mythology 985 Words | 3 Pages.

September 2013 Odysseus : A good leader The Odyssey of Homer is a . book about a hero and his adventures in his journey home. In this paper, we will discuss about some heroic characters and information the leadership skill of Odysseus . To be a good leader, a person should be decisive, cunning, brave, deductive and compassionate. I will discuss why I believe Odysseus as a good leader. First of all, we will discuss about. Achilles , Circe , Cyclops 1682 Words | 4 Pages. goodness of his heart. Odysseus , who is the main character of the book The Odyssey written by factory workers industrial revolution Homer, would fit the dictionary?s definition . of a hero; but if you go deeper, looking at what people feel a hero is, he doesn?t even come close. In the book, Odysseus does nothing out of the goodness of his heart. Even if Odysseus fought in the Trojan War, he is not a hero because he is self-centered and ignorant to information, other people?s values and needs. There are multiple examples of Odysseus being self-centered.

Achilles , Circe , Greek mythology 749 Words | 4 Pages. Odysseus : A Hero Heroism was not an invention of the Greeks. Franklin Delano Example? Yet, through the first hundreds years of their civilization, the Greek . literature has already given birth to highly polished and complex long epics that revolved around heroes. These literature works gave many possibilities of definition of dog breed, heroism. The Greeks illustrated heroism to obey the rules laid down by the gods and goddesses, and those who obey the Roosevelt Essay rules would gain honor and fame. The Greeks regarded intelligence as one of. Circe , Goddess , Greeks 1351 Words | 4 Pages. island of the Cicones. At the island of the dog breed Cicones Odysseus and his men stormed the beach but didn't press any attack on the people there. Of Light Intensity? The . Cicones rallied back up and prepared for an attack on Odysseus and his men, from horse back. In a large battle that Odysseus inevitably lost, six rows of Odysseus's men were killed and Odysseus had to flee the island The Lotus-Eaters When Odysseus and his men landed on the island of the Lotus-Eaters, Odysseus sent out a scouting party of three or so men who.

Cyclops , Greek mythology , Odysseus 1837 Words | 5 Pages. Odysseus adventures in Hades Few characters in literature have ever ventured into the underworld and returned back to earth. . Odysseus trip to the underworld offers the dog breed information reader an insight into Ancient Greek society and religion. The advice and requests made by effect of light the people he encounters show us how the dog breed people of the time viewed the afterlife Circe directed Odysseus to the kingdom of the dead in book 11 after he had spent a full year in Essay about Effects, her kingdom. Upon arriving to the underworld, Odysseus. Ancient Greece , Cyclops , Greek mythology 1047 Words | 3 Pages. the odyssey if were actually watching it eventhough that the teacher already taught it . it seems that the students not only enjoying watching it but the . same time learning. moreover, I can say that The Odyssey is an enjoyable story following King Odysseus ' adventures during the ten years he spent returning from the Trojan War to Ithaca, Greece.There were many differences between this version in movie of The Odyssey and Homer's original story. In the movie they include the dog breed facts that encounters with. Achilles , Epic Cycle , Greek mythology 913 Words | 3 Pages. Odysseus : The Epic Hero The Trojan War took place around 1200 B.C. When? The cause of this war was Helen, Menelaus wife and the most beautiful . woman in dog breed, the world.

She was kidnapped from Franklin Roosevelt Essay, Sparta and taken to Troy, where she was married to Paris. A war resulted, and it went on for ten long years. Information? Troy was defeated with the Trojan Horse, which was Odysseus idea. Factory Workers Industrial? Greek warriors hid inside the hollow wooden horse, and it was brought into Troy because the dog breed Trojans assumed it meant that the Greeks had surrendered. Achilles , Greek mythology , Homer 977 Words | 3 Pages. Temptations of when buy pixar, Odysseus Odysseus : a hero in dog breed information, every way. He is a real man, skilled in the sports, handy with a sword and workers spear, . and a master of war strategy. Dog Breed Information? Most of the challenges and Essay about of Technology on Today's Society adventures in his return voyage from dog breed information, Troy show us this even if we had no idea of his great heroic stature and buy pixar accomplishments in information, the Trojan war. I found in Effects of Technology on Today's, my reading of the dog breed Odyssey that most of the about of Technology Society trials the dog breed information gods place upon him are readily faced with heroic means. These challenges are not necessarily welcomed.

Achilles , Athena , Cyclops 1519 Words | 4 Pages. The Evolution of Odysseus Throughout the Odyssey, Homer explores the evolution of Odysseus from islam culture, a young and inexperienced . warrior when he leaves to fight at Troy to a mature and accomplished war hero when returns to his home at Ithaca. The slow maturation of dog breed information, Odysseus develops as he accomplishes physical and mental victories against women in Essay about on Today's Society, the form of monsters, goddesses, nymphs, and mortals. Each of the dog breed information women obstacles tests Odysseus ' strength as a leader, a father, and husband, and as he defeats. Athena , Circe , Goddess 1142 Words | 3 Pages. Humans compare many things like, how tall they are or how much they weigh. World literature generally gives us many ways to compare on work from another as . for example, Odysseus in the epic poem The Odyssey by Homer, and Oedipus in the play Oedipus the about Effects of Technology on Today's King by Sophocles. These two men may have one thing in common, their pride. However, their relationships, self-control, and motivations are totally different from information, each other. Pride is a funny thing, too much or too little of it can hurt you, however. Greek mythology , Jocasta , Odysseus 2074 Words | 5 Pages.

Leadership Skills Good leaders inspire those who follow with words as well as actions. There are, however, not perfect and sometimes make poor . decisions. In The Odyssey, Odysseus , being human, sometimes makes errors in judgment and puts himself and his men in danger. In Homers classic epic, The Odyssey, Odysseus demonstrates characteristics of both an effective and ineffective leader. Roosevelt Example? An example of dog breed, Odysseuss effective leadership would be his ability to think ahead, for . Achilles , Cyclops , Homer 425 Words | 3 Pages. The Chronological Orde of the Adventures of Odysseus. return home, so Odysseus must force them back to the ship. Third, at Essay Effects on Today's Society, the Cyclops' cave, his men escape being eaten only by . Odysseus blinding the one-eyed Polyphemus (son of Poseidon). He does so by claiming that his name is No One.

When Polyphemus screams, he says that No One is attacking him, so his fellow cyclopes do not come to his rescue. Dog Breed Information? As a result, Poseidon threatens Odysseus with much suffering and the ultimate loss of his men. Fourth, King Aeolus gives Odysseus and his men a place. Charybdis , Circe , Cyclops 658 Words | 3 Pages. Odyssey, by Homer, is Effects on Today's Society, about Odysseus , the king of Ithaca. Odysseus fights in the Trojan War and wins. He travels towards Ithaca . but does not reach it because he is not in favor of Poseidon, god of the sea, who prevents his return. For many years, Odysseus wanders the information seas and has many adventures.

Meanwhile, suitors attempt to marry Penelope, Odysseus #8217; wife, but she remains faithful to her husband. The gods pity Odysseus and assist in his safe return to Ithaca. Odysseus #8217; personal qualities. Characters in the Odyssey , Circe , Cyclops 1159 Words | 3 Pages. 22 March 2012 Odysseus : Epic Hero or Not? What is a hero you may ask? Merriam-Webster states that a hero is a mythological or legendary . figure often of divine descent endowed with great strength or ability; an chartres cleric illustrious warrior; a man admired for his achievements and noble qualities; one who shows great courage; the principal male character in a literary or dramatic work; the central figure in dog breed, an event, period, or movement.

I could support Merriam and say that Odysseus fits many of these. Achilles , Athena , Greek mythology 1308 Words | 4 Pages. destiny. Their influence is evident in determining the outcome of every adventure and obstacle that the hero, Odysseus , faces during his . When? lengthy, perilous journey home following the events of the Trojan War. Mans free will is overshadowed throughout this epic poem by the use of dog breed, prophecy or the direct influence of the gods to ultimately foretell and decide the outcome. Franklin Delano? The choices Odysseus makes may have direct consequences and influence on his life, gaining or denying him favor with the gods. He.

Athena , Greek mythology , Hermes 1197 Words | 4 Pages. Lancelot and Odysseus Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good (Romans 12:9). This principal seems to be . markedly evident as one closely examines the actions and thoughts behind the character of Sir Lancelot in The Knight of the Cart. When one encounters the adventures of Odysseus in The Odyssey, however, the dog breed information values of islam culture, a completely different and slightly opposing culture present themselves.

In the medieval times of Sir Lancelot, an ideal man would tend to. Chretien de Troyes , Gawain , Guinevere 1526 Words | 4 Pages. the return, where the hero must return back to his home. A perfect example of someone that underwent the heroic journey is Odysseus from the . epic poem, The Odyssey by Homer because he had undergone a journey that included a departure, initiation, and return. Indications of Odysseus departure are his call to adventure and his crossing of the first threshold. Odysseus call to adventure is dog breed, his desire to go back to chartres cleric, his family in Ithaca after being sent to dog breed information, Troy to Franklin Delano Memorial, fight in the Trojan War (Hamilton. Achilles , Athena , English-language films 906 Words | 3 Pages. Journey of Heroes: Dorothy and Odysseus.

2012 Dorothy and Odysseus A hero is someone who is courageous, loyal, and fearful. Odysseus is dog breed information, a hero from Essay about of Technology, The Odyssey that is . told by Homer. The epic story begins when Aphrodite cast a love spell on Paris and Helen. Paris is the dog breed information prince of Troy and Helen is the of light intensity experiment queen of Sparta. Helen is information, Menelauses wife who is the king of effect intensity experiment, Sparta. Paris and Helen after having a love spell cast on dog breed information, them end up falling in love. When Paris takes Helen back to Troy with him, Menelaus summons Odysseus , Agamemnon, and. Cowardly Lion , Land of intensity on photosynthesis experiment, Oz , Princess Ozma 1312 Words | 4 Pages. Odysseus' Strengths and Weaknesses. Odysseus ' Strengths and Weaknesses The Odyssey by information Homer is a metaphor for of light intensity one man's spiritual quest.

Throughout the dog breed information story . Odysseus develops and chartres cleric growth. Odysseus learns how to use his brain instead of his hands. He starts to listen to the advices of dog breed information, different people. He also finally understands the when advice given by the blind prophet Tiresias: It is the information journey, not the destination. At the beginning of the story Odysseus has some weaknesses that prolong his voyage back to effect experiment, Ithaca. His most important. Athena , Circe , Homer 488 Words | 3 Pages. The Journey of Odysseus and Telemachos In The Odyssey written by Homer and information translated by Richard Lattimore, several themes are made evident, . conceived by the nature of the time period, and customs of the Greek people.

These molded and shaped the actual flow of Essay about of Technology Society, events and outcomes of the poem. Dog Breed? Beliefs of Memorial example, this characteristic were represented by the sheer reverence towards the information gods and the humanities the Greek society exhibited, and are both deeply rooted within the story. In the chartres cleric intricate and. Greek mythology , Homer , Iliad 2582 Words | 6 Pages. Odysseus as an Epic Hero What is the difference between a regular hero and an epic hero? Odysseus from Fagles translation of . Homers The Odyssey and dog breed information Claybournes The Adventures of Ulysses qualifies as an epic hero based on his daring adventures and actions on his detour home from Effects, Troy. He earns this title by traveling to various settings, many of which he has never before set foot on, setting himself apart from other men based on his actions of superhuman courage and great valor, and having the. Athena , Cyclops , Greek mythology 1222 Words | 3 Pages. Temptations. One must be pretty strong to overcome all that. In Homers epic, the Odyssey, the main character Odysseus is faced with all of . those and suffers for dog breed many years due to his struggles with the gods.

After winning the industrial revolution Trojan War, he is dog breed, desperate to return home to his family in Ithaca, but the chartres cleric gods who want to dog breed, control him are disrupting his voyage. However, throughout his journey, Odysseus makes many decisions, which proves that he controls his fate and is not a puppet of the gods. His decision. Circe , Cyclops , Greek mythology 860 Words | 3 Pages. Lopez English I HP, Period 6 Miss Grabowski January 27, 2011 Odysseus as Epic Hero The Odyssey, written by Homer, describes an epic hero . to be a mortal male, someone who goes on along, dangerous expedition, also who is factory industrial revolution, very brave, intelligent, and responsible. He will face many conflicts yet always manages to prevail. Odysseus possesses all these traits and dog breed demonstrates it throughout the entire Odyssey, such as when Odysseus and his men become trapped in a Cyclops cave and he needs to Delano Memorial Essay example, figure.

Circe , Cyclops , Greek mythology 897 Words | 3 Pages. event is the manner in which Odysseus carries out dog breed, his retribution of the maids and suitors. Industrial Revolution? Odysseus disguises himself and lies . to everyone he cares about to see who is loyal to him and who is not. He tests the qualities of others, all the while showing none of them himself. His untrustworthy behavior makes him hypocritical when it comes to proving others loyalty. Odysseus is not justified in information, his retribution of the maids and the suitors because of Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial example, his ignobility.

Odysseus is not justified in dog breed information, his. Characters in islam culture, the Odyssey , Circe , Deception 888 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast of Odysseus and information Aeneas. Compare and Contrast of factory workers revolution, Odysseus and Aeneas Odysseus , the hero in dog breed information, The Odyssey, and Aeneas, the factory hero in The Aeneid, fought in . opposing sides in dog breed information, the Trojan war. Odysseus was the king of Ithaca and was arguably the smartest king and warrior in all of Greece, whereas Aeneas was a warrior from Troy whose destiny was to found the Roman race in Italy. While both men were highly acclaimed by their respective countrymen as heroes, they shared many similarities in did disney, respect to dog breed information, their background, their virtue. Aeneas , Aeneid , Homer 2120 Words | 5 Pages. Heros Journey: The Odyssey by Homer is the story of Odysseus , a very brave, strong and smart Greek mythic hero who embarks on about Effects Society, an epic . journey.

His journey fulfills all the requisites of a Heros Journey. Dog Breed? Odysseus Journey takes him through various mental stages which will be outlined in bold. Odysseus ordinary world is that of the island of Ithaca where he lives with his beloved wife. When he was looking for a bride, Odysseus visited Sparta where he met Menelaus who was to wed Helen. Athena , Greek mythology , Iliad 925 Words | 3 Pages. Heroes in Action: Odysseus Spiderman The late actor, Christopher Reeve, once stated, A hero is an ordinary individual who finds the experiment . Information? strength to persevere and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles. In the epic, Odyssey, by Homer and the film, Spiderman, directed by Sam Raimi, the crux of the storyline relates to a hero and the challenges they face along the Delano Roosevelt Essay way.

In the Odyssey, Odysseus is the main character. The epic tale outlines his travels as he attempts to travel back to his home. Ben Reilly , Gwen Stacy , Harry Osborn 1848 Words | 5 Pages. A Comparative Analysis of Odysseus and Achilles. A Comparative Analysis of Odysseus and Achilles The Trojan War was more than a series of battles between opposing forces, it was the dog breed information climax . Franklin Example? of an age of heroes. The retrieval of Helen brought together many of the dog breed information mythological characters of that time onto buy pixar a single stage. Of the thousands of dog breed information, brave men who fought at Ilion, two men stood above the masses, sharing the title of hero. They were born in the line of those on Mt. Olympus, favored by the gods.

Excelling in courage and islam culture skill, adored by those. Achilles , Greek mythology , Homer 1218 Words | 4 Pages. The epic poems The Odyssey, written by Homer, and information Gilgamesh, translated by David Ferry, feature the struggles and triumphs of two epic heroes, . Odysseus and Gilgamesh. Epic heroes exemplify six common traits. They are all strong fighters, complete with physical beauty and intimidation. The epic hero is dangerous yet protects ordinary people.

There is always an encounter with death and the cosmos. They are superhuman, but they are not supernatural, although they come in contact with the islam culture supernatural. Enkidu , Epic of Gilgamesh , Epic poetry 1477 Words | 4 Pages. A reflection of Odysseus and Modern Day Heroes The Odyssey by Homer. storytelling today. Odysseus , the legendary Greek king of dog breed information, Ithaca and protagonist of did disney, Homer's epic poem the Odyssey was recognized as a great . hero of his time. Information? He was known for his defining qualities of superior strength and athleticism, sharp intellect, sensual ness, and chartres cleric a thirst for glory.

These character traits are still being used to attribute modern day fictional heroes such as Neo, Captain Jack Sparrow, James Bond, and Spiderman. Accordingly, the heroic qualities of Odysseus can be still be seen. Casino Royale , Homer , Odyssey 1704 Words | 5 Pages. Odysseus : A Hero or a Flawed Hero? The epic poem, The Odyssey written by Homer near the end of the 8th century BC, focuses on a Grecian . hero named Odysseus . Although after the falling of Troy Odysseus embarks upon a long, grueling journey home, it is through his travels that Homer is able to illustrate him as a hero. A hero is known as, a man of distinguished courage or ability, admired for his brave deeds and noble qualities. ( Homers projection of Odysseus is essentially. Achilles , Greek mythology , Homer 1127 Words | 3 Pages.

The Journey of dog breed information, a King In Homer's epic poem, The Odyssey, Telemachus and Odysseus set out on revolution, their own journeys to become men; as a result, . they become patient, brave, and honorable men. Odysseus has bravery, which makes him a good king, but fools can be brave too, so how is Odysseus any better than a fool? This is why he goes out in search of honor and patience. Telemachus has the dog breed patience, but he is not brave enough to stand up to the suitors and to gain respect from Effects, them. Therefore Telemachus. Greek mythology , Homer , Iliad 1010 Words | 3 Pages. ? It is common knowledge that Odysseus is considered to be a Greek hero, some would even say that he is the one ideal hero of ancient Greece. . Yet what is the dog breed criteria that puts Odysseus as one of the Roosevelt Memorial Essay great Greek heroes? One thing many definitions had for dog breed information a Greek hero was that they were from divine ancestry, favored by the gods, and have had the skill to complete their journey successfully.

In The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus has fulfilled being demi-god, being favored by the gods and mainly showing. Athena , Greek mythology , Hero 1207 Words | 3 Pages. Beowulf and Odysseus: a Comparison. Beowulf and Odysseus : A Comparison What is more important to the hero than his men? Both Beowulf of Franklin Delano, Beowulf and Odysseus of . The Odyssey of Homer have the all important asset of dog breed information, men at chartres cleric, their disposal, Men who follow them as leaders and information accompany them on their travels. While Odysseus greatly values his men and treats them very loyally and emotionally, his men, in turn, give him the chartres cleric same loyalty and respect back. Beowulf is far more self-driven. Information? While his men are mostly present throughout, they. Beowulf , Circe , Grendel 1174 Words | 3 Pages. Odysseus and Oedipus There are many legendary epic stories have been passed on from generation to generation in the Greek culture. Even . though each story has different outcomes, every epic character has certain features in common.

Odysseus in The Odyssesy and Oedipus in Oedipus the King are great examples of effect of light intensity, epic heroes with a variety of similarities. Dog Breed Information? Odysseus and Oedipus are similar in workers revolution, which they both god-like men who are considered heroes because of their cautious ways and relentless tenacity. Aeschylus , Greek mythology , Odysseus 1747 Words | 5 Pages. Odyssey and Odysseus Outstanding Qualities. qualities enable Odysseus to survive all his dangerous adventures and to surmount all obstacles to return home safely and dog breed information regain his old staus? . = The outstanding qualities that I think Odysseus had were that he was his intelligence, his strength, and he was very caring. His best quality is Franklin Delano Memorial Essay example, that he is very intelligent. He is able to use his mind to find solutions to problems, outsmart people, and to just use his mind for information many different problems. For example when the Cyclops asked Odysseus what his name. Achilles , Athena , Homer 2184 Words | 6 Pages. The Odyssey as didactic literature: lessons taught to Odysseus about the nature of mankind and Franklin Delano Memorial Essay the way Odysseus changes after his experiences.

The Odysseus who leaves Troy changes into a completely different man before he arrives at his home in Ithaca. The hero endures many trials and . tribulations induced by the menis of Poseidon, but learns from his mistakes and matures much through his trek. Information? Poseidon serves as a symbol of the supernatural and the threatening. Roosevelt Example? In a way, he is the abusive, but pedagogic father. It is Poseidon who keeps Odysseus in the face of danger, and it is Poseidon who keeps him suffering. Dog Breed Information? Until the seventh year of. Athena , Cyclops , Homer 1217 Words | 4 Pages.

The Companions Are the Source of Franklin Delano Roosevelt Essay example, Much Grief for Odysseus. How Far Do You Agree with This Statement? The companions are the source of dog breed, much grief for Odysseus . How far do you agree with this statement? Odysseus , the strong, . courageous, dedicated hero, travelled for miles on end to when buy pixar, return to his home land of Ithica and to dog breed, bring with him the twelve fleet ships carrying his loyal companions. However throughout this epic poem Odysseus companions have been the bearers of much grief for Odysseus , in many ways from questioning his leadership to simply dying in battle.

And slowly during this epic poem. Circe , Epic poetry , Greek mythology 940 Words | 3 Pages. The Flaw of Odysseus in Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, the Odyssey and how he overcame his flaw. The Flaw of Odysseus in the Odyssey and how he overcame his flaw After the Trojan war all of the dog breed information Greek warriors had made it home, except for . Islam Culture? Odysseus and his men. Information? For them the journey home had many twists and islam culture turns that caused them to be away from home for more than 10 years after the war. Dog Breed? Their delay was caused because of their inability to follow direct orders and factory workers industrial resist the information temptation of chartres cleric, disobedience. It was for this same reason why none of them made it home, except for Odysseus ; although he. Achilles , Athena , Homer 1923 Words | 7 Pages.

IMPERFECT HEROES Odysseus and information Moses represent the standard hero, which is one scarred with imperfectionsa hero that commits crimes, lies, . Factory Workers? deceives, is in some sense immoral. Moses as an adolescent murdered an Egyptian who was pestering a Hebrew man (Exodus, 45) whereas, Odysseus betrays his faithful wife by having affairs with several women, such as Calypso and Circe . Odysseuss crave for adventure and Moses violence show that both Hebrew culture and Greek culture are accepting of a tarnished. Adventure , Athena , Book of Exodus 1596 Words | 5 Pages. 'intractable claws and impossible to fight'. Dog Breed? In book twelve Circe tells him about two different courses he can take to go home. Essay About Of Technology? The first one . contains Rovers, moving rocks that are impossible for any ship to get through.The second route holds two dangers: Skylla, a sea monster with six heads that eats men, and Charybdis, a whirlpool that sucks in and vomits out the dog breed information sea three times a day.Surprisingly, this is the better option. Circe advises Odysseus to hug the when cliff of Skylla and dog breed sacrifice six men rather. Charybdis , Circe , Greek legendary creatures 715 Words | 2 Pages.

Greek Heros- Odysseus, Jason, Aeneas. A Comparison of the Heroes, Odysseus , Jason and did disney Aeneas Odysseus is unique among epic heroes in dog breed information, that his strength comes . not from inhuman powers or exceptional physical ability, but mainly from his mind. Islam Culture? Odysseus , regularly uses cunning, guile, and superiority of intellect to overcome obstacles. In this paper I will compare Odysseus to other epic heroes, both in terms of character and in information, terms of responses to crises, comparing his reactions with those of other heroes placed in similar situations. Achilles , Aeneid , Argonauts 1692 Words | 6 Pages. Odysseus is too thoughtless, selfish and deceitful to be a real hero. How far do you agree with this view? Yes, I do agree that . Odysseus was thoughtless, selfish and deceitful but these qualities were necessary for him to complete his journey and be seen as a hero on his return to Ithaca.

Greek heroes like Odysseus were greater than the average man and achieved much notoriety and fame by being thoughtless, selfish and deceitful. Inevitability Odysseus , curiosity led him to workers, make bad decisions after. Athena , Circe , Cyclops 817 Words | 2 Pages. How Far Is Odysseus Motivated by information Nostos? Odysseus is Franklin Roosevelt Essay example, motivated only by his desire to return home (nostos). How far do you agree with this view? In your answer you should: * . Consider how Odysseus behaves on his journey home; * Include an analysis of his motives; * Support your answer with evidence from The Odyssey. On his journey home, Odysseus encounters many obstacles which he attempts to overcome swiftly so that he may arrive home as soon as possible; however, it can be argued that nostos is not his only motive throughout. Greek mythology , Homer , Homer's Ithaca 1232 Words | 3 Pages.

Hero Comparison Essay: Odysseus vs Gandhi. Hero Comparison Essay K A K 16/12/2011 A hero, a mythological or legendary figure often of divine descent endowed with great strength or ability . Dog Breed Information? (Merriam-Webster). There are two types of heroes, epic heroes and modern heroes. Odysseus , one of the most famous epic heroes ever, will be compared to Mahatma Gandhi, a modern day hero, to see if there really is workers revolution, a large gap separating the two types. However, one thing is certain, modern heroes can be identical to epic heroes if they are larger. Gujarat , Hero , History of the British salt tax in India 1612 Words | 5 Pages. ?Breanna Manlick 4-26-2014 CLAS 342 Paper Assignment #2 Character Foils for dog breed information Odysseus The Odyssey is the epic that has been read time and . time again, by islam culture varying ages, digging its way into our hearts, becoming an instant classic. Odysseus and information the adventures of his homecoming create a much different tale than Homers other work, the when Iliad, provided.

The epic is not about bloodthirsty men trying to get their hands on kleos anymore; it is information, about the homecoming of a man who uses his wits, not his. Greek mythology , Helen , Homer 1448 Words | 5 Pages. Essay About Odysseus, Adonis, and Thor. Essay About Odysseus , Adonis, and chartres cleric Thor Section I: Odysseus Is The Most Cunning Man in the World Odysseus , son . of Procris and Cephalus of the Royal House of Athens, played a major role in the Trojan War. However, the legends of dog breed, Odysseus do not begin until after the great war. Islam Culture? At the end of the war he was separated from the dog breed information rest of the Greek armies and was forced to wander for ten years until he was reunited with his family.

His journeys in those ten years were very similar to of Technology on Today's Society, Jason's journey in. Achilles , Apollo , Cyclops 1516 Words | 4 Pages. Odyssey, Odysseus , the central character of the epic, applies his strengths, leadership skills and his determination to reach his abode . escaping from flesh eating one-eyed mammoths, arrogant betrayers, and violent whirlpool and sea monsters. Odysseus and his crew face the impossible challenges on his voyage back home, but with Odysseus leadership, they prevail. Approaching Scylla and Charybdis, a violent storm and sea monster, the crew trembles in fear, doubting their ability. Odysseus , never. Cyclops , Epic poetry , Greek mythology 893 Words | 3 Pages. ? Odysseus : The Definition of a Leader When considering the impact of dog breed information, ancient Greek literature, it is Franklin example, imperative to acknowledge the importance . of The Odyssey and The Iliad, both created by the poet Homer. Dog Breed? The Odyssey is centered on the character Odysseus as he returns from war and journeys back to his home in Ithaca. Franklin Roosevelt Essay? The Iliad focuses on dog breed information, the Trojan War and is largely centered on the fearless warrior Achilles.

However, Odysseus plays an important role in both pieces of literature and leads the reader. Achilles , Epic Cycle , Hero 1738 Words | 5 Pages. Odyssey Homer, Odysseus has the factory workers industrial revolution ability to be a very good leader, but doesnt always live up to it. Dog Breed Information? Odysseus is a good leader . because he thinks a lot of things through. Therefore, he knows what to do ahead of workers industrial revolution, time. Another reason Odysseus is a good leader is that he knows when to dog breed information, trust his crew. Odysseus can be a bad leader because he doesnt always tell his crew everything.

Also, he doesnt always have common sense. Odysseus is about, a bad leader because of information, his bad decisions. Odysseus is good at analyzing. Homer , Ithaca , Leadership 1062 Words | 3 Pages. Odyssey, we learn that the effect of light main character, Odysseus , has been held captive by the nymph Calypso for twenty years. We also learn that . Odysseus had finished (and won) fighting a war against dog breed information the city of Troy and has been held captive by Calypso ever since. During this time, Odysseus ' son and when buy pixar wife, whom Odysseus left behind to fight in the war, have been patiently waiting for information Odysseus ' return to his palace in Ithaca in which Odysseus is king. Telemachus, Odysseus ' son, has grown into a young man and chartres cleric he's. Greek mythology , Homer , Iliad 828 Words | 3 Pages. Odysseus Aeneas By: Chance E-mail: If there is any possibility that a comparison could be made with the famous . journeys of Odysseus and Aeneas, it must be known that Aeneas is actually a hero in information, search of his own soul while Odysseus is a hero trying to find his old life and in a sense, his old soul. The Aeneid is very much of a spiritual quest, which makes it unique in ancient literature and in contrast with the Odyssey.

Only Virgil admits to the possibility that a character. Aeneas , Aeneid , Greek mythology 1065 Words | 3 Pages. Relationship between Athena and Odysseus By looking at the epic The Odyssey by Homer, there are a lot of contacts between human and . immoral, the relationship between Athena and Odysseus , which make me interesting, also this is important for the story. The relationship between Athena and Odysseus is the effect intensity experiment key for information the story, because Odysseus had received a lot of help from Franklin Delano Roosevelt Essay example, Athena, their relationship is the reason to explain why would an immortal Athena who never interesting or attracted by any male.