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George Gruntz Concert Jazz Band - 1980-81 - East West Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, France, Belgium, England, (w/Peter Erskine, Ron Davis, Joe Farrell, Tom Harrell, Joe Henderson, Jimmy Knepper, Bob Malach, Lew Soloff, Charles Sullivan, Jasper V'ant Hof , Jiggs Whigham others) Stacey Kent - October, 2004 - USA w/Jim Tomlinson, Phil Hey and The Complicated Politics by Patricia J. Williams David Newton , - April 2008 w/JT, Phil Hey Art Hirahara - June 2008 Quebec Montreal Jazz Festivals - June 2009 2010 2011 2012, 5 nights each year at United States Welfare Essay Birdland NYC. The Complicated Politics Of Self-Exploitation J. Williams. Lorie Line her Pop Chamber Orchestra - USA 98, 99. United States Welfare Essay. The Phil Markowitz Trio - Abstract Expression - Musical Portraits of monkey American Masters - USA 2001. States. Chuck Mangione - 1982-89 - N. About A Life Performance. America, Brazil, the Welfare Carribean, Europe, Japan, Phillipines, Hong Kong - (w/Joe Bonadio, Regina Brown, Peter Harris, Mark Manetta, Billy Martin, Rob Mathes, Gordon Sheard, Everett Silver, Chris Vadala) - plus Jazz Brothers USA reunion tour (w/Gap Mangione, Sal Nistico Adam Nussbaum or Danny D'Imperio) Dewey Redman - Jazz Showcase, Chicago 07/05, SFJazz Festival '06. Example. Here's the States Government Essay wonderful Freda Payne at example of fallacies the Dakota Jazz Club - May 08. United States Welfare Essay. doing her Ella Tribute. Just fantastic! Gene Adams, the The Complicated of Self-Exploitation J. Williams Essay Mary Jane Alm Band, Blue Salad Jazz Band (Bruce Allard), Ernestine Anderson, Jimi B (Behringer), JoAnne Brackeen,the great baritone saxophonist Nick Brignola, Charles Brown, Greg Brown, Cliff Brunzell the Government Golden Strings, Bill Carrothers, Laura Caviani, Rosemary Clooney with John Oddo plus Joe Cocuzzo or John Von Olen, Cookie Coleman Club Lucky, Lui Collins, David Darling,the Denver Symphony Orchestra (pops), Skip DeVol, Bob Dorough, Debbie Duncan, Cornell Dupree, Madeline Eastman, The Bernie Edstrom Big Band, Mike Elliott, Herb Ellis, Peter Erskine w/Alan Pasqua, Connie Evingson, George Faber the about I Saw Performance at Birmingham Repertory Theatre Icons, Andy Farber, Manfredo Fest, Arne Fogel, Eugene Friesen, Curtis Fuller, Jimmy Hamilton, Scott Hamilton, Bruce Henry, Phil Hey, Diane Jarvi, JazzMN Big Band, Jeff Jensen, Michael Johnson, Sheila Jordan, Dave Karr, Stacey Kent with Jim Tomlinson, Joan Knudtson, Mary Louise Knutson, Peggy Lee w/Grady Tate Buddy Rich's horn section, Peter Levin, Norman Leyden, Lorie Line, Doug Little, Chris Lomheim Trio, Dean Magraw, Phil Markowitz, Al Martino, Dr.

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lost highway essay On the Lost Highway : Lynch and Lacan, Cinema and States Welfare Cultural Pathology. Other Voices , v.1, n.3 (January 1999) Copyright 1999, Bernd Herzogenrath, all rights reserved. Introduction: On Mediation. I want to begin this article on David Lynch's movie Lost Highway with a note concerning the use of Lacanian psychoanalysis in this paper. (1) Jonathan Culler has rightly argued that, since literature takes as its subject all human experience, and particularly the gatsby, ordering, interpreting, and articulating of experience, it is no accident that the most varied theoretical projects find instruction in literature and that their results are relevant to thinking about literature. (2) What is true for literature, is also true for the other arts, such as painting and - film.

Taking Culler's observation as a guideline, this reading of Lynch's film partakes in the mutual informing of both theory and literature. United States Welfare. Thus, the movies of Lynch are as 'useful' in illustrating Lacan's often cryptic remarks, as Lacanian theory is 'relevant' in thinking about Lynch's poetics. Lacanian psychoanalysis offers a theory of the subject that does without concepts such as unity, origin, continuity. It goes from the assumption of a fundamentally split subject and thus comes up with a model of subjectivity that grounds itself on The Complicated by Patricia a constitutive lack rather than wholeness. United. Thus, this theory lends itself as a useful and relevant background for the analysis of a sample of cinema that negates the idea of the autonomous, stable individual. According to gatsby notes, Lacan, the human being is entangled in Government Welfare Essay, three registers, which Lacan calls the symbolic, the imaginary, and the real.

Whereas the Teaching Essay, imaginary constitutes the (perceptual) realm of the ego, the register that accounts for a (however illusive) notion of wholeness and autonomy, the States Government, symbolic is the field of mediation that works according to a differential logic. Example. Whereas the imaginary constantly tries to 'heal' the lack-of-being of the subject, the symbolic accepts castration. The human subject is thus doubly split: on the imaginary level between the ego and its mirror image, while on the symbolic level it is language and the inscription into a specific socio-cultural reality and its rules that bars the subject from any unity. Thus, this forever lost unity belongs to the third register: the real, which is simply that which eludes any representation, imaginary or symbolic. Because of this lack, the subject, which, according to Lacan, is an effect of the signifier, aims at recreating that lost unity. United Essay. The 'strategy' of desire emerges as a result of the subject's separation from the real and the 'means' by which the subject tries to catch up with this real, lost unity again. It is thus desire that accounts for the subject's trajectory through the human world, which according to Lacan isn't a world of things, it isn't a world of being, it is a world of desire as such. (3) This is true for Lynch's movies, as well for the relation of the spectator to the cinema in general. For a span of more than 20 years, director David Lynch has been forcibly changing the monkey wrenching, face of popular culture. When Lynch's movie Lost Highway came out last year, the movie was received with both excited appraisal and unsympathetic disbelief. European audiences were - and have always been - more enthusiastic in welcoming Lynch's visions.

From Eraserhad onwards, through The Elephant Man , Dune , Blue Velvet , Wild at United Welfare Essay, Heart and Fire walk with me , Lynch's films have been immensely popular overseas, especially in gatsby, France. The quite revolutionary TV series Twin Peaks featured prominently in the States as well, since the Government, TV format of a 'soap' (even in its weirder form) dovetailed neatly with American viewing habits. True to example, his visionary style and Welfare personal obsessions, Lynch has always been cautious not to cater to mass appeal. His career shows that he is indeed, in the literal Cahiers du Cinema sense, an auteur, willing to make the sorts of sacrifices for creative control that real auteurs have to make - choices that indicate either raging egotism or passionate dedication or a childlike desire to run the sandbox, or all three. (4) Being thus identified with what more people would accept as a European style of filmmaking, it should come as no surprise, then, that Lost Highway was financed by the French company CIBY 2000 - as was his last movie, Fire walk with me . Five years after that movie, which had been a success with neither the Essay a Life at Birmingham Theatre, critics nor the audience which saw it as a mere 'rip-off' of the Twin Peaks series, Lynch's new movie still divides both: two some, it might be the best movie David Lynch has ever made, (5) other reviewers emerged from an early screening of States Government Lost Highway with the cry 'Garbage!' (6) So, what is the excitement all about? Although I am perfectly aware of the fact that any attempt to 'explain' Lost Highway ultimately results in a 'smoothening' of its complex structure into a linear narrative, I will try to give a short outline of its content. Ostensibly, Lost Highway is the story of Fred Madison, jazz musician. His wife, Renee, is a strangely withdrawn beauty. A disturbing study of The Complicated Politics of Self-Exploitation Essay contemporary marital hell, the first part of the movie concentrates on States Essay Fred's anxiety and insecurity, which escalates as he begins to realize that Renee may be leading a double life. Renee is the focus of Fred's paranoia: she is seen as both a precious object and the cause of her husband's nightmares. In the course of the Essay a Life Repertory Theatre, movie, they find a series of disturbing videotapes dropped at their door. The first merely shows their house.

The second depicts the United States Government Welfare, couple in bed, from an incredibly strange angle. The third and final video shows Fred screaming over Renee's mutilated and bloody corpse. Essay. With brutal suddenness, Fred is United States convicted of murder and monkey sentenced to die in the electric chair, though he can't seem to Essay, remember anything. In his death-row cell, Fred is continually haunted by visions and headaches. At this moment, Fred somehow morphs into Pete Dayton, a young mechanic who is suddenly sitting in of fallacies, Fred's cell.

Pete's life is situated in Government Essay, typical Lynchian suburbia, an almost exact replica of the small-town in The Complicated Politics by Patricia J. Williams, Blue Velvet . Similarly to Blue Velvet 's Lumberton, Pete's life is overshadowed by his connections to the town's Mafia boss, Mr. Eddy. At some point, Pete meets Alice Wakefield, Mr.Eddy's babe. States Welfare Essay. Within a few minutes, Pete, although he is for Science Teaching still dating his girlfriend Sheila, finds himself entangled in a sultry love affair with the local Godfather's moll - a woman who looks like Renee to a hair: whereas Renee was brunette, Alice is a platinum blonde (if you're thinking of Hitchcock's Vertigo - double Kim Novak - here, you're right; Lynch himself had already made use of this 'double' in his Twin Peaks series). Alice, like Renee, is leading a double life.

Being a member of the porno underworld, Alice, in classic film- noir-femme-fatale fashion, tempts Pete to commit betrayal and murder until, finally, a strange encounter at a cabin in the desert connects the movie's two story strands full circle, or, to be more precise, full Moebius Strip: Pete disappears, Fred re-surfaces again. Such is the 'rough' plot. Already here it becomes obvious that the structure of this movie is anything but 'simple.' To this I am going to approach my subject asymptotically, that is, indirectly, in a series of excursions -- to circle my subject by way of digressions. DIGRESSION 1: ON SUTURE/ SUTURE. The enigmaticity of David Lynch's Lost Highway confronts us again with the question: What are we doing when we are watching a film? How do we read films? This very problem is and has been at the heart of Film Studies, in Welfare Essay, connection with a related question: does the great gatsby, diegetic reality of the film mimetically represent reality, or does it have the status of a symbolic, differential structure? As Peter Wollen has put it, [t]o what extent does film communicate by reproducing an imprint, in Bazin's term, of reality and of natural expressivity of the Government Essay, world . Or, to what extent does it mediate and deform (or transform) reality and natural expressivity by displacing it into a more or less arbitrary and non- analoguous system and for Science Teaching Essay thence reconstituting it, not only imaginatively, but in some sense symbolically? (7) Both problems collide in the question if a movie as such is something that necessarily should be about something, or if the stance against Government Welfare Essay interpretation is in by Patricia, fact the more appropriate attitude in particular towards postmodern cultural productions.

David Lynch himself has warned against attempts at an unequivocal reading of a filmic text, especially when asked for States Essay the 'hidden meaning' of Lost Highway : the beauty of a film that is more abstract is Essay at Birmingham Theatre everybody has a different take. . States Government Welfare Essay. When you are spoon-fed a film, people instantly know what it is example . United States Welfare. I love things that leave room to dream . (8) Being particularly vague with respect to the question of 'meaning,' Lynch on the other hand emphasizes film as an art form in its own right - It doesn't do any good . to say 'This is gatsby what it means.' Film is what it means ( Cinefantastique ). In the following, I want to return to my initial question - What are we doing when we are watching a film? How do we read films? - and rephrase it slightly: what is the position of the United, spectator with respect to a film? Christian Metz, in about a Life Performance at Birmingham Repertory, his seminal study of cinema as The Imaginary Signifier (9), has tackled the problem from within a Lacanian framework. His analysis starts off from the notion of perception - The cinema's signifier is States Government perceptual (visual and auditory) ( The Imaginary Signifier 42) - and goes on to distinguish the cinema from other arts inscribed into the perceptual register (such as painting, sculpture etc.) by stating that the cinema is more perceptional ( The Imaginary Signifier 43) by for Science Teaching, involving more perceptional axes. Compared with other types of the 'spectacle,' such as the theater or the opera, this apparent superiority, however, is thwarted by the fact that in the cinema, the spectator and the spectacle do not share the same space, since not only the diegetic reality of film is an illusion, the unfolding itself is fictive: the actor, the 'décor,' the words one hears are all absent, everything is recorded ( The Imaginary Signifier 43). Thus, [t]he unique position of the cinema lies in this dual character of its signifier: unaccustomed perceptual wealth, but at the same time stamped with unreality to an unusual degree . it drums up all perception, but to Essay, switch it immediately over into its own absence, which is donnie darko nonetheless the only signifier present ( The Imaginary Signifier 45). This conflation of (perceptual) wealth and simultaneous absence closely connects the cinematic, i.e. the imaginary signifier, to Lacan's object o , the object- cause that sets desire in motion, the belated reconstruction of the forever lost object. United Government Welfare. Metz himself draws this connection when he states with respect to film, that the lack is what it wishes to fill, and at monkey wrenching, the same time what it is always careful to States Essay, leave gaping, in order to survive as desire. In the end it has no object, at monkey wrenching, any rate no real object; through real objects which are all substitutes (and all the more numerous and interchangeable for United Government Essay that), it pursues an imaginary object (a 'lost object') which is its true object, an object that has always been lost and is always desired as such. ( The Imaginary Signifier 59)

In further relating film to (and also distinguishing it from) the dream, daydream and (conscious) fantasy (and thus relating film to the status of a symptom, of a cultural - or, culturally sanctioned - pathology), Metz' imaginary signifier can be seen to example, be inscribed the Lacanian formula of desire, which is also the United States Government Welfare, formula of fantasy/the phantasma, and which reads : The phantasma is defined in the most general form which it receives through an algebra constructed by us . the formula ( ), in which the romb should be read as 'desire for.' (10) The further question now arises how, in the cinematic situation, this 'desire for' the cinematic signifier is realized. According to Metz, the spectator - simultaneously all- perceiving ( The Imaginary Signifier 48), since s/he first of all identifies with himself . as a pure act of perception ( The Imaginary Signifier 49), but in fact 'missing' on the screen (which is why the film is a very special kind of mirror) - also identifies with what's going on on- screen. One (and in fact, the most common) way, is to identify with the 'central character' in/of the of Self-Exploitation by Patricia J. Williams, film, which is ultimately an identification with a certain camera position. Metz thus defines the position of the spectator as basically voyeuristic, a position that has been thematized in quite a lot of films ( Psycho , Peeping Tom , Halloween ), a paradigmatic example being Lynch's own Blue Velvet . In semiotic film studies, the relation of the spectator position to the film - which recalls the relation of the subject to its object of desire in States Government Welfare, Lacan's formula- is called 'suture.' (11) Being mainly a medical term, suture means both 'seam' and the process of comme donnie stitching a wound. Following Jacques-Alain Miller's definition of suture, this concept denotes the procedures by Government Welfare, means of which cinematic texts confer subjectivity upon their viewers ( Subject of monkey Semiotics 195).

However, even if Miller provided an elaboration of suture, it is first of all a Lacanian term, and in the following I would like to do a cross-over of the cinematic reading of suture with a psychoanalytical reading of this concept, only fitting for a medium which is constantly brought into proximity with psychic formations. According to States Government Welfare Essay, Lacan, the subject is an effect of the Strategies for Science Teaching Essay, signifier, of discourse, insofar that the signifier even represents the subject for another signifier ( Écrits 316) The subject thus has to permanently re- invent and re-assure itself through its discourses - that is, through language, literature, and through film, among others. Miller defines suture as that moment where the subject fades by United States Welfare Essay, becoming represented - in discourse - by a signifier: Suture names the a Life at Birmingham, relation of the subject to the chain of its discourse . it figures there as the element which is lacking, in the form of a stand-in. United States Government. For, while there lacking, it is not purely and simply absent. Suture, by extension - the general relation of lack to the structure of which it is an element, inasmuch as it implies the position of taking-the-place-of. (12) This definition not accidentally recalls Metz' observation that the spectator is as such missing from the cinematic discourse, and that the viewing subject might identify with the film comme darko, camera position as its stand-in.

This has lead some theorists, such as Jean-Pierre Oudart, to identify the operation of States Government Essay suture with certain filmic techniques, especially the shot/reverse shot which facilitates (and directs) the spectator's identification with a certain gaze. Stephen Heath has expanded the concept of suture, arguing against its equation with such formalized techniques and strategies. Since the imaginary and the symbolic are always simultaneously present - an image having no value in itself, but always with reference to a cultural background, to a set of rules or genre-conventions - suture in Heath's account refers to the play of for Science presence and absence as a mode of subject production in which the United, identification with the image always has to be read against the background of a symbolic system: the spectator is film comme darko always already in the symbolic . No discourse without suture . , but equally, no suture which is not from the beginning specifically defined within a particular system which gives it form . (13) With Lacan, the term suture denotes the conjunction of the Government Welfare Essay, imaginary and the symbolic. (14) With respect to The Complicated of Self-Exploitation by Patricia Essay, the Lacanian registers of the imaginary, the symbolic, and the real, suture thus refers to the stitching of the representational registers, with the seam closing off the United Welfare Essay, real from reality, closing off the unconscious from conscious discourse. Suture thus prevents the subject from monkey wrenching losing its status as a subject, prevents it from falling into the void of the real, from falling into psychosis. Thus, the States Government Essay, subject's identification with the movie fundamentally relies on this conjunction of the imaginary and example of fallacies the symbolic levels within the cinematic discourse itself. Normally , that is, in most of the examples of the Government Welfare, classical Hollywood movie, this junction is well balanced: the Strategies for Science Teaching, means of representation parallel the narrative itself, in a mutual and United constant comment.

If suture, then, ultimately ties the spectator into the movie by mapping the visual/aural (i.e. perceptual, and thus imaginary) means of representation onto the narrative (and the structure of the narrative), the ripping open of great gatsby that seam consequently has to result in a problematization, if not complete undermining of identification. This de-suturing then draws attention to the fabrication of the illusion of United States Welfare Essay whole-ness of The Complicated J. Williams both the Welfare Essay, spectator and the movie. The 1993 film Suture by Scott McGehee and David Siegel provides a good example for such a de- suturing . (15) Suture begins with the attempt of Vincent Towers, a millionaire who has killed his father, to kill his identical half-brother Clay Arlington in a planned car explosion and to pass him off as himself to escape prosecution. Film Comme Darko. The plan goes awry, and Clay survives - a mass of bruises and Welfare Essay broken bones, having lost his memory. The movie follows Clay who slowly starts to take on his brother's identity. Still, Clay severely suffers from memory flashbacks which he cannot accept as his own. However, the end of the film - which indeed is its starting image as well, since the movie as such is a long flashback - shows Clay, who has by now fully accepted his new identity as Vincent Towers, shooting his brother who has returned to bring his plan to a successful close. After his brother's death, Clay decides to remain the other rather than himself, leading a happy life with his beautiful cosmetic surgeon Renée Descartes. No problem so far.

But, on the level of representation, the spectator is constantly held in the process of de-suturing. The movie constantly emphasizes the physical similarity of the two brothers (on the blurb on example the video jacket, they are actually referred to as 'twin brothers'), which is in Welfare, fact a prerequisite for Essay the film to function in United Welfare Essay, the first place. Our physical resemblance, remarks Vincent at one point, is striking. Of Fallacies. However, the two brothers could not be more different: Vincent is white, whereas Clay is an African-American. This perverse logic is consequently reflected in the title of the States Essay, film: the movie Suture ultimately withholds suture. (16) Lost Highway , I argue, functions in quite a similar manner. In order to slowly approach this problem, I will in the following comment on certain aspects of the film which I think are most important for an understanding . First, there is the structure of the of fallacies, film. After the credit titles that flicker over the screen - fittingly accompanied by David Bowie's song I'm deranged, a track that sets the Government Welfare, tone for what's to come - the movie begins with Fred sitting alone in front of wrenching a window, smoking, his image mirrored in United States Government Welfare Essay, the pane of glass, when suddenly a message comes in through the intercom: Dick Laurent is dead! (29K .wav file) Fred does not - yet - know who this mysterious Dick Laurent is (or better: was), nor who it was who brought the message. Neither does the spectator.

Shortly before the end of the movie, Fred rushes to Essay about I Saw a Life at Birmingham Repertory Theatre, his house and delivers exactly this message - Dick Laurent is Essay dead! - into his own intercom. Whereas most reviewers have failed to take notice of this strange structure, in favor of example of fallacies a more straightforward telling of the tale, even the one article that has mentioned it fails to Welfare Essay, acknowledge its real impact: at the conclusion of Lost Highway , when Fred returns to comme darko, his home to deliver the message that will set the whole narrative in motion again, a new element has entered . the script that was not there the first time around in the form of the cop cars waiting outside the home. This illustrates well that repetition is never identical, and that at the core of sameness is difference. (17) If we have a look - or much more importantly - a careful LISTEN - to these two scenes again . right after the Dick Laurant is dead message, you can hear sirens, and a car speeding off . in fact, they're the same sirens (and car speeding off) that occur at the end of the movie. So, the reviewer quoted before was right, it is about repetition with a difference, there is a new element, but it's not the United Government Welfare, cop cars, it is the position of Fred. It is not, however, that he has simply changed from receiver to sender: he is both sender and receiver, AND AT THE SAME TIME . AND SPACE! In order to approach this mystery, a different topology is needed, a topology accounting for a time-space that differs markedly from Euclidean space and teleological time concepts. Monkey. A topological figure that makes such things possible is the Moebius Strip, and both Lynch and Barry Gifford, with whom Lynch collaborated on the screenplay, have mentioned this figure in interviews. (18) So, what is a Moebius Strip? DIGRESSION 2: HOW TO MAKE A MOEBIUS STRIP. Take a strip of United Government Essay paper Make sure that it has two sides Take one end of the strip, make a 180 degree twist, and put it to the other end. Tape - or, better, with respect to about I Saw a Life at Birmingham Repertory Theatre, suture, which is important, as we will see - stitch the two ends together.

As a result, you now have a one-sided figure instead of a two- sided figure. Ill 1: The Moebius Strip. The Moebius Strip subverts the normal, i.e. Euclidean way of spatial (and, ultimately: temporal) representation, seemingly having two sides, but in fact having only one. At one point the two sides can be clearly distinguished, but when you traverse the strip as a whole, the two sides are experienced as being continuous. This figure is one of the topological figures studied and put to use by Lacan. (19) On the one hand, Lacan employs the Moebius Strip as a model to United States, conceptualize the example, return of the repressed, an issue important in States Government Welfare Essay, Lost Highway as well. On the other hand, it can illustrate the way psychoanalysis conceptualizes certain binary oppositions, such as inside/outside, before/after, signifier/signified etc. Wrenching. - and States Government can, with respect to Lost Highway , characterize Fred/Pete. Monkey. These oppositions are normally seen as completely distinct; the Moebius Strip, however, enables us to see them as continuous with each other: the United States Government Essay, one, as it is, is the truth of the other, and vice versa. Reni Celeste invokes a similar topology, when she comments on Lynch's rewriting of for Science Teaching American metaphysics, a rewriting that emphasizes the position where violence meets tenderness, waking meets dream, blond meets brunette, lipstick meets blood, where something very sweet and innocuous becomes something very sick and degrading, at the very border where opposites becomes both discrete and indistinguishable (Celeste). In Lost Highway , the merging of opposites is crucial, and the problematization of the inside/outside opposition is a most important issue.

In fact, it is an important issue in Lynch's oeuvre as such - it suffices to refer to the scene in United States Government, Blue Velvet , when the camera intrudes the severed ear that Jeffrey finds, and at gatsby, the end of the movie, the United States Government Essay, camera virtually seems to come out of Jeffrey's ear again. In Lost Highway , the question of inside and outside and of fallacies their conflation is repeatedly posed. States. On a general level, the diegetic reality of the movie - that what we actually see on the screen, as it were, INSIDE the comme donnie darko, movie - is composed out of bits and pieces from States Government Welfare Essay other movies: Lynch uses the different genres of Hollywood as a kind of monkey wrenching quarry. And not only the Hollywood genres: he almost violently exploits his own wealth of images, almost every shot initiates the shock of recognition. States Government Welfare Essay. One might call this repetitiveness, but, after all, language in The Complicated by Patricia, general - and especially a distinct film-language such as Lynch's - relies on repetition in order to function.

Another specific example of the merging of United States Welfare inside and great notes outside apart from the frame-tale (Dick Laurent is United Government dead) already mentioned, is, most important, the scene in which Fred meets the Mystery Man for the first time. Example. In fact, the Mystery Man - simultaneously being inside and outside - can be read at the place where these (and in fact: all) opposites meet, he is - so to United Government Welfare Essay, speak - the twist in the Moebius strip. In Lacan's use of the Moebius Strip, the place denoting the suture of the imaginary and symbolic in a way hides the Strategies for Science Essay, primordial cut that instigated this topological figure in the first place, the cut that is the unconscious (or, in Lacanian terminology: the real). It is by suturing off the real that reality for Government Welfare Essay the subject remains a coherent illusion , that prevents the subject from falling prey to the real, that is, falling into psychosis. It is no wonder, then, that the Mystery Man always appears when a change in film darko, personality is close. Reni Celeste is correct when she observes that in Lost Highway , there are three important fissures: that which exists between one discrete individual and another, that which exists between the individual and itself, and that which exists between the thing and its representation . Th[e] Nameless Man [Celeste's name for the Mystery Man] . United States. stands between doubles, between passages from I Saw Repertory Theatre one realm to the next, and between each individual and itself (Celeste). However, it is important to note that the structure of the Moebius Strip re-conceptualizes these fissures, allowing them to be seen not so much as fissures, or ruptures, but as places of transition. Lost Highway 's moebial structure disallows the suture of the United States Essay, subject into the narrative.

In contrast to Strategies, the traditional Hollywood diegesis, in United Government Welfare Essay, which the narrative unfolds in a straightforwardly telelogical manner - even in spite of displacing strategies such as flashbacks, or the film within the film-motif - Lost Highway in fact presents a multiple diegesis. The more so, since both stories - the story of Fred and the story of Pete - are not simply related to each other as prequel, and/or the solution of the other. Essay About A Life Performance At Birmingham Theatre. Although there are definite anchoring points that clearly connect the two stories: the one does not subsume the Welfare Essay, other without remainder. It might even be argued that with every identity shift, the narrative produces yet another author/narrator. Keeping to the Script. I now want to refer to the attempts of categorization of the movie undertaken by its script writers. The movie has been dubbed by Lynch and Gifford (e.g., in the published version of the wrenching, screenplay) as A 21st Century Noir Horror Film. A graphic investigation into parallel identity crises. A world where time is dangerously out of control. United Essay. A terrifying ride down the lost highway. Whereas the wrenching, time dangerously out of control has already been hinted at United Government Welfare, in the section on the Moebius Strip, I want to use the remaining markers in the following as a kind of guideline.

A 21st Century Noir Horror Film. I don't like pictures that are one genre only, so this is monkey wrenching a combination of States things, (20) Lynch has said in Politics J. Williams Essay, a recent interview. Elsewhere, Lynch has articulated his fascination with the noir genre: There's a human condition there - people in United States, trouble, people led into situations that become increasingly dangerous. And it's also about mood and those kinds of monkey wrenching things that can only happen at United States Welfare, night (Press Kit). I want to focus on the noir genre, not with its foregrounding of amnesia, mistaken and/or changed identities (as, e.g., in Dark Passage ), of which there are obvious references in Lost Highway . Strategies Teaching. I would like to concentrate on the genre's disturbed and disturbing urban environment, on the figures of mobsters and United States Government Essay femme fatales , with respect to the Oedipal constellation that underlies the genre, and I think it is mainly in this connection that Lost Highway (and here especially the second part, Pete's story) can be regarded as a noir movie. (21) In the essay '10 Shades of Noir,' the e-zine Images states that [u]nlike other forms of cinema, the film noir has no paraphernalia that it can truly call its own.

The film noir borrows its paraphernalia from other forms, usually from the great notes, crime and detective genres, but often overlapping into thrillers, horror, and even science fiction. (22) Hence Slavoj Zizek's observation that noir might not be a genre of its own kind . [, but] a kind of logical operator introducing the same anamorphic distortion in every genre to which it is States Government applied. (23) Zizek relates this anamorphic distortion to questions of identity which are more often than not played out in an Oedipal scenario. The first part of Lost Highway presents a marital scenario of uncertainty, anxiety, and unspoken suspicion. It takes place in Strategies for Science, a house which more resembles a fortress than a cosy home. United States Government Welfare Essay. From the film's beginning, we have the feeling of monkey wrenching tension and fear: home, the family unit is the place of trouble and terror. This feeling is emphasized by Lynch's masterly employment of the soundtrack.

For Lynch, [h]alf of [a] film is picture . the other half is sound. They've got to work together ( Press Kit ). So, in Lynch's work, the soundtrack is a most important factor to enhance the Essay, mood of a scene. For example, during the dialogues between Fred and Renee there is no resonance to their voices. It is as if the of fallacies, works are spoken in a sound-absorbing environment, the whole spectrum of overtones, all those features that make a human voice seem alive, seems to Essay, have been cut. Monkey. In its dryness, the voices of Renee and United Government Welfare Essay Fred almost seem to enact an film donnie, absence of sound, or better - an absence of room, of the acoustics of space: it's as if they are living in a recording studio covered in acoustic tile.

This soundscape underlines the similarity of United States Government Welfare Essay this scenario with Lacan's subject being entangled in the register of the imaginary, most powerful symbolized in comme donnie, the child's symbiotic relationship with the Other, its mother. The incestuous two-ness is underlined by various devices. The strange lights in the Madison living-room, e.g., those lamps that somehow seem to be throwing their light in strange angles on United States Government Welfare Essay no object but themselves (24) might indeed be read as a hint at great notes, this incestuous relationship: all there is is ourselves. As Steven Shaviro has noted, the Madison house in itself is a closed space, folded back upon itself. (25) Similarly, when Fred has sex with his wife, she lies there, showing no emotions - only after the act, she strokes Fred's back, gently, like a mother soothes her child. In such a dyadic world, the child wants to be everything for its mother, and it wants the mother to be there just for it. (26)

Here, in the Madison marriage, we have a routine-version of this symbiosis. Welfare Essay. All distance has gone, and, since desire can be said to be exactly relying on this distance between subject and object, desire has gone, as well. Being too near to the object of desire causes anxiety. And indeed, there are also disturbing signs of something that threatens to undo this imaginary wholeness. First, there are those strange videotapes. Of Self-Exploitation By Patricia. In addition, both Fred and States Government Essay Renee have an uncanny feeling of Politics by Patricia J. Williams being observed; note for example Renee's facial expression when she finds the first video, which might be both explained by the fact that she fears that it might be one of those porn videos she is starring in, and of which Fred does not know anything, or by the general feeling of being observed, a feeling that takes shape in the fact that they live close to the observatory. The outside literally starts to intrude the inside, and the threat is emphasized by the deep droning sounds (in a cinema with a good sound system, the spectators actually can feel this threat as a uncomfortable feeling in their stomachs . already in United Government, Eraserhead , Lynch had made use of this device, the constant droning of a ship's engine underlying the whole movie). (27) Fred also feels that he is not everything to his wife. Like the child, he feels that his mother desires something that is beyond him. Essay About A Life Theatre. Fred remembers/dreams of United Government Welfare Essay a night when he was playing saxophone in his club, and he saw Renee disappearing with another guy, Andy . Example. one can see the States Government Welfare Essay, neon EXIT sign there, and that's exactly how it is: Renee is looking for an exit/escape out of that prison-like symbiosis. So, after he had sex with Renee, Fred's face expresses not only horror, but also the burning question: What am I for you?

What am I for Essay about I Saw a Life at Birmingham Theatre the Other? So, somehow, Fred is precisely dependent on the desire of the Other, and therefore it is United States Welfare Essay necessary for him that the Other, Renee, exactly remains in her position as love-giving, complete Mother, unspoiled by any lack - and it is such a lack that the mother reveals in her desire for someone else, and also the lack in of fallacies, the child, Fred, since he is United Government Welfare Essay seen as incapable of filling the lack. Thus, the imaginary scenario is an attempt of of fallacies Fred's to disavow castration by United Welfare Essay, all means. In the second part of the movie, Fred's story, the Oedipal scenario is I Saw Performance Repertory Theatre brought to the fore even stronger. Here, now, we have Fred, the young man; Alice, the Government, femme fatale ; and Mr. Eddy, the film, father-like mobster. Father, because both of his age, and because he treats Pete with a kind of paternal attitude.

In Lacanian terminology, the Government Essay, father-figure is accepted by the subject as its ideal-ego, and as such serves for the internalization of the laws of society. However, the flip-side of this benevolent figure of the gatsby, ideal-ego is the super-ego, the father as perverse father, the exception at the origin of the law. The Master, the Father, he who gives the Law is an obscene, ferocious figure ( Écrits 256) that imposes a senseless, destructive . almost always anti-legal morality. (28) To imagine what is at stake, it suffices to United Government Welfare Essay, recall Freud's notion of the great notes, Urhorde . The primal father enjoyed all the United States Government Essay, women of the tribe, he was the chieftain, the law-giver, and when his sons killed him, out of shame the forbid themselves to have all the gatsby, women. So, at States Welfare, the bottom of the law, of the incest taboo, there is the figure of the One who had been the exception to the rule. In Lost Highway , this becomes clear in the scene when Mr. Eddy beats and humilates a driver for tail-gating (85K .wav file). Mr. Eddy explicitly takes recourse to the law in about Performance Theatre, his perverse pleasure, and with Slavoj Zizek it can be argued that it is United States Government exactly in the law, in the hyper-correct following of it, that the pervert finds pleasure. (29) In terms of the Moebius Strip, then, in Lost Highway there is a switch from the desire of the (M)Other to the Name-of-the Father (Lacan's nom/non de pere , which can also mean the No!-of-the-father, as in Mr. Comme Donnie Darko. Eddy's warning that Alice is his babe). (30) It is Essay important to note that here the spectator learns that Mr.

Eddy is comme darko Dick Laurent (the name Dick clearly associating phallic, paternal power), and that Dick Laurent is dead, that the dead father is already from the word go lurking there in the background, representing the Government, symbolic agency that thwarts the symbiotic relationship of example Renee and Fred. This twist parallels the switch from the realm of the pre-oedipal drives, closely related to Welfare, the mother, to monkey wrenching, the realm of Essay desire proper, and desire here inextricably related to lack, to the never-receding distance to the object, as can clearly be seen in the sexy love-scene between Fred and Alice - You'll never have me! (79K .wav file) A graphic investigation into parallel identity crises It is the phrase parallel identity crises that interests me the monkey, most here. It is usually read in States Government Welfare Essay, terms of 'double identity,' mostly using the term schizophrenia . There has been quite some misunderstanding about this very term. In 1911, the Swiss psychiatrist Paul Eugen Bleuler replaced Kraepelin's term for a group of psychoses, dementia praecox , with the term schizophrenia . Dementia praecox meant a psychosis of early onset, which Bleuler wanted to capture with the term schizophrenia, meaning literally split mind, since he thought the splitting of psychic functions to be the structuring element of these psychoses. Monkey. Colin Ross, in his study on Dissociative Identity Disorders, a term including pathologies such as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) and the Borderline Syndrome, states that, dementia praecox is actually a better name for this group of disorders [described by Kraeplin] than schizophrenia , while schizophrenia is a better name for [Dissociative Identity Disorder] than multiple persona disorder. (31) Hence the popular notion of schizophrenia as split personality, a misconception that does not account for the fact that schizophrenia is an organic disorder of the brain, and not actually a personality disorder.

In addition to this reading of United parallel identity crises in terms of split personality, I want to suggest some further thoughts that account for this split with reference to the structure of the Moebius Strip. Thus, it is not that simple that Pete's story is comme only the reverse of Fred's story (remember, a Moebius Strip has no such thing as a reverse side - it is one- sided!). Parallel, in the moebial sense of the word , does not mean double or reverse here, but mutual . States. Pete's story is not only the film comme donnie, reverse side of Fred's story, simultaneously Fred's story has to be the reverse side of Pete's story . otherwise the constant references to that night (the film's lacunae) would not make sense. True to the logic of the Moebius Strip, what on a very local level seem to United States, be two sides of the story is example actually one. States Government Welfare. In this moebial twist, the truth of the one is the truth of the other, in that they are the same.

On the level of the images of the movie, this complicity can be shown by wrenching, a comparison of two scenes that occur more than once in Lost Highway. These two scenes of Fred in the dark hallway (Renee calling Fred!) and Pete in front of United States Welfare Essay his parents' house (Sheila calling Pete!), viewed in parallel, function like a kind of worm-hole which traverses the different event-levels of the movie - I would even argue that if you mirrored those two scenes onto two screens put next to each other, it would have the effect of the great gatsby, one character changing over to United States Government Welfare, the realm/screen of the other. Another 'perspective' of this simultaneous immersion can be seen in the transformation scene. Here again, the moebial twist of inside and outside, one and other, is brought to the fore, this time effected by shots intruding the inside of the body. A last reference I want to make use of is the The Complicated Politics of Self-Exploitation, term psychogenic fugue that the French Production Company of Lost Highway , CIBY 2000, used as a kind of short- hand plot-synopsis in United States Government, their pre-publicity campaign for the movie. In an interview with David Lynch, Chris Rodley asked Lynch if he was ever aware that such a mental condition, a form of amnesia which is a flight from reality, actually existed ( Lynch on Lynch 238-9).

Lynch answered that. the unit publicist on the picture, happened to example, find it in some medical journal or something. She showed it to us, and it was like Lost Highway . Not literally, but an interior thing can happen that's very similar. A certain mental disturbance. But it sounds like such a beautiful thing - 'psychogenic fugue.' It has music and States Welfare Essay it has a certain force and dreamlike quality I think it's beautiful, even if it didn't mean anything. ( Lynch on Lynch 239) Yet it does mean something, and in this last section of this article, I want to situate Lost Highway in the context of human pathology.

First of all, I want to about I Saw Performance, return to Lacanian psychoanalysis and to the road metaphor in Essay, one and the same gesture. I have shown elsewhere that in example, a Heideggerian and Lacanian context, the metaphor of the road can serve as a trope not so much for freedom and rebellion, but as a trope for life as such as detour. (32) Lacan employs the metaphor of the road in United Welfare, his account of the Essay a Life Repertory, death drive, (33) but he makes it unmistakably clear that such a notion of the drive is far from representing an imaginary and narcissistic freedom from United States Essay any law whatsoever. Even this drive for freedom depends for its existence on great laws, on barriers . Welfare. freedom needs barriers for their transgression. Film Comme Donnie. In his seminar on the psychoses, Lacan explores the factors that trigger off a psychosis. And again, he takes recourse to States Government, the metaphor of the road. For Science Teaching Essay. In a chapter appropriately named The highway and States Government Welfare Essay the signifier 'being a father,' he writes: a succession of minor roads and a highway are not at of fallacies, all the same thing. . The highway isn't something that extends from one road to another, it's a dimension spread out in space, the presencing of an original reality. If I take the highway as an example, it's because . it's a path of communication. . the highway is an undeniable signifier in human experience. (34)

What Lacan is alluding here to is his notion of the point de capiton , the quilting point, which is that point which makes sure that some temporary notion of meaning can be created in language. Welfare Essay. Again, as in the concept of suture, the metaphor of stitching and sewing comes to the fore, since a quilting point designates an upholstery button, a place where the mattress-makers needle has worked hard to The Complicated Politics of Self-Exploitation J. Williams Essay, prevent a shapeless mass of stuffing from States Government Essay moving to freely about. (35) So a point de capiton is a place where signified and example signifier are literally stitched together - this is suture in the register of the symbolic. Welfare Essay. Like a highway with respect to a system of smaller streets, the quilting point holds that system of discourse together, and a minimal number of these points are necessary for a human being to be called normal, and which, when they are not established, or when they give way, make a psychotic ( Seminar III 268-9). According to Lacan, the most important points de capiton , the highway amongst some minor roads, so to speak, is the about I Saw a Life Performance at Birmingham Theatre, name of the father , the paternal metaphor, which is quite important in Lynch's post-patriarchal project. (36) The answer to Lacan's rhetorical question - [w]hat happens when we don't have a highway . ( Seminar III 292), or, in United Government Welfare, other words, what happens when the highway is lost - is: psychosis. The foreclosure, what Freud called Verwerfung , of the primordial signifier, the name of the father , is a strategy for evading castration: the subject is castrated by its entry into the symbolic, into language and society. Thus, the denial of this castration leads to psychosis. This rejection of the symbolic Other that results in the disappearance of the phallic function leads to the subject's distortion of its relation to the social order as well to Strategies for Science Essay, its loss of sexual identity. As in Freud's case of Judge Schreber, Fred Madison tries to escape the threat of United Welfare Essay castration, but he experiences a return of the repressed in the real instead of in the symbolic, in gatsby, his hallucinations (that is, in his second identity as Pete), because he does not accept the name of the father , the agency that might disturb his symbiotic relationship with Renee and/or Alice: Dick Laurent is dead! So, the United Welfare, Highway of the title is exactly this quilting point, this suture, that would be necessary for the subject to be inscribed into reality, into a state of film comme donnie normality.

Once this point is States Government lost, once this seam is undone, the subject falls prey to the real, becomes psychotic. With respect to the delusional aspects of psychosis, Lacan comments on this buzzing that people who are hallucinating so often depict . this continuous murmur . is nothing other than the infinity of these minor paths ( Seminar III 294), these minor paths that have lost their central highway. What is the deep droning sound underlying most of the movie but this continuous murmur? The dissolution of reality is alarmingly hinted at when Fred, being asked to comment on the fact that he does not like video cameras, remarks - I like to remember things my own way. . How I remember them, not necessarily the way they happened. Monkey. (117K .wav file) (37) Seen in this light, the videos might represent the truth the way it happened, that is: the repressed truth of Fred (and it is here that the sequence of the United States Government, burning cabin shot in reverse gains special significance as a recurring image of that repression). Lost Highway treats its topic performatively, not just representationally (Wallace). Thus, taken as metaphor, what is at stake here is the notion of the decentered or split subject. One image in Performance Repertory Theatre, the movie which makes it clear is the image of the States Welfare, highway itself. There are two variants of this specific shot that are important here. On the one hand, there is a kind of double-exposure of this particular image, which indeed hints at the split in the subject, at the dissociation. (38) On another level, the dotted line can also be read as the subject's attempt at suture, at the stitching of reality and closing off the real again, of which the symptom itself is a way of dealing with. The very term psychogenic fugue in Lynch's statement connects Lost Highway to a pathology that has gained prominence particularly during the few last years - the before mentioned Dissociative Disorders, such as the Borderline Syndrom and MPD - Multiple Persona Disorder. The term psychogenic fugue in particular is closely connected to wrenching, the latter.

The symptom called psychogenic fugue involves a sudden, unexpected travel away from one's home or customary place of work, with an United States, inability to Politics of Self-Exploitation J. Williams, recall the States Government Welfare Essay, past, that occurs in about, the absence of an organic mental disorder . There is often the assumption of a new identity. . Typically, individuals in a fugue state have no memory of their primary identity. When they recover their primary identity, they often have a reciprocal amnesia for the events of the fugue state. (39) It is widely acknowledged that this symptom, closely connected to a kind of time-loss in Government, the patient's memory, is a common feature of MPD, a disorder having entered mass consciousness through the biography, case study and movie The 3 Faces of example Eve , starring Joanne Woodward. (40) Like the Borderline Syndrome, MPD is United States Government Welfare a type of wrenching narcissistic personality organization, (41) that is, basically, a disorder of the ego-functions. Whereas in the Borderline Syndrome, the subject is unable to create a coherent ego, that is, to create the illusion of autonomy, MPD refers to the splitting of the subject's ego into several compartmentalized personae. The revised third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [ DSM-III-R ] gives the United States Government Essay, following criteria for MPD: The existence within the individual of two or more distinct personalities or personality states (each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to and thinking about the environment and one's self).

Each of Essay a Life Theatre these personality states at some time, and recurrently, takes full control of the individual's behavior. United States Government Welfare Essay. (42) The main reason for the onset of MPD is to be found in traumatic experiences, one of the film comme donnie, most common of which is continuous sexual abuse, mostly in early childhood. MPD thus is a strategy invented by the subject to cope with unmanageable stressors, (43) a strategy to escape the stress of an unbearable traumatic event - such as, e.g., the murder of one's own wife. [or that night] Both the Borderline Syndrom and MPD are almost exclusively American pathologies. The question has already been raised, what might be the reasons for this being so. United. Varma, Bouri and Vig, three Indian psychiatrists, have argued that twentieth-century Western man, especially in North America, has shown a special fascination with role playing. The role is adopted with some gain or favourable outcome in mind. The fulfillment of the role may make him act even in a manner contrary to his usual self . Film. The role adopted, like in multiple personality . represents an expedient or expected behaviour conceived for a particular setting. (44) While there are similar kinds of United Government possession states in other cultures, e.g. Voodoo (Haiti), Latah (Malaysia) or Whitigo (Cree Indians), in film donnie, the United States the equivalent would have to be looked for in media culture. No wonder, then, that in the literature dealing with MPD, cultural and media influences rate highly.

Ray Aldridge-Morris refers to the fact that North America is inextricably associated with show business . and the film industry in United States Government, particular (Aldridge-Morris 108), and Ian Hacking has observed that the different personae tend to be stock television characters, often assuming even names from sitcoms or crime serials . Indeed the rapid changes of character remind one of nothing else than 'zapping.' (45) With regard to postmodern American consumer culture, Hanjo Berressem has rightly argued that a somewhat cynical case might be made for the idea that multiple or fractal selfs are once more good consumers, because each role, or alter, can be inserted into a separate market. (46) With respect to of Self-Exploitation by Patricia Essay, Lost Highway , it has to be noted that the narrative of the United Welfare Essay, movie is located in Essay I Saw a Life Performance at Birmingham, Los Angeles, the States Government, film metropole. Another point which I think might be worth-wile analyzing is the function of the abundance of references to means of comme darko media and communication in United, this movie: videotapes, camcorders, cell phones, phones, the intercom. The whole movie, as it seems, is penetrated by a kind of communicational electro-smog , and somehow all of these devices are related to very strange and mysterious powers. Another point that in my eyes makes MPD an especially American cultural pathology is a fact that relates it to American History itself. Commenting on Lost Highway , David Lynch highlighted the initial idea that started the whole thing. What if one person woke up one day and was another person? ( Cinefantastique ). The Complicated Of Self-Exploitation By Patricia J. Williams. A review of the movie rendered this basic premise in more direct terms - What if I had a second chance? (Review by Steve Biodrowski in Cinefantastique ). This initial question, I argue, reminds one of one the most basic truths of American History.

John T. Irwin, in his study American Hieroglyphics , has commented on the American desire for a limitless possibility, . an Government Essay, infinite 'second chance' or new beginning, one of The Complicated by Patricia whose historical manifestations was the idea of the expanding frontier. (47) Another of States Essay these manifestitions, it has to gatsby, be added, was the idea of the open road . This especially American preoccupation with an ever new beginning, with a second chance, also nicely ties in United States Welfare, with the cultural pathology of MPD. The clinical picture of MPD, I argue, is put to use in Lost Highway as a metaphor for the split, decentered subject, in a similar way of Allucquere Rosanna Stone's and Sherry Turkle's treatment of this parallel. Turkle writes: Through contemporary psychoanalytic theory which stresses the decentered subject and through the fragmented selves presented by patients (and most dramatically by patients who present with multiple personality) psychology confronts the ways in Teaching Essay, which any unitary notion of identity is problematic and illusory. What is the self when it functions as a society? What is the self when it divides its labor among its constituent 'alters' or 'avatars'? (48)

I would like to add a final comment on the term psychogenic fugue, not as a clinical phenomenon, but as a term. In his interview with Lynch, Chris Rodley also mentioned the connection with the musical term fugue , describing it as one theme starts and is then taken up by States Government Welfare Essay, a second theme in answer. But the first continues to comme donnie, supply an Government Welfare, accompaniment or counter-theme . Wrenching. You could therefore describe Lost Highway uniquely as a film which truly echoes a musical term. . Government Essay. Did you and Angelo Badalamenti discuss the score in monkey wrenching, terms of a fugue? ( Lynch on Lynch 239). After giving you the additional information that in a fugue, not only one theme is taken up by a second theme, but also by another instrument, another voice, I want to United States Government Essay, give you Lynch's answer, which I think is comme donnie quite revealing. He said, Fugues make me feel insane. I can only listen to a certain amount of a fugue, and then I feel like I'm gonna blow up from the inside out States, ( Lynch on Lynch 239). (49) And here we are back again, full circle, where we started - Lynch's fascination with the mystery: To me, a mystery is like a magnet.

Whenever there is something that's unknown, it has a certain pull to it ( Lynch on Lynch 231). Monkey Wrenching. Lacan, in his evaluation of the United Government Essay, mystery, of that which cannot by symbolized, but which nevertheless has immense effects in symbolization, goes even further: The tip of meaning, one can sense it, is the enigma, (50) insofar as meaning as such is something that can never be halted, never be fixed - there is by Patricia J. Williams always a remainder. States Welfare. This remainder, I argue, that which cannot be symbolized, is on the one hand given in about a Life Performance at Birmingham, the movie as a kind of United Government Welfare excess of the images, a kind of surplus-value of the imaginary which manifests itself in moments of jouissance . On the about I Saw a Life Performance Repertory, other hand, the United Government Welfare, enigma in Lost Highway takes on its most concrete form in the gaps and voids, in the long sequences of darkness that permeate the whole movie. These so-to-speak materialized cuts (sometimes almost 30 seconds of pure dark screen) provide the space where a) suture is wilfully withheld, and b) where the mystery/enigma somehow can be both felt and filled by the spectator . finally, there is - or: can be - a certain strange version of suture that functions by alining the gaps in the cinematic discourse with the desire of the spectator: in filling the gaps with his own interpretations/obsessions / images, he becomes an important part of the diegetic reality of the movie, a kind of lynchian version of unconscious interactivity. So, what happens to Fred in the end? The very last shot shows him in comme darko, the process of transformation again.

Lynch had used almost the United Essay, same scene in his second movie, The Elephant Man , where it denoted the effect of a traumatic experience on Teaching Essay the process of United Government Welfare Essay giving birth to a new subject. I Saw Performance At Birmingham Repertory Theatre. What will be the result of Fred's transformation? Yet another persona? Or, will he re-transform into Pete, thus adding another temporal twist to the narrative - remember that Pete had been imprisoned once, not for murder, but for car-theft, and what the police will eventually find after Fred has transformed into States Government, Pete again, will simply be Pete, in a stolen car . only that now, since the cops had found Pete's fingerprints all over Andy's place, Pete will be charged for murder . but, does that explain things? Do we now understand ? In the comme darko, recent remake of the United Essay, thriller Nightwatch , now called Freeze , the Strategies for Science Teaching Essay, police inspector turned serial-killer, played by Nick Nolte, philosophizes: Explanations are just fictions to States Government Welfare Essay, make us feel safe. Otherwise, we would have to admit the unexplained, and that would leave us prey to the chaos around us. Which is exactly what it is. Or, in terms of Lost Highway : identity is great anything but simple, stable, whole. In the end, we can see what it really is: a terrible collection of fragments, fragments like the parts of Renee's mutilated body. My attempt at making sense of Lost Highway has tried to add another such fiction to make one feel safe (even if it in fact might have added even more confusion). United States Government Welfare Essay. (51) As Lacan would have it, [d]esire, in fact, is interpretation itself ( Fundamental Concepts 176).

My reading of Lynch's movie, then, necessarily and inescapably partakes in monkey wrenching, this desire. It is entangled between ultimate failure and the jouissance that does not serve anything (52) - There is no Truth . Government. But one runs after it all the same ( Fundamental Concepts vii). 1 This paper is example of fallacies a slightly revised version of a talk I gave at the American Studies Colloquium 1998 in Olomouc, Czech Republic. 2 Jonathan Culler. On Deconstruction. Theory and Criticism after Structuralism . Ithaka, New York, 1982, 10. 3 Jacques Lacan.

The Seminar of United Essay Jacques Lacan Book II: The Ego in Freud's Theory and in the Technique of Psychoanalysis 1954-55 . Trans. S. Tomaselli. Cambridge, 1988, 222. Subsequently quoted as ( Seminar II ). 4 David Foster Wallace. Article on Lost Highway in Premiere , Sept. 1996. http://www.m ikedunn.com/lynch/lh/lhpremiere.html Subsequently quoted as (Wallace). 5 Mikal Gilmore. Article on of fallacies Lost Highway and Interview with David Lynch. Rolling Stone , March 6, 1997. http://www.mikedu nn.com/lynch/lh/lhrs1.html.

6 Richard Corliss. 'Mild at Heart.' TIME , April 7, 1997, 77. 7 Peter Wollen. Readings and Writings: Semiotic Counter-Strategies . London, 1982, 2. 8 Frederick Szebin and Steve Biodrowski. 'A surreal meditation on love, jealousy, identity and States Welfare reality.' Cinefantastique , April 1997. http://www.miked unn.com/lynch/lh/cinelh.html Subsequently quoted as ( Cinefantastique ). 9 Christian Metz.

The Imaginary Signifier. Psychoanalysis and the Cinema . Trans. C. Britton, A. Williams, B. Brewster and A Guzzetti. Bloomington, 1982. Subsequently quoted as ( The Imaginary Signifier ). 10 Jacques Lacan. crits . French Edition.

Paris, 1966, 774. Example. Subsequently quoted as ( crits ), referring to the English translation crits . A Selection , by A. United Welfare Essay. Sheridan, New York 1977. 11 Cp. Kaja Silverman's account of gatsby notes this concept in her study The Subject of Semiotics. Welfare Essay. New York, 1983, 194-236, subsequently quoted as ( Subject of Semiotics ). 12 Jacques-Alain Miller. Strategies Teaching Essay. 'Suture (elements of the logic of the signifier).' Screen 18:4, (1977/78), 24- 34, 25-6. 13 Cp. Stephen Heath.

Questions of Welfare Essay Cinema . Bloomington, 1981, 'On Suture,' 76-112, 100-1. Cp. also the chapter entitled 'On Screen, in Frame: Film and great gatsby Ideology' (1-18). 14 Jacques Lacan. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis . United States. Trans. Teaching Essay. A. Sheridan. New York, London, 1978, 118. Subsequently quoted as ( Fundamental Concepts ). 15 For another comparative reading of the Government Welfare, concept of suture and Essay about Performance at Birmingham the movie Suture , cp. Hanjo Berressem.

Twisted and Traumatized: Spatial and Temporal Loops in Government Welfare Essay, American Literature, Art, and Culture . Habilitationsschrift, Aachen 1997. 16 Another short reference to yet another movie: John Woo's Face/Off . In this movie, two men exchange identities; that is, they change faces. Essay About A Life Performance At Birmingham Theatre. Suture , Face/Off , and Lost Highway - they all tackle the question of identity and of suture . in a way, all three movies are about States Welfare Essay identity and its vicissitudes, about the construction of both the subject in the diegetic reality of the movie, and of the spectator. Suture thematizes the concept of identity as an effect of (illusory) identification, and ultimately withholds the comfort of Strategies for Science Teaching suture, of a stable position both within diegetic reality and off-screen. John Woo's Face/Off comments on the Aristotelean truth that physiognomy mirrors character. This truth is countered with an almost metaphysical sense of States Government self beyond mere looks, a self, however, that most prominently reveals itself in a language of the body , in small gestures. The suture that holds the monkey, movie together is quite literally the States Government Welfare Essay, seam which stitches Nicholas Cage's face onto John Travolta's head (and vice versa) and 'functions' in I Saw a Life at Birmingham Repertory Theatre, fact only if the spectator is willing to United Essay, accept this improbability. In Lost Highway finally, the identity of the on-screen subject is related to different positions it takes with respect to different levels of reality, and, ultimately, to of fallacies, its desire. United Government. Since this is a never-ending process, suture, for the spectator, is forever displaced and deferred.

17 Reni Celeste. 'Lost Highway: Unveiling Cinema's Yellow Brick Road.' Cineaction 43 (Summer 1997). http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists /film-philosophy/files/paper.celeste.html. Subsequently quoted as (Celeste). 18 see e.g. Lynch in the Official Press Kit for Lost Highway , http://www.mike dunn.com/lynch/lh/lhpress.html, subsequently quoted as (Press Kit), and Gifford in his interview for Film Threat , http://www.mi kedunn.com/lynch/lh/lhgifford.html. 19 Cp. e.g. Essay. Lacan's discussion of the figure of the interior eight in his article on 'Science et Verit' (crits, French edition, 855-77), or his 1966 lecture 'Of Structure as an Essay, Inmixing of an Otherness Prerequisite to film, Any Subject Whatever,' published in: The Structuralist Controversy: The Languages of United States Government Welfare Essay Criticism and Strategies for Science Essay the Sciences of Man . Ed. States Welfare Essay. R. Macksey and E. Donato. Baltimore, 1970, 186-200.

The illustration was taken from this article. 20 Chris Rodley (ed.). Lynch on Lynch . London, Boston, 1997, 231. Subsequently quoted as ( Lynch on film donnie Lynch ). 21 On yet another level, Lost Highway is obviously a noir film in a very literal sense: noir /black is the prevailing color in this movie, especially in the long dark sequences that seem to structure the States Welfare Essay, narrative . 23 Slavoj ZiZek. Tarrying with the Negative . Durham 1993, 9-10. 24 Georg See?len has made similar observation, but has related this observation in his conclusions to the concept of self-reflexivity in Lynch's filmic language. See Georg See?len.

David Lynch und seine Filme . Marburg und Berlin, 3. erw. Auflage 1997, 187. 25 Steven Shaviro. Stranded in the Jungle . (forthcoming book; excerpts can already be found on Steven Shaviro's homepage; see his chapter 'Intrusion' on Lost Highway : http://www.dhalgren.com/Stranded/18.html. 26 Or, when Fred asks Renee if she will come to the club, she answers that she wants to read, and Fred asks, in disbelief, Read? Read what?

Apart from this articulation of an for Science Essay, otherwise unspoken suspicion that Renee might actually be an unfaithful wife, this remark of Fred's also shows his inability (or: unwillingness) to accept the States Welfare Essay, need for Politics of Self-Exploitation something that goes beyond this symbiosis . United Government. maybe, one has to read Read very literally as a hint towards the symbolic, the agency that in the end very violently disturbs this dual relationship. 27 Michael Chion has already noted in his seminal study Audio-Vision. Teaching. Sound on Screen . Trans. United States Essay. Claudia Gorbman. New York, 1994, that Lynch is I Saw one of the directors that have liberated film sound from States its long sleep of simply accompanying the images on-screen. Chion points out that Lynch is one of those who have developed the soundtrack into the direction of a Sound Film - Worthy of the example, Name (141). 28 Jacques Lacan. States. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan Book I: Freud's Paper on Technique 1953-54 . Transl. by J. Forrester.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 102. 29 see Slavoj Zizek. The Plague of Fantasies . New York, London, 1997. 30 see Slavoj Zizek's interpretation of about a Life at Birmingham Theatre Hitchcock's Psycho with respect to this moebial twist in Slavoj Zizek (ed.). Everything you always wanted to United States Welfare, know about Lacan (but were afraid to ask Hitchcock) . New York, London, 1992. 31 Colin Ross. Of Fallacies. Dissociative Identity Disorder. Diagnosis, Clinical Features, and Treatment of Multiple Personality . New York, 1997.

32 See Chapter 7, ' On the road : The Road Novel and the Road Movie,' of my book An Art of Desire. Reading Paul Auster . Amsterdam and Atlanta, 1999, 159-72. 33 Cp. Jacques Lacan. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan Book II: The Ego in Government Welfare Essay, Freud's Theory and in the Technique of Psychoanalysis 1954-55 . Trans.

S. Tomaselli. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988, where he comments on the roads of monkey life (81) and describes life as a dogged detour (232) towards death. 34 Jacques Lacan. Welfare. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan. Book III: The Psychoses, 1955-56 . Transl. by R. Great. Grigg. Government Welfare. New York, 1993, 290-1. Subsequently quoted as ( Seminar III ). An example might clarify what is at stake here. Kafka, in his Letter to the Father , takes recourse to another topographical metaphor, referring to his father in Essay I Saw a Life at Birmingham Repertory Theatre, terms of a dimension spread out in space : Sometimes I imagine the map of the States Government, world spread out and darko you stretched diagonally across it. Franz Kafka. Letter to United States Welfare Essay, the Father . Prague, 1998, 65.

35 Malcolm Bowie. Lacan . London, 1991, 74. 36 This term is Anne Jerslev's. See her study David Lynch i vore jne. Copenhagen, 1991. 37 Thus, the whole second part of the movie (Pete's story), can be read as Fred's attempt to remember things his own way, even to re-member, in the literal sense of the word, both his fragmented sense of self and The Complicated by Patricia J. Williams Renee's dis-membered body . 38 A more hypermaterialistic rendition of the split subject is the United, scene in which Andy's head is virtually split by the glass table . Essay About Repertory Theatre. it's as literal as you can get. 39 Frank W. Putnam.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Multiple Persona Disorder . New York, 1989. 13-4. Subsequently quoted as (Putnam). 40 The case of Eve has just recently been found out to United, have been faked by the analysts. 41 Clary, W.F., Burstin, K.J., Carpenter, J.S. 'Multiple personality and borderline personality disorder.' Psychiatric Clinics of North America , 7 (1984), 89-100. 42 American Psychiatric Association. DSM-III-R . Washington, 1987, 106.

43 Ray Aldridge-Morris. Multiple Personality. An Exercise in Deception . Hove, 1989, 107. Subsequently quoted as (Aldridge- Morris). 44 Varma, V.K., Bouri, M., Wig, N.N. Strategies Teaching Essay. 'Multiple personality in States Essay, India: Comparison with hysterical possession states.' American Journal of Psychotherapy 35 (1981), 1. 45 Ian Hacking. 'Multiple Personality Disorder and example Its Hosts.' History of the Human Sciences 5.2 (1992), 3-31, 11. 46 Hanjo Berressem. 'Emotions Flattened and Scattered: Borderline Syndromes and Multiple Persona Disorders in Contemporary American Fiction.' in: G. Hoffmann, A. Hornung (ed.). Emotion in Postmodernism . Heidelberg, 1997, 271-307, 293.

47 John T. States Government. Irwin. American Hieroglyphics . The Symbol of the Egyptian Hieroglyphics in the American Renaissance . New Haven and London, 1980, 112. 48 Sherry Turkle. Constructions and Reconstructions of the Self in Virtual Reality . Quoted in Allucquere Rosanne Stone. 'Identity in monkey wrenching, Oshkosh.' J. Halberstam, I. Livingston (ed.). Posthuman Bodies . Bloomington, 1995, 23-37, 34. 49 Another, I think, most revealing information with respect to the fugue: Douglas R. United. Hofstadter, in his book Gdel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid , comments on the compositions of Johann Sebastian Bach, which, in his time, were judged as quite notorious. Like Lynch's works, they were either thought to film darko, be pompous and confused, whereas others hailed them as masterpieces. For Hofstadter, Bach's fugues in general, and especially his highly complex fugue Ein Musikalisches Opfer/A Musical Offering , are of special importance for his study because of their structure, which is the Welfare, structure of what Hofstadter calls strange loops. A most prominent example of such a strange loop is . Teaching Essay. yes, it's the Moebius Strip again. And, finally, believe it or not, the original term for the fugue was the Latin term Ricercar , which means - enigma, mystery. Cp.

Douglas R. Hofstadter. Gdel, Escher Bach. An Eternal Golden Braid . United States Welfare Essay. New York, 1979. 50 Jacques Lacan. Darko. 'Vorwort zur dt. Ausgabe meiner Schriften.' in: Schriften II . Weinheim, 1991, 7. 51 Only after I finished this article (and the talk on which this article is based), Troels Degn Johansson, Department of United States Welfare Essay Film Media Studies of the University of Copenhagen, pointed out an article to me in Strategies Teaching, cinetext by Robert Blanchet: ' Circulus Vitiosus : Spurensuche auf David Lynchs Lost Highway mit Slavoj ?i?ek.' This article only mentions in States, passim some of the aspects I have tried to discuss in more detail in this paper, so, both articles somehow respond to of fallacies, each other like the two sides of a Moebius Strip as well . cp. http://st1hobel.phl.univie.ac.at/cinetext/magazine/circvit.html. 52 Le Sminaire Livre XX: Encore . Paris, 1975, 10. States Government Welfare Essay. My translation. American Psychiatric Association. DSM-III- R . Washington, 1987. Ray Aldridge-Morris.

Multiple Personality. An Exercise in Deception . For Science Teaching. Hove, 1989. Hanjo Berressem. Twisted and Traumatized: Spatial and Temporal Loops in States Government, American Literature, Art, and Culture . Habilitationsschrift, Aachen 1997. ---- . 'Emotions Flattened and Scattered: Borderline Syndromes and Strategies Teaching Multiple Persona Disorders in Contemporary American Fiction.' in: G. Welfare Essay. Hoffmann, A. I Saw A Life Performance Theatre. Hornung (ed.). Emotion in Postmodernism . Heidelberg, 1997, 271-307. Robert Blanchet: ' Circulus Vitiosus : Spurensuche auf David Lynchs Lost Highway mit Slavoj Zizek.' http://st1hobel.phl.univie.ac.at/cinetext/magazine/circvit.html. Malcolm Bowie.

Lacan . United States Essay. London, 1991. Michael Chion. Audio-Vision. Sound on Screen . Trans. Claudia Gorbman. New York, 1994. Clary, W.F., Burstin, K.J., Carpenter, J.S. 'Multiple personality and borderline personality disorder.' Psychiatric Clinics of North America , 7 (1984), 89-100. Richard Corliss. 'Mild at Heart.' TIME , April 7, 1997, 77. Mikal Gilmore. Article on Lost Highway and Interview with David Lynch. Rolling Stone , March 6, 1997. http://www.mikedu nn.com/lynch/lh/lhrs1.html.

Ian Hacking. 'Multiple Personality Disorder and Its Hosts.' History of the Human Sciences 5.2 (1992), 3-31. J. Great. Halberstam, I. States Welfare. Livingston (ed.). Posthuman Bodies . Bloomington, 1995. Stephen Heath. Essay Performance At Birmingham. Questions of Cinema . Bloomington, 1981. Bernd Herzogenrath. Government Essay. An Art of Desire. Reading Paul Auster . Amsterdam and great gatsby Atlanta, 1999.

Douglas R. Hofstadter. Gdel, Escher Bach. An Eternal Golden Braid . New York, 1979. John T. Irwin. American Hieroglyphics. The Symbol of the United Welfare, Egyptian Hieroglyphics in comme, the American Renaissance . New Haven and London, 1980. Anne Jerslev. David Lynch i vore jne . Copenhagen, 1991. Franz Kafka. Letter to the Father . United Government. Prague, 1998. Jacques Lacan. crits . Paris, 1966.

-----. crits . A Selection. Example. Trans. A. Sheridan, New York 1977. -----. Le Sminaire Livre XX: Encore . Paris, 1975. -----. 'Vorwort zur dt. Ausgabe meiner Schriften.' in: Schriften II . Weinheim, 1991. -----.

The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis . Trans. A. Sheridan. New York, London, 1978. -----. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan Book I: Freud's Paper on Technique 1953-54 . Transl. by J. Forrester. Cambridge, 1988. -----. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan.

Book III: The Psychoses, 1955-56 . Transl. by R. Grigg. New York, 1993. Christian Metz. The Imaginary Signifier. Psychoanalysis and the Cinema . Trans. C. United States Government Welfare Essay. Britton, A. Williams, B. Brewster and A Guzzetti. Bloomington, 1982. Jacques-Alain Miller. 'Suture (elements of the logic of the signifier).' Screen 18:4, (1977/78), 24-34. Frank W. Putnam.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Multiple Persona Disorder . Example. New York, 1989. Chris Rodley (ed.). Welfare Essay. Lynch on Lynch . Film Comme Donnie. London, Boston, 1997. Colin Ross. Dissociative Identity Disorder. Diagnosis, Clinical Features, and Treatment of Multiple Personality . New York 1997.

Georg See?len. David Lynch und seine Filme. United States Government Welfare Essay. Marburg und Berlin, 3. erw. About I Saw Repertory. Auflage 1997. Steven Shaviro. Stranded in the Jungle . Government. (forthcoming book; excerpts can already be found on Strategies Essay Steven Shaviro's homepage; see his chapter 'Intrusion:' http://www.dhalgren. com/Stranded/18.html. Kaja Silverman. The Subject of Semiotics . New York, 1983.

Frederick Szebin and Steve Biodrowski. 'A surreal meditation on love, jealousy, identity and United Essay reality.' Cinefantastique , April 1997. http://www.miked unn.com/lynch/lh/cinelh.html. Varma, V.K., Bouri, M., Wig, N.N. Film Donnie. 'Multiple personality in States Essay, India: Comparison with hysterical possession states.' American Journal of Psychotherapy 35 (1981). Peter Wollen. Readings and darko Writings: Semiotic Counter-Strategies . London, 1982. Slavoj Zizek (ed.). Everything you always wanted to know about Lacan (but were afraid to ask Hitchcock) . New York, London, 1992. Slavoj Zizek. Tarrying with the Negative . Essay. Durham 1993.

Slavoj Zizek. The Plague of Fantasies . New York, London, 1997.

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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. note : This is the latest installment in States Government, a series of posts on lateral partner moves from of Self-Exploitation J. Williams, Lateral Link’s team of expert contributors. Abby Gordon is a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and in-house searches, primarily in New York, Boston, and Europe. Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on United States Government Welfare, capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in example, New York and for the last five years for European clients in Paris. A native of Government Welfare Essay Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and a B.A. in of fallacies, government and romance languages, magna cum laude, from Dartmouth College. Abby also worked with the States International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain.

She is example of fallacies, a member of the New York Bar and Government Welfare Essay, is fluent in example of fallacies, French and Spanish (and dabbles in Portuguese and United States Government Welfare, Italian). Essay Theatre? As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in an effort to assist my candidates with the substance and presentation of their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word. States Welfare? Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the The Complicated Politics of Self-Exploitation printer and reading only what he can in United Welfare, the time it takes to walk back to his office. You need to about I Saw Performance Repertory Theatre make the most important stuff jump off the United States Welfare Essay page.

Use bold. Use bullet points. Use headings. Film Donnie? Give some thought to the format that will convey the necessary information in the most logical way. 2. Be concise and make every word count. This is related to Tip #1. You want the most important stuff to United Government Welfare jump off the page, but every word on your resume should serve the purpose of showing that you are the best candidate for the specific job. It’s just one page. Essay About A Life? 3. Tailor your resume to United States Welfare the specific job. Keep in of fallacies, the forefront of your mind that you are applying for a legal job.

Do not view “updating” your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago. Delete information that is no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of getting you this job. If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to some general litigation spots and some patent litigation spots, you may want to have two versions of your resume, with each tailored to the specific opening or category of opening. 4. Be sure you can talk intelligently about every last thing you include on your resume. United States Welfare? If you can no longer remember the main argument of your senior thesis from college, delete it from your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews. You also must be prepared to film comme donnie darko talk about the any legal matters you claim to have worked on, including about the United Government Essay underlying legal issues. 5. Politics Of Self-Exploitation J. Williams Essay? When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the States Government underwriters in the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by Strategies for Science, a large U.S. manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to Essay include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from Tip #2, every word counts.

Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. For example, which is more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. Be sure all information is up-to-date. If you are no longer on a committee, delete it from your resume or indicate the proper dates. Change the of fallacies verbs (“represent,” “draft,” “negotiate”) from the descriptions of your prior jobs to the past tense (“represented,” “drafted,” “negotiated”). No longer fluent in French?

Be accurate in the assessment of your language ability as of today, not as of mid-way through your junior year abroad. 7. Additional Information: Space is a commodity, but you should still make room for two or three lines that show you are a human being and not just a robot. United States Welfare? Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of yours and not aspirational hobbies). Maybe you and one of the interviewers will find you have a hobby in common. If nothing else, this “fluff” gives interviewers some material for a few softball questions to break the ice or end the interview on wrenching, a lighter note. Aside from true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and States Government, memberships/affiliations so long as you are an active and not just passive participant in these organizations.

Remember the essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about about a Life Theatre it if asked?” If someone asks about your membership in an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in raising $500,000 in alumni contributions for a scholarship fund or will you cower in your chair and confess that you are on States, the e-mail list for the committee but have yet to attend a meeting? 8. Education first or work experience first? This is a common question. Essay? Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the most important stuff to jump off the United Welfare page. So if you went to a top law school, you may want to list education first. If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at Wachtell, list work experience first. In the comme donnie darko case of Government a tie, I’d go with work experience first. Essay A Life At Birmingham Theatre? 9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works.

Tape your resume to a wall about 10 feet away or just hold it far out in States, front of example you and squint. Does the balance of black and white on the page make your eyes happy? Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If you’ve ever strung lights on a Christmas tree, it’s the same principle. Squint and then follow your instincts. 10. Proofread your resume carefully. Then proofread it again. Then ask a friend to proofread it.

And another friend. And your legal recruiter. Then proofread it again. Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake. 10?. Here’s a freebie. It’s not the United States Government Welfare most important tip unless… well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of you in the Bahamas in your bikini? Shirtless? You remember how you uploaded it to your Google profile? And now you list your Gmail address on your resume?

Well guess what… When I am e-mailing you at your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of you in the right-hand sidebar on my screen. If I can see it, so can the monkey recruiting coordinator and Government Essay, so can the partner at the firm where you’re interviewing. Oh, and one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on the right-hand sidebar. I’m not asking you to monkey stop using social media. But if you are indiscriminate about United Welfare Essay your tweets, think about setting up a separate e-mail address for the job search process. Gatsby? There is not just one right way of designing a resume. But there are wrong ways.

Look at models but don’t just copy someone else’s. This singular piece of paper is your key to getting your foot in the door in the next step of your career… or not. States Essay? It’s worth spending a few extra hours getting it right. Lateral Link is one of the for Science Teaching top-rated international legal recruiting firms. With over Welfare Essay, 14 offices world-wide, Lateral Link specializes in placing attorneys at the most prestigious law firms in the world. Managed by former practicing attorneys from top law schools, Lateral Link has a tradition of hiring lawyers to example of fallacies execute the lateral leaps of practicing attorneys. United Government? Click ::here:: to find out more about Essay about Performance Theatre us.

Sign up for United States Government Welfare our newsletter. Darko? WilmerHale And The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day Of Leaking Client Whistleblower Docs To The WSJ. Woman Abandons Law Degree To Become Porn Star. Federal Lawsuit Filed Against #8216;The Jews#8217; Associates In This City Just Got Their Raises. The Freestanding Law Schools With The Highest Student Loan Default Rates. A Brand New Email Screw-Up For Abbe Lowell. The Ugliest Law Schools In America. States? Biglaw Associate Fails Bar Exam, Gets Fired, Sues Bar Examiners For Causing Job Loss. Biglaw Firm Impresses Associates (And Staff) With Enhanced Parental Leave Policy. The Trump Administration Seeks To Rip The Heart Out Of Labor And Employment Law.

Lawyer Burnout And The Finish Line Problem. Senior Attorney Fired For Cruel Commentary On Las Vegas Shooting. Man Opens Fire At Law Firm Representing His Ex. Biglaw Firm#8217;s Move To New Office Means It#8217;s Time For Some Buyouts. Subscribe and get breaking news, commentary, and opinions on law firms, lawyers, law schools, lawsuits, judges, and more. Breaking Media Editor at The Complicated of Self-Exploitation by Patricia J. Williams, Large. Sign up for our newsletter. 2017 Breaking Media, Inc.

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essay toefl topic TOEFL Writing Topics. 1. People attend school for many different reasons (for example, expanded knowledge, societal awareness, and enhanced interpersonal relationships). Why do you think people decide to Essay, go to school? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Coaches are the best teachers.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 3. Nowadays, with the invention of the Essay about I Saw at Birmingham, microwave and with the popularity of fast food restaurants, food has become easier to prepare than ever. Do you think microwave ovens and fast food restaurants are beneficial to society? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 4. It has been said, Not all learning takes place in the classroom. Compare and contrast knowledge gained from personal experience with knowledge gained from classroom instruction. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?

5. Your government has announced that it wishes to build a military base near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. States Government Welfare Essay! Do you support or oppose the notes, military base? 6. If you could change one important thing about United Welfare Essay, your country, what would you change? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer. 7. How does advertising influence people's behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer. 8. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The invention of the Internet has had negative effects on your civilization. About Performance At Birmingham Repertory! Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

9. Some students prefer to attend a small university. Others prefer to Welfare, attend a big university. Discuss the for Science Teaching, advantages of each. Then indicate which type of university you prefer? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 10.When people succeed in life, it is because of hard work. States Government! Being lucky has nothing to do with success in life. A Life Performance Repertory Theatre! Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

11. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities should give the same amount of money to their students' sports activities as they give to their university libraries. United Government Essay! Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 12.

Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and Essay about I Saw a Life Performance at Birmingham Repertory, examples to support your answer. 13. Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and United States Government, eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 14.

Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and of Self-Exploitation by Patricia Essay, details to explain your answer. 15. Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer.

16. Essay! It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 17. Some people think that they can learn better by themselves than with a teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a teacher. Which do you prefer?

Use specific reasons to develop your essay. 18. What are some important qualities of comme donnie a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are important. 19. Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. 20. Some people prefer to cook at Welfare, home. Other people prefer to eat out.

Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to example, support your answer. 21. United States Government Welfare! It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to develop your essay. 22. In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of darko this phenomenon.

Use specific reasons and details to States Government Essay, develop your essay. 23. We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people. In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a co-worker (someone you work closely with)? Use reasons and specific examples to explain why these characteristics are important. 24.

In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Do you think this is a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific reasons and monkey wrenching, details. 25. A person you know is States Government planning to move to your town or city. Donnie! What do you think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or city? Why?

Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. 26. It has recently been announced that a large shopping center may be built in Essay, your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 27.

It has recently been announced that a new movie theater may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 28. Do you agree or disagree with the about I Saw a Life Performance at Birmingham Repertory Theatre, following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 29. Welfare! Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Television, newspapers, magazines, and other media pay too much attention to the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and of fallacies, celebrities. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion. 30. Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is States your opinion? Use specific reasons and example, examples to support your answer. 31. It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in your community. United States Government Welfare! Do you support or oppose this plan?

Why? Use specific reasons and about I Saw Repertory Theatre, details in your answer. 32. Some people spend their entire lives in one place. United Government Welfare Essay! Others move a number of times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house, community, or even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in one place or moving in search of for Science Teaching Essay another place?

Use reasons and specific examples to States Government Welfare Essay, support your opinion. 33. Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your money for some time in the future? Use specific reasons and Essay about a Life at Birmingham Repertory Theatre, examples to Government Welfare, support your opinion. 34.

You have received a gift of money. The money is enough to buy either a piece of The Complicated Politics by Patricia J. Williams Essay jewelry you like or tickets to a concert you want to attend. Which would you buy? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 35. Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to Welfare Essay, support your answer. 36.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attending a live performance (for example, a play, concert, or sporting event) is great more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 37. Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why you think it has changed people's lives. 38. United Essay! Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Do you agree or disagree that progress is always good? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 39.

Learning about the past has no value for those of monkey us living in the present. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 40. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the States Government Welfare Essay, help of technology, students nowadays can learn more information and learn it more quickly. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

41. Politics Of Self-Exploitation By Patricia Essay! The expression Never, never give up means to keep trying and never stop working for your goals. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 42. Some people think that human needs for farmland, housing, and industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals. Do you agree or disagree with this point of view? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and Government Essay, examples to of fallacies, support your answer. 43. What is a very important skill a person should learn in States Government Essay, order to be successful in the world today?

Choose one skill and use specific reasons and examples to Essay about at Birmingham Repertory, support your choice. 44. Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other dangerous activities? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 45. Government Welfare! Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to travel alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

46. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning and The Complicated Politics of Self-Exploitation Essay, start the day's work. Others prefer to United Essay, get up later in the day and work until late at night. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 47.

What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have these qualities changed or remained the same over time in your culture? Use specific reasons and examples to Essay about a Life at Birmingham, support your answer. 48. Some people prefer to work for a large company.

Others prefer to work for a small company. United States Welfare Essay! Which would you prefer? Use specific reasons and film, details to United States Essay, support your choice. 49. People work because they need money to notes, live.

What are some other reasons that people work? Discuss one or more of these reasons. United Government Welfare! Use specific examples and details to support your answer. 50. Do you agree or disagree with the great notes, following statement? Face-to-face communication is United States Government Welfare better than other types of communication, such as letters, E-mail, or telephone calls. Use specific reasons and details to example, support your answer.

51. Some people like to United Government Welfare Essay, do only what they already do well. Other people prefer to try new things and take risks. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 52. Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or chances. Others believe that success results from careful planning. I Saw Performance! In your opinion, what does success come from? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 53.

What change would make your hometown more appealing to people your age? Use specific reasons and examples to States Welfare Essay, support your opinion. 54. Do you agree or disagree with the about I Saw Repertory, following statement? The most important aspect of a job is the United States Government, money a person earns. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 55. Monkey! Do you agree or disagree with the United, following statement? One should never judge a person by gatsby external appearances.

Use specific reasons and States Welfare Essay, details to support your answer. 56. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person should never make an for Science important decision alone. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 57.

A company is United Government Welfare going to give some money either to support the arts or to protect the environment. Which do you think the company should choose? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 58. For Science Teaching Essay! Some movies are serious, designed to make the audience think.

Other movies are designed primarily to amuse and entertain. Which type of movie do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 59. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Businesses should do anything they can to make a profit. Use specific reasons and States Welfare Essay, examples to comme donnie darko, support your position. 60. Some people are always in a hurry to States Welfare, go places and get things done. Other people prefer to take their time and live life at a slower pace.

Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 61. Do you agree or disagree with the example of fallacies, following statement? Games are as important for adults as they are for children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 62. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Parents or other adult relatives should make important decisions for their older (15 to 18year-old) teenage children. Use specific reasons and examples to States, support your opinion. 63. What do you want most in film, a friend someone who is intelligent, or someone who has a sense of humor, or someone who is States Government reliable? Which one of these characteristics is most important to you? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your choice. 64. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most experiences in our lives that seemed difficult at the time become valuable lessons for the future.

Use reasons and specific examples to support our answer. Some people prefer to work for themselves or own a business. 65. Others prefer to monkey wrenching, work for an employer. Government! Would you rather be self-employed, work for someone else, or own a business? Use specific reasons to explain your choice. 66. Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 67. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Classmates are a more important influence than parents on a child's success in school. Use specific reasons and examples to great gatsby notes, support your answer. 68. If you were an States Government Welfare Essay employer, which kind of worker would you prefer to hire: an notes inexperienced worker at States Government, a lower salary or an experienced worker at a higher salary? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 69. Many teachers assign homework to students every day.

Do you think that daily homework is necessary for students? Use specific reasons and details to The Complicated Politics Essay, support your answer. 70. If you could study a subject that you have never had the opportunity to study, what would you choose? Explain your choice, using specific reasons and United, details. 71. Some people think that the automobile has improved modern life. Others think that the automobile has caused serious problems. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

72. Which would you choose: a high-paying job with long hours that would give you little time with family and friends or a lower-paying job with shorter hours that would give you more time with family and friends? Explain your choice, using specific reasons and details. 73. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Grades (marks) encourage students to learn. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 74. Great Notes! Some people say that computers have made life easier and more convenient.

Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to States Welfare Essay, support your answer. 75. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to travel is in a group led by a tour guide. Use specific reasons and examples to film donnie, support your answer. 76. Some universities require students to take classes in many subjects. Other universities require students to specialize in one subject.

Which is better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 77. United States Welfare! Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should begin learning a foreign language as soon as they start school. Use specific reasons and examples to Politics by Patricia J. Williams, support your position. 78. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Boys and girls should attend separate schools.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 79. Is it more important to be able to work with a group of people on a team or to United, work independently? Use reasons and gatsby notes, specific examples to support your answer. 80.

Your city has decided to build a statue or monument to States Government Essay, honor a famous person in your country. Who would you choose? Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice. 81. Describe a custom from your country that you would like people from The Complicated Politics of Self-Exploitation by Patricia Essay, other countries to adopt. Explain your choice, using specific reasons and examples. 82. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Technology has made the Government Essay, world a better place to live. The Complicated By Patricia J. Williams Essay! Use specific reasons and United Welfare, examples to support your opinion.

83. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Advertising can tell you a lot about a country. Use specific reasons and examples to Politics by Patricia J. Williams, support your answer. 84. United Government Welfare Essay! Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Modern technology is creating a single world culture. Use specific reasons and Politics of Self-Exploitation by Patricia J. Williams, examples to support your opinion. 85. Some people say that the Internet provides people with a lot of valuable information.

Others think access to so much information creates problems. Which view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to United States Government Welfare, support your opinion. 86. A foreign visitor has only one day to of fallacies, spend in your country. Where should this visitor go on that day? Why? Use specific reasons and United States Welfare, details to support your choice. 87.

If you could go back to some time and place in the past, when and where would you go? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 88. What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people in your country? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 89.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Telephones and monkey, E-mail have made communication between people less personal. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 90. If you could travel back in time to meet a famous person from United States Government Welfare Essay, history, what person would you like to The Complicated Politics of Self-Exploitation by Patricia Essay, meet? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 91.

If you could meet a famous entertainer or athlete, who would that be, and why? Use specific reasons and examples to States Welfare Essay, support your choice. 92. If you could ask a famous person one question, what would you ask? Why? Use specific reasons and details to example of fallacies, support your answer.

93. Some people prefer to live in places that have the same weather or climate all year long. Others like to live in areas where the weather changes several times a year. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

94. United States! Many students have to live with roommates while going to school or university. What are some of the important qualities of Strategies for Science a good roommate? Use specific reasons and examples to explain why these qualities are important. 95. States Welfare! Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Dancing plays an important role in a culture. Use specific reasons and Strategies Essay, examples to support your answer. 96. United Welfare! Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible exploring outer space (for example, traveling to the Moon and to other planets). Other people disagree and think governments should spend this money for for Science Essay, our basic needs on Earth.

Which of these two opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 97. People have different ways of escaping the stress and difficulties of modern life. Some read; some exercise; others work in their gardens. Government Essay! What do you think are the great, best ways of reducing stress? Use specific details and examples in your answer.

98. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be paid according to Government, how much their students learn. Give specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 99. If you were asked to send one thing representing your country to an international exhibition, what would you choose? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

100. You have been told that dormitory rooms at your university must be shared by two students. Would you rather have the university assign a student to share a room with you, or would you rather choose your own roommate? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer. 101. Essay! Some people think that governments should spend as much money as possible on developing or buying computer technology. United States Welfare Essay! Other people disagree and think that this money should be spent on more basic needs. Which one of these opinions do you agree with?

Use specific reasons and details to a Life Performance at Birmingham, support your answer. 102. Some people like doing work by hand. Others prefer using machines. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

103. Schools should ask students to evaluate their teachers. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 104. In your opinion, what is the most important characteristic (for example, honesty, intelligence, a sense of humor) that a person can have to be successful in life? Use specific reasons and States Government, examples from wrenching, your. experience to United, explain your answer. When you write your answer, you are not limited to the examples listed in the question. 105. It is generally agreed that society benefits from the film comme, work of its members.

Compare the contributions of artists to society with the United, contributions of scientists to society. Example Of Fallacies! Which type of contribution do you think is valued more by your society? Give specific reasons to support your answer. 106. United States Government Welfare! Students at film darko, universities often have a choice of places to live. United States Government Welfare Essay! They may choose to example, live in United Government, university dormitories, or they may choose to live in apartments in the community. Compare the advantages of living in Teaching, university housing with the advantages of living in an apartment in United States, the community.

Where would you prefer to live? Give reasons for your preference. 107. You need to travel from notes, your home to a place 40 miles (64 kilometers) away. Compare the United Government Welfare Essay, different kinds of transportation you could use. Tell which method of travel you would choose. Give specific reasons for your choice.

108. Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to all students. Others believe that higher education should be available only to wrenching, good students. Discuss these views. Which view do you agree with? Explain why. 109. United Essay! Some people believe that the best way of film comme donnie darko learning about life is by listening to the advice of family and friends.

Other people believe that the States Essay, best way of learning about life is through personal experience. Compare the Strategies for Science Essay, advantages of these two different ways of learning about life. Which do you think is preferable? Use specific examples to support your preference. 110.

When people move to United States Welfare Essay, another country, some of them decide to follow the customs of the Essay about I Saw a Life Theatre, new country. Others prefer to keep their own customs. Compare these two choices. Which one do you prefer? Support your answer with specific details. 111. Some people prefer to spend most of their time alone.

Others like to United States Welfare Essay, be with friends most of the time. Do you prefer to spend your time alone or with friends? Use specific reasons to support your answer. 112. Essay About A Life Theatre! Some people prefer to spend time with one or two close friends. Others choose to spend time with a large number of friends.

Compare the advantages of each choice. Which of these two ways of spending time do you prefer? Use specific reasons to support your answer. 113. Some people think that children should begin their formal education at a very early age and should spend most of their time on school studies. Others believe that young children should spend most of their time playing. Compare these two views. Which view do you agree with? Why? 114.

The government has announced that it plans to build a new university. Some people think that your community would be a good place to locate the university. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a new university in your community. United States Essay! Use specific details in film comme, your discussion. 115. Some people think that the family is the most important influence on young adults. Other people think that friends are the most important influence on young adults. Which view do you agree with? Use examples to support your position. 116. Some people prefer to plan activities for their free time very carefully.

Others choose not to make any plans at all for their free time. Compare the benefits of planning free-time activities with the benefits of States Essay not making plans. Example! Which do you prefer — planning or not planning for your leisure time? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice. 117. People learn in different ways.

Some people learn by doing things; other people learn by reading about things; others learn by listening to people talk about States Government Welfare Essay, things. Which of these methods of learning is best for for Science Essay, you? Use specific examples to support your choice. 118. Some people choose friends who are different from Government Welfare, themselves. Others choose friends who are similar to themselves. Compare the advantages of having friends who are different from you with the advantages of having friends who are similar to you. Which kind of friend do you prefer for yourself? Why? 119. Some people enjoy change, and they look forward to new experiences.

Others like their lives to stay the same, and they do not change their usual habits. Compare these two approaches to life. Strategies For Science! Which approach do you prefer? Explain why. 120. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People behave differently when they wear different clothes. Do you agree that different clothes influence the United Essay, way people behave? Use specific examples to support your answer.

121. Decisions can be made quickly, or they can be made after careful thought. Do you agree or disagree with the notes, following statement? The decisions that people make quickly are always wrong. Use reasons and States Government, specific examples to Strategies for Science Teaching Essay, support your opinion. 122. Some people trust their first impressions about a person's character because they believe these judgments are generally correct. Other people do not judge a person's character quickly because they believe first impressions are often wrong. Compare these two attitudes.

Which attitude do you agree with? Support your choice with specific examples. 123. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People are never satisfied with what they have; they always want something more or something different. Use specific reasons to support your answer. 124.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should read only those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts. Use specific reasons and details to support your opinion. 125. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is more important for students to study history and United States, literature than it is for them to study science and mathematics. Essay Repertory! Use specific reasons and United Government Essay, examples to The Complicated of Self-Exploitation J. Williams Essay, support your opinion. 126. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All students should be required to study art and music in States Government Welfare Essay, secondary school. For Science Essay! Use specific reasons to United Government Welfare, support your answer. 127. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? There is wrenching nothing that young people can teach older people. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position. 128.

Do you agree or disagree with the United States Welfare Essay, following statement? Reading fiction (such as novels and short stories) is more enjoyable than watching movies. Use specific reasons and examples to monkey wrenching, explain your position. 129. Some people say that physical exercise should be a required part of every school day. Other people believe that students should spend the whole school day on academic studies.

Which opinion do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 130. A university plans to develop a new research center in your country. Some people want a center for business research. Other people want a center for research in agriculture (farming). United States Government Essay! Which of these two kinds of research centers do you recommend for your country? Use specific reasons in your recommendation.

131. Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 132. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Only people who earn a lot of money are successful.

Use specific reasons and film comme, examples to United Essay, support your answer. 133. If you could invent something new, what product would you develop? Use specific details to explain why this invention is needed. 134. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person's childhood years (the time from birth to twelve years of age) are the most important years of a person's life. Use specific reasons and examples to great notes, support your answer. 135. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Children should be required to help with household tasks as soon as they are able to do so. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 136. Some high schools require all students to States Welfare, wear school uniforms. Film Comme Darko! Other high schools permit students to decide what to wear to school. Which of these two school policies do you think is United Government Essay better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 137.

Do you agree or disagree with the Strategies for Science, following statement? Playing a game is fun only when you win. States Welfare! Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 138. Do you agree or disagree with the example, following statement? High schools should allow students to United, study the courses that students want to study. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 139. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is monkey better to be a member of a group than to be the leader of a group.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 140. What do you consider to be the most important room in a house? Why is United States Government Essay this room more important to you than any other room? Use specific reasons and film darko, examples to support your opinion. 141. Some items (such as clothes or furniture) can be made by hand or by machine. Which do you prefer — items made by hand or items made by United States Welfare machine?

Use reasons and specific examples to explain your choice. 142. If you could make one important change in example, a school that you attended, what change would you make? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer. 143. A gift (such as a camera, a soccer ball, or an animal) can contribute to a child's development. What gift would you give to help a child develop? Why?

Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice. 144. Some people believe that students should be given one long vacation each year. States Welfare! Others believe that students should have several short vacations throughout the year. About I Saw Performance Theatre! Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

145. Would you prefer to live in United Government, a traditional house or in a modern apartment building? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 146.Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we really do not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about Strategies Teaching, new products that may improve our lives. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 147. Some people prefer to spend their free time outdoors. Other people prefer to spend their leisure time indoors. Would you prefer to United States Welfare Essay, be outside or would you prefer to be inside for your leisure activities?

Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice. 148. I Saw A Life! Your school has received a gift of money. What do you think is the best way for your school to spend this money? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 149. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Playing games teaches us about life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 150. Imagine that you have received some land to use as you wish. How would you use this land? Use specific details to explain your answer. 151.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Watching television is bad for children. Use specific details and examples to support your answer. 152. What is the most important animal in United Welfare Essay, your country? Why is the animal important? Use reasons and specific details to explain your answer. 153. Comme Donnie Darko! Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved. Welfare! Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

154. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A zoo has no useful purpose. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. In some countries, people are no longer allowed to smoke in The Complicated of Self-Exploitation by Patricia J. Williams, many public places and United States Government Welfare Essay, office buildings. Do you think this is a good rule or a bad rule?

Use specific reasons and details to support your position. 155. Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine. Essay! What is one kind of States Government Welfare Essay plant that is gatsby important to you or the people in your country? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice. 156. You have the opportunity to visit a foreign country for two weeks.

Which country would you like to visit? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice. 157. United States Government Essay! In the future, students may have the wrenching, choice of States Essay studying at home by using technology such as computers or television or of studying at traditional schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific details to explain your choice.

158. When famous people such as actors, athletes and rock stars give their opinions, many people listen. Do you think we should pay attention to these opinions? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 159. The twentieth century saw great change. In your opinion, what is at Birmingham Theatre one change that should be remembered about the twentieth century? Use specific reasons and United Government Welfare, details to gatsby, explain your choice. 160. When people need to complain about a product or poor service, some prefer to complain in writing and United States Government Welfare, others prefer to complain in person.

Which way do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 161. People remember special gifts or presents that they have received. Why? Use specific reasons and examples to film comme donnie darko, support your answer. Some famous athletes and entertainers earn millions of dollars every year. Do you think these people deserve such high salaries?

Use specific reasons and States Government, examples to support your opinion. 162. Is the ability to example of fallacies, read and write more important today than in the past? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

163. United States Government Welfare Essay! People do many different things to stay healthy. What do you do for good health? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 164. You have decided to give several hours of your time each month to improve the community where you live. What is example one thing you will do to improve your community? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

165. People recognize a difference between children and adults. What events (experiences or ceremonies) make a person an adult? Use specific reasons and United Government, examples to explain your answer. 166. Your school has enough money to purchase either computers for students or books for the library. Which should your school choose to buy —computers or books? Use specific reasons and examples to support your recommendation. 167.

Many students choose to attend schools or universities outside their home countries. Why do some students study abroad? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer. 168. People listen to for Science, music for different reasons and at different times. Why is music important to many people? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 169.

Groups or organizations are an United States Government important part of some people's lives. Monkey! Why are groups or organizations important to people? Use specific reasons and examples to United Government Welfare Essay, explain your answer. 170. Imagine that you are preparing for a trip. You plan to be away from your home for a year. In addition to clothing and personal care items, you can take one additional thing.

What would you take and why? Use specific reasons and details to gatsby, support your choice. 171. When students move to a new school, they sometimes face problems. How can schools help these students with their problems? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. 172. It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship.

Do you agree? Why or why not? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your answer. 173. Every generation of people is different in United Government Essay, important ways. How is your generation different from your parents' generation? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. 174. Some students like classes where teachers lecture (do all of the talking) in class.

Other students prefer classes where the students do some of the Politics Essay, talking. Which type of class do you prefer? Give specific reasons and details to support your choice. 175. Holidays honor people or events. If you could create a new holiday, what person or event would it honor and how would you want people to celebrate it? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 176. A friend of yours has received some money and plans to use all of United States Welfare it either. • to go on vacation.

Your friend has asked you for advice. Compare your friend's two choices and example, explain which one you think your friend should choose. Use specific reasons and details to United States Government Welfare Essay, support your choice. 177. The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring? Use examples and great notes, details in your answer. What are some of the qualities of a good parent? Use specific details and examples to explain your answer. 178.

Movies are popular all over the world. Explain why movies are so popular. United States Welfare Essay! Use reasons and of fallacies, specific examples to support your answer. In your country, is there more need for land to be left in its natural condition or is there more need for land to United States Government Welfare, be developed for housing and for Science Teaching, industry? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 179.

Many people have a close relationship with their pets. States Welfare Essay! These people treat their birds, cats, or other animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and The Complicated Politics of Self-Exploitation, examples to United, support your answer. 180.

Films can tell us a lot about the country where they were made. What have you learned about a country from watching its movies? Use specific examples and details to for Science Essay, support your response. 181. Some students prefer to study alone. Others prefer to study with a group of students. Which do you prefer?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 182. Welfare Essay! You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business. Which would you choose to buy? Give specific reasons to explain your choice.