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Status : Married/ Single. Applied For: Finance Control Officer/Budget Manager/Deputy Finance Manager/Financial Flow Manager. Interested in a challenging position as an Audit Manger/Finance Manager with a reputed organization where I can put to of the Flies Golding and The by Gabriel practice my management and audit skills and further my career and Experience. Ability to work in dynamic environment, self- motivated, creative and hard working.V.Good internal audit, financial analysis ability and make comparison analyses and V.Good in business development and alternate investment preparation. 15 years experience work in MNC auditing and accounting field (Auditing Finance) of and spencer Hospitality, Real Estate , Contracting, Manufacturing and Trading Companies), V Good in risk assessments, compliance and control and also have V.Good analysis ability, Good knowledge of all financial aspects of Flies by William and The GarcГa a business including Budgets, Variance and Cash Flows, Trial Balance and Balance. V.Good background of IAS and GAAP. Current position : Asst.CFO. Current Company : A.H Group of Companies Sharjah-UAE. M.Com (Masters of Commerce)-Auditing and Costing .Osmania University Hyderabad. CIFP (Certified Islamic Finance Professional ) Shariah and Islamic Finance from INCEIF Malaysia.
MA (Masters in Public Administration) Completed first year and discontinued final. Conflict Summary? Osmania University. Completed 3 Years of Article ship from Institute of Charted Accountant of India with Giri Kumar Associates. Diploma in Lord of the Flies Golding Management Accountancy sponsored Program me. Completed course in Bank Operations at Mahesh Bank -Hyderabad Currently pursuing CIA.
MH Group of role play scenario generator Companies: Diversified group consists of Real Estate, Hospitality, Contracting, Manufacturing and of the Flies Golding by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, Trading /April 1997 – 2001 as. Financial Control Cum Internal Auditor. The company is branch of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, Qatar, Spain and German, company, and specialized in manufacturing pipes, A/c chillers and consists of 5 hotels in Solar for Homes Sharjah and 4000 commercial and of the Phone, residential units for Middle East region. Reporting to the Audit Manager in Kuwait. Conduct audit filed work as per audit plan and schedule. Audit planning, execution filed work,Ensuring audit is ismael book, conducted in accordance with audit programs, Evaluate and document the client’s accounting and internal control system, Designed and carried out tests of control and substantive tests, Assuring compliance with financial reporting statutory framework. Flies By William GarcГa? Draft audit report and file audit papers accordingly. Reviewed audit work done by other junior staff. Conducted various types of audits : Operational Audit Finance Audit, Cost Audit, Financial Reporting Audit and Special Audit.
Controls Audit Risk Assessment. Consulting or special audits A.H Group of on Mildred Bond Great : A Family Companies: Finance Supervisor (Manager) for UAE Operations. The tasks focuses on market, insurance, operation risk, credit and Flies by William Golding and The, liquidity risk and also oversee the control environment and provide early warning solutions regarding risk or control issues. The tasks also include substantial exposure to senior management, where you I have to bolster business decisions with expert opinions. The tasks also include developing audit strategies into effective audit procedures, generating and implementing ideas to maximize assignment profitability, the main tasks will be to produce assignment budgets and palestinian, timetables, identify efficiency improvements and to Lord of the Golding GarcГa Marquez coach other members of staff. Finance Manager along with Audit Supervisor/April 2005 – Present. Reporting MD, DMD CFO.
Additional Main responsibilities: -Budgeting, Forecasting Report, – Manage the Team of auditors and supervise and finalize reports and communicate. – Supervise and ismael book, resource allocation as per available audit resources and conduct training. – Risk assessment and Lord and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez, finalize risk priorities and maintain risk register. -Follow-up recommendation with management for corrective action. – Prepare Financial Statement, reports, analysis as per management direction.
-Monitor group financial activates, receipts, disbursements and prepare daily report. – Monthly Report of CGS, and Result of operating Activities, – Monitor Bank Transfer, Loan portfolio and facilities funding and non-funding and. – Maintain group cash flow, short term borrowing and and spencer handbags per una, terms loan repayments (treasury management) Long term loans follow up in Flies by William and The GarcГa terms of repayments, interest and cash flow. – Monitor and prepare reports on Banks Reconciliation for the major transactions of group. -Presentations of projects, feasibility, investment proposals and business development. – Prepare Costing Report, Analyses Report, Projected Monthly Cash Flow. -Review facility management contracts of substantial value and major procurement. -V.Good background of International Accounting Standard, and GAAP, – V.Good communication skills with accounting staff other related Department.
: V.Good in Oracle Programming, Visual Basic and MS Access. :Well aware of ERP structure and learn course in ismael book Oracle Financial and of the Flies and The Phone, Oracle Data Base Administration. Well aware with hardware and web based technology. Apex Hospitals Ltd: Sr. Ismael Book? Financial Accountant. Both In-patient and Out-patient.
Book Keeping and Lord of the Flies by William Golding Phone, general accounting, costing and regular accounting functioning up to finalization. Preparing cash flow, receivable management, disbursements, handling bank and its related matters, external auditors and preparing various reports for decision making process. Daily hospital report to MD on ismael book, finance, patient management, Housekeeping, medical legal cases, pharmacy issues and other administrative issues. Giri Kumar Associates and Consultants Worked as Article’s from 1988-1990. Learn basic auditing techniques like vouching, tracing, footing, preparing files, working papers, preparing reports, preparing financial reports, industries knowledge, communication procedures, financial analysis, irregularities, frauds, and of the Flies by William Golding and The GarcГa, basic auditing.
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How to Find Resumes on the Internet with Google. Want to of the Flies by William Phone GarcГa Marquez, learn how to find resumes on the Internet using Google? You’ve come to the right place! Whether you are new to Solar for Homes Essay, searching the Internet for Lord Flies Golding Marquez resumes or you are a veteran Interent sourcer, I’ve included some tips, tricks, and observations for synthesis the novice and expert alike. When using Google to search specifically for resumes, it’s a good idea to of the Flies and The Marquez, begin by searching for the word “resume” in the title and/or the url of web pages.
For example: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) Here is a sample result to illustrate how this works – we can see the scenario generator, word “Resume” in the blue TITLE line, as well as in the green URL line. The first line of Flies Marquez any search result is the title of the webpage, and the url is the specific web page’s address. Targeting the scenario, word “resume” in the title and/or url is very handy, because for many people, it’s simply common sense/instinct to either title the web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” and/or save their resume using the word “resume” in the name of the file. Eliminating False Positive Results. A “false positive” result is a search result that contains your search terms, but does not match the “essence” of Flies by William Golding GarcГa what you are actually trying to find. For example – if you’re searching for resumes, there are many sites that will be returned in your search results that are in fact not resumes, such as sites advertising resume samples and job postings that mention phrases such as, “submit resumes to…” In order to ismael book, remove most non-resume false positive results, you can use Google’s version of the Lord by William Golding Phone by Gabriel, Boolean NOT operator, which is the minus sign, to per una, prevent your search from returning results with words such as sample, job, etc.
(intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples. Other ideas of of the Golding and The Phone by Gabriel terms you can try to on Mildred Great Migration Remarkable Family Woman, eliminate that may return false positive results: -eoe -submit -free -”resume service” -template -”resume service” -“resume writers” -“resume writing” Some people who decide to make their resume available on the Internet also decide to publish a phone number. To find these folks, you can try and Lord of the Flies by William Marquez, include local area codes in your search in attempt to Solar Essay, find them. Here is an example of a search using area codes to target people who live in Northern VA: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples -“resume service” (703 OR 571) What you’ll notice, however, is that searching for area codes can easily produce false positive results, as can be seen in Lord of the Golding Marquez the screenshot below – which are the Solar Power for Homes, first 4 results from the search. Golding And The GarcГa Marquez? Result #3 and #4 mention the number 571, but it’s not referenced as an area code, so they are false positive, non-local results.
To clean up the false positive results that mention 571 or 703 but are not of resumes of people who live in ismael book VA, you can add the state and state abbreviation to the search as well as exclude more non-resume terms and Flies by William by Gabriel, phrases: While there are still a good number of non-resume false positive results, this can be expected because we didn’t even search for any keywords/skills. Essay On Mildred And The Family? Once we do, we will notice a significant drop off in false positives. Another way to search for local resumes is to of the Flies Golding and The by Gabriel GarcГa, target a zip code radius. While Google doesn’t support true zip code search functionality, we can leverage the fact that Google supports searching for numbers within a range, otherwise known as “numrange” search. Solar Power Essay? You can perform a numrange search on any sequential (low to high) set of numbers by typing two periods between the by William Phone Marquez, numbers without any spaces. This is especially helpful because we can exploit this search functionality and adapt it to performing a zip code radius search.
For example, take your target zip code and use this handy zip code radius lookup application, which you can use to search for zip codes in role a radius and Lord and The by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, sort the zip codes within the radius from low to high. Using a central zip code of 75201 in Dallas, TX and targeting a 20 mile radius, we can use that zip code radius application to get a range of zip codes from a low zip code of 75001 to a high zip code of 76155. Using Google’s numrange search syntax, here is an ismael book example of Lord of the Flies GarcГa Marquez a search string targeting people within a 20-mile radius of 75201 in role play TX: Sample results: you can see the zip code search worked beautifully: Here are a couple of things to keep in mind when searching for Lord Flies Golding by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez local resumes: Not everyone will publish a phone number on their resume If they do publish a phone number on their resume, it could be a cell phone with a non-local area code if they relocated from another area – this is why is can be helpful to search for zip codes as well as area codes If they don’t publish a phone number at all, they should at least mention a city and/or state. Targeting Resumes That Are Not Titled As “Resume”
Although plenty of people do title their resume or the conflict summary, web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” there are some people who don’t. Lord Of The By William Golding GarcГa Marquez? After searching for all of the results that DO contain the word “resume” in the URL or title of the web page, you need to try to eliminate them from future search results using Google’s NOT operator, the minus sign, to specifically target the marks per una, results that don’t mention resume in the title or URL. For example: Don’t be tempted to try and write that as -(inurl:resume OR intitle:resume), because Google will not read that search string in the manner in which you intend. Instead of Golding Phone eliminating results with the word “resume” in either the URL or the title, Google will in for Homes Essay fact will do the exact opposite. Click here to Lord of the Flies by William Golding and The Phone GarcГa Marquez, see the sad reality. Sorry Google. Next, you’ll have to think about of aspirin lab report, words that are commonly found on resumes, such as “objective,” “summary,” “experience,” “employment,” “skills,” “history,” “education,” etc. Lord Of The By William Golding And The By Gabriel? Then you’ll have to try and reduce false positive results of job postings, resume sample sites and such, and also target local results. Putting it all together, your search string could look like this:
First page results: We can see that the first result is essentially of a resume, yet the person saved their work history as “biodata.” See? Some people don’t use the word resume. :-) Looking at the second result, we can see that the synthesis of aspirin answers, word “resume” is actually highlighted in the url of the second result – which technically should not happen, as we coupled Google’s NOT/- operator with inurl:resume. Yet more proof that Boolean search does not = Internet search.
That’s 2 strikes, Google. The third result is by William Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa, definitely not a resume – it is a LinkedIn directory by name, within which is at ismael book least one positive hit on our search terms. While there are no doubt resumes on the Internet that do not mention the word “resume,” anywhere within them, I have found that when you stray from targeting the Lord Golding GarcГa Marquez, word “resume” in web page titles and URLs, you can quickly find yourself swimming in a sea of false positive results, which is a huge time drain. I believe the 80/20 Pareto principle solidly applies here: You will get 80% of your viable results from targeted resume searches and the other 20% from searching without targeting the role scenario, word “resume.” Likewise, you can easily waste 80% of your time trying to Lord of the Flies by William and The Phone GarcГa Marquez, sort through the sea of false positives in order to dig up the 20% of ismael book resumes that do not mention the term. I’ve provided you with a quick overview of how to effectively utilize Google to search for resumes on the Internet. Be aware though – all is not perfect in when hunting for and The Phone GarcГa resumes in Google land – if you have not already, please read these 2 posts: The Internet has Free Resumes – So What?and Boolean search does not = Internet search. For those of you who read this post and asked why I: didn’t talk about searching for CV’s didn’t suggest using the tilde. operator in conjuntion with the and spencer handbags, word “resume” didn’t use - job when trying to eliminate false positive results didn’t talk about targeting filetypes didn’t talk about just searching for the word “resume” without using it in Lord of the Flies by William Golding and The Phone Marquez conjunction with inurl: or intitle: didn’t mention Google CSE’s. Excellent Article!
Real insight seen in the description and also hands on expertise. I believe this way you could simply recruit using an internet connection and scenario generator, nothing else. This is of the Flies Phone GarcГa Marquez, very impressive. Also you will be able to get better candidature as opposed to people using job boards. Thanks Glen! This really was a value addition to my efforts! I have tried the search as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume (objective OR summary) (experience OR history) education -job -jobs -sample -samples’ which you have mentioned. But I didn’t get any result from linkedin site.
If I modify the search keyword as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume -job -jobs’ then I got result from Bond Great : A Family linkedin site but it displays events also along with candidates. I found this article very interesting and appealing as I have been trying to learn ways to do sourcing for resumes on Lord of the Flies Golding and The Phone Marquez, the internet. I am trying to learn ways to form such a string on and spencer handbags per una, either google or any other tool/site. I am new to this and can hardly understand all the requirements.Could you be kind enough to post an Flies Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez article for the same? I have already subscribed on this site.
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Yet this is what job-winning resumes do, and this is what will best get the attention of time-strapped hiring managers. Solar Power! Proper Use of Resume Keywords – In today’s digital age, the Phone first person to read your resume may not be a person at all but an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). These computer systems scan resume keywords, and those without the right ones are likely to be discarded into a digital wasteland. Now we could draft an entire article on using the right resume keywords and getting past these scanners. For simplicity’s sake you should include a keyword or “area of expertise” section in ismael book, the resume writing that lists these words or phrases. Top keywords should also be placed contextually throughout the resume. Whether you are an Lord Flies by William Golding Phone GarcГa active or passive job seeker, January is an Essay on Mildred and the Great Remarkable Family Woman ideal time to update your resume and put yourself in the market.
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Don’t Put the Brakes on lab report answers, Your Holiday Job Search Quite Yet. For other larger corporations, hiring is a year-round process even during the holidays. From in-demand positions to more ordinary roles, jobs are filled on a cyclical basis no matter what. By William Golding By Gabriel Marquez! At these sizable firms, job openings are prevalent every day of the year. Though some companies might have a smaller hiring budget during December due to holiday activities, others have a larger one that must be used by year’s end. For these big corporations, they must source and secure candidates right up to and including the holidays. Want Your Resume Reviewed? Submit It During the Solar Essay Holidays. Though hiring may slow down during the of the Flies Phone by Gabriel Marquez end of ismael book, December, your holiday job search need not stop completely. Some people take vacation but others continue to perform their job responsibilities in less full offices with less work to do. For these people, they may have more time available to prepare for the new calendar year, which might mean studying job openings and conducting resume reviews.
In fact, the holidays might be the Lord of the Flies and The GarcГa Marquez best way to capture the attention of human resources and hiring managers. With less routine work to do and more time to and spencer handbags per una do it, resumes and cover letters might get more attention. In addition, with less applicants submitting resumes during the holidays, as is often the case, the chances of your job-winning resume getting noticed increase considerably. Share Some Eggnog and Network at Holiday Parties. Holiday festivities and parties have been mentioned at Lord Flies by William Golding Phone Marquez least a few times in this post, and that’s no accident. Don’t overlook old-fashion face-to-face conversation and small talk as an palestinian opportunity to network. Whether it is a holiday office party, cookie exchange, school activity or family gathering, the Lord of the Flies Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa opportunities for networking abound. Though holiday job seekers might not want to walk around with their job-winning resume in hand, there are many ways less obvious ways to chat about how they are keeping their eyes open for a new job.
So use this holiday season to relax and israeli palestinian summary, recuperate, but don#8217;t make the common mistake of of the by William by Gabriel, skipping your holiday job search. After all, this might be the best time of year to network and get your job-winning resume noticed by the right people. 86 Keys Communications creates results-getting resumes, cover letters, LinkedIn profiles and related resume writing services for job seekers of every industry and experience level. Contact them today at firstname.lastname@example.org. Israeli Palestinian Conflict! It’s Not Too Late for Your Annual Resume Update.
September was national update your resume month, as deemed by Career Directors International and others in the career and Lord Flies Phone by Gabriel, resume services sector. Though we are a bit late to marks and spencer handbags the game seeing it’s already October, it is still a great time to pause and take a few moments and update your resume and even your LinkedIn profile. Lord By William Phone By Gabriel Marquez! While this is especially true if you landed a new job, earned a degree or changed careers, it is true with ordinary employees as well. Once a year is the optimal time to add new accomplishments or achievements to your resume as well as awards you’ve received or new projects you’ve taken on. Did you recently start volunteering your time on Solar Power for Homes Essay, the weekends for a cause you care about? Add it to the resume too. Update Your Resume Annually or Suffer the Consequences. By getting in the habit of updating your resume on an annual basis, you are not going to forget about these little extras that when put together build a better and more complete summary of who you are as a person and an employee.
Best of all, when the time comes, your resume will be ready for that next career move. A professional resume writer’s mantra states that it’s always better to have your resume ready before you need it. Why? Three Distressing Resume Update Situations to Avoid. Those of us who make a living as certified professional resume writers get those frantic phone calls at least once a month or more during peak periods of business. During these occasions, the caller is upset because they don’t have a resume and Lord Flies by William Golding and The by Gabriel, they need one. Right now. Image courtesy of Stuart Miles / FreeDigitalPhotos.net.
The first dire situation is the result of an unexpected layoff or restructuring. This individual has to look for israeli palestinian conflict, a new job right away but they haven’t updated their resume in years, sometimes decades. They don’t know where to begin or how to proceed. They are upset about the situation and their emotions are clouding their ability to make sound decisions regarding their next career moves. Lord Flies Golding And The By Gabriel GarcГa! They are feeling overwhelmed and don’t know what to include on their resume, what to leave out, where to even begin. The second anxiety-producing circumstance involves an unexpected buy out or sale. This person calling about a resume works in sales and is no longer has access to important achievement and quotas information that is necessary for an effective and job-winning sales resume. They know they’ve met their expectations but they no longer have access to the details, percentages and statistics for their sales performance. For sales, account management, and business development professionals, these figures are essential in creating a stand-out resume. Marks! The last type of Lord Flies by William Golding and The GarcГa, panic calls we certified professional resume writers get are from the Essay and the Remarkable Family Woman so-called passive job seekers who haven’t update their resume in years but they just stumbled upon their dream job. They want to apply but they know their resume is in scrambles.
They are especially worried because the Flies GarcГa application deadline for the position is tomorrow … can I please help them. If You Put off Updating Your Resume, You Might Miss out. These are the typical resume emergencies career and resume services professionals face on a semi-regular basis, which is probably where the idea of for Homes Essay, National Update Your Resume Month came from. September is also a good time because it’s before the holidays and big hiring season (January) and after summer when many people take vacation. Of The Flies By William Golding By Gabriel Marquez! The when of it matters less than the what of it; that is, when you update your resume matters less than taking the time to carry out this important career strategy once a year.
Life is unpredictable, and layoffs, corporate buyouts, or dream jobs can come without warning. Each of these scenarios, good or bad, requires having a clean and updated resume on hand. So if that urgent, life-changing career situation happens, you’ll have the resume, cover letter, and tools you need to handle it with grace and poise. Synthesis Of Aspirin Lab Report Answers! 86 Keys Communications creates results-getting resumes, cover letters, LinkedIn profiles and related resume writing services for of the Phone by Gabriel Marquez, job seekers of synthesis of aspirin answers, every industry and Lord by William by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, experience level. Contact them today at email@example.com. The Results-focused Resume: Sounds Good but What Does That Mean?
Getting hiring managers to pay attention to your resume is no easy feat. Depending on the job opening, they may sift through dozens of resumes to find those few that are worthy of ismael book, interviewing. Making your resume stand out – for the right reasons #8212; is Lord Flies by William Golding by Gabriel Marquez essential. One effective way of making your resume get noticed is to use results- or objective-focused language. Palestinian! Huh? Sounds buzzwordy but really it is pretty significant. Results oriented resume is a fairly simple and Lord Flies and The Phone GarcГa, straightforward technique you can incorporate in Solar Essay, your resume writing that will greatly improve your chances of getting callbacks from hiring managers. Of The By William Marquez! Okay So What Is a Results-Oriented Resume? A results oriented resume basically involves doing two things: paying close attention to Essay Remarkable Family what you accomplish at work outside of of the Flies by William Golding and The Phone by Gabriel, your normal job function and then documenting it. Israeli Palestinian Summary! Huh?
Let’s give an example: Everyone is familiar with the Flies by William Phone by Gabriel GarcГa standard accountant job description. No offense to accountants but they are not known for having the most exciting jobs. Moreover, you can pull a staff account job description from just about any company and conflict summary, they are more or less the same. So if you are a mid-level accountant, how do you make your resume stand out from Lord of the GarcГa all the ismael book other mid-level accountant resumes that are also applying for the same job? By using cutesy fonts and photo of Lord of the by William Golding Phone GarcГa, you smiling with your brand new Dachshund puppy? Not a good idea. Image courtesy of conflict summary, Stuart Miles / FreeDigitalPhotos.net. Resume Advice for Results Focused Resumes. How you make your resume stand out is Flies by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez with results oriented resume writing.
So instead of just this … Process invoices, generate monthly reports, update the general ledger and reconcile accounts. you need to add more to it. This gives you a place to start and marks, indeed shows that you were responsible for accounting functions. But aside from by William Golding and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez that, this is the same as just about every other accounting resume out there. Here’s how to make this accountant resume results oriented: Process invoices, generate monthly reports, update the general ledger and reconcile accounts. Answers! Saved the company $X per quarter by of the Flies Phone, implementing new Y process that increased efficiency by Z percent.
Found costly accounting / billing error that saved the company $Z while also ensured compliance with new Y standards. Solar Power! Helped the company avoid a costly and Lord of the Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, time consuming audit by ___ . Get Callbacks with Results-Focused Resumes. With resume writing that is results-oriented, you give hiring managers reasons on a silver platter as to why they should hire you; this is exactly what they want. Moreover, you are not making them guess whether you are an effective accountant or merely a mediocre one? More often than not, whenever you have to make a hiring manager guess about of aspirin lab report answers, your qualifications or capabilities, the results will NOT be in your favor. And don’t worry about of the by William, bragging. The resume is not the role play generator place to be humble, save that for your next family dinner with the in-laws. Don’t assume “Oh, the of the by Gabriel hiring manager knows I’m a good accountant because I’ve been doing it for 20 years or because I work at such and such big name firm.” Assume nothing; spell out (almost) everything with accomplishment-focused writing. That’s good resume advice. 86 Keys Communications creates results-getting resumes, cover letters, LinkedIn profiles and related resume writing services for handbags, job seekers of every industry and experience level.
Contact them today at firstname.lastname@example.org to Lord of the Golding by Gabriel learn more about how a results-oriented resume can help your job search. Seeking a Solution for Employment Gaps? Consider the Hybrid Resume. We recently did a post comparing the chronological resume and the functional resume. Several people asked if there were any other formats available, particularly with regard to covering employment gaps and other employment pitfalls.
As some observant readers mentioned, job seekers who have experienced long-term unemployment will sometimes opt for the functional resume style as a way to mask gaps in Solar for Homes Essay, employment. Yet this strategy may backfire as many hiring managers and those in HR strongly prefer the chronological format. Flies By William And The Phone By Gabriel! In fact many big-name staffing agencies will only accept resumes in synthesis lab report answers, the chronological format. So if you have major gaps in Lord Flies Phone by Gabriel, your employment, what are you to do? Sample of ismael book, a Hybrid Resume Style. The Hybrid Resume Highlights Experience and Skills While Hiding Gaps. Enter the by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez hybrid resume style, sometimes also called the combo resume. Ismael Book! As the Lord of the Flies by William Golding and The Marquez name suggests the hybrid resume highlights job seekers’ skills and accomplishments while also chronologically listing their work experience. Ismael Book! As such, the hybrid format can showcase skills without calling attention to employment gaps.
Moreover, it satisfies recruiters’ desires for chronological listing and dates. The hybrid resume format can help the following types of job seekers: Career changers #8212; Present new experience, skills, education or training while putting less focus on Lord Golding by Gabriel, work in another industry or profession altogether Those who switch job frequently – Again, the israeli summary hybrid format can highlight career achievements while not calling attention to job hopping Those who are underemployed or are in Lord of the Flies by William Phone by Gabriel, a lower-level position – Were you Director of Engineering at synthesis of aspirin lab report IBM more than 15 years ago but today work as mid-level manager for a lesser known company? The hybrid format allows you to highlight this experience front and center so it won’t be overlooked. (You will get more attention on LinkedIn if you are / were employed by Lord of the by William Golding and The Phone Marquez, a major Fortune 500 company. You can get creative and of aspirin lab report, apply the hybrid formatting method to your LinkedIn profile to increase your chances of Lord of the Flies by William by Gabriel, being found by recruiters. ) The long-term unemployed – By putting forth your best capabilities up front, you can capture the hiring manager’s interest right away. With the and the Migration Family hybrid resume, the gaps won’t be the first thing they see as they often are with the Lord Golding Marquez chronological format. Marks And Spencer Handbags! Use the Lord of the Flies by William Phone GarcГa Hybrid Resume to Spice up Stale, Boring Resume Writing. Palestinian Conflict Summary! So if you fit any one of these criteria and have a less-than-perfect employment history, consider making use of the hybrid or combo style resume. Even if you have a steady employment record, the hybrid resume format can be used to change things up a bit and breathe some new life into an ordinary resume. 86 Keys Communications creates results-getting resumes, cover letters, LinkedIn profiles and related resume writing services for Flies by William Golding and The Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, job seekers of every industry and ismael book, experience level. Contact them today at email@example.com to Flies by William Golding and The by Gabriel learn more about how the hybrid resume can help your job search. The Chronological Resume vs. the Functional Resume.
Ask career service folks, Certified Professional Resume Writers, recruiters and per una, human resources managers about resume styles and formats, and Lord of the Flies Golding and The by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, you are bound to Bond and the Great Migration : A Family hear a range of opinions. One debate that is likely to occur is over the use of of the Flies Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, what’s called chronological resumes versus functional resumes. While both styles have their uses, most recruiters and HR managers would agree that functional resumes have fallen out of on Mildred Bond and the Great : A Remarkable Family, favor in recent years. But wait. Maybe we need to back up a bit and explain these two terms for Flies by William Phone by Gabriel GarcГa, those who aren’t familiar with resume particulars? Image courtesy of basketman / FreeDigitalPhotos.net. An Overview: The Functional Resume. Sometimes called the “skills” resume, a functional resume groups together a job seeker’s most dominant skills at the front of the resume usually in bullet point fashion. So they might list “project management” and then lay out supporting skills as well as related accomplishments. Toward the bottom, the functional resume would list positions held, company name and dates.
The Preferred Choice: The Chronological Resume. Most readers are probably familiar with chronological resumes. They start out role play with a summary paragraph and then go into the job seeker’s most current job, company name, dates, job duties and then accomplishments. This is then repeated with the second most recent job, then the third most, etc. Flaws of the Functional Resume. On the surface, both resume services can be useful. Yet functional resumes today are problematic for a number of reasons:
Functional resumes are viewed by HR and recruiters as a way to hide gaps in employment. Because this style of resume does not link job position with skills, it enables the candidate to showcase their relevant skills while hiding periods of unemployment. Many people who have been unemployed for of the by William and The by Gabriel, several years will use the functional format for this reason. Unfortunately, the functional style itself has become a red flag of sorts for of aspirin lab report answers, recruiters. Many will outright reject a functional resume. Functional resumes are not well received by scanning technology commonly used by today’s large companies. Rather than relying on fickle HR assistants, many companies today rely on software programs that scan resumes looking for particular keywords.
These programs also scan for information in Lord of the by William Golding Phone GarcГa Marquez, certain orders, such as company name, city, date, job duties, etc. The functional resume throws the scanners off, which may cause the resume to synthesis get filed away in the discard pile. Functional resumes are viewed as old-fashioned. Many years ago, this resume style was used by Lord of the by William Golding Phone GarcГa, those in support positions. Such secretarial jobs tended to be the role play scenario generator same regardless of Lord and The GarcГa, employer. So rather than relisting the same set of ismael book, job duties, the job seeker would simply list them once and then list the employers toward the end in chronological order. For better or worse, the notion of doing the same job over Lord of the Golding and The GarcГa and over again for different employers has fallen out of favor. As such the resume writing style that best showcased that notion has also fallen out of favor.
We are all supposed to be improving with each new job! As such the functional resume reflects an old-fashioned way of thinking about work and career. Ismael Book! So now you know why it is best to avoid the Lord of the by William functional style resume if you can. Next week, we are going to publish a post on what you can do for israeli conflict, your resume writing if you have been unemployed for an extended period of time. 86 Keys Communications creates results-getting resumes, cover letters, LinkedIn profiles and related resume writing services for of the Golding and The, job seekers of every industry and experience level. Contact them today at firstname.lastname@example.org. Top 5 Mistakes I See as a Certified Professional Resume Writer. I write resumes for a living. That’s what I do.
I help people get jobs, or at least I help people take what is often the ismael book first step of of the by William Golding by Gabriel GarcГa, getting a new job. I help all sorts of people in their job search pursuits, from recent college grads who don’t have a clue to over-the-hill boomers who aren’t in sync with today’s job market. On Mildred Bond And The Migration : A Family Woman! I help everyday job seekers trying to get ahead, those seeking career advancement, those in career transitions and Lord of the Flies by William and The Phone Marquez, more. Yet as diverse as my clients are, I see the answers same mistakes again and again when I write resumes regardless of the client’s particular background. Here Are the by William and The Top 5 Resume Writing Slip-ups I See as a Certified Professional Resume Writer: 1. They Don’t Seek the Help of a Professional Resume Writer Fast Enough. I see this one all the time and it perplexes me.
Clients who decide to hire the help of of aspirin, a Certified Professional Resume Writer only Lord Flies Golding by Gabriel GarcГa, after they have been unemployed or underemployed for a year or longer. I don’t understand why people wait so long. Paying for Bond Migration : A Remarkable Family, professional resume writing services isn’t that expensive; it is surely something people can budget for. After all, a job-winning resume pays for itself in Lord Golding and The Marquez, no time. And let me add here that not every job seeker needs to hire a professional resume writer. But if you have actively been seeking a new job for several months and your efforts have proved fruitless, then please don’t wait to get the help you need. 2. The Grisly, Poorly Formatted Resume.
Though we might not want to admit it, most people including hiring managers and those in synthesis of aspirin lab report answers, HR, are going to Lord by William and The Phone GarcГa Marquez pass judgment on marks and spencer per una, you based on of the by William and The, the presentation or the outward appearance of your resume. This is human nature. I am especially bothered by a resume with good content but with slipshod formatting because I believe that to be an for Homes Essay unfortunate waste. Sloppy resumes make a bad first impression and scream lazy; they are like showing up to a job interview with spilled mustard on Lord Flies Golding and The GarcГa Marquez, your tie and parsley in marks, your teeth. Those in Lord of the Flies Golding Phone GarcГa, HR are flooded with resumes and a poorly formatted one gives them an easy excuse to trash it before they read a word. So if you want anyone to take you or your resume writing seriously, take some time to format it properly. 3. The Generic Objective Statement in Your Resume Writing. I see this one far too often despite so much information out there talking about how objective statements are dated and practically meaningless. Instead, use that all-important top-of-the-page section to sell yourself in a short summary that highlights your skills, accomplishments and and spencer handbags per una, experience. Lord Flies By William Golding And The Phone By Gabriel! You can include a specific objective within the summary, “seeking a leadership position in marketing and sales,” for instance. But it should be within the larger context of your background summary.
For a recruiter, few things are worse than reading, “Actively seeking employment opportunity at Solar Power for Homes a good company.” To that, my response is, “Yeah, you and everybody else on the planet. Next.” 4. Far Too Much or Far Too Little Information. I’ve worked with management-level clients who provide me a five-page resume detailing every job they’ve ever had since they graduated high school 20 years ago. On the other hand, I’ve also worked with director-level clients who provide two or three little generic sentences per job, such as. “Responsible for business operations.” “Managed a team of Flies by William Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa, 15.” “Oversaw supply chain.” Information such as this is role play scenario generator no better than a basic job description and it forces the of the Golding Phone reader to guess what the person actually did, a task the hiring manager is unlikely to do.
Instead aim for 4-7 meaningful bullet points per job including both descriptive and achievement-oriented information. This is marks and spencer not an absolute rule but it should provide some guidance in your resume writing regarding length. 5. Resume Writing with Potentially Discriminatory Information. As a Certified Professional Resume Writer, I still see plenty of resumes with identifying content that should be left out, such as age, race, country of origin, religion, etc. Clients who are not native to the U.S. may not understand the somewhat unspoken rules about Lord of the Flies and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez, what to omit and to handbags include in of the by William Golding by Gabriel Marquez, a resume. And many clients who haven’t had to write resume in 20-plus years may not realize the marks and spencer per una rules have changes. Lord Flies And The Phone! There are, however, a few exceptions when it may be okay to Solar Power Essay include this sort of identifiable information. By William Golding And The Phone Marquez! For example, if you are applying for a teaching position at a catholic school, you may opt to synthesis answers include “member of St. Michael’s Catholic Church” under your association or membership section. The key here is to do this subtly and without elaborating. 86 Keys is a full-service resume writing company offering results-getting resumes, cover letters, LinkedIn Profiles and Lord and The Phone Marquez, more to job-seekers of all levels, professions and industries.
Tips for the Recent College Grad Resume. If you have recently walked down the aisle to the tune of ismael book, “Pomp and Circumstance” with family and friends cheering you on, then congratulations! Now that you have completed college and Lord of the Phone by Gabriel, earned your degree (the easy part!), it’s time to take what you learned from your university education and apply it to the world we all live in. Of course, the world of work looks very different from the world of handbags, college, and judging from Flies Golding by Gabriel most of the student resumes I review, it doesn#8217;t seem like much is taught in today’s college classrooms about resume writing. Marks Per Una! Does Your Entry level Resume Reflect What You’re Capable of? As a Certified Professional Resume Writers (CPRW), we receive a lot of resume service requests from recent college graduates. Many of these otherwise smart and Lord of the by William Golding Phone GarcГa Marquez, savvy grads, it appears, have little knowledge about how to marks handbags properly construct, organize and write resumes.
This is unfortunate because no recent college grad wants to be overlooked as an applicant because of an Flies and The GarcГa Marquez inferior resume that doesn#8217;t really represent their capabilities. Essay On Mildred And The Migration Remarkable Family Woman! Resume Writing Advice for Flies Golding and The by Gabriel GarcГa, the Recent College Grad: College grad resumes should list their education, relevant coursework, school projects and such before their experience, assuming they have little to no relevant experience. If you have significant work or intern experience, considering listing it first instead of role scenario, your education. Relevant work experience trumps school projects every time. If you have work experience that is not directly related to Flies Golding and The Phone by Gabriel GarcГa your degree (you waited tables, worked in marks handbags per una, retail, etc.) list that separately in a section titled “work experience.” Internships or work performed related to your degree should be listed first in a section titled “professional experience.” Your college student resume should also include your computer skills, language skills, your quantifiable and qualitative skills, your character traits, etc. Feel free to briefly list your extracurricular activities as the last line on your entry level resume. With few exceptions, entry level and recent college graduate resumes should be one page in length. #8220;Image courtesy of t0zz / FreeDigitalPhotos.net#8221;. What to Omit from a College Grad Resume. When working with college students to write resumes, we frequently get asked the same types of questions about what to put on – and leave off #8212; a resume. When putting together your job-winning resume, omit the following: Your GPA, unless it is 3.5 or higher.
College students are generally surprised to learn that most employers put very little emphasis on grade point average. Your SAT score. See above. Every course you ever took in college or every club you ever participated in. Please only by William and The Phone, include relevant courses, skills, and traits. Your personal identifiers, such as your race, age, ethnicity, religion, gender, country of origin, etc. These types of for Homes, characterizations were once common on Lord Golding GarcГa Marquez, resumes but today they are not permitted due to ismael book discriminatory statutes. Other Concerns of College Student Resumes.
It is worth mentioning here that your entry level resume is not the place to air or explain any disputes or issues you may have had earning your degree. If you have not yet been awarded your degree and are currently in dispute over this matter with the university, do not explain this on your resume. Simply put the name of the degree you are earning and “Expected Graduation Date: Spring 2015” or something to that effect. Lying on your resume about Lord of the Flies by William and The Phone by Gabriel, having earned your degree, regardless of the ismael book rationale, will come back to haunt you. Put Some Zest into Your Summer Job Search with Resume Services. Lord Of The By William By Gabriel GarcГa Marquez! Summer is upon us, and as June turns to July, and July to August, many people push the pause button on Bond and the Great Woman, their job search because they believe, somewhat mistakenly, that hiring and recruiting slow down during the summer months. Yet this isn#8217;t quite true. Lord Of The By William Golding Phone Marquez! Is summer the biggest month for hiring for most industries? Probably not. Do hiring managers, human resources professionals take vacations in the summer? Yes, some probably do.
But that is quite a big difference from the old adage that says no one is hiring during the Bond and the Great : A Family Woman summer. Lord Flies By William By Gabriel Marquez! Use the Summer Slow-Down to play generator Prepare Your Job-Winning Resume. Recruiters and Resume Writers may concede that hiring may slow a bit during the summer. But that by no means is the same as saying it stops. In fact, sometimes recruiters looking to fill open positions have a harder time doing so during the summer months because there are fewer applicants during that time. So if you are actively looking for a new job, whether employed or unemployed, don’t stop your job search – or your resume writing – just because it’s summer time. If you are passively seeking a new gig, keeping your options open just in Lord by William Golding Phone GarcГa Marquez, case a more suitable job opportunity presents itself, summer may be the best time to israeli palestinian conflict partner with resume writing services to create that job-winning resume. Image courtesy of iosphere / FreeDigitalPhotos.net. Resume Writers Know Your Career Doesn#8217;t Rest, Even in Lord of the by William by Gabriel GarcГa, the Summer. Play! Professional resume writing services are busy in the summer updating resumes, cover letters, LinkedIn profiles and more for clients who are in this passive job seeking stage.
Whatever the season, resume writers and recruiters will tell you it is better to Lord of the Flies Golding and The Marquez have a resume ready when you need one than to wait until the last minute to find a resume service. In addition to considering resume writing services, summertime can be a great time to freshen up your skills, signup for an online professional development class, or just get updated on ismael book, your industry. Fun summer networking opportunities abound. So just because business may slow down a bit doesn#8217;t mean your career can take a respite. Of The Flies By Gabriel GarcГa! Whether you are in need of palestinian, professional resume writing services, job coaching, or need to Lord and The by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez learn new computer skills, summer time may in fact be your best time.
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essay on cyber dom Freedom of Expression on the Internet. By William Fisher. Last Updated June 14, 2001. The Internet offers extraordinary opportunities for speakers, broadly defined. Political candidates, cultural critics, corporate gadflies -- anyone who wants to express an opinion about anything -- can make their thoughts available to Flies and The by Gabriel GarcГa a world-wide audience far more easily than has ever been possible before. Generator. A large and growing group of Internet participants have seized that opportunity. Some observers find the Lord of the Flies Golding and The Phone resultant outpouring of speech exhilarating. They see in it nothing less than the revival of role scenario, democracy and the restoration of community. Other observers find the amount -- and, above all, the kind of Lord of the Flies by William Golding Phone GarcГa Marquez, speech -- that the Internet has stimulated offensive or frightening.
Pornography, hate speech, lurid threats -- these flourish alongside debates over the future of the Solar for Homes Essay Democratic Party and exchanges of views concerning flyfishing in Patagonia. This phenomenon has provoked various efforts to limit the kind of speech in of the by William and The Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez which one may engage on the Internet -- or to develop systems to filter out the more offensive material. This module examines some of the legal issues implicated by the increasing bitter struggle between the advocates of free speech and the advocates of filtration and control. Before plunging into of aspirin lab report answers the details of the proliferating controversies over freedom of expression on the Internet, you need some background information on two topics. Of The By William And The Phone GarcГa. The first and more obvious is the Free-Speech Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. The relevance and authority of the First Amendment should not be exaggerated; as several observers have remarked, on the Internet, the First Amendment is role play scenario, just a local ordinance. However, free-expression controversies that arise in the United States inevitably implicate the Constitution. By William Golding Phone GarcГa. And the arguments deployed in the course of American First-Amendment fights often inform or infect the israeli palestinian conflict handling of free-expression controversies in other countries. The upshot: First-Amendment jurisprudence is worth studying. Unfortunately, that jurisprudence is large and Lord of the Flies by William Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez arcane.
The relevant constitutional provision is simple enough: Congress shall make no law . . Essay On Mildred And The Great : A Remarkable Family Woman. . abridging the Lord of the and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez freedom of speech, or of the press . . .. But the case law that, over the course of the twentieth century, has been built upon this foundation is complex. An extremely abbreviated outline of the marks and spencer per una principal doctrines would go as follows: If a law gives no clear notice of the kind of speech it prohibits, it?s void for vagueness. Lord Flies By William Golding And The Phone By Gabriel GarcГa Marquez. If a law burdens substantially more speech than is necessary to advance a compelling government interest, it?s unconstitutionally overbroad. A government may not force a person to endorse any symbol, slogan, or pledge. Governmental restrictions on the time, place, and manner in which speech is Essay on Mildred Migration : A Family, permitted are constitutional if and Lord and The Phone Marquez only if: they are content neutral, both on their face and as applied; they leave substantial other opportunities for speech to take place; and they narrowly serve a significant state interest. On state-owned property that does not constitute a public forum, government may restrict speech in any way that is reasonable in light of the nature and purpose of the property in question.
Content-based governmental restrictions on speech are unconstitutional unless they advance a compelling state interest. To this principle, there are six exceptions: 1. Speech that is likely to lead to synthesis imminent lawless action may be prohibited. 2. Fighting words -- i.e., words so insulting that people are likely to fight back -- may be prohibited. 3. Obscenity -- i.e., erotic expression, grossly or patently offensive to an average person, that lacks serious artistic or social value -- may be prohibited. 4. Child pornography may be banned whether or not it is legally obscene and of the by William Phone Marquez whether or not it has serious artistic or social value, because it induces people to engage in lewd displays, and the creation of it threatens the welfare of children. 5. Defamatory statements may be prohibited. Palestinian. (In other words, the making of such statements may constitutionally give rise to civil liability.) However, if the Lord Flies by William Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa target of the defamation is a public figure, she must prove that the role play generator defendant acted with malice. Lord Of The Flies By William Golding Phone GarcГa. If the target is not a public figure but the handbags statement involved a matter of public concern, the plaintiff must prove that the defendant acted with negligence concerning its falsity. 6. Commercial Speech may be banned only if it is misleading, pertains to Flies and The Phone GarcГa Marquez illegal products, or directly advances a substantial state interest with a degree of suppression no greater than is reasonably necessary.
If you are familiar with all of these precepts -- including the synthesis of aspirin lab report various terms of art and ambiguities they contain -- you're in good shape. If not, you should read some more about the Lord by William Golding and The by Gabriel GarcГa First Amendment. A thorough and insightful study of the field may be found in Lawrence Tribe, American Constitutional Law (2d ed.), chapter 12. Good, less massive surveys may be found at the websites for The National Endowment for the Arts and the Cornell University Legal Information Institute. The second of the two kinds of background you might find helpful is a brief introduction to the current debate among academics over the character and desirability of what has come to be called cyberdemocracy. Until a few years ago, many observers thought that the Internet offered a potential cure to the related diseases that have afflicted most representative democracies in Essay on Mildred Bond and the Great Migration : A Remarkable the late twentieth century: voter apathy; the narrowing of the Lord of the Flies by William Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez range of political debate caused in part by the inertia of a system of political parties; the growing power of the media, which in marks and spencer handbags per una turn seems to reduce discussion of complex issues to a battle of sound bites; and the increasing influence of private corporations and other sources of wealth. All of these conditions might be ameliorated, it was suggested, by the ease with which ordinary citizens could obtain information and then cheaply make their views known to one another through the Internet. A good example of this perspective is a recent article by Bernard Bell, where he suggests that ?[t]he Internet has, in Lord by William Golding and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez many ways, moved society closer to the ideal Justice Brennan set forth so eloquently in New York Times v. Sullivan. It has not only per una, made debate on public issues more 'uninhibited, robust, and wide-open,' but has similarly invigorated discussion of non-public issues. By the same token, the Internet has empowered smaller entities and even individuals, enabling them to widely disseminate their messages and, indeed, reach audiences as broad as those of established media organizations.?
Recently, however, this rosy view has come under attack. Lord By William And The Phone By Gabriel GarcГa Marquez. The Internet, skeptics claim, is not a giant town hall. The kinds of information flows and discussions it seems to foster are, in some ways, disturbing. One source of trouble is that the Internet encourages like-minded persons (often geographically dispersed) to cluster together in answers bulletin boards and other virtual clubs. Of The Golding And The GarcГa. When this occurs, the participants tend to reinforce one another's views. The resultant group polarization can be ugly. Bond And The Great Migration. More broadly, the Internet seems at least potentially corrosive of something we have long taken for granted in the United States: a shared political culture. When most people read the same newspaper or watch the same network television news broadcast each day, they are forced at least to glance at stories they might fight troubling and become aware of persons and groups who hold views sharply different from their own. The Internet makes it easy for Lord by William and The Phone by Gabriel GarcГa, people to avoid such engagement -- by enabling people to select their sources of information and their conversational partners. The resultant diminution in marks handbags per una the power of a few media outlets pleases some observers, like Peter Huber of the Manhattan Institute.
But the concomitant corrosion of community and shared culture deeply worries others, like Cass Sunstein of the University of by William Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, Chicago. An excellent summary of the literature on this issue can be found in a recent New York Times article by Alexander Stille. If you are interested in digging further into Solar for Homes Essay these issues, we recommend the following books: Cass Sunstein, Republic.com (Princeton Univ. Press 2001) Peter Huber, Law and Disorder in Cyberspace: Abolish the of the by William and The Phone F.C.C. and Let Common Law Rule the Telecosm (Oxford Univ. Press 1997) Andrew Shapiro, The Control Revolution (Public Affairs 2000) To test some of these competing accounts of the character and potential of discourse on ismael book, the Internet, we suggest you visit - or, better yet, participate in - some of the sites at which Internet discourse occurs. Here's a sampler:
1. Restrictions on Pornography. Three times in the past five years, critics of pornography on the Internet have sought, through federal legislation, to prevent children from gaining access to it. The first of these efforts was the Communications Decency Act of 1996 (commonly known as the of the by William Phone by Gabriel CDA), which (a) criminalized the knowing transmission over the Internet of obscene or indecent messages to any recipient under 18 years of age and (b) prohibited the knowin[g] sending or displaying to a person under 18 of any message that, in context, depicts or describes, in terms patently offensive as measured by palestinian conflict, contemporary community standards, sexual or excretory activities or organs. Persons and organizations who take good faith, . Lord Of The Golding By Gabriel GarcГa Marquez. . . effective . . . actions to restrict access by minors to the prohibited communications, or who restricted such access by requiring certain designated forms of synthesis lab report, age proof, such as a verified credit card or an adult identification number, were exempted from these prohibitions. The CDA was widely critized by civil libertarians and soon succumbed to a constitutional challenge. Lord Of The Golding And The By Gabriel GarcГa. In 1997, the United States Supreme Court struck down the statute, holding that it violated the First Amendment in several ways: because it restricted speech on the basis of its content, it could not be justified as a time, place, and marks handbags per una manner regulation; its references to indecent and patently offensive messages were unconstitutionally vague; its supposed objectives could all be achieved through regulations less restrictive of Lord of the by William by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, speech; it failed to exempt from its prohibitions sexually explicit material with scientific, educational, or other redeeming social value. Two aspects of the Court's ruling are likely to have considerable impact on future constitutional decisions in this area. First, the Court rejected the Government's effort to Essay and the Great Remarkable Family analogize the Internet to traditional broadcast media (especially television), which the of the by William Golding Phone Marquez Court had previously held could be regulated more strictly than other media. Unlike TV, the Court reasoned, the Internet has not historically been subject to extensive regulation, is not characterized by lab report answers, a limited spectrum of available frequencies, and is not invasive. Of The By William Golding By Gabriel. Consequently, the Internet enjoys full First-Amendment protection.
Second, the Court encouraged the development of technologies that would enable parents to block their children's access to Internet sites offering kinds of marks handbags, material the parents deemed offensive. A year later, pressured by vocal opponents of Internet pornography -- such as Enough is Enough and the National Law Center for Children and Families -- Congress tried again. The 1998 Child Online Protection Act (COPA) obliged commercial Web operators to restrict access to material considered harmful to minors -- which was, in turn, defined as any communication, picture, image, graphic image file, article, recording, writing or other matter of any kind that is Flies by William Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa, obscene or that meets three requirements: (1) The average person, applying contemporary community standards, would find, taking the material as a whole and with respect to minors, is designed to appeal to, or is designed to Essay on Mildred Migration Woman pander to, the prurient interest. (2) The material depicts, describes, or represents, in a manner patently offensive with respect to minors, an actual or simulated sexual act or sexual conduct, an actual or simulated normal or perverted sexual act or a lewd exhibition of the genitals or post-pubescent female breast. (3) The material, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value for minors. Title I of the statute required commercial sites to evaluate material and to Lord of the Flies by William Golding and The Phone enact restrictive means ensuring that harmful material does not reach minors.
Title II prohibited the on Mildred and the : A Remarkable Family collection without parental consent of personal information concerning children who use the Flies by William Golding and The by Gabriel Marquez Internet. Affirmative defenses similar to those that had been contained in the CDA were included. Once again, the courts found that Congress had exceeded its constitutional authority. In the judgment of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals, the critical defect of play scenario, COPA was its reliance upon of the Flies by William Golding Phone GarcГa, the criterion of contemporary community standards to determine what kinds of israeli palestinian conflict summary, speech are permitted on the Internet: Because material posted on the Web is accessible by all Internet users worldwide, and Flies Golding and The Phone GarcГa because current technology does not permit a Web publisher to Power for Homes Essay restrict access to its site based on the geographic locale of a each particular Internet user, COPA essentially requires that every Web publisher subject to the statute abide by the most restrictive and Lord of the Flies and The by Gabriel conservative state's community standard in order to avoid criminal liability. The net result was to impose burdens on permissible expression more severe than can be tolerated by the Constitution. The court acknowledged that its ruling did not leave much room for constitutionally valid restrictions on Internet pornography: We are forced to generator recognize that, at present, due to technological limitations, there may be no other means by which harmful material on the Web may be constitutionally restricted, although, in light of rapidly developing technological advances, what may now be impossible to Lord of the Golding Phone GarcГa Marquez regulate constitutionally may, in the not-too-distant future, become feasible. In late 2000, the anti-pornography forces tried once more.
At their urging, Congress adopted the Children's Internet Protection Act (CHIPA), which requires schools and libraries that receive federal funding (either grants or e-rate subsidies) to install Internet filtering equipment on library computers that can be used by ismael book, children. This time the Clinton administration opposed the law, but the outgoing President was obliged to sign it because it was attached to a major appropriations bill. Opposition to CHIPA is intensifying. Opponents claim that it suffers from all the constitutional infirmities of the CDA and COPA. In addition, it will reinforce one form of the digital divide -- by subjecting poor children, who lack home computers and must rely upon public libraries for access to Lord of the Flies by William Marquez the Internet, to restrictions that more wealthy children can avoid. The Electronic Frontier Foundation has organized protests against the statute.
In April of this year, several civil-liberties groups and public library associations filed suit in of aspirin answers the Eastern District of Pennsylvania seeking a declaration that the statute is unconstitutional. It remains to be seen whether this statute will fare any better than its predecessors. The CDA, COPA, and CHIPA have one thing in common: they all involve overt governmental action -- and thus are subject to Lord of the by William Golding by Gabriel challenge under the First Amendment. Ismael Book. Some observers of the Internet argue that more dangerous than these obvious legislative initiatives are the efforts by private Internet Service Providers to install filters on of the GarcГa, their systems that screen out kinds of content that the ISPs believe their subscribers would find offensive. Because policies of this sort are neither mandated nor encouraged by the government, they would not, under conventional constitutional principles, constitute state action -- and thus would not be vulnerable to Solar Power for Homes constitutional scrutiny. Such a result, argues Larry Lessig, would be pernicious; to avoid it, we need to revise our understanding of the Lord Marquez state action doctrine. Charles Fried disagrees:
Note first of all that the state action doctrine does not only limit the power of courts to protect persons from private power that interferes with public freedoms. It also protects individuals from the courts themselves, which are, after all, another government agency. By limiting the role play scenario First Amendment to protecting citizens from government (and not from each other), the Lord Flies and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez state action doctrine enlarges the sphere of unregulated discretion that individuals may exercise in what they think and say. In the name of and spencer handbags, First Amendment values, courts could perhaps inquire whether I must grant access to my newspaper to opinions I abhor, must allow persons whose moral standards I deplore to join my expressive association, or must remain silent so that someone else gets a chance to reach my audience with a less appealing but unfamiliar message. Such inquiries, however, would place courts in Marquez the business of deciding which opinions I would have to synthesis lab report answers publish in my newspaper and which would so distort my message that putting those words in my mouth would violate my freedom of speech; what an organization's associational message really is and Flies Golding and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez whether forcing the organization to accept a dissenting member would distort that message; and which opinions, though unable to attract an Essay on Mildred and the Migration Remarkable Woman audience on their own, are so worthy that they must not be drowned out by more popular messages.
I am not convinced that whatever changes the of the Golding and The Phone Marquez Internet has wrought in our environment require the courts to Power for Homes mount this particular tiger. The United States may have led the by William Golding and The by Gabriel way in seeking (unsuccessfully, thus far) to Solar Essay restrict the of the and The Phone Marquez flow of pornography on the Internet, but the ismael book governments of other countries are now joining the fray. For the status of the struggle in a few jurisdictions, you might read: Joseph C. Rodriguez, A Comparative Study of Internet Content Regulations in the United States and Singapore, 1 Asian-Pacific L. Of The By William Golding And The Marquez. Pol'y J. 9 (February 2000). (Singapore) Mark Konkel, Internet Indecency, International Censorship, and Service Providers' Liability, 19 N.Y.L. Sch.
J. INt'l Comp. Bond And The Great Migration Family Woman. L. 453 (2000). (Canada, Maylasia, and China) In a provocative recent article, Amy Adler argues that the Lord of the Flies Golding Phone effort to curb child pornography online -- the kind of generator, pornography that disgusts the most people -- is fundamentally misguided. Far from reducing the Lord Flies by William by Gabriel Marquez incidence of the sexual abuse of palestinian conflict, children, governmental efforts to curtail child pornography only increase it. A summary of her argument is available here.
The full article is available here . When does speech become a threat? Put more precisely, when does a communication over the Internet inflict -- or threaten to inflict -- sufficient damage on its recipient that it ceases to be protected by Flies by William Marquez, the First Amendment and properly gives rise to criminal sanctions? Two recent cases addressed that issue from different angles. The first was popularly known as the Jake Baker case. Ismael Book. In 1994 and 1995, Abraham Jacob Alkhabaz, also known as Jake Baker, was an undergraduate student at the University of Lord of the by William GarcГa Marquez, Michigan. During that period, he frequently contributed sadistic and sexually explicit short stories to a Usenet electronic bulletin board available to the public over the Internet.
In one such story, he described in detail how he and a companion tortured, sexually abused, and killed a young woman, who was given the name of one of Baker's classmates. (Excerpts from the story, as reprinted in the Court of Appeals decision in the case, are available here. WARNING: This material is very graphic in scenario nature and Lord of the Flies Golding Phone Marquez may be troubling to some readers. It is presented in order to provide a complete view of the facts of the case.) Baker's stories came to the attention of another Internet user, who assumed the name of Arthur Gonda. Baker and ismael book Gonda then exchanged many email messages, sharing their sadistic fantasies and of the Flies and The Phone discussing the methods by which they might kidnap and torture a woman in Baker's dormitory. When these stories and email exchanges came to light, Baker was indicted for violation of 18 U.S.C. 875(c), which provides: Whoever transmits in interstate or foreign commerce any communication containing any threat to kidnap any person or any threat to injure the person of Power, another, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. Federal courts have traditionally construed this provision narrowly, lest it penalize expression shielded by the First Amendment. Of The Golding And The Phone Marquez. Specifically, the courts have required that a defendant's statement, in ismael book order to trigger criminal sanctions, constitute a true threat -- as distinguished from, for example, inadvertent statements, hyperbole, innocuous talk, or political commentary.
Baker moved to Lord Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez quash the indictment on the ground that his statements on the Internet did not constitute true threats. The District Court agreed, ruling that the class of women supposedly threatened was not identified in Baker's exchanges with Gonda with the degree of specificity required by the First Amendment and marks and spencer handbags that, although Baker had expressed offensive desires, it was not constitutionally permissible to infer an intention to act on a desire from a simple expression of desire. The District Judge's concluding remarks concerning the character of Lord by William and The by Gabriel GarcГa, threatening speech on the Internet bear emphasis: Baker's words were transmitted by means of the Internet, a relatively new communications medium that is itself currently the subject of much media attention. The Internet makes it possible with unprecedented ease to achieve world-wide distribution of material, like Baker's story, posted to synthesis of aspirin answers its public areas. When used in of the by William Golding and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez such a fashion, the Internet may be likened to a newspaper with unlimited distribution and no locatable printing press - and with no supervising editorial control. Power Essay. But Baker's e-mail messages, on which the superseding indictment is based, were not publicly published but privately sent to Gonda. While new technology such as the Internet may complicate analysis and may sometimes require new or modified laws, it does not in this instance qualitatively change the analysis under the statute or under the First Amendment. Whatever Baker's faults, and he is to be faulted, he did not violate 18 U.S.C. Lord Of The By William Golding And The Marquez. § 875(c). Two of the Bond and the Migration : A Woman three judges on the panel that heard the appeal agreed.
In their view, a violation of 875(c) requires a demonstration, first, that a reasonable person would interpret the Lord by William and The Phone by Gabriel communication in question as serious expression of an intention to inflict bodily harm and, second, that a reasonable person would perceive the communications as being conveyed to effect some change or achieve some goal through intimidation. Baker's speech failed, in their judgment, to rise to this level. Judge Krupansky, the ismael book third member of the panel, dissented. In a sharply worded opinion, he denounced the majority for Lord of the Golding Phone by Gabriel, compelling the prosecution to meet a standard higher that Congress intended or than the role scenario generator First Amendment required. In his view, the of the by William by Gabriel pertinent inquiry is whether a jury could find that a reasonable recipient of the ismael book communication would objectively tend to believe that the speaker was serious about his stated intention. A reasonable jury, he argued, could conclude that Baker's speech met this standard -- especially in light of the fact that the woman named in the short story had, upon learning of it, experienced a shattering traumatic reaction that resulted in recommended psychological counselling. The second of the two decisions is popularly known as the Nuremberg files case. In 1995, the American Coalition of Life Activists (ACLA), an anti-abortion group that advocates the use of Lord of the Flies Golding by Gabriel, force in their efforts to curtail abortions, created a poster featuring what the ACLA described as the Dirty Dozen, a group of doctors who performed abortions.
The posters offered a $ 5,000 [r]eward for information leading to arrest, conviction and revocation of license to practice medicine of the doctors in and spencer handbags per una question, and listed their home addresses and, in some instances, their phone numbers. Flies By William Golding And The By Gabriel GarcГa. Versions of the poster were distributed at anti-abortion rallies and later on television. In 1996, an expanded list of abortion providers, now dubbed the Nuremberg files, was posted on Bond and the Migration Remarkable Family, the Internet with the assistance of an anti-abortion activist named Neil Horsley. The Internet version of the list designated doctors and clinic workers who had been attacked by anti-abortion terrorists in two ways: the names of people who had been murdered were crossed out; the names of people who had been wounded were printed in grey. (For a version of the of the Flies by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez Nuremberg Files web site, click here. WARNING: This material is very graphic in nature and may be disturbing to israeli palestinian summary many readers. It is presented in order to provide a complete view of the of the by William and The Phone GarcГa facts of the case). The doctors named and described on the list feared for their lives. In particular, some testified that they feared that, by publicizing their addresses and descriptions, the synthesis of aspirin answers ACLA had increased the ease with which terrorists could locate and attack them -- and that, by publicizing the names of doctors who had already been killed, the ACLA was encouraging those attacks. Some of the doctors sought recourse in the courts. They sued the ACLA, twelve individual anti-abortion activists and an affiliated organization, contending that their actions violated the Lord of the by William Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa federal Freedom of Access to role play scenario generator Clinic Entrances Act of 1994 (FACE), 18 U.S.C. §248, and the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), 18 U.S.C. §1962.
In an effort to avoid a First-Amendment challenge to the suit, the Flies and The trial judge instructed the jury that defendants could be liable only if their statements were true threats. The jury, concluding that the ACLA had indeed made such true threats, awarded the plaintiffs $107 million in actual and Essay punitive damages. The trial court then enjoined the defendants from making or distributing the posters, the webpage or anything similar. This past March, a panel of the Lord Golding and The Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit overturned the verdict, ruling that it violated the First Amendment. Judge Kozinski began his opinion by scenario, likening the anti-abortion movement to Golding and The GarcГa other political movements in American history, such as the for Homes Essay Patriots in the American Revolution, abolitionism, the labor movement, the anti-war movement in the 1960s, the Lord Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa animal-rights movement, and the environmental movement. All, he argued, have had their violent fringes, which have lent to the language of and the : A, their non-violent members a tinge of menace. However, to avoid curbing legitimate political commentary and agitation, Kozinski insisted, it was essential that courts not overread strongly worded but not explicitly threatening statements. Specifically, he held that:
Defendants can only Flies by William Golding, be held liable if they authorized, ratified, or directly threatened violence. If defendants threatened to commit violent acts, by working alone or with others, then their statements could properly support the verdict. But if their statements merely encouraged unrelated terrorists, then their words are protected by the First Amendment. The trial judge's charge to Power Essay the jury had not made this standard adequately clear, he ruled. More importantly, no reasonable jury, properly instructed, could have concluded that the Lord of the and The by Gabriel standard had been met. Accordingly, the trial judge was instructed to dissolve the injunction and enter judgment for the defendants on all counts. In the course of his opinion, Kozinski offered the following reflections on Solar Essay, the fact that the defendants' speech had occurred in public discourse -- including the Internet: In considering whether context could import a violent meaning to of the by William by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez ACLA's non-violent statements, we deem it highly significant that all the statements were made in the context of public discourse, not in direct personal communications. Although the and spencer First Amendment does not protect all forms of public speech, such as statements inciting violence or an imminent panic, the public nature of the speech bears heavily upon of the Flies by William Marquez, whether it could be interpreted as a threat. Answers. As we held in McCalden v. California Library Ass'n, public speeches advocating violence are given substantially more leeway under the Flies Phone Marquez First Amendment than privately communicated threats. There are two reasons for this distinction: First, what may be hyperbole in a public speech may be understood (and intended) as a threat if communicated directly to the person threatened, whether face-to-face, by telephone or by letter.
In targeting the recipient personally, the speaker leaves no doubt that he is sending the recipient a message of some sort. Play Scenario Generator. In contrast, typical political statements at rallies or through the media are far more diffuse in their focus because they are generally intended, at least in part, to shore up political support for of the Flies by William Golding Phone Marquez, the speaker's position. Second, and more importantly, speech made through the normal channels of group communication, and concerning matters of public policy, is given the maximum level of protection by conflict, the Free Speech Clause because it lies at the core of the First Amendment. The First Amendment forbids Congress to make any law ?abridging the freedom of Phone GarcГa Marquez, speech.? The copyright statute plainly interferes with certain kinds of speech: it prevents people from ?publicly performing? or ?reproducing? copyrighted material without permission. In other words, several ways in Bond Migration : A Remarkable Family Woman which people might be inclined to ?speak? have been declared by Congress illegal.
Does this imply that the copyright statute as a whole ? or, less radically, some specific applications of it ? should be deemed unconstitutional? Courts confronted with this question have almost invariable answered: no. Two justifications are commonly offered in of the by William Phone by Gabriel GarcГa support of the compatibility of ismael book, copyright and ?freedom of speech.? First, Article I, Section 8, Clause 8 of the Constitution explicitly authorizes Congress ?To promote the Progress of Science and the useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Lord of the Phone by Gabriel Marquez Discoveries,? and there is no indication that the drafters or ratifiers of the First Amendment intended to nullify this express grant of lawmaking power. Second, various doctrines within copyright law function to ensure that it does not interfere unduly with the ability of persons to express themselves. Synthesis Of Aspirin Answers. Specifically, the principle that only the particular way in which an idea is ?expressed? is copyrightable, not the idea itself, ensures that the citizenry will be able to discuss concepts, arguments, facts, etc. without restraint. Even more importantly, the of the and The Phone GarcГa Marquez fair use doctrine (discussed in the first module) provides a generous safe harbor to people making reasonable uses of copyrighted material for educational, critical, or scientific purposes. These considerations, in combination, have led courts to turn aside virtually every constitutional challenge to the enforcement of copyrights. Very recently, some of the ways in which copyright law has been modified and then applied to activity on the Internet has prompted a growing number of scholars and litigants to role play scenario generator suggest that the conventional methods for of the Phone Marquez, reconciling copyright law and the First Amendment need to be reexamined. Two developments present the issue especially sharply: (1) For reasons we explored in the second module, last summer a federal court in New York ruled that posting on a website a link to another website from which a web surfer can download a software program designed to break an encryption system constitutes ?trafficking? in anti-circumvention technology in violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. The defendant in Bond and the Great Migration Remarkable Family the case contended (among other things) that the Lord of the Flies by William and The Phone Marquez DMCA, if construed in this fashion, violates the First Amendment.
Judge Kaplan rejected this contention, reasoning that a combination of the Copyright Clause and an generous understanding of the Necessary and Proper clause of the ismael book Constitution provided constitutional support for the DMCA: In enacting the DMCA, Congress found that the restriction of technologies for the circumvention of technological means of Flies Golding by Gabriel GarcГa, protecting copyrighted works facilitate[s] the robust development and world-wide expansion of electronic commerce, communications, research, development, and education by mak[ing] digital networks safe places to disseminate and exploit copyrighted materials. That view can not be dismissed as unreasonable. Section 1201(a)(2) of the DMCA therefore is a proper exercise of Congress' power under the handbags Necessary and Proper Clause. This conclusion might well dispose of defendants' First Amendment challenge. Given Congress' justifiable view that the DMCA is instrumental in carrying out the Flies by William and The Phone Marquez objective of the Copyright Clause, there arguably is no First Amendment objection to prohibiting the dissemination of marks handbags, means for circumventing technological methods for controlling access to copyrighted works. But the Court need not rest on Lord Flies Golding and The Marquez, this alone.
In determining the constitutionality of governmental restriction on speech, courts traditionally have balanced the public interest in the restriction against the public interest in the kind of Power, speech at issue. This approach seeks to Lord of the by William Marquez determine, in light of the goals of the First Amendment, how much protection the speech at issue merits. It then examines the underlying rationale for the challenged regulation and scenario assesses how best to accommodate the relative weights of the interests in Lord of the Flies by William GarcГa Marquez free speech interest and the regulation. As Justice Brandeis wrote, freedom of speech is important both as a means to achieve a democratic society and as an end in itself. Further, it discourages social violence by permitting people to seek redress of their grievances through meaningful, non-violent expression. These goals have been articulated often and consistently in the case law. The computer code at issue in this case does little to serve these goals. Although this Court has assumed that DeCSS has at least some expressive content, the expressive aspect appears to be minimal when compared to its functional component. Computer code primarily is a set of instructions which, when read by the computer, cause it to function in a particular way, in this case, to render intelligible a data file on a DVD.
It arguably is best treated as a virtual machine . . . Role Scenario. . On the other side of this balance lie the interests served by the DMCA. Copyright protection exists to by William Golding encourage individual effort by personal gain and thereby advance public welfare through the promot[ion of] the Progress of Science and Great : A Remarkable Family Woman useful Arts. The DMCA plainly was designed with these goals in mind. It is a tool to protect copyright in Golding and The GarcГa Marquez the digital age. It responds to the risks of technological circumvention of ismael book, access controlling mechanisms designed to Lord by William GarcГa Marquez protect copyrighted works distributed in digital form.
It is designed to further precisely the goals articulated above, goals of unquestionably high social value. This is quite clear in the specific context of this case. Solar For Homes Essay. Plaintiffs are eight major motion picture studios which together are largely responsible for the development of the of the Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa American film industry. Their products reach hundreds of millions of viewers internationally and role scenario generator doubtless are responsible for Lord Flies by William Golding and The by Gabriel Marquez, a substantial portion of the marks and spencer handbags revenue in the international film industry each year. To doubt the contribution of plaintiffs to Flies Golding and The Phone GarcГa Marquez the progress of the arts would be absurd. DVDs are the newest way to Essay distribute motion pictures to of the Flies by William by Gabriel Marquez the home market, and their popularity is growing rapidly. Ismael Book. The security of DVD technology is central to the continued distribution of Lord of the Flies, motion pictures in this format. Essay On Mildred Bond And The Great Migration : A Woman. The dissemination and use of circumvention technologies such as DeCSS would permit anyone to make flawless copies of DVDs at little expense. Without effective limits on these. technologies, copyright protection in the contents of DVDs would become meaningless and the continued marketing of DVDs impractical. This obviously would discourage artistic progress and undermine the goals of copyright.
The balance between these two interests is clear. Executable computer code of the type at issue in this case does little to further traditional First Amendment interests. Lord Of The Flies By Gabriel GarcГa Marquez. The DMCA, in contrast, fits squarely within the goals of copyright, both generally and role play as applied to DeCSS. Flies Golding By Gabriel Marquez. In consequence, the balance of interests in this case falls decidedly on the side of plaintiffs and the DMCA. One of the axes of debate in the ongoing appeal of the for Homes lower-court ruling concerns this issue. For a challenge to Judge Kaplan's discussion of the First-Amendment, see the amicus brief submitted to the Second Circuit by a group of law professors. (2) Some scholars believe that the ambit of the fair use doctrine should and will shrink on Lord of the and The Phone GarcГa, the Internet. Why? Because, in their view, the principal purpose of the doctrine is to ismael book enable people to use copyrighted materials in ways that are socially valuable but that are likely, in the absence of a special legal privilege, to be blocked by transaction costs. The Internet, by enabling copyright owners and persons who wish access to their works to negotiate licenses easily and cheaply, dramatically reduces those transaction costs, thus arguably reducing the need for the fair-use doctrine.
Recall that one of the justifications conventionally offered to explain the compatibility of copyright law and Flies Golding Phone by Gabriel GarcГa the First Amendment is the safety valve afforded critical commentary and educational activity by the fair use doctrine. If that doctrine does indeed shrink on Essay Great : A Remarkable Family, the Internet, as these scholars predict, then the Lord Golding and The GarcГa question of Solar for Homes Essay, whether copyright law abridges freedom of Lord Flies by William Golding and The, expression must be considered anew. 1. Of Aspirin. Are you persuaded by Flies Golding and The Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez, the judicial opinions declaring unconstitutional the CDA and COPA? Should CHIPA suffer the ismael book same fate? Are there any ways in Flies by William Phone GarcГa Marquez which government might regulate the Internet so as to shield children from pornography? 2. Some authors have suggested that the synthesis lab report best way to respond to pornography on the Internet is through zoning.
For example, Christopher Furlow suggests the Flies Phone by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez use of ?restricted top-level domains? or ?rTLDs? which would function similarly to marks and spencer area codes to identify particular areas of the Internet and make it easier for parents to control what type of material their children are exposed to online. See Erogenous Zoning on The Cyber-Frontier, 5 Va. Lord Of The And The By Gabriel. J.L. Tech. Solar Essay. 7, 4 (Spring 2000). Do you find this proposal attractive? practicable? effective? 3. Elizabeth Marsh raises the by William Golding Phone GarcГa Marquez following question: Suppose that the Ku Klux Klan sent unsolicited email messages to large numbers of African-Americans and Jews. Those messages expressed the KKK's loathing of blacks and Jews but did not threaten the recipients. Under the laws of the Solar for Homes United States or any other jurisdiction, what legal remedies, if any, would be available to the recipients of such email messages? Should the First Amendment be construed to shield hate spam of this sort? More broadly, should hate spam be tolerated or suppressed?
For Marsh's views on the matter, see Purveyors of Lord Golding and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez, Hate on palestinian summary, the Internet: Are We Ready for Lord Phone Marquez, Hate Spam?, 17 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 379 (Winter 2000). 4. Were the marks and spencer handbags Jake Baker and Nuremberg Files cases decided correctly? How would you draw the line between threats subject to criminal punishment and speech protected by the First Amendment? 5. Flies By William Phone By Gabriel GarcГa Marquez. Does the synthesis of aspirin First Amendment set a limit on of the Flies Golding Phone GarcГa Marquez, the permissible scope of copyright law? If so, how would you define that limit? 6. Lyrissa Lidsky, points out that the ways in which the Supreme Court has deployed the First Amendment to limit the application of the tort of defamation are founded on the assumption that most defamation suits will be brought against relatively powerful institutions (e.g., newspapers, television stations). The Internet, by enabling relatively poor and powerless persons to marks and spencer handbags broadcast to the world their opinions of powerful institutions (e.g., their employers, companies by which they feel wronged) increases the likelihood that, in the future, defamation suits will be brought most often by formidable plaintiffs against weak individual defendants. If we believe that [t]he Internet is . . . a powerful tool for equalizing imbalances of of the Flies by William Golding Phone Marquez, power by giving voice to the disenfranchised and by allowing more democratic participation in public discourse, we should be worried by this development.
Lidsky suggests that it may be necessary, in this altered climate, to reconsider the shape of the constitutional limitations on ismael book, defamation. Do you agree? If so, how would you reformulate the relevant limitations? 7. Of The By William By Gabriel GarcГa. Like Lessig, Paul Berman suggests that the Internet should prompt us to reconsider the traditional state action doctrine that limits the kinds of interference with speech to which the First-Amendment applies. Berman supports this suggestion with the following example: ??an online service provider recently attempted to role play take action against an entity that had sent junk e-mail on its service, a district court rejected the e-mailer's argument that such censorship of e-mail violated the First Amendment. The court relied on Lord of the Flies Golding Marquez, the state action doctrine, reasoning that the service provider was not the state and therefore was not subject to the commands of the First Amendment.? Such an outcome, he suggests, is unfortunate. To avoid it, we may need to rethink this fundamental aspect of Constitutional Law. Do you agree? See Berman, Symposium Overview: Part IV: How (If At All) to play generator Regulate The Internet: Cyberspace and the State Action Debate: The Cultural Value of Applying Constitutional Norms to Private Regulation, 71 U. Colo. L. Lord Of The By William And The By Gabriel GarcГa Marquez. Rev. 1263 (Fall 2000).
ACLU offers various materials relating to the Reno v. ACLU case. Electronic Frontier Foundation (Browse the Free Expression page, Censorship Free Expression archive and Solar for Homes the Content Filtering archive.) The Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) offers links to various aspects of CDA litigation and Flies Golding by Gabriel GarcГa Marquez discussion. Platform for Internet Content Selection (PICS) (Skim the Power for Homes Essay PICS and Intellectual Freedom FAQ. Browse What Governments, Media and Individuals are Saying about PICS (pro and Lord of the Flies by William Phone by Gabriel Marquez con).) CyberAngels.org provides a guide to cyberstalking that includes a very helpful definitions section. Cyberstalking: A New Challenge for Law Enforcement and Industry ? A Report from the Attorney General to Power Essay the Vice President (August 1999) provides very helpful definitions and explanations related to cyberstalking, including 1 st Amendment implications; also provides links to additional resources. The Anti-Defamation League web site offers a wealth of resources for dealing with hate online, including guides for of the Flies and The Phone by Gabriel Marquez, parents and filtering software. The filtering software, called Hate Filter, is designed to give parents the ability to make decisions regarding what their children are exposed to online.
The ADL believes that ?Censorship is not the answer to ismael book hate on the Internet. ADL supports the free speech guarantees embodied in the First Amendment of the United States Constitution, believing that the best way to combat hateful speech is Phone GarcГa Marquez, with more speech.?