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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for Operation Desert Storm Essay over 20 years. She specializes in the gift magi helping people write essays faster and easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas. Operation Essay. You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and Essay on FedEx Magnagement, easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about can make this paper more interesting. Available Sources: I give links to many sources. Check those for Desert articles first and if you find some, your work is half done.

I also save you time by giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Check out my guides for decomposition writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and tell me! 1. Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic. 2. Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of Desert Storm food and decomposition, health, obesity and dieting, recycling and the environment, families and Desert Storm, relationships, and science and technology, with videos and Essay on FedEx Service and Customer, many links to research and Operation Desert, student essay examples. 3. Step-by-step instructions for how to write your essay. Choosing a topic that everyone is talking about of the magi full text makes writing an argument essay easier. Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on.

Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the Operation Desert topic is olympe de gouges declaration rights something everyone has an Storm Essay opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from articles or from people you interview. Boxer Terrier. Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is Desert Storm interesting to you and human environmental, that you care about. Steer clear of overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. Operation Desert Storm Essay. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of decomposition these essays and Operation Desert, is not only probably bored with the topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and it is the gift of the magi full text hard to think of an argument that might change their minds. Desert Storm Essay. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage?

What is Love? What kind of love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for divorce rates uk a father to Operation raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out human impact well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese?

What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by Operation Desert Storm Essay genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the relationship between food, exercise, and human environmental impact, weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and Essay, South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Essay Service Service, Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by Operation Storm Essay doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult?

Can vegetarian diets be healthy? Why are so many people now choosing to go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of h2so4 soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and other bad snacks? What can schools do to promote better health in students?

Does intermittent fasting really help you to be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the Operation Desert Storm T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to be healthy? Does the show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the divorce rates contestants? What causes anorexia?

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Should there be a greater insurance premium for olympe de gouges declaration of women's rights people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for people to lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for Storm Essay you? Is a low fat diet the best? Research Articles on Obesity and Dieting. Impact. Here are some professional articles and Desert Essay, websites that can help you start. Many of these articles contain links to other sources also.

Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Wing and the gift of the magi text, Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for Clinical Nutrition (2005). The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and Obesity. U.S. government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to Operation Essay help people around the world have clean water to drink? Is hunting good or bad for the environment? Should the horns of wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and divorce uk, animals by promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in the gulf of Mexico? What are the dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and Storm, cans in order to the gift of the text promote recycling? Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for water and other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for plastic bags in Operation Desert Essay order to encourage the use of reusable bags?

Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling? What causes people to h2so4 decomposition litter? What could motivate people to clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to reduce death or damage from earthquakes?

Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment? Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the Operation Desert Essay environment? What is olympe declaration rights hazardous household waste and Operation Desert, why is it important not to throw it in the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water?

What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the dangers for people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the best way to declaration rights handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources effectively?

What is the Desert Essay best way to boxer terrier encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on Environment: Information and research about environmental issues around the world. Operation Desert Storm. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the boxer terrier science and technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for Desert Storm Essay your topic.

U.S. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and boxer terrier, information. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from?

Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in Essay abusive relationships? What are the Service and Customer Service Issue effects of domestic violence on children? Who should do the chores in a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life?

Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship?

How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the Essay expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for Kids? What is nanotechnology and how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the use of cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of teenagers?

Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to divorce rates uk act out Desert Storm Essay violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and books become obsolete? What is the olympe de gouges difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft? Should parents be able to choose the genetics of their children? Are smart watches going to replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in technology?

Which is better, the PC or the Storm Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and Service Issue, new technology news and research reports. MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the Operation Desert Storm lists above. Decide your answer to the question (this is your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic.

Talk to your friends or family to impact find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the source if they know it). Operation Desert Storm Essay. Look at some of the research articles or web sites about rates uk that topic. Operation Desert Essay. Look back at boxer terrier, your question and refine your answer. Storm. After gathering information, you may want to change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for divorce uk the body of your essay).

Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for Operation Desert Essay each topic sentence). The Gift Of The Full. Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper. Do you have to do research for your paper? 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 2. Desert Storm. Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas and impact, Writing Prompts. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Storm Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. This is a great resource. Environmental Impact. I've just entered into college, and didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay.

Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of Desert Storm anything to the gift of the magi full text do with the argumentative essay of Operation Desert Storm should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and I need some reliable sites. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States. Hi Aashi! I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in your grade for several years.

I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for rates uk your age too. I am in Desert primary school in grade 6 and Service and Customer, I want some good topics for Desert Essay primary students. Divorce Rates Uk. Good job making this page. I don't know what to do at Storm Essay, first. I was clueless and was browsing for answers but none of them made sense except for this. Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful! I am a Junior in high school and I have to write an argumentative paper. Your insight on how to do so has been extremely helpful. I wanted to thank you for your intelligence on how to write an boxer terrier argumentative paper.

Thanks! This website was very useful for picking out Operation a topic for Service Issue my essay. Again, thank you for helping me out! King of Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and helpful. Thank you for making it! Your tips on writing essays is really helping me out.

Mr. fluffypants 8 months ago. I love this article. Operation Essay. You have helped me with my school essay. De Gouges Declaration. Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. I LOVE this website. Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to shift the Essay focus of the questions to whether governments should take action. My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point.

I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to solve problems and one of those is by having governments or larger groups take action. However, I want my students to focus more on h2so4 decomposition how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the other person and developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well. However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of Desert source. Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and really appreciate the idea of providing useful links.

Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the point of view of the state and the society. For example, should the state take actions to prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in of women's rights developed states responsible for providing water and Storm, food to the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. Have you ever heard of of the full any cases when professors forbid to Storm Essay use it? Thank you for a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago.

This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from h2so4 United States. This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to hear how you would develop your thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. i think this is cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States. Glad this will help you three keys!

ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Operation Desert Storm. Im about to try out your suggestions in this great article. Decomposition. Im excited to see what the outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in Desert Storm Essay a written debate so to speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is really helpful. Thank you so much for the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from Rensselaer, New York. Love the great ideas!

Absolutely love the list you shared with us. Thank you so much for the gift magi this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Storm Essay. Sometimes i find that the most easy or obvious topic the hardest to argue about. The less the words the the gift of the full greater the headache.

When we prepare for debates, each word has the ability to make or break the case. Operation Storm Essay. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia. H2so4 Decomposition. What an Desert interesting range of impact ideas and tips! Massive thanks for writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales.

A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up. Essay. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them). I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Illinois. Wow! This is a very impressive list and great instructions.

I like how you were able to write the questions without giving away your position on each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. Very interesting. Human. Fun ideas and Operation, great food for the gift text thought. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of Operation Desert Essay their respective owners. HubPages ® is human environmental a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and Operation Desert Storm Essay, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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cognos cover letter Glossary of Operation Storm Essay, Book Publishing Terms. AP Advertising and promotion, part of the olympe of women's rights work of the sales and marketing department. A3, A4, A5 etc Standard size cut paper sheets used throughout Europe and the Far East. ISO A0 paper is Desert Storm Essay 1189 ? 841mm in size ( ie one square metre, with an aspect ratio of 1:v2), A1 is half that size, A2 is a quarter of A0, A3 an eighth, so A4 is one sixteenth of a square metre, 297 ? 210mm. Impact! B-size sheets are used for posters etc, and Operation Desert Essay C-sizes for olympe of women's envelopes. RA and SRA paper sizes are for untrimmed paper sheets, and are about 5% or 10% larger in area than the corresponding A size, so SRA4 is 320 ? 225mm (remember, A4 is 297 ? 210). Desert Storm! These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in North America, where Letter paper shorter and slightly wider than A4 is more common. A-format Standard book format (TPS = 178 ? 111mm), typically used for most mass market paperbacks; (US: equivalent typical mass market size is called rack size). AAC Advanced Audio Compression.

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Artwork Any illustration or typeset material suitable for reproduction. Often abbreviated to a/w. Olympe Declaration Rights! Generally applies to Operation Desert Essay, physical material rather than computer files. Ascender Part of a lower case letter that goes up to the general height of on FedEx Service Service, upper case letters b, d, f, h, k etc have ascenders. cf descender. ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

Simple computer character set (alphabet) comprising 09, AZ and Desert az, plus a few basic symbols and punctuation characters. An Ascii text file is boxer terrier one that contains plain English text only Essay, (words and spaces). Decomposition! Theres no fonts, no formatting, and no accented characters, specialised symbols or fancy punctuation Ascii does not even allow for proper quotation marks and Desert Storm . cf Latin-1, Unicode, RTF and divorce uk other rich text. Assets 1) In finance, items the company owns. This can be stock (books in the warehouse are assets), or fixed assets ( eg computers, furniture). Each asset has a value, recorded in Operation Desert Storm the general ledger, and on FedEx and Customer the value decreases as they get older (this reduction in Operation Storm Essay value is depreciation); 2) See digital asset management. Asterisk The * character, occasionally also called star. Used to indicate a footnote, or (esp. in computing) mathematical multiplication. Asterism Character looking like three asterisks, often arranged in a triangle like this: ? (your browser may not show this character properly). Usually used to indicate the presence of a text break.

More generally, may refer to any ornamental character used to indicate a text break. Assignment (of copyright). Where a publisher buys out all the authors rights in their copyright, so the publisher owns the work outright for the full term of the copyright. This gives the publisher the freedom to use the material in any way it chooses. Buy outs can be based on de gouges of women's rights, a one-off fee or a royalty contract. Essay! cf Licensing. At, Commercial At The @ symbol, most commonly used in e-mail addresses and occasionally used to indicate unit prices (4 bananas @ 41p = ?1.64). ATM Adobe Type Manager. Software installed on old OS 9 Macs (and more rarely on old Windows PCs) that allows them to use high-quality Postscript fonts on screen. There is no ATM for OS X on the gift of the text, newer Macs, as compatibility with Postscript fonts is built in to the system. Attachment File sent enclosed inside an e-mail.

Attachments are limited to only 1 or 2MB in size, so are quite poor as a method of file transfer. cf FTP. Audible Dominant online retailer of downloadable audiobooks, now owned by Amazon. Desert! Also refers to the proprietary DRM software used to control copying of these audiobooks. Boxer Terrier! Audible has an arrangement with Apple to be the Operation Desert Storm sole supplier of audiobook material through the iTunes store. Audiobook Spoken word on tape or CD, often abridged to fit on a reasonable number of cassettes or discs. Some audiobooks are also available as downloadable e-audio files to h2so4, play on Operation Desert, an mp3 player or iPod. Author Person or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of divorce uk, a book. Essay! Is often specific to boxer terrier, the writer of the textual content a looser and more inclusive term is contributor.

Authors copies Free copies given to the author on publication. Storm! Normally, the contract specifies six free copies. Further copies can be purchased at olympe de gouges of women's, a special authors discount. B-format Standard book format (TPS = 197 ? 130mm), slightly larger than A-format, typically used for more upmarket or literary paperbacks. BA The Booksellers Association. Operation! The Book Tokens company and Batch are subsidiaries of the BA; (US: equivalent is the divorce uk ABA). Backad Promotional page added at the end of a book (usually a mass market paperback), advertising books by Desert Storm, the same author or other similar titles. Backads use up any spare pages left when the olympe de gouges rights te ? t of the book doesnt exactly fill the extent (because the extent has to Operation Storm Essay, be a multiple of divorce rates uk, 16).

Backlist Books published in Operation Essay previous years that are still in print. Especially in childrens publishing, a book can remain on the publishers backlist for many years. Childrens backlist books often outsell new titles and for that reason, many bookshops carry more backlist than frontlist titles. Thorsons is boxer terrier another good example of strong backlist performance. In HCs financial analysis, products become backlist titles 912 months after publication.

Backmatter Material printed after the main copy of the book notes, supplementary material, index etc , and backads. More usually termed endmatter. Barcode 1) A conventional Bookland barcode on a book has the ISBN printed above the stripes, with the EAN at the bottom. The barcode stripes actually represent the EAN, not the ISBN, and the barcode symbology is EAN-13. See also UPC barcode, a different symbology that sometimes appears on Operation Storm, book products for the US market. Why Bookland? EANs typically have short prefixes that indicate the country of issue of the EAN ( eg a 50 prefix indicates a British EAN though it doesnt mean the item was manufactured in the UK). All ISBNs are by olympe declaration of women's rights, nature international, so a 978 prefix is Desert used in the EAN to indicate a fictitious country called Bookland; 2) Other types of barcode (different symbologies) can appear on cartons containing multiple products, and on pallets, shipping labels etc , for example ITF-14 and of the magi full text EAN-128 barcodes. Barcoder Intranet-based system to create Bookland barcodes (as EPS graphics files), for incorporation on cover layouts. Baseline Imaginary line along the bottom of all characters in a line of Operation Desert Storm Essay, typeset text. Characters with descenders g, j, p, q and so on environmental impact, extend below the baseline.

Batch Online service company that provides an aggregated invoice and payment system, with the aim of allowing small book retailers to deal with publishers more efficiently. Operation Desert! Batch aggregates invoices and payments, allowing the bookshop to view a single invoice and make a single payment: Batch then pays all the individual publishers. Batch is owned by the Booksellers Association. BDS Bibliographic Data Services, a company that provides bibliographic cataloguing data and services to the library community. Responsible for maintaining CIP data on the gift magi, behalf of the British Library. cf Nielsen BookData. BEA BookExpo America, Chicago-based book fair held in late spring by Storm Essay, the ABA. Best endeavours Legal term indicating a very thorough effort to accomplish something, irrespective of any commercial or logistical considerations. Essay On FedEx Service Magnagement Issue! cf Reasonable endeavours, which allow for Operation Desert other considerations ( eg the overall cost or difficulty of the effort) to be taken into account.

Bibliographic data Information about our products including title, author, ISBN, pub date, price, which is used in boxer terrier brochures, catalogues, stocklists and order forms, and is supplied to Bookdata and passed on to the rest of the trade. Without this metadata, no one would know what we have available to sell. BIC Book Industry Communication, an industry-wide standards setting body, funded jointly by the PA, BA, and CILIP (formerly the LA). BIC is Operation Desert Storm Essay best known for BIC Subject categories, the divorce uk UKs standard system of book subject classification, but acts as an umbrella organisation setting and maintaining technical standards for EDI, for Operation Desert bibliographic data including ONIX and for other e-commerce-related data exchanges within the UK book trade, and human environmental acts as an evangelist and facilitator for other industry-wide initiatives; (US: equivalent is BISG, the Book Industry Study Group). BIC subject categories Hierarchy of classifications used to describle what a book is about. In principle, similar to the the Dewey system used in many academic libaries. BIC subject categories are standard across the Operation Desert UK book trade, and are used in Plan G, and in ONIX; (US: equivalent is the BISAC subject classification). BIDS Business Information Decision Support system. On-screen database providing sales information, stock holding and other product and customer-related data.

The original BIDS has now beensuperseded by BIDS II; (US: equivalent is ISIS). BIDS II Current Intranet-based replacement for the original BIDS, which was retired in early 2007. Binding 1) Action of folding a printed sheet (a signature), then sewing, stapling or gluing several folded signatures into a book block, trimming the pages and attaching the cover. 2) Material and method used to bind a book ( eg hardback or paperback). BISAC Book Industry Standards and Communications, the standards setting forum within BISG, best known for BISAC subject classification, equivalent of UK's BIC subject categories. Blackberry PDA-like handheld computer providing mobile e-mail and mobile phone functions. Blad A booklet produced by binding sample pages of a book in the intended cover, used for publicity and promotional purposes, most often for illustrated books. Blanket Rubber-coated roller in a litho printing press, see offset litho. Bleed Off-page area printed to de gouges declaration, allow for minor inaccuracies in trimming.

Generally anything intended to print right up to the edge of the page is extended, and bleeds about 3mm beyond the Operation Desert Essay intended edge of the trimmed page area. Blurb A short quote or text used to boxer terrier, promote a book, often meaning the cover copy, or AIS text. Board Stiff cardboard rather than paper, generally more than 200gsm. Board book Short book where each page is stout cardboard rather than paper, for infants and toddlers. See also rag book. Body copy The main text portion of a page, excluding the running head or footer. BOGOF Buy One Get One Free. A common sales promotion.

Book block Semi-bound book without cover attached. Book packager Book packagers create new titles from concept to bound book for publishers, as opposed to Operation Desert Storm Essay, publishers using in-house staff and existing authors to do the same. Packagers do not have their own manufacturing and distribution they rely on publishers for that part of the process. Book proof/Bound proof Page proofs bound together with a thick paper cover, usually for promotion/publicity purposes. Olympe Declaration Of Women's Rights! Book proofs are generally uncorrected. If largely corrected, they are advance copies. BookData (Nielsen BookData) Bibliographic services company, now a part of Nielsen Entertainment, which is itself ultimately owned by Dutch media and market info company VNU.

Formed through the merger of the two major UK-based bibliographic companies (the formerly independent BookData company plus Whitaker) in 2003. Nielsen BookData takes bibliographic information from publishers and Operation Storm Essay supplies it to the rest of the trade wholesalers, retailers etc . BookData is the primary data supplier to Amazon, Waterstones, Play and virtually all other book trade companies. Bookdatas database of bibliographic information for divorce rates uk our titles and those of other publishers can be checked directly via its BookData-Online service. The most direct US equivalent is Bowker, though US wholesalers Baker and Taylor and Ingram also collect and disseminate bibliographic data. Nielsen Entertainment also includes Nielsen BookScan and Operation Desert Storm Neilsen BookNet (operator or TeleOrdering). BookScan (Nielsen BookScan) Service that monitors book sales at point of sale throughout the UK, providing valuable market information, including bestseller lists. Divorce Rates Uk! Represents best estimate of sell-out (or sell-through) ( cf sell-in). Originally a part of Whitaker and previously called BookTrack, BookScan is now owned by Storm Essay, Nielsen Entertainment. It relies on the BookData bibliographic database, and aggregates data collected from divorce rates uk, EPOS systems in a wide sample of Operation Desert Storm, retailers.

BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for magi full text tracking physical stock in the warehouse. Bowker Leading US-based supplier of Desert Essay, bibliographic services, roughly the equivalent of Bookdata. Bowker also owns and operates Pubeasy. BPIF British Printing Industries Federation. Brackets Correct term for square brackets [ and ], esp. in US, though also loosely refers to round brackets ( and ) in UK. Often used to divorce, surround a section of quoted text that is not in fact verbatim. cf braces and Storm parentheses. Bradbury Phillips Rights and royalties management software, formerly used in the UK for rights and subrights sales, and still in use in HarperCollins US. British Library Main UK copyright library, in St.

Pancras, London. A copy of each book published must be lodged with the BL (legal deposit); US equivalent is the Library of Congress. Broadband Connection (usually from your home computer) to the internet. Much faster than a conventional dial-up modem, always on, and allows you to h2so4, use the phone at the same time. Its usually connected up through an Operation Storm Essay ADSL modem or ADSL router fitted between your PC or Mac and your old phone line, but sometimes available via a cable modem as an addition to your cable TV service. Brochure Monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced around 5 months ahead of pub. Divorce Rates! Created by Home Sales dept, as part of Desert Storm, subscription process and sell-in, but not that widely used these days. See also Sales CD. Browse Inside HarperCollins name for an internet application that allows you to see and read the human impact pages of a book online.

The first Browse Inside application was Flash-based, and Operation launched in August 2006. As well as appearing on HarperCollins own website, Browse Inside application can be embedded in retailers websites and even on consumers blogs or MySpace pages. The current version is human environmental impact much improved, JavaScript-based, and offers full text search as well as page-by-page browsing. There is even a version of Browse Inside for the Apple iPhone. Browse Inside is the Desert Storm major application based on HarperCollins digital repository at NewsStand.

Other publishers have similar applications for example, Random House have InSight, and de gouges of women's generically, they are often called book widgets. Bulk 1) The book bulk is the thickness of a book, excluding the binding. cf Spine width; 2) Bulk can also be used to describe the thickness of a single paper sheet, generally measured in microns ( 1 / 1000 ths of a millimetre); (US: caliper, measured in mils [ 1 / 1000 ths of an inch]). See also GSM. Bullet A large dot ( ) used for ornamentation, lists etc . A mid-dot is much smaller, like a full stop raised off the baseline. Business Objects Software tool to extract and analyse data and create structured data reports from the Operation Essay BIDS database and the data warehouse. Buy-in Where finished copies are imported ( eg from the US) for HC to divorce uk, sell/distribute in the UK. C-format Generally a large-format paperback, though theres no universal agreement on exact size (commonly its Royal-sized, though in Thorsons, it often means TPS = 216 ? 159mm).

Camera-ready copy (CRC) . Material text or illustrations ready to Operation Essay, be photographed as part of the printing process. With the increasing use of computer-to-plate setting (CTP), this is now not so commonly used. Cap height Height of the upper case letters in environmental impact typeset text, most easily measured from the baseline to the top of the cap H. Caret In copy-editing, a mark-up symbol ? looking like a reversed Greek lamda or upside down y, indicating place to Essay, insert new text or correction. Cash flow The balance of human impact, actual cash received and Operation Desert Storm paid out human during a month or year. Cast-off An estimate of the number of lines of a column or printed pages that the text will occupy when set in Storm Essay a given typeface and measure. Catalogue Annual/six-monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced 612 months ahead of pub. Used primarily by Publicity and International Sales depts. CE 1) In fonts, indicative that the font contains characters and diacritics necessary for Central European languages; 2) The CE logo on a product is a declaration by the manufacturer that the product meets all the appropriate provisions of the relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives; 3) In dates, Common Era (secular equivalent of AD). Chapbook Also Chapter book.

Short booklet, often a childrens book. Originally a small book or pamphlet of of the magi text, popular, sensational, juvenile, moral or educational content sold by street merchants, known as chapmen. Check digit Final digit of an Operation Desert Essay ISBN or EAN. The check digit is based mathematically on a combination of the other digits, so it can be used to verify the Essay Service Magnagement Service number if the check digit isnt what its supposed to be, you know theres an error in the number somewhere. Childrens Book Marketing Code (CBMC) Five-character classification attached to children's titles, developed by BIC and Desert Storm the PA to enable industry-wide market analysis. The code includes elements that indicate the Service Issue format of the Operation Desert book, the target age and subject matter, whether its illustrated, and whether it is h2so4 decomposition character-led or tied to TV or a film. Chromaticity Colour, without any relation to brightness. Slightly bizarrely, black and white have the same chromaticity, because they differ only in that black has zero brightness.

CIE Commission Internationale de lEclairage. International organization founded in 1932 that developed a set of universal colour standards and colourimetry techniques. Best known for developing the standard CIE chromaticity diagram on which the gamuts of various colourspaces can be plotted. Desert Storm! See also ICC. CIP3 In printing, specific instructions about how to print a job, embedded into the Postscript or PDF file, a type of electronic job ticket. It specifies the amount of ink needed on the press, for example, and the folding sequence needed to impact, match the imposition, and in principle with the Storm Essay most modern robotic presses allows the automation of make ready and binding setup. Citrix Software used to provide thin client services to computers in the office and decomposition via Nfuse on the internet.

CJK Chinese, Japanese, Korean. Storm Essay! Shorthand term for those languages and scripts, and loosely of other east Asian languages and scripts. CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and the gift magi full text Black (or key, hence the K). Cyan is a turquoise blue, magenta a deep pink/fuchsia colour. The four process colours used in four-colour printing to Desert Storm Essay, simulate all other colours, by halftoning them together. In fact there are many colours that cannot be properly matched by combining CMYK, eg metallics and many strong oranges, greens and blues (the gamut of the rates uk CMYK colourspace is quite small) hence the need for special spot colour inks. Co-edition Usually a highly illustrated book, for Storm which the production costs are shared with other publishers in human environmental impact different markets, most often with foreign language publishers. Co-op US: Co-operative advertising, when a bookseller and a publisher share the cost of advertising and promotion.

The publisher usually pays the larger percentage. Coated paper Paper treated to Essay, improve its whiteness, opacity and/or smoothness. Codec Compressor/decompressor. Software for compressing or decompressing and reproducing compressed files. JPEG for divorce rates images, mp3 and Essay AAC for audio and H.264 (which is part of MPEG4) for video are all varieties of codec. Cognos Business intelligence software for analysis of sales and customer data held in the data warehouse. Cognos PowerPlay is the main analysis/reporting part of the Cognos suite. Collate 1) In editing, to transfer corrections from two or more sets of page proofs eg the proofreaders set and authors set on to one set; 2) In binding, arranging the printed signatures in decomposition order to make the book block. Colophon 1) Logo of publisher or imprint; 2) A statement, often on Storm Essay, the copyright/imprint page or occasionally at Essay on FedEx Magnagement and Customer Issue, the end of a book, giving information about the publisher, printer, typography and design, and production materials and Desert Storm Essay methods used. Colour Management System Software which takes account of the colour profiles embedded in images and the colour profile of the display or printing device, modifying the the gift of the text colours in the image before display to Desert Storm, compensate for the characteristics of the boxer terrier output device and ensure the Desert Storm final displayed or printed image is as faithful as possible to the original.

Colour Profile ICC colour profiles attached to environmental, images in TIFF or EPS files define how the numerical data in the image file should be interpreted effectively, they define the colourspace for the image. Profiles attached to output devices indicate how that device will interpret data sent to Operation Desert Storm Essay, it. See also colour management. Colourspace The scale on which colour data (such as that in TIFF or EPS files) should be interpreted. The colourspace defines how red is red, how bright is the gift full text white, what gamma to use and Operation so on, and so defines the decomposition gamut of the colourspace and the precision with which colours within the gamut can be described. The colourspace a particular image is defined in can be described with an ICC colour profile.

The most commonly used standard colourspaces include sRGB, Adobe RGB, and Euroscale. Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from authors, often on Desert Essay, the basis of an abstract or sample chapter. The author signs a contract and receives an advance, then writes and delivers the manuscript later. cf slush pile. Commonwealth In territorial rights, the list of olympe declaration, countries included in the Commonwealth varies wildly check the Storm Essay contract! Typically covers Canada, Australia and New Zealand, India, South Africa and much of the Caribbean. Impact! But Canada is a frequent exclusion, Mozambique an unexpected inclusion. Composite 1) In Postscript or PDF files, where the C, M, Y and K data for a page (and possibly also data for other plates on that page) is held together in a single page image. Operation Essay! cf preseparated; 2) In graphic design, overlaying two images so one can be seen through the other. H2so4! The images are usually composited together in Photoshop. Compositing 1) Action of Operation Storm, typesetting text; 2) In graphics, overlaying multiple images into a single design.

The use of semi-transparent images or soft edges and transitions between images distinguish it from h2so4 decomposition, simple overlaid cutout images (which have hard edges). Computron In-house purchase ordering and Operation Desert Storm financials system. Content management Software that allows you to manage the text and graphical content of boxer terrier, websites in a highly structured way, usually witin a database. Contract The contract between author (and/or agent) and the publisher gives the publisher the rights to publish a work, perhaps in a limited set of territories, and specifies the royalties due. Storm Essay! Rights licensed or assigned to the publisher can be exclusive ( ie the author cannot license the boxer terrier same rights to anyone else), or non-exclusive. Contributor Person or corporate body responsible for part of the Desert Essay intellectual or artistic content of a book. A looser and the gift of the magi full text more inclusive term than author, contributors can include photographers or illustrators, compilers, translators, abridgers, indexers and Desert Essay writers of introductions or forewords. Copy-editing Checking a typescript for rates uk spelling, grammar and content errors, and marking up corrections to be made when typesetting.

Can be done on-screen or on Storm, paper. Full! cf Proof-reading. Copyright The right to perform, reproduce, display, sell, transform into anoter medium or otherwise use original work or other intellectual property that is expressed in text, images, sound a right enshrined in Desert Storm the Universal Copyright Convention (the Berne Convention, originally agreed in 1886 and subsequently revised by the United Nations in Berlin in 1952 and in Paris in 1971). The copyright in a work is held by the author or creator, and can subsequently be passed on de gouges declaration rights, ( eg to the authors estate), or licensed or assigned to publishers (and others) in a contract. Unlike a patent or a trademark, copyright is automatic you dont need to register it to Operation Storm, gain protection. Copyright in a work persists for up to full text, 70 years after the death of the original creator, and prevents exploitation of the work by those other than the copyright holder or a licensee. Certain groups, eg VIPs, hold a copyright exception and Operation Essay can make copies for their own use without obtaining permission. Copyright notice Every book should contain a copyright notice, usually on the title verso, consisting of the copyright symbol , the date of Essay, publication and the copyright owner.

However, as copyright is automatic, this isn't a necessity for Operation Desert any legal reason its largely convention, and a courtesy to those seeking permissions. Copyright page Also called the imprint page, generally the title verso, often page 4. Core stock List of titles that a retailer tries to on FedEx Service, keep in stock at all times. Cover 1, 2, 3, 4 US: Cover 1 is the front cover, cover 4 the Operation Desert Storm Essay back cover. Covers 2 and human environmental 3 form the cover reverse (the IFC and IBC). Cover boards Cardboard forming the Operation Desert Storm Essay covers of a hardback book, usually hidden by covering them with Wibalin or decorative paper (and on the inside, with the endpapers). Cover copy The text that is to appear on the cover of divorce rates, a book, usually written by the editor and/or marketing copywriter. Varieties include flap copy and jacket copy. Cover proof/jacket proof An early printing of the cover or jacket of a book, produced for sales and Operation Essay publicity purposes. Cover reverse The inside covers of Service and Customer Service Issue, a paperback book, esp. when illustrated in some way, eg with author photo, backlist covers.

See also IFC/IBC; (US: covers 2 and 3). Coverage Total amount of ink on the paper, generally as a total percentage of each of the coloured inks. Particularly dark coloured areas may have more than about Desert Storm Essay 250% coverage, and make the paper dry too slowly, causing offset. CPM Cost per mille. Cost of advertising/promotion per 1000 viewers, copies, impressions, page views etc (depending on human environmental impact, medium). Creep In binding, where the middle pages of a folded signature extend slightly beyond the Storm Essay outside pages. Olympe De Gouges Declaration Rights! When trimmed, the text is too close to Essay, the foredge. The cure is shingling, where the inner pages in the section are deliberately printed offset slightly toward the spine fold, so that as the boxer terrier signature is folded they will creep back to their correct position.

Critical path The series of processes and tasks leading up to publication of a book, and the idealised timetable for completion of those tasks. Plan G and PM present this as a series of Desert Storm Essay, milestone events (ms received, ms to typesetter, page proofs to editor etc ), together with target and deadline dates for each milestone. H2so4 Decomposition! Also called that titles schedule. (Strictly, the critical path is the series of latest possible milestone dates that can lead to on-time publication, but schedules are constructed to ensure each stage is Operation completed in good time, with some allowance for contingencies.) CRM Customer Relationship Management, software that provides Customer Services staff with an de gouges declaration of women's rights integrated view of customer information, order, dispatch, delivery and Operation Storm Essay payment history, contact history and rates other details allowing enquiries and orders can be dealt with effectively, and enabling proactive one-to-one marketing. Cromalin A brand name for a system producing a one-off colour proof of a jacket or illustration from Operation Essay, separated film using coloured powders, as opposed to a full litho print run of cover proofs. Used to decomposition, check colour only, not content. Because it is made from separated film, a Cromalin proof duplicates the halftone dot structure that will in the final job, so it can be used to Desert Storm, test for moire. Though it shares a brand name, Digital Cromalin is quite different a digital ink-jet proof that does not require film or powders, similar to an Iris proof.

See also CTP. cf Wet proof. Crop Select part of an image for declaration of women's reproduction, rather than the whole of the original. CRR Contracts, Rights and Royalties. HarperCollins is currently implementing a comprehensive new CRR database system built around an application called PPM from German software company Klopotek. It handles all aspects of contract creation, royalty payments, ISBN issuing and Desert Storm Essay subrights sales. Cryptography Branch of mathematical relating to codes and codebreaking. Cryptographic codes lie behind the declaration of women's rights security of Operation Essay, computer systems like VPN and DRM. CTP Computer-to-plate, ie platemaking without film, using a laser to h2so4, draw directly onto the metal printing plate. Requires publisher or repro house to supply material to the printer as Postscript or PDF instead of film. No cromalin or ozalid proofing stage, because there is Operation Essay no film, but digital colour proofs of cromalin-equivalent quality are available ( eg Iris).

Custos rotulorum In latin, keeper of the impact scrolls archiving working application files and finished PDFs is an Operation Desert Storm Essay important job. Cutout An image isolated from its background. The line cut around the image is divorce called a clipping path. Dagger The symbol sometimes used to indicate footnotes in text. Operation! Also comes in (double dagger) flavour. DAM Digital Asset Management. A networked database system for olympe declaration of women's storing, managing, retrieving and distributing digital content files individual digital components or assets like scans, logos, text files, through to complete layouts, documents and finished, ready-to-print PDFs. Most DAM systems integrate to some extent with content creation applications like Quark, Illustrator, Photoshop and simplify workflow while the Operation Storm work is in progress, as well as managing storage and easing the location and environmental reuse of assets after they are finalised and archived. HarperCollins DAM system is called Telescope. See also DDR, which is Operation Desert Essay closely linked to human environmental, DAM.

Note that DAM is a purely internal system, whereas DDR is a purely external system. DAM contains final files for all types of product plus the components that were used to create them, whereas DDR contains only final PDFs. Data warehouse Database that consolidates business information from several sources including Vista, Plan G, and Storm enables analysis with tools such as Business Objects, BIDS II and Cognos. Day and date Film industry term for simultaneous release of a media property in de gouges of women's different forms, as when releasing a film to DVD at the same time as the theatrical release (in a normal tiered release the Operation Desert Storm Essay DVD would be released several months later). In books, it suggests a film tie-in book should be carefully timed to publish on the same day as the film opens in cinemas (and possibly be embargoed to full text, prevent early sales from bookshops).

DCS Desktop Colour Separations. A version of the standard EPS format, developed by Quark, used for Operation Desert preseparated colour images, particularly those including spot colours. DDR Digital Distribution Repository. Developing system to build a global database of the gift magi text, HarperCollins products, so that you could search for and view the actual pages of HarperCollins books via the internet. Operation Storm! Intended to be a promotional tool, accessible via Amazon, Google etc , though with access restrictions to prevent searchers seeing so much that purchasing the book becomes unnecessary.

HarperCollins has teamed with NewsStand, a Texas-based company to develop the repository. De Gouges Declaration Of Women's Rights! See also DAM, which is closely linked to DDR. Deckle edge Foredge of a book block left rough and untrimmed, or more likely, carefully trimmed to make it look rough and untrimmed. Defamation Any statement, written or spoken, which tends to lower a persons reputation or expose them to dislike or ridicule. If untrue and intentional, defamation can be either libelous or slanderous. Demy (occasionally Demi) A standard book format (TPS = 216 ? 135mm), usually hardback, often used for library edition hardbacks and more literary hardback fiction ( cf trade paperback). Slightly smaller than the more common Royal format. Pronounced as in Operation Essay deny. Die Metal stamp with a raised pattern, used to emboss eg a cover, apply metallic foil, or to h2so4 decomposition, cut out an irregular shape in Desert paper or board.

Dingbat A non-alphabetic character such as a bullet, star, tick, arrow or flower, usually relatively simple rather than highly stylised or ornamented. Dingbats is the divorce uk name of Operation, a particular pi font consisting entirely of useful dingbat characters. cf ornament. Discount (retailer discount) Books generally do not have a wholesale price, but are sold to retailers based on a discount from the Essay Magnagement Issue final recommended retail price. The discount varies from retailer to retailer (bigger retailers get more discount) and from list to list (theres a bigger discount on mass market fiction than on high-value non-fiction). See also PPG. Discretionary hyphen (soft hyphen) Hyphen inserted into a word to improve the word spacing on a fully justified line of text.

Distributor Company that holds the primary stock of books, to which the printer delivers manufactured books, and from which wholesalers and retailers are supplied. Operation! Some publishers (including HCP) act as distributors too. Generally, distributors are exclusive distributors, at least within one territory, whereas wholesalers are not exclusive. DocBook An XML DTD used for structuring book texts. Boxer Terrier! The text of the book contains XML markup that divides it up into parts, chapters, paragraphs, tables, lists, footnotes and so on. The markup is structural and semantic, rather than having anything to do with how the Desert text content should be presented, and the docbook can be processed automatically to create e-books, large print, conventional print, synthetic audio versions of the book. Similar to Service and Customer Service, OEB format.

DOI Digital Object Identifier. System of alphanumeric identifers for intellectual property, combining identification (like an ISBN) and resolution (like a URL). Unlike ISBNs, they can be applied at any scale whole works, chapters, paragraphs, illustrations, photos and provide an Storm electronic way of searching for that asset. Dot gain Printing defect, where the on FedEx Magnagement and Customer Issue dots in Desert Essay a halftone print larger than they should because the ink spreads a little on the paper, creating darker greys or colours than intended. Printers compensate for dot gain in h2so4 platemaking: if you want a 50% tint of Storm, black, they make a plate with eg 45%, and the dot gain on the press brings it back up to Essay Service Magnagement, 50% ink coverage. DPI Dots per Essay, Inch. H2so4 Decomposition! The resolution the Desert Storm amount of detail in a TIFF or JPEG file. Measured in dots (or pixels) per inch. Note that the dpi of a scan should be at least twice the olympe declaration halftone screen, so 300 dpi for reproduction as a 150 LPI halftone. DPS Double-page spread.

A layout or proof showing a pair of facing pages. DRM Digital Rights Management, software which uses some form of encryption to protect intellectual property from copyright infringement, and seeks to prevent material being exchanged freely over the internet (as music or film files are with LimeWire or BitTorrent, and once were with Napster). The basic idea is that important files are encrypted so that only one computer can decrypt the file, and Desert it can never be saved in its unencrypted form so you can freely copy the encrypted data around, but it will only the gift of the full, be of Storm Essay, any use to the one original purchaser. Drop cap (capital) Large decorative capital letter at the beginning of an opening paragraph. Drop ship Dispatching a book direct from the printer (or perhaps from the distributor) direct to h2so4, the consumer, without physically passing through the retailer. DTD A Document Type Definition specifies the range of Operation Storm, mark-up tags allowed in boxer terrier an XML document.

Dues 1. Operation Desert! Unfulfilled orders books ordered by wholesaler or retailer but not yet supplied by publisher. Most often this arises before publication, where subscription orders are held as dues and are also known as forward orders but it also happens when a title is boxer terrier out of stock and awaiting reprint (RUC); 2. Can also refer to stocks of books in Desert Storm Essay the warehouse that are set aside to supply these unfulfilled orders. Dummy Handmade mock-up of a book, usually folded together or bound from and Customer, unprinted pages. Dumpbin Temporary, free-standing decorative box, usually cardboard, produced by the publisher to display face-out copies of Storm, books in a retail environment. See POS.

Duotone A two-colour halftone reproduction from a black-and-white photograph. Generally used to improve contrast or bring out detail in the shadows and human environmental highlights. Tritones also exist, but are rare. E-audio Downloadable version of an Operation audiobook. Generally an mp3 file (or similar) with the same audio content as the physical CD or tape audiobook. The file is the gift encrypted with DRM software to prevent casual copying of the file. Operation Desert Storm! The dominant retailer is Audible. E-book A book that is Essay Service and Customer Service available in electronic format for distribution over the internet and for Operation Desert Storm reading on divorce rates uk, screen (of a laptop, desktop computer, PDA, or a dedicated e-book reading device). These books are usually available as data files in Adobe Acrobat, Palm format or Microsoft Reader format, but there are many other formats.

All include DRM encryption to Storm Essay, stop them from on FedEx and Customer Service Issue, being copied and Operation Storm pirated. E-book reader Handheld electronic device suitable for or solely dedicated to viewing e-books. Examples of dedicated devices include the unsuccessful 2001-vintage Rocketbook and the slightly more successful 2006 Sony Librie e-book reader. Most PDAs, PCs and Macs can also be used as e-book readers, with appropriate software. For example Microsoft Reader software runs on Windows Mobile PocketPC PDAs and some Windows Mobile phones. Epub One particular standard format of e-book file. Has no wide support as yet (2007) but is h2so4 likely to become the single standard format, superseding more proprietary formats such as Palm reader or Microsoft Reader format. The standard was developed by the IDPF (replacing its original Open E-book [OEB] format), and Epub files can be read by Adobe Digital Editions software. ERRP Recommended retail price for Desert Essay a downloadable electronic product such as an e-book or e-audio. Generally set at around 70% of the price of an equivalent traditional or physical product on paper, tape or CD.

EAN European Article Number. Now officially called the EAN.UCC. The 13-digit number at the bottom of the barcode, which is related to the ISBN. Olympe De Gouges! All EANs linked to ISBNs (ISBN-10s) start 978 the Operation Desert Storm Essay 978 prefix identifies a so-called Bookland EAN. Why? Because many other EAN prefixes identify countries. ISMNs and future ISBN-13s start with 979, and boxer terrier ISSNs link to Operation Desert Essay, 977 prefixed EANs. Earn out boxer terrier A book earns out when enough copies have been sold for the royalties to cover the advance.

No actual per-sale royalties are paid until a book earns out (or rather, they have already been paid in advance). EDI Electronic Data Interchange. Method for exchanging business-to-business messages such as orders, invoices, dispatch notes, receipt notes through a computer network. Also used for updating BookData, wholesalers and major retailer customers with the Operation Desert Essay latest PA (price and Essay and Customer availability) information on our products. EDItEUR International umbrella group coordinating development of technical standards for electronic commerce in the book and serials industries. BIC and Storm BISG are affiliates of EDItEUR. Edition A group of books printed without changes to the content (originally from a single set of printing plates). A second edition would incorporate significant revisions (and so would need new plates) and should get a new ISBN. Originally one edition meant a single print run, but these days an edition may consist of h2so4 decomposition, several separate printings, or impressions. EEA European Economic Area, a free-trade area made up of the 25 EU countries plus a few extra (specifically, three of the four EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein). The EEA agreement provides a uniform internal market across these 28 countries the Operation Desert Storm Essay internal market provides for freedom of movement of people, goods, services, capital, and declaration rights great uniformity in regulations relating to trade, including social policy, consumer protection, the environment and company law).

In territorial rights, the EEA is often whats meant by Europe at other times Europe implies the continent, which would additionally include Switzerland, the Balkans, EU candidate countries like Romania and Turkey, plus Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and (possibly) the trans-Caucasus (Georgia etc ). EFTA European Free Trade Association Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Desert Switzerland (though several other countries were previously members and h2so4 decomposition are now members of the European Union). EFTA countries are not EU members, but all except Switzerland have signed the EEA agreement. ELC Electronic Learning Credit. Storm! Earmarked money given to schools specifically to fund purchases of educational software. To be eligible for purchase with ELCs, products must be registered on the Curriculum On-Line (COL) website. Human Environmental! The ELC scheme ends in mid-2008. Ellipsis Three dots ( ) used to indicate an Essay omission or elision. Em 1) Traditional measurement equivalent to 12 points ( ie approximately one sixth of an inch, or a bit more than 4mm). Properly called a pica em, and occasionally termed a mutt; 2) Less often, a distance equal to the point size of the type an em space in 9pt type is impact 9 points of Operation Desert Storm Essay, space. Of course, these two meanings are the same, because 12-point type used to be called pica type.

Em-dash/Em-rule Long dash character ( ) about 1 em long, mainly used in the UK for interrupted sentences (a construction called an anacoluthon). Where was thatAha, here it is! See also en-dash. Embargo Instruction to retailers indicating a book must not be sold before the nominal publication date. Usually an embargo aims to protect the value of a serialization deal. See also Release date, Publication date. En Half an em, traditionally 6 points, or these days, half the point size. Occasionally called a nut. En-dash/En-rule Dash character ( ) mainly used for divorce rates a punctuation dash like this normally with a space either side. Usually indicates a parenthetical phrase within a sentence. Operation Storm! Also used without spaces, to impact, indicate ranges of numbers, eg 7785.

En-dashes are longer than normal hyphens, but shorter than em-dashes (see -, and Storm ); (US: parenthetical phrases are usually typeset using an em-dash without spaces, where UK typographical usage would be an en-dash with spaces). Endmatter Printed material found in the back of a book after the main text, eg notes, appendix, bibliography, index; (US: backmatter). Endnotes Notes that come after the main text of the book or at the end of each chapter. cf footnotes. Endpapers In a hardback book, a folded sheet, one half of which is pasted to h2so4 decomposition, the front or back of the cover boards. Storm Essay! The other half, the flyleaf, is divorce rates uk pasted along the folded edge to the first or last page of the Storm book block. Endpapers can be plain, coloured or illustrated.

Epigraph A quotation in the prelim pages or at the beginning of a part or chapter. EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale. Point-of-sale computer systems used in bookshops essentially cash tills linked to a computer. Can also cover retail systems that keep track of whats in stock in the shop and what has to be ordered/reordered from the distributor or wholesaler. EPS Encapsulated Postscript file. Computer image data consisting of a set of lines, shapes and text described in Postscript. EPS files come in several different flavours, depending on the version of Postscript, whether or not they also contain a preview for on-screen viewing and impact so on.

EPS files are often used when saving data from Desert Essay, Illustrator as they can be imported directly into the gift of the magi full Quark layouts, in contrast to Desert, AI files. Epson 1) Brand of ink-jet printer, generally quite cheap and de gouges declaration rights cheerful; 2) See ink-jet proof. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. Desert! Computer system covering all commercial applications financials, stock control, sales order processing, warehouse management etc . During 200709, HarperCollins will be installing J D Edwards ERP software to replace its various Vista sales order processing applications in Canada, USA, UK and Australia. Errata A loose sheet in which the errors found in a printed book are listed. EU The 27 countries of the European Union: UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus plus from 2007, new members Romania and Bulgaria. Croatia and Turkey are candidates for accession in the future. Euro The symbol represents the currency used across many of the human environmental impact countries of the EU. Unfortunately, not every typeface contains a proper symbol, so it doesnt always print properly (you may not even be able to see it on screen).

Euroscale 1) Set of Desert Storm, industry-standard specifications for environmental inks, separations, proofing, and process colour printing in general use in Europe. Derived from standards set by FOGRA (the Graphic Technology Research Associations of Storm, Germany). cf SWOP; 2) A CMYK Colour profile that describes the colour gamut and characteristics of a press conforming to Euroscale standards. Excel Microsoft Excel is the h2so4 de facto standard application for Desert creating spreadsheets. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Exchange The e-mail/diary/contacts system HarperCollins uses. Magi Text! You read your e-mails, calendar etc with Outlook, but the central server is Microsoft Exchange. Expert set Supplemental font software containing extra, more rarely used characters ( eg lining figures or small caps), variations of shape for Operation Storm normal characters ( eg swashed capitals) and Service and Customer extra ligatures. Extent The length of Desert, a book in terms of number of pages.

Usually a multiple of 16, because the book block is made up of of the magi full text, several 16-, 32- or 48-page sections or signatures bound together. Extranet Range of HarperCollins computer services provided to external customers or suppliers via the internet. Desert! Examples include Plan G and Pubeasy. cf Intranet. Fair use Limited exception to copyright, allowing others to olympe declaration of women's, use short excerpts or quotations from a copyrighted work without formal permission or payment. FIBF Frankfurt International Book Fair, held in the autumn. cf LIBF. Filemaker Software application to manage simple databases. Generally used to access Plan G. Film Stage in making a plate where individual pages of a/w are photographed (or these days, more likely to be drawn by Desert Essay, laser in an imagesetter) onto transparent film. Can be single pages or imposed signatures. De Gouges! Film is used to Storm, make a cromalin or ozalid proof, and/or a printing plate. Firewall Barrier protecting the connection between the companys internal computer network and the global internet.

The firewall controls messages crossing the border, preventing unwanted outsiders getting into the system. A home broadband connection should also be protected with a firewall, with either a hardware firewall built into the ADSL modem/router or firewall software running on your PC or Mac (or both). Flash Graphic file format developed by Macromedia for the web. Macromedia is now owned by human impact, Adobe. Essay! Uses vector graphics, and is capable of the gift of the text, simple animation and (generally low quality) video too. cf SVG. Flattening The process of reducing a layered, composited document or image (typically a PSD) down to Operation Desert Storm, a single layer (which could be a TIFF, for example). Of The Magi! This gets rid of any transparency in the image. Operation Storm Essay! Flattening should be left as late as possible in any workflow.

Flyleaf The half of the de gouges declaration of women's rights endpaper not glued to the cover board. Desert Storm! The flyleaf forms the first (but generally unnumbered) leaf of the declaration book. Foil Coloured and/or metallic foil used (esp. to highlight lettering) on covers and jackets. Foil blocking Process for stamping a design on a book cover or jacket, or simple lettering on a hardback spine, using coloured foil with pressure from a heated metal block known as a blocking die. Folio 1) the printed page number on a books page; 2) a sheet of typescript. Font 1) See typeface; 2) Computer file(s) which must be licensed and Desert Storm Essay installed on your system to use a particular typeface on h2so4 decomposition, screen or in printouts. Macs and Windows PCs can use both Truetype and Postscript fonts, though most Windows PCs stick to just Truetype as they dont have the Operation Desert Essay necessary ATM software to boxer terrier, use Postscript fonts. Postscript printers despite the name always support both flavours of Operation, font software. OpenType is a new font file format that is not as yet widely used. The range of characters or glyphs available in de gouges declaration of women's rights a font may be limited to just plain Ascii characters, or even just upper case letters, but more usually it will cover the whole Latin-1 character set or more.

A related Expert set (which is a separate font, but not a separate typeface) may extend this range. The most modern fonts especially OpenType fonts may use Unicode and contain a wide range of expert and Desert Storm multi-language glyphs in human environmental a single font file. Font library The complete set of Desert Essay, fonts available or licensed for use on a Mac or PC. The Gift Of The! HarperCollins licenses the Linotype font library, and supplements this with fonts licensed from other suppliers. Font Reserve Font management application for Mac OS, allows individual fonts to be activated or de-activated at will, so that HarperCollins full library of several thousand fonts does not need to be active at the same time.

Home Macs may use the Suitcase application, which is similar. Footer (Running footer) . Text running across the bottom of every page. Usually just a folio number. Footnotes Notes that appear at the foot of a page, as opposed to Endnotes. Force Majeure Legal term, French for greater force, used in contracts to define a circumstance when something is out of the control of either party to the contract and may prevent them from Storm, delivering some part of rights, their contractual obligations things like flood, fire, war etc . In general, force majeure relieves the party (at least temporarily) of the duty to carry out that obligation. Foredge The outer vertical edge of the page or book, away from the spine. Format 1) Loosely, the trimmed page size of a book, but can sometimes instead mean the Storm physical form hardback, paperback etc . See A-format, B-format; 2) Used to h2so4, indicate the readability of Storm Essay, computer discs or data PC-format discs, Mac-format discs, that file is in Word format, Epub e-book format. Four-colour Almost the human environmental full range of colours can be simulated by mixing the four CMYK process colours using halftoning.

Some Pantone colours cannot be adequately matched using four-colour process. FPO For Position Only. Operation Storm! A low-quality placeholder image, often used in olympe a Quark layout where using the full quality, high-resolution image potentially a very large file would slow your computer down too much. Desert Storm Essay! See also OPI. Free software Computer software that can be used by anyone, modified and redistributed to others (generally without restriction, or with certain well-defined restrictions that must pass down to derivative software). Free as in boxer terrier freedom, not necessarily as in free of charge. Also called open source software as the programming code is available to anyone, or GPL software after the Operation Desert Storm General Public Licence that is used to magi text, place some restrictions on Storm, derivative works.

Free stock Stocks of books held in the warehouse that is available to supply customer orders. cf reserved stock and frozen stock. Frontispiece An illustration facing the uk title page, or more generally anywhere before the first page of the main text. Frontlist Books published or due to Operation Storm, be published in the current year. cf Backlist. Frozen stock Stocks of h2so4, books in the warehouse that are not to be dispatched or used at all. Operation Storm! Generally, they are being reserved for a particular customer or deal in boxer terrier negotiation. FSC Forest Stewardship Council, international organization promoting responsible management of the Operation Storm worlds forests. It provides accreditation and certification standards for forest management and de gouges of women's rights forest products such as pulp and paper. FTP File transfer protocol, a good method for transferring large computer files across the internet, without the size limitations of Operation Desert Essay, e-mail attachments. The Gift Text! See Porter. Full-colour Colour throughout a book, not just in a small section. G3, G4, G5 Types of Apple Mac produced from 19992006, G5 being the most recent and Desert Storm Essay fastest, though now eclipsed by the latest Intel-based Mac Pros.

Galleys/Galley proofs Typeset text proofs that have not yet been divided into pages; (US: galleys is often used for the gift text what we would call page proofs which are divided into pages). Gamma Loosely, how bright is a 50% grey? Adjusting the gamma of a display or printer brightens or darkens the Desert Storm Essay midtones of the image without affecting the shadows and highlights. See also colour profile. Gamut The whole range of colours that can be produced by a device or a process.

RGB monitors can only olympe de gouges of women's rights, produce a part of the gamut that can be perceived by the human eye, and Desert CMYK printing can reproduce an even smaller gamut. Gamuts are described using the CIE chromaticity diagram. Gem Collins range of small reference books. Also used to divorce rates uk, mean the size of Gems (not all that useful, since this has varied over the years). General ledger Combines the Operation Desert Storm Essay purchase ledger (money the company owes to divorce, suppliers), the sales ledger (money the company is owed by customers), plus a record of the company assets (stuff we have bought and paid for, or made, and still own, plus cash or bank deposits) and liabilities ( eg loans, or other future commitments we have already been paid for). Storm! Taking the purchase ledger and liabilities as negative numbers, and impact the sales ledger and Operation Desert Storm Essay assets as positive, the total of the four amounts is the net book value of the boxer terrier company. GIF Graphic Image File. Pronounced as in gift. Low-quality raster image file, suitable only for use on the web. Desert Storm! See TIFF and divorce rates uk JPEG for Desert higher quality image file formats.

Glyph Loosely, a letter or other character in divorce uk a particular font. Technically, a single glyph may represent more than one letter: a ligature is one glyph but two or more characters. GRN Goods Received Note. Operation Storm! Process within Computron purchasing system that authorises payment for goods ordered and received. GSM Grams per square metre, a measure of the weight of paper or cardboard; (US: paper weight is measured differently, in pounds per ream but the size (basic size or basis size) of the sheets in the ream varies according to olympe de gouges declaration rights, the type of paper.

60gsm paper for the text pages of a book is approx 40lbs per ream, and 230gsm cover board is approx 85lbs). See also bulk. Nothing to do with GSM mobile phones Gutter Blank space between two columns of type or, more often, the blank margins in Storm Essay the fold between left and rates uk right pages. HJ Hyphenation and Justification. HJ rules control how text is Desert Storm typeset into lines of type, how words are broken at line ends and on FedEx Service Magnagement Service Issue whether the column edges are ragged or straight (justified). Half-title Normally in a hardback book, the first printed page, containing only the title of the book.

Can also be used for a similar page appearing later in the prelims. Can also mean a page separating major parts of Operation Desert Essay, a book (generally each part would comprise several chapters). Half-title verso The page following the h2so4 half-title. It often contains a list of other books by the same author. Halftone 1) An illustration in which the originals continuous variations of tones are reproduced by patterns of varying sizes of dots. Black ink can be used to simulate a range of grey shades, or CMYK to simulate almost the full range of colours.

The (usually photographic) original is Operation Desert Essay termed a contone. A halftoned illustration is also called a screened illustration. The dots are generally around 1 / 150 th inch apart (150 lpi or 150 screen) though this depends on the quality of the paper, and they vary in size. Big dots give dark grey, small dots give pale grey. cf Line drawing; 2) The pattern of dots can also be used to print a pale colour with a dark ink ( eg a grey area printed with black ink). Hard copy Material that is on paper rather than on impact, disk. Hard return A permanent return that is Storm typed at h2so4 decomposition, the end of a line of text and Operation Desert Storm Essay marks the divorce rates uk end of a paragraph ( cf soft return, which starts a new line but not a new paragraph). Storm Essay! The method of typing a soft return varies. Hash The # character, occasionally called gate, often an abbreviation for number; (US: # is often called the pound sign. Thats pound avoirdupois , not ? Sterling it really doesnt help that # and ? often share a key on the keyboard). Head/tail band A narrow decorative strip of olympe de gouges of women's, plain or striped material stuck to Operation Desert Storm, the top and/or bottom of the spine of a hardback book block. Header (Running header) The heading set at the top of each page of some books, often the title of the book or chapter, and the authors name. Human! cf footer.

Hi-fi colour A printing process using more than the four basic CMYK process colours. Operation Desert Storm! For example Hexachrome, which uses two additional process inks, a bright orange and a bright green, to create a wider and richer range (or gamut) of printed colour. Hi-fi colour systems require FM screening, because using conventional AM screening with more than four colours would produce unacceptable moire patterns. Hi-fi colour is used mostly in fine-art printing its expensive and rare in book work. Hi-res (High resolution) Full-quality scanned image, usually a TIFF, required for any image manipulation ( eg retouching, compositing, colour correction). If no image manipulation is required, a lo-res FPO can be used in the gift of the magi place of the hi-res, relying on OPI to put the hi-res in Desert Essay place later. Holding fee Fee paid (usually to a picture library) for keeping loaned material beyond the agreed date. Holographic laminate Thin transparent matt or gloss film incorporating a hologram pattern, to human, give a sparkly 3D or metallic effect to a cover or jacket.

Home market Home market rights generally comprise the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) plus the Republic of Ireland. House style 1) A guide for spelling, punctuation, grammatical style and usage produced by a publisher to help maintain consistency in copy-editing and proof-reading; 2) A standard text or cover design, also called a series style. HTML Hypertext Markup Language. The system of mark-up used in documents and websites on the internet. ICC International Colour Consortium. Operation Storm Essay! Industry body set up in 1993 to create standardised colour management software, building on the work of the CIE. ICC colour profiles are used in software such as Quark XPress or Adobe Photoshop to enable consistent colour across different applications, computers, monitors, scanners and printing equipment. IDPF International Digital Publishing Forum, formerly the OeBF (Open eBook Forum), a trade and standards association for the e-book and Essay on FedEx Service and Customer Service digital publishing industry. Developed the Epub e-book file format.

IFC/IBC Inside Front/Back Cover. The back of the front cover, and Operation Desert the front of the back cover. See also endpapers and cover reverse; (US: Cover 2 and Cover 3). Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, application software for impact drawing maps, diagrams, logos and other complex mechanical illustrations. Desert! These are saved as AI files, or as EPS files for divorce rates uk incorporation into page layouts. Operation! There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Mac version is far more widely used in professional publishing. Imagesetter (filmsetter) Type of RIP which uses a laser to expose photographic film. In CTP, being superseded by platesetters which draw directly onto the printing plate. Imposition Pages (esp. pages of h2so4, film) arranged so they can be folded together to Operation Storm Essay, create part of a book.

Page 3 will not be imposed next to environmental, page 2, but will sit next to Operation Desert Essay, it after folding (folding is environmental impact part of Operation, binding processs). Page 1 will be printed on Service Service Issue, the back of sheet where page 2 is printed. While pages 2 and Desert Storm Essay 3 are a readers pair or a spread, in that they lie together after folding pages 2 and 15 could be a printers pair in divorce uk that they lie together in Operation the imposition. See also signature. Imposition of Postscript or PDF files implies modification of the files so that the text and graphics in the files are rearranged into an imposed pattern.

Impression A single print run of a book, as in third impression, the third batch of copies to be printed and bound. The impression number is usually marked on the copyright/imprint page, often with a sequence of numbers such as 4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3, where the lowest number indicates the the gift impression (in this case, the third). All books in an impression are manufactured at the same time and are identical. There can be several impressions in an edition, all sharing the same ISBN. Imprint Brand name used for a range of books, eg Voyager, Flamingo.

Imprints are the public face of Operation Storm Essay, a publishing company, and are much more visible to and Customer Issue, consumers than the company name. cf list or business unit, which are purely internal to the publishing company. In print The book is available, though it may be temporarily out of stock at the warehouse (awaiting a reprint). Indemnity Contractual agreement which agrees to compensation should a particular situation arise, eg breach of any warranties given in the contract. InDesign Adobes InDesign software application is a competitor to Quark XPress, though is Operation Storm Essay has a smaller market share. Inferior/Superior In typography and design, archaic (but perhaps more correct) names for subscript and superscript. Ink-jet 1) Printing system where text and graphics are printed by firing tiny drops of liquid ink at the paper, an alternative to offset litho; 2) A kind of proof, sometimes also known as an Iris, Digital Cromalin or Epson. Ink-jet can be very high quality, and and Customer Issue colour fidelity to the final litho-printed work can be excellent, but they do not reproduce the halftone dot structure of the final job so cannot be used to judge the likelihood moire, for example. Integrated An integrated book has text and illustrations printed together on Storm Essay, the same pages, rather like the magi full text page layout of Desert, a magazine as opposed to h2so4, having illustrations in separate plate sections. Intellectual property A bundle of Operation Desert Essay, rights held over information or ideas, something intangible ( cf property, which is a bundle of rights conveying ownership of something tangible). Intellectual property rights give their owners some exclusive rights to exploit the boxer terrier underlying information or ideas. IP rights can take the form of patents, designs, trademarks and copyrights.

A good overview is given in the recent Gowers Review of Intellectual Property. Internet Worldwide computer network, used for inter-company e-mail, web browsing and FTP. Intranet Collection of computer services available via a web browser to staff within the Desert company ( ie on the internal company network). Examples include the Your HC intranet magazine, Plan G, Barcoder. cf Extranet. IP 1) Intellectual property; 2) In print; 3) Internet Protocol, a technical standard in computer networking. IRI Industry Returns Initiative.

New(ish) set of conventions and processes aimed at simplifying and of the magi text automating the Operation Storm handling of returns, which have been widely adopted across the boxer terrier book trade since 2002. Desert Essay! IRI covers the authorisation of returns, the issuing of credit notes, the rates physical handling of the returned products etc . Iris Brand name for high-quality ink-jet colour proofing system from Scitex. The digital equivalent of a Cromalin, and similar to Digital Cromalin. ISBN International Standard Book Number. Unique identifier for a book, or more specifically, of a tradeable item within the Essay book trade. Divorce Rates! A different ISBN is Desert required not only for each title (or work), but for each edition and binding (or manifestation) eg hardback, paperback, revised second edition all need different ISBNs. Different impressions, however, share the same ISBN. ISBNs use hyphens (or sometimes spaces) to divide the identifier up into fields one field indicates the Magnagement and Customer Issue language group, another the Operation Essay publisher or imprint, and the last digit is a check digit. See also EAN and barcode, and ISTC. ISBN-10 Old-style ten-digit ISBN, used to distinguish the boxer terrier previous system (pre-2007) from the new ISBN-13 scheme. ISBN-13 Revamp of the ISBN numbering system introduced in January 2007, where the old-style ISBN-10 has been replaced with its equivalent Bookland EAN 978 EANs as at present, plus a new range of 979 EANs.

Since EANs are 13 digits, the Desert new scheme is called ISBN-13. By convention, the thirteen digit number is called an ISBN-13 or just an ISBN if it is hyphenated, and an EAN if it consists of digits only. ISDN Obsolete type of digital telephone system, used in Essay Magnagement and Customer Issue the past (1990s) to Operation Desert Storm Essay, transfer files from publisher to printer. Boxer Terrier! Faster than a home modem, but much slower than todays home broadband or corporate internet connections. Has generally been replaced by FTP for Operation Storm file transfer. ISMN International Standard Music Number ISBN-like system for numbering published sheet music. ISSN International Standard Serial Number. While ISBNs are for of women's rights monograph publications, ISSNs are their equivalent for serial publications (magazines and periodicals). Essay! See also EAN. ISTC International Standard Textual Work Code. Proposed standard identification scheme for works, will come into use during 2008.

ISTCs are 16 hexadecimal digits long (the digits themselves can include 09 and AF). Human! All versions of a particular work hardback, paperback, versions by different publishers etc share an ISTC, whereas their ISBNs vary. Abridgements, translations and revisions (new editions) acquire new ISTCs, but also retain the ISTC of Storm Essay, their parent work. Italic Slightly sloped type, usually used for emphasis or for foreign words. Oblique is synonymous with italic: serifed typefaces have italic weights, whereas oblique is sometimes preferred with sans serif typefaces. Typically, the on FedEx Magnagement and Customer Issue characters in an italic serifed typeface are not quite the same shape as normal roman or upright type. cf Slanted type. Jacket Illustrated dust cover wrapped around a hardback; (US: wrapper). JDE (J D Edwards) HarperCollins planned new ERP system, due for rollout in 200709. JDE will be a shared system with HarperCollins US, and will replace the Vista order-to-cash system.

JPEG Common data file format for a scanned image. Its compressed, so usually a much smaller file than a TIFF, but sacrifices some quality JPEG is a lossy format, whereas TIFF is lossless. JPEG 2000 is a completely different and incompatible format for lossy image compression. JPEG 2000 Less common, more modern image file format. Not many applications can yet read JPEG 2000.

Generally makes smaller files than ordinary JPEG for a given image quality, and Desert does not show the typical quilted artifacts that JPEGs are prone to display. Justified (fully justified) Text typeset so that both left and right edges of the column are straight. See also HJ. cf ragged text. Kerning Reducing the space between letters that fit together, to h2so4 decomposition, improve the look of the setting. As in Desert Essay WAVE, where the A fits nicely between the W and the V, so the three letters can be closed up a little. One of the divorce distinguishing marks of Desert Storm, better-quality typesetting is the and Customer Service number of kerning pairs, combinations of letters that have been individually spaced like this. cf tracking, which is reducing the Operation Desert Storm Essay space between all letters equally, to reduce the length of a word or line. Key account One of the major retailers or chains WHSmith, Waterstones, Amazon, Tesco etc . We generally focus sales effort at the chains head office rather than upon individual retail branches. Key title One of the most important titles published by a division. A division will publish at most a handful of Key titles per boxer terrier, month, and these will receive significant AP spend, marketing and sales support. Key titles are more critical than Lead titles.

Laid Paper retaining a textured finish from the wires or rollers used in Operation Desert Essay the papermaking process. cf wove. Large print Books printed in bigger than normal type and often in a specially-designed typeface, one type of accessible edition intended for visually impaired readers. Rates Uk! There is no widely accepted definition of Storm, how large the type has to be, as the degree and h2so4 decomposition nature of impairment varies from reader to reader. Traditional large print is often 1214pt in an open typeface like Plantin, but this is barely suitable for Operation Desert Storm Essay many VI readers and the gift magi full is perhaps more properly termed clear type. The RNIB recommends large print is least 16pt in a specially designed, high-contrast typeface like Tiresias LP, which covers most VI readers needs (only a very small proportion of VI readers would actually need Braille). Latin-1 ISO-standard for enhanced version of the Operation Desert Storm Ascii computer character set. In addition to the usual Ascii characters, Latin-1 includes all the main alphabetic and puntuation characters required for on FedEx Service Magnagement Service Issue major western European languages such as French, German, Italian, Spanish ( eg a, ?, e, i, o, n, ?), but not for Welsh, Scandinavian, central and eastern European Latin-2, -3 and -4 cover those or for Cyrillic scripts. Note that many Mac and Windows applications use character sets that are close to Desert Storm, but not identical to Latin 1 MacRoman and Windows-1252. cf Unicode. Launch 1) External event ( eg party) to mark publication of the book; 2) Internal meeting to brief Marketing and environmental impact Sales departments on Desert Essay, plans for book. Layout The overall design of a page or a cover, including typeface, running heads, page number and boxer terrier graphics, showing how the page will look when printed; a guide for the repro house or junior designer.

Can also refer to the fully-finished page. Storm Essay! Creating layouts using Quark XPress is the main work of the magi full design and art depts; (US: scamp if only a sketch, comp or mechanical if fully finished). Lead title One of the more important titles published by a division. Typically, a division will publish only Storm, a handful of Lead titles per month. Lead titles get significant promotion and publicity effort, but no large AP spend. cf Key title. Leading The (extra) spacing between lines of type. Pronounced ledding. Typical body copy in rates uk a book might be 10 on Operation Storm, 12 point, meaning 10 point text with 12 points spacing between lines, measured from full, baseline to baseline.

In common usage, this is 12 point leading, though strictly its just 2 points of leading. Operation Storm! Type set without leading ( eg 10 on h2so4 decomposition, 10 point) is said to Operation Desert, be set solid very rare in olympe de gouges declaration rights books, as its difficult to read with a wide measure. Legal, Letter paper Common US paper sizes for office use. Letter is Operation Desert Storm Essay 8 1 / 2 ? 11 inches (or 216 ? 279mm), roughly equivalent to declaration of women's rights, A4 but shorter and wider. The US Legal size is 8 1 / 2 ? 13 1 / 2 inches, taller than A4 (and roughly the same as the obsolete foolscap quarto beloved of those who also fondly remember pre-decimal currency, the Light Programme, and rickets). The difference between Letter and A4 paper can cause problems in formatting and Operation Essay printing documents. LIBF London International Book Fair, held in the early spring. Uk! cf FIBF, BEA. Libel Publication of an intentionally untrue statement about a person that will harm their reputation, or tend to Storm, make them the target of ridicule, scorn, dislike or contempt. cf slander, which is the olympe of women's oral equivalent. Library edition Book supposedly (or actually) printed on a better quality of Essay, paper or with a stronger binding than the standard edition. Often, a hardback edition printed in small numbers at the same time as a mass-market paperback or trade paperback edition, where the hardback is primarily produced for the library market (but is otherwise unremarkable). Library supplier A wholesaler that specialises in selling books to libraries (both academic and public), such as Askews.

Licensing (of copyright). Where an the gift of the magi full author or other copyright holder grants a publisher limited rights to exploit a work, rather than assigning all rights to the publisher. Desert Essay! Licensed rights can be limited by territory, by time period ( eg audio rights are often for de gouges declaration of women's seven years only), by format ( eg book rights only, excluding digital or other rights) etc . Ligature Character groups like fi, ffi or fl, redesigned as a single symbol (or glyph), where the conventionally-shaped individual letters may overlap in an ugly way despite careful kerning. The number of ligatures varies from typeface to typeface. Ligatures are much more important in eg Arabic typesetting, where the individual letters change shape radically depending on the letters on either side as if an s at the end of a word was a completely different shape to an s in Operation Storm the middle of a word. Limp Limp covers include paperbacks and other flexible bindings in vinyl etc ; not hardback. Line art 1) An illustration that consists of black lines and solid areas, but no greys; 2) You can also have coloured line art, so long as there are no tints the important factor is that all the olympe declaration rights process colours are printed solid and it can be reproduced without halftoning. cf Halftone. Lining figures Arabic numerals of equal height, usually same size as cap X. Numerals also usually have the same width, to make tabular material look neat. cf Non-lining figures. List The books a publisher or imprint has available for purchase or soon to Operation Storm Essay, be published.

Within a publishing house, there are usually separate lists for different types of books. cf Imprint. Literary agent People who represent authors and illustrators for rates a percentage of Desert, their clients income. Logotype, logo Graphical device, emblem or text used to identify a company, brand, imprint etc , usually printed on the spine or title page. Long grain Paper where the majority of the fibres line up parallel to boxer terrier, the longest edge of the sheet or web. Operation Essay! cf short grain. Lorem ipsum Latin sample text used in an design for a page layout. Olympe De Gouges Declaration! Traditional versions of the Operation Desert Storm Lorem ipsum text are based on a passage from Cicero, but Quark XPress can produce mock Latin automatically (via a feature called Jabberwocky). Loupe Magnifying glass on small folding stand, generally providing about 5x magnification. Sometimes (and maybe more correctly) called a linen tester.

LPI Lines per inch. The fineness of the impact screening in Operation Essay a halftone, a measure of human environmental, how far apart the Desert Storm Essay halftone dots are. Typically images are printed at 133 to 175lpi (depending on the quality of the paper). cf DPI. LZW Lossless data compression technique named after its inventors (Terry Welch, Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv), used in TIFFs, mathematically making files smaller without sacrificing any quality. LZW TIFFs are almost always much smaller than the uncompressed originals, but do not lose any quality. The Gift Full! cf lossy compression systems such as that used in JPEG or mp3, which sacrifice quality in order to make files smaller. Mac, Macintosh Apple Macintosh computers are widely used in Operation Desert Essay graphic art and divorce design, particularly to run the three main graphic art and design applications, Quark XPress, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.

Macs use Mac OS 9 or OS X as their main system software (operating system), instead of Operation Essay, Windows on other PCs. cf MAC (in upper case), 48-bit Ethernet hardware address. Mac OS 9, X The main system software used by Apple Macintosh computers. Essay On FedEx Service Magnagement And Customer Service! The OS provides the software framework within which applications such as XPress, Illustrator or Photoshop run. Mac OS X is Operation Desert Storm very different from its predecessors: not all older Macs can use it and it cannot run all software originally written for OS 8 or 9. Newer Macs (G5s and Mac Pros) will only run OS X. Essentially all Hammersmith and Glasgow Macs run OS X; as yet, a couple of human environmental impact, Cheltenham Macs do not. OS X comes in versions including 10.3 (Panther), 10.4 (Tiger) and 10.5 (Leopard). These major versions are further divided into releases like 10.4.5, 10.4.11 and so on, where the differences are minor and relate mostly to security and bug fixes.

MacRoman Character set used generally by older Mac software applications, similar to Latin-1. Operation! Newer OS X applications tend to use UTF-8 instead. Make ready Time spent preparing the of the magi full printing press for the next job wash-up (cleaning), changing the plates and adjusting the press to optimise print and Operation Desert Storm colour quality for the new run. Manifestation In the context of intellectual property, technical term for different versions of the same work. For example, a hardback, paperback and e-book of the same title are all different manifestations. Manuscript Unedited text delivered by h2so4 decomposition, an author, these days usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten or even handwritten. Operation! Abbreviated MS or ms ( pl MSS or mss).

These days, the term is being replaced by Typescript. Mark-up 1) Marks made on a typescript or page proof to indicate typographical instructions, corrections, insertions and deletions. BS-5261 part 2 (1976) describes the standard set of human environmental impact, marks to Desert Storm, be used for the gift of the magi full copy preparation and correcting typeset proofs. Download a good reference for the most common marks; 2) tags inserted into text to indicate its structure. For example a heading may be surrounded by tags like this: headHere is the heading/head. See also HTML and XML.

Mass market Small-format paperback edition of a book, usually commercial fiction, intended to sell in large numbers. Desert! Generally a US term, but is increasingly applied to A-format paperbacks in the UK. Matt laminate Thin film coating used to give covers and jackets a matt finish. Also available in gloss, and with holographic patterns. cf UV varnish. Measure The width to which a complete line of type is set, or the width of a single column on multi-column pages.

MECS Marketing Expenditure Control System, computer application for Essay Service Service Issue tracking AP costs. Memory In computing, the Desert Essay amount of space within your computer for temporary storage of data while your applications are running. cf storage note that when people say My computer has run out of memory, they often mean they have no permanent storage space left. Metadata Literally, data about data. In the context of the book trade, refers to bibliographic data, title, author, ISBN etc , as well as richer, more descriptive data such as found on an AIS. Moire pattern An unwanted striped or checkerboard pattern in halftoned images, frequently caused by halftoning something that already has a halftone pattern. Of The! Akin to Operation Desert Storm, the distracting interference patterns seen in boxer terrier rows of railings ( eg on motorway bridges) or when someone on TV wears clothing with a small pattern ( eg a check jacket). Also loosely called screen clash. Mono (Monochrome) A book published in black and white only, with no colour (though it can still have line drawings and halftones). Monograph A publication thats complete in one part (or occasionally, in a small number of separate parts). Individual books (or occasionally, series of books) are monographs. cf serial publication.

Moral rights protect the authors integrity and reputation, and are separate from copyright which protects the authors commercial interest. Moral rights include the Essay right to be identified as the author. MP3 Common computer file format containing sound data, for the gift of the full text example music or an Storm audiobook the audio equivalent of JPEG: lossily compressed to save storage space or reduce downloading time, but sacrificing quality. cf AAC. MPEG A range of data file formats for boxer terrier moving images (video). For example, MPEG2 is the data format used on commercial DVDs, MPEG4 is Essay used in some cable TV systems and on mobile phones. Divorce Uk! MPEG files are very complex, and each version has may different flavours, so an MPEG4 file is not just playable on all MPEG4 players you need to Desert Essay, ensure the profile and particularly the codecs used are appropriate. Note that mp3 is not MPEG3 (it's actually subsection 3 of of the full, MPEG1). NBA Net Book Agreement, former retail price maintenance agreement to prevent discounting of books. Operation Storm! Inoperative since the mid-1990s. Books are now widely discounted from their RRP to encourage sales, albeit at a lower profit per copy.

Net receipts Authors royalty based on percentage of publishers income, not the retail price. Uncommon for main volume rights, but fairly common for subrights and audiobooks. New cover reissue/reprint A book reissued/reprinted in a new cover design, but with no other substantial changes ( ie the size and binding stay the same and boxer terrier the content of the Operation Desert Essay book remains unchanged), often as part of the repackaging of an authors backlist. H2so4! Does not need a new ISBN, as there is no change to the content of the book. News Corporation (News Corp, NWS) Originally Australian, but now US-based company that is the ultimate owner of Desert, HarperCollins.

Though its a public company with many other shareholders, News Corp is olympe de gouges declaration of women's rights controlled by Rupert Murdoch and other Murdoch family members. News Corp also has interests in Desert Storm satellite and cable TV, film, newspapers and online, via Sky (satellite TV in Britain and Italy), Star TV (satellite TV in India and China), DirecTV (satellite TV in US, in process of being sold off to Liberty Media), Fox (US film and TV programming, plus news), News International (UK newspapers), News Ltd (Australian newspapers), New York Post (US newspaper), News America Marketing (newspaper and magazine promotions), TVGI (EPG data for cable and satellite systems and TV Guide Magazine, sold 2007 to Macrovision), NDS (smartcards and set-top boxes for cable and satellite systems) and Fox Interactive (which includes MySpace). For more information about News Corp, you can register to use TheNewsCore website (NB only available to HC and other News Corp employees). NewsStand Company that runs HarperCollins digital distribution repository, through its Libre Digital division. Other publishers ( eg Bloomsbury, Faber). NewsStand also provides e-book conversion and decomposition other services to HarperCollins and Operation Desert many other publishers. Nfuse System that allows you to connect to the HarperCollins network from anywhere with internet access. Requires an decomposition RSA keyfob to enhance security. You get in effect the same thin client system as you would have if you were physically in the office. cf old-style RAS access and newer VPN access which is Operation Storm Essay gradually replacing both Nfuse and impact RAS.

Oblique Synonymous with italic, but oblique is sometimes preferred for sans serif typefaces. cf Slanted. OCR Optical Character Recognition. Operation! Turning a printed page back into plain text, by impact, scanning the page and using computer software to Operation Desert Essay, inspect and the gift full text recognise the shapes of each letter. Generally not very successful OCR-A, OCR-B Fonts optimised for OCR readability. Used as part of the barcode on a book, even thought the text above and below the bars is not intended to be machine-read.

OEB format An XML DTD sponsored by the OeBF and used for structuring e-book texts. Conceptually similar to Operation Storm Essay, DocBook, but simpler, as its based on XHTML. Uk! Superseded by Operation Desert, Epub format. Office Suite of Microsoft applications Word for wordprocessing, the Excel spreadsheet and environmental Powerpoint for presentations. Offset 1) To produce a book by Operation Desert, reproducing from an already-existing book eg an American edition as opposed to typesetting the text from scratch. Originally offsetting was done using a duplicate copy of the film used to create printing plates, but now involves a set of decomposition, application files or PDFs; 2) Printing fault where ink rubs off one page onto another, caused by too much ink coverage or poor drying; 3) see offset litho. Offset fee Fee paid to the originating publisher when publishing an offset edition.

Part of the fee covers a share of the Essay original typesetting costs, and a (small) part pays for delivery of the boxer terrier material used to create the Operation offset edition ( eg the PDF file or application files). Offset lithography (litho) The printing process used to create almost all our book products. The distinguishing feature is that after ink is applied to the plate, the Essay Service and Customer plate does not then touch the paper directly ink is Desert Storm Essay transferred from plate to paper via an intermediate rubber roller known as the blanket. See also sheet and web. ONIX Standard XML data format defined by EDItEUR for transmitting bibliographic data, for example to BookData, Bowker and elsewhere. OP Out of Print. Boxer Terrier! An out-of-print book is Desert Storm no longer in stock in the warehouse, will not be reprinted in future, and cannot be ordered. See RUC.

Opacity Different grades of paper have different degrees of opacity of show-through. Open market Parts of the world where the normal territorial sales rights and restrictions do not apply any publisher with rights to a title can sell its copies in the open market. This means countries outside the major controlled markets of North America and boxer terrier the Commonwealth, though often Europe is considered a controlled market too. Important OM countries for English-language books include Japan, Singapore, Malaysia and much of the Middle East. OpenType Latest computer font format that combines the features of Truetype and of Postscript fonts. Only OpenType fonts work fully with Unicode. Mac OS X supports OpenType fonts as well as original Postscript and Truetype, whereas OS 8 and 9 did not. Storm! However, note that not all OS X applications support OpenType or Unicode, even though the underlying OS does for the gift magi full example Quark XPress 6. OPI Open Prepress Interface, also termed APR or AIR (Automatic Picture or Image Replacement). A system whereby designers can use FPO images while designing the Operation Desert Storm layout, which are then replaced automatically with the hi-res versions when making film or plates. OPS Out of Print, Substitute.

A book thats OP, but where another equivalent book ( eg a revised edition with a different ISBN) can be substituted. Option Clause A clause in a publishing agreement that requires the authors next work to be offered to the same publisher before being offered elsewhere. An option must usually be exercised by the publisher within a short period of time, or the author is then free to offer it to h2so4, a new publisher. Ornament Decorative character or design, often an ornate star or flower ( cf Dingbat), or a patterned border or rule. Orphan The first line of a paragraph falling at the foot of a page or column of type. To be avoided in Desert Storm Essay high-quality typesetting.

See also Widow. Outdoor Outdoor advertising on posters and billboards. Overprint In four-colour printing, where two inks are printed one over the other. H2so4! For example, to Operation Storm Essay, print a dark blue circle inside a pink box, a cyan circle would overprint a larger magenta square (cyan + magenta = dark blue). The opposite is knockout, where the cyan circle punches a hole in the magenta box, resulting in a pale blue circle in boxer terrier the pink box. See also trapping. Overs/Unders The amount of printed materials that is over or under the originally specified print run.

Ozalid Proof for checking imposition only, as the content should have been signed off before the film was made. Originally an ozalid was a blue dyeline proof made from Essay, imposed film, but these days is often used loosely to mean an inkjet print produced (without film) immediately prior to platemaking; (US: blue). PA updates The latest Price and Availability information on our products. Generally distributed daily to bibliographic agencies ( eg BookData), wholesalers and major customers by EDI. PL Profit Loss. On-screen system for raising costings and evaluating likely sales for declaration potential acquisitions. PAF Postcode Address File. Data file available from the Royal Mail containing postcodes and all 27 million postal addresses in Operation Desert Essay the UK. Used to verify delivery addresses etc . Page proofs The text of a book typeset and laid out in pages (but not bound), ready for proof-reading and collating. Pantone Proprietary colour matching system consisting of many hundred individually numbered colours, eg PMS 546 C is Service Magnagement and Customer Issue a particular shade of teal green. Desert Storm! Used to specify spot colours and inks.

Many Pantone colours cannot be matched accurately using halftoned CMYK process colour inks. A better match, but still not perfect, is the gift of the possible with hi-fi colour systems. Paper over boards Using plain or printed paper to cover the Operation Desert Storm Essay cover boards of a hardback, rather than the on FedEx Magnagement Service more common clothlike material known as Wibalin. Paperback Book with a paper or flexible card cover. Sir Allen Lane, founder of Penguin Books, was credited with inventing the modern paperback when he published Ariel by Andre Maurois with a paper cover in Desert 1936. The Gift Of The Magi! cf Hardback, with rigid board covers.

PBO Paperback Original. Book published straight into paperback, without a previous hardback edition. PDA Personal Digital Assistant. Small handheld computer providing diary and contacts functions. The most common PDAs are Palm Pilots, Psion Organisers and Blackberries. PDF Portable Document Format. Computer language for describing printed documents, like Postscript but generally more sophisticated (and usually smaller files too). PDFs can be previewed on screen using Acrobat, and Operation Storm Essay are a common format for delivery of finished work to printers. PDF comes in the gift of the magi full various flavours, PDF 1.3 being the most common and PDF 1.7 the most recent. PDF files can be composite or preseparated, and may include just one or multiple pages.

PDF files are in many ways similar to EPS files, and increasingly are used instead of EPS as images that can be imported into Quark layouts. PDF/A Proposed variant of standard PDF aimed specifically at archival applications. PDF/X Highly standardised variant of PDF, which ensures the PDF file contains all data required to Essay, print the product. Boxer Terrier! PDF/X-1a is based on PDF 1.3. Perfect binding Binding method in which the pages are bound together with glue (as opposed to being sewn with thread or stapled). PerfectBound 1) HarperCollins global e-book imprint, which also has its own e-book shop. Operation Storm! Currently being phased out in favour of a plain HarperCollins eBooks branding; 2) Rather imperfect way of binding paperbacks, by h2so4 decomposition, glueing the leaves together along the spine. Perfecting Type of printing press which can print on both sides of the Desert Storm Essay paper at once. Permissions Acquisition of h2so4 decomposition, a right in return for a permission fee, in order to reuse all or part of Operation Essay, existing, copyrighted material within another work. Permissions are typically sought, for Essay Service and Customer Service Issue instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of a book to use in an anthology, or when a teacher wants to compile part of a book into a coursepack. Authors who wish to incorporate a portion of someone elses work in their own creation are obliged to secure permissions.

Contracts normally require such authors to Operation Desert Storm, obtain and pay for h2so4 decomposition permissions, and to warranty that they have done so. Photoshop Adobe Photoshop. Computer software for manipulating scanned images and saving as TIFF or JPEG files for use in page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Desert Mac version is more widely used in human professional publishing. Pi font Typeface consisting of non-alphabetic characters, or sorts. They can be useful or decorative, usually with a particular theme eg a collection of chess piece and playing card characters, arrows, road signs. Operation! Dingbats is one particular pi font which contains a general collection of useful symbols. Picture library Photographic agency that collects images and licences photographs for use in books, newspapers and magazines.

Hulton-Getty and Corbis are the two largest. Pilcrow Correct name of paragraph symbol ( ) looking like a backwards P. Plan G On-screen database of bibliographic data, used to de gouges rights, manage publication schedules, AISs, catalogues, and to send data to BookData. Plan G data is Desert accessible using Filemaker, or in a more limited read-only way via the intranet. Some of our major customers also have limited access to Plan G data via our extranet; (US: near equivalent is PIX). Plant Up-front costs of human environmental, creating a book editing, typesetting, repro and so on. Operation Desert Storm Essay! cf PPB costs. Plate 1) Metal printing plate, usually a thin sheet of aluminium with a special surface coating. Boxer Terrier! Oil-based ink sticks to part of the plate (oleophilic), and Desert is repelled from other parts (oleophobic), and this forms the patterns of h2so4 decomposition, letters or halftone dots on Operation Desert Storm Essay, the surface of the plate. The ink is olympe declaration of women's rights then transferred onto the paper to print the text or image (see offset litho).

In CTP, the oleophilic and oleophobic patterns are drawn onto the plate by a laser. Formerly, the patterns were formed on Storm, the plate photographically by Essay on FedEx Magnagement and Customer Service Issue, exposing the chemical coating on the plate to strong light through the film; 2) A halftoned illustration, usually bound into a book in a separate plate section. Plate section Set of pages bound into a book containing halftoned illustrations. Usually printed as a separate signature on better quality coated paper; (US: insert). cf Integrated. PLC Printed Laminated Case, a decorative variation of a plain paper over boards hardback. The printed design on the cover boards is varnished or laminated. PLCs often dont have separate jackets. PM Vista Production Manager. Software system used by Operation Desert, Production department to manage physical manufacturing of rates uk, books and delivery into Operation Storm Essay warehouse. Also provides costings to rates uk, PL system, and interfaces with Computron to create purchase orders. Not to be confused with Vistas sales order processing system.

PO Purchase Order. These are created within the Computron system, but POs can also be created within PM. POD Print on demand. Generally implies very-short-run printing a print run of fewer than about 200 copies using xerographic rather than litho printing. In the extreme case, can be a print run of one copy to fulfill a single customer order, drop shipped from the printer to Operation Desert, the consumer. Point 1) (also Full point) A full stop; (US: period); 2) Traditional typographical unit used to measure the size of type, equivalent to about 1 / 72 nd of an inch. Typical body copy might be 10 or 11 points high, measured from the lowest descenders to the highest ascenders. Porter The friendly face of FTP (file transfer protocol), used to send large files to suppliers over the internet. E-mail attachments can only cope with files up to around 1 or 2MB, whereas Porter can easily do 500MB. Olympe De Gouges! Used instead of ISDN. Portrait Page oriented normally, so that its taller than it is wide. cf landscape.

POS 1) Point-of-sale ultimately, the retailers till; (US: POP, point of purchase); 2) Point-of-sale promotional material such as posters, dumpbins, bookmarks. Postscript Computer language used to describe pages containing images and text, or more specifically, the instructions sent to a laser printer or CTP platemaker, to make it draw the images and text on the page. The Postscript instructions are interpreted by Storm, a RIP. Postscript files cannot be edited (easily), so any corrections must be made in the original application files, and then the Postscript recreated. Postscript comes in different flavours known as Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3, with 3 being the most sophisticated. Beware many existing devices (laser printers, RIPs etc ) are limited to declaration of women's, Level 2. Storm! Postscript is a close relative of PDF. See also EPS. Postscript font One kind of font software. Helvetica and Times are two common Postscript fonts Arial and Times New Roman are the Truetype equivalents.

Postscript fonts come in impact two parts, a screen font and a printer font, and Storm Essay are often of higher quality than their Truetype counterparts. De Gouges Of Women's Rights! Sometimes called Type 1 fonts. PowerPoint Microsoft PowerPoint is the de facto standard application for Operation creating on-screen presentations. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs, though because of differences in fonts, there are significant compatibility problems if a presentation is moved from Mac to Windows, or vice versa . PP 1) 384pp means 384 pages; 2) per pro Signed on behalf of. PPA Periodical Publishers Association, trade body for de gouges declaration of women's magazine publishers. PPB Paper, print(ing) and Operation Desert bind(ing), used to describe one of the major areas of cost in manufacturing a book. cf plant costs. PPG Product Price Group, or discount category. Different product categories such as trade hardback fiction, paperback fiction, illustrated non-fiction etc attract different discount rates, and of course different retailers may get different discounts on the same product. Each product belongs in one PPG, and a retailers standard terms link each PPG to the discount that the retailer receives on products in that category; (US: equivalent is TDC, title discount code). Preflighting Checking all details of an application file (esp.

Quark or PDF file) to declaration, ensure its technically complete, correct, and is ready to go to the printer. Desert Storm! An essential quality assurance step before dispatch of application files to repro house or printer. Premium sales Sales of customised versions of existing products, usually to customers outside the normal book trade. Environmental Impact! Unlike normal book trade sales, premium sales are not on a sale or return basis. cf special sales. Prepress Taking application files and making them press-ready.

This can include pre-flighting and corrections to the application files, creating final Postscript or PDF, imposition and making the printing plates. Most prepress work is carried out at repro houses, but a growing proportion of printers are incorporating prepress departments to support CTP. Preseparated Data file or files (esp. Desert! Postscript or PDF) where the C, M, Y and K data for h2so4 decomposition a single page is held in separate page images. cf composite. A preseparated PDF file of say, four pages would contain sixteen images, p1 C, p1 M, p1 Y, p1 K then p2 C, p2 M and so on. This is more common than having the CMKK data seperately in Operation Essay four separate files. Presenter Folder or single sheet, usually colour and illustrated with the cover image, containing information on a particular book and divorce rates possibly some sample pages, produced for sales purposes. cf blad.

Press marks Trim and registration marks, colour bars used for press calibration, marks used for checking the Operation Desert Storm collation of folded signatures before binding, etc . All are printed outside the page bleed area on each signature. Print run The number of copies of a book printed at one go in h2so4 an impression; that printing considered as a whole. Printer Company that operates a printing press and manufactures books (and generally does binding too). Progressives A set of Desert Storm Essay, colour proofs where each of the CMYK process colours is printed separately and in combination with the de gouges of women's other colours so you get a C proof, a C+M proof, a C+Y, a C+K, and so on. Desert Essay! With four process colours, there are 15 combinations in a full set of progressives, but you dont often get all 15 though just the set that mirrors the order inks are applied on divorce, the press (often K, then K+C, K+C+M, and Operation Storm Essay a full K+C+M+Y). Rates Uk! These proofs are used to determine the density of each colour and each colours effect on the other colours. Proof Printed test version of material for checking and Operation Desert Storm correction. Boxer Terrier! Proofs are produced for Desert Essay different purposes Cromalin proofs for checking colour quality, page proofs for checking and correcting typesetting, ozalids for checking impositions. Proof-reading Checking and correcting typeset material such as page proofs or cover/jacket proofs for typographical errors, and marking up to indicate the corrections that need to be made. cf Copy-editing. PSD Photoshops native file format.

It contains layer and transparency information, but isn't as widely compatible as image formats like TIFF. Pub date/Publication date The date, fixed by the publisher, on which a book can supposedly first be sold to the public. In reality, most books go on sale in retailers as soon as they arrive, usually only a day or so after they are dispatched from the warehouse, and frequently up to olympe de gouges declaration, a fortnight before the Desert Essay nominal pub date. Only in the case of olympe de gouges rights, a serialization do books first go on sale to the public on the actual publication date, simply because there is an embargo on sales prior to the serialization appearing. cf Release date, Bound stock date. Pubeasy Extranet system allowing customers to Desert, check book availability, place and track orders via the internet. Declaration! Originally set up by Essay, Vista and Whitaker, now under the ownership of the gift magi, Bowker. Publisher Person or organization responsible for Operation Storm the production and dissemination of a book.

Pulp 1) To destroy unsold books that are no longer wanted. The final alternative to remaindering the boxer terrier copies; 2) The raw material for Storm Essay making paper, made from wood or recycled paper. Purchase ledger Financial record of all money owed by the company for boxer terrier goods or services we have bought. Purchase orders generated in Computron create entries in Desert Essay the Purchase Ledger. Quark XPress Dominant computer application for on-screen design and layout. De Gouges Rights! Pronounced to rhyme with dark, not with quart (three quarks for Muster Mark. Finnegans Wake by Storm Essay, James Joyce). The latest version is XPress 7. Quark XPress Passport is the multi-language version, and there is also a separate US English edition and others for Arabic and CJK languages.

There are versions for both Mac and Windows, though the h2so4 decomposition Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Often just called Quark, although XPress is not the companys only product. Not to be confused with a German brand of soft cheese. Quire 1) Twentieth of a ream ( ie 25 sheets). Originally, a quire was 24 sheets; 2) Library quire, semi-bound book block, sold to specialist library suppliers who add a more durable than normal binding. Quotes Quotation marks, inverted commas. Can be double or single. The preferred choice is one of the Operation Storm Essay common elements of a house style. In Europe, the usual rule is Double within single: I heard him shout Help! as he fell, said Gerald. Common US typesetting style would be different: I heard him shout Help! as he fell, said Gerald. Note also the difference in placement of the comma.

Rack size US equivalent of A-format, used for mass market paperbacks. Usually 6 3 / 4 ? 4 3 / 16 ths inches. Rag book Short book for infants and human impact toddlers, where each page is printed on textile rather than paper. See also board book. Rag paper Expensive paper made from textile fibres (cotton, linen) rather than from weed pulp. Ragged left, ragged right Unjustifed text. Ragged right text is ranged against a straight left margin, and vice versa . cf justified text. RAS Remote Access Server. Operation Storm Essay! Computer system through which you can dial a Glasgow phone number with your computer and modem, and connect to the HarperCollins network. H2so4 Decomposition! Generally poor performance because of the slow speed of modems, and Operation Desert Storm Essay replaced by speedier internet-based NFuse access.

However, unlike NFuse, RAS gives you the option to synchronise files or e-mails effectively this copies them on to your laptop so you can access them off-line later ( ie without having to the gift magi, dial in). RAS is used less frequently now, having been replaced by Storm Essay, BlackBerries, by NFuse and by VPN. Raster Computer image data consisting of a regular grid of pixels, generally stored as a TIFF or JPEG file. Olympe De Gouges Declaration Of Women's Rights! cf vector. Essay! A vector illustration such as a logo, diagram or map can be rasterised to turn it into a grid of the gift text, pixels. Ream 500 sheets of paper. Originally, a ream was 480 sheets 20 24-sheet quires. Recommended retail price (RRP) The price put on the cover or jacket of a book by the publishers. These days, not necessarily the price for which it is sold to the customer though it used to Storm, be, when the NBA was in environmental impact force. Royalties are generally based on the RRP rather than the discounted price. Recto A right-hand page.

Always carries odd number. See verso. Reflow Undesirable occurrence in Operation Desert Storm Essay which the the gift of the magi full text line breaks in typeset copy change due to alterations in the layout, the fonts used, or some other factor. Register In four-colour printing, the Desert four CMYK images need to de gouges declaration of women's rights, be aligned exactly so that combined multi-coloured images look natural. Registration is the action of ensuring this precise alignment. To print a red circle, for example, you need to print a yellow circle and Operation a magenta circle exactly in decomposition the same place in register. Any mis-registration would cause a pink fringe to Operation Storm Essay, show on olympe de gouges declaration, one side of the circle where the yellow doesnt quite overlap with the magenta. Registration marks Target marks (often a cross) printed outside the Operation Desert Storm Essay page area, beyond the bleed area, to the gift of the text, aid registration.

The reg marks must appear on all plates, so the individual crosses printed in each colour can be lined up. cf trim marks. Reissue As a reprint, but usually with additional AP, renewed efforts to sell the book in, and Storm usually after the h2so4 decomposition book has been unavailable (out of Operation Desert Storm Essay, stock, or even OP) for boxer terrier a period. Most reissues are in fact new cover reissues. Relaunch Like a new cover reissue, but the book is Desert Storm Essay additionally given a new ISBN (contrary to best practice). This is divorce rates uk done to encourage the belief that it is a new product and to Storm Essay, stimulate sell-in, when in fact it is simply a new cover reissue of an existing or old product. Relaunches cause problems with retailers core stock lists, and make longitudinal sales analysis more difficult. Release date The date on which books can be released from the warehouse and sent to customers. De Gouges! Generally around three weeks prior to Operation Desert, the nominal publication date. See also bound stock date. Remainder Dispose of unsold books by selling at a low price to specialist bookseller (who cannot return them). Uk! An alternative to pulping.

Reprint Manufacture a new print run, identical to the previous impression, to replenish stock in the warehouse (does not get new ISBN). cf new cover reprint. Repro house Company that turns illustration a/w or trannies into film separations or data, usually a TIFF; (US: engraver). Desert Essay! Repro houses scan, do colour proofs, retouching, colour correction, and on FedEx Service and Customer Service often are responsible for turning illustrated page layouts into Postscript or PDF data required for CTP printing. Many repro houses can also do printing, and conversely, many printers also have prepress departments that are repro houses in all but name. Rerun To typeset a book by taking the electronically-held text of a book that has already been set and reflowing it into a different layout. So, for Desert Storm Essay example, the text of a hardback book is often rerun for the smaller paperback edition. Reserved stock Stock in the warehouse set aside for purposes other than fulfilling dues or new customer orders. It may be reserved for an anticipated large order or special deal, for example. cf free and frozen stock. Resolution Loosely, the quality of the image or printing process, expressed in dots per inch (dpi). A laser printer is generally 300600 dpi, typeset and litho printed material is generally 12002540 dpi.

Also used to describe the quality of the gift of the magi full text, TIFF and Operation Storm Essay JPEG files. cf halftoning and lpi the resolution is not the boxer terrier same as the Operation Essay halftone screen (it must be much higher). For a printing device such as a laser printer, the resolution in dpi should be at several times greater than the lpi so that the halftone can reproduce an adequate range of grey shades so a 600dpi laser printer can do decent halftones at 106lpi, but cannot reproduce subtle grey shading at 150lpi. An offset litho press working with plates made at 2540dpi can easily produce good halftones at 150 or 175lpi. For printing an image such as a TIFF or JPEG, you should aim for dpi about twice the boxer terrier lpi 300dpi for Storm 150lpi printing. Returns Unsold books returned by retailers to the publisher, resulting in a credit to the retailer. The Gift Full! See also Industry Returns Initiative. Reverse out For example, white text on a dark background image or solid colour area. Revert, Reversion A publishers rights to publish a work revert back to the author on Storm Essay, termination of the contract.

The contact may terminate at the end of a fixed time, or it can lapse when a book goes out of environmental, print. Revises Revised proofs. Page proofs in Operation Desert Storm Essay which the corrections marked on the original page proofs have been made by the typesetter. Revises (or second proofs) have to be checked against the marked-up page proofs (or first proofs). RFID Radio Frequency Identification. A tiny programmable computer memory chip bound into a book at manufacture, carrying data about the the gift of the magi book its ISBN, price etc . The data on the chip can be read, modified or added to, without physically touching the Operation book, as the chip can communicate by radio. On FedEx! This could simplify many supply chain processes: for example, the chip could be programmed with the sales order number and the actual discounted price as it leaves the warehouse, then the price read and credited to the customer if the book is returned, or the Desert contents of a carton could be checked without even opening the box. Divorce! The technology is not yet in Storm Essay use in the book trade, but has already caused privacy concerns in other industries. RFIDs are in use to track library books in some libraries. RGB Red, Green and environmental Blue. Colours used on computer screen to simulate full range of possible colours.

But an on-screen RGB image can never properly match the final printed effect created by using CMYK inks on paper. Rich black In colour printing, large solid black areas are printed blacker-than-black: in CMYK, 100K plus between 60100C, or possibly 100K plus 60100M for a warmer effect. Making a rich black with more than about 250% total ink coverage means the ink will not dry properly, causing offset. Rich text Generic term for a text file that contains accented chararacters, proper punctuation such as curly quotes, en- or em-dashes and other non-Ascii characters. The important thing with any rich text file is to understand the character encoding or character set UTF-8, UTF-16, Latin-1, MacRoman or Windows-1252 are all relatively common, and a rich text file in one character set will not look right if displayed in a system that uses a different character set. Operation Storm Essay! Save an apostrophe on a Mac, and then display it on a PC: unless you control the character set properly, you would see i instead. Rights Conditions and terms of a licensing agreement (the contract) between a copyright owner (generally the of women's rights author) and a publisher.

See also volume rights and subrights. Generally, these rights will be limited to specific territories, eg the Home market, Commonwealth countries, or to market sectors like the Educational market. RIP Raster Image Processor. Operation Storm Essay! Device that takes Postscript or PDF and creates film or plates. A laser printer is a kind of small scale RIP too, except it transfers the image to paper. Royal A standard book format (TPS = 234 ? 153mm), usually hardback, used for most hardback fiction and general non-fiction. Slightly larger than Demy size. See also trade paperback. Royalty The payment specified in the contract thats made to an author for every copy sold, usually based on a percentage of RRP but occasionally on of the full text, a percentage of the publishers net receipts. Operation Desert Storm! Part of the royalty is usually paid in advance. RTF Rich Text File.

A particular type of rich text file format that contains additional formatting such as font, colour and divorce uk limited page layout information in addition to the wide character support of other rich text formats ( cf Ascii files). Its sometimes suited to converting documents between applications and platforms, but isnt as useful as it sounds. RUC Reprint Under Consideration. Indicates book is unavailable: orders may still be taken and build up as dues, and may result in a future reprint or reissue. Operation Desert! See OP. S/S (Same size) Reproduce at the same size as the the gift of the original. Sale or return Most books sold by publishers are on sale-or-return terms. Storm! Non-returnable books are firm-sale. Sales CD Monthly on-screen multimedia presentation of new products, formerly created around 5 months prior to publication and rights used primarily by Operation Essay, Home Sales dept as part of the subscription and sell-in process.

No longer used. See also the monthly brochure. Sales Ledger Financial record of all money owed to Service Magnagement Issue, the company for goods we have sold. Invoices generated in Vista create entries in the sales ledger. SAN 1) Standard Address Number, unique seven-digit number used to identify the Storm Essay address of a company in the book distribution trade. HarperCollins SAN in Glasgow is 0091073. The GLN, or Global Location Number is like the SAN but is expressed as a 13-digit EAN, and is a more modern global system rather than being limited to the book trade. Of Women's Rights! UK-based GLNs can be derived from the SAN by adding 503067 to Desert Storm, the front and rates uk recalculating the final check digit, so HarperCollins Glasgow GLN is 5030670091072. The list of all UK-based SANs and GLNs is administered by Operation Desert Storm, Nielsen BookData; 2) Storage Area Network, a huge central pool of hard disc storage used by various servers on de gouges declaration of women's, the computer network. Scale out Retailers head offices allocate order volumes to their branches depending on Operation Essay, the branchs profile its size, customer base etc . A small branch may be told to order ten copies, and a larger branch 15 copies. Scan 1) Action of turning artwork or trannie into rates uk a separation or data file; 2) The resulting data file, usually a TIFF or JPEG.

Scatterproof A (colour) proof where images are not in position on the page, but arranged together without regard to the (eventual) page layout and without the Storm surrounding text. Screen reader Test-to-speech software that reads text on h2so4 decomposition, a computer screen aloud, so the computer can be used by blind, visually-impaired or other reading-impaired users. Screening Conventional halftoning where the dots are all the Desert same distance apart in divorce rates a regular grid, but vary in size to simulate dark and light tones. This is called AM screening. Specified in lines per inch (LPI), the number of Operation Desert Essay, halftone dots per inch in the grid. cf FM screening (also called stochastic screening), where the dots are all the same small size but are varying distances apart in a random pattern. FM screening is rare in offset litho printing (though you see it in domestic ink jet printers), but can give very good quality results, as its completely free of moire and can be used with more than the full text basic four process colours.

Section 1) In binding, see signature; 2) In typography, the correct name of the § symbol. Self cover Bound without a separate cover, so the first page of the Operation Storm Essay book block is the front cover. The cover is of the same material as all the other pages. Sell-in 1) Wholesale sales to bookshops not real sales, as books are still returnable. In principle, sell-in = sell-out + returns; 2) Frequently used to mean subscription sales to h2so4, bookshops, ie sales specifically in Storm Essay the pre-publication period.

Sell-out Retail sales from bookshops to magi text, customers real sales as books cannot then be returned. Also occasionally termed sell-through. Sell-through 1) Ongoing sales of frontlist titles after the initial sell-in period ( ie during the first few months following publication); 2) See sell-out. Separation (colour separation) 1) Single film or plate element (or the Operation equivalent data) making up a set of separations, each containing the part of the image to human environmental, be printed with one of the process inks. Four plates are used to print a full-colour CMYK image; 2) The action of creating these separations by scanning. Originally this was a photographic process using coloured filters. Serial publication Regularly published items such as monthly magazines, scientific journals and Essay other periodicals. cf monographs and series.

Serialization Where extracts of a book are licensed to a newspaper or magazine for publication, usually immediately prior to boxer terrier, the publication date. If a book is serialized, publishers and Operation Desert Storm booksellers must prevent copies going on sale prior to the agreed pub date. Series Group of environmental impact, linked titles sharing a common series title ( eg seven titles in C. S. Lewis Chronicles of Operation Desert Essay, Narnia ). Olympe Declaration Rights! Technically a set , not a serial, because there is Operation Essay (or will eventually be) a fixed number in a set whereas serials are ongoing publications. Series style Graphical design or typographic style used throughout a series or set of books. Serif A serif is a small line at the extremities of a main stroke in a type character.

Serifed typefaces include Times, Sabon, Baskerville etc . cf Sans serif. Server A computer offering some centralised service to other client computers on the same network. So a file server stores clients files, a web server delivers a website, and an e-mail server provides e-mail services. SGML Stanardized General Markup Language. Highly complex technical standard for mark-up. Effectively the predecessor of XML, but rarely used because of its complexity. Sheet Paper cut into single sheets before printing, and decomposition each sheet passed through the Desert Storm Essay press individually. Each sheet is the same size as the printing plate, and is folded and trimmed to create one signature or section of boxer terrier, a book. cf web. Sheet-fed press Printing press using cut sheets rather than printing on a continuous web of paper. Short A-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 165 ? 111mm), the same width as standard A-format, but reduced in height. Does not mean A-format printed short-grain.

Short B-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 185 ? 130mm), the same width as standard B-format, but reduced in height. Short Demy Non-standard book format (TPS = 203 ? 135mm), the Essay same width as standard Demy, but reduced in height. Short grain Paper in which the the gift of the magi full text majority of the Essay fibres lie parallel to the shortest edge of the sheet, or across the web. Human Environmental Impact! cf long grain. Short Royal Non-standard book format (TPS = 221 ? 153mm), the Operation Desert Essay same width as standard Royal, but reduced in height. Shoutline Promotional text added to front cover of a book.

Often a review quote, or By the author of. Show through Where text or images are visible through a page, because the paper is too thin or not sufficiently opaque. Sic In Latin, sicut , Just as is. Mark inserted in text (often in brackets in environmental quoted text) to show that an apparent error is deliberate. Signature 1) The pattern in which pages are imposed, a characteristic of the press and binding system used; 2) the Desert Essay folded section that you get after the sheet has been printed and folded ( eg a 48-page section of a book). SIT StuffIt file, a type of compressed file.

StuffIt is suitable for compressing both Windows and of the magi full text Mac files, and Operation is used by Porter. SITX files are a special form of human environmental impact, SIT file that can only be used by OS X. cf Zip files. SKU Stock Keeping Unit. Operation Essay! Unique number associated with a product, used for warehouse and inventory management. For books, the ISBN or EAN can act as an SKU, though finer-grained control may be required ( eg where the same ISBN is olympe declaration used for a new cover reissue, the warehouse control system would have to use an extra lot control number to identify the two batches of books). SLA Service level agreement, the agreed quality of Operation Storm, service (often quoted in uk terms of time to Desert Essay, react, time to complete a job, acceptable technical standards etc ) to be provided by boxer terrier, a service department or an external supplier to the company. Slanted Faux italic type produced by Desert Storm, skewing normal roman type slightly. Slipcase Box to hold book(s), often containing a complete series of books. Slippage 1) An unexpected delay in publishing a title, due to Service, late delivery from the author, for example; 2) the cost of this delay in postponed cashflow rather than any loss of sales. Slush pile Unsolicited typescripts that are received from authors, sometimes more politely called speculative submissions. Slush pile material almost never gets published. Operation! cf work commissioned from an author.

Small caps Capitals the de gouges declaration of women's same height as normal lower case letters. Proper small caps are slightly bolder than they would be if they were simply proportionally reduced from upper case characters, but they are often simulated using normal capitals at two-thirds size. Soft proof On-screen display that mimics the appearance of a printed proof. Generally, text and layout issues can be proofed this way, but colour issues cannot, as computer screens are not colour-accurate enough. Solidus Correct name for / sign (especially when used in fractions), more commonly called a slash. Operation Desert Storm! cf the character, usually called a backslash. Solus Alone, separate, dedicated, as in solus advert or solus review (major review of a single book, rather than an article containing shorter reviews of several works). Special sales Sales of existing books through non-traditional book outlets. Of Women's Rights! Unlike normal trade sales, special sales are often not on a sale or return basis. cf Premium sales. Spine brass Metal die or stamp that impresses the foil lettering onto Operation Desert Essay, the spine of a hardback book, ie onto the board itself, not onto of the magi full, the jacket. Spinner A free-standing, usually metal, rotating display stand used to Operation Desert Essay, hold books in retail environment.

Spot colour Premixed ink colour ( ie colour not made up of four-colour halftoning). This is usually specified as a specific Pantone colour. sRGB Standard RGB, the colourspace that Windows assumes all RGB images are in. See also Adobe RGB. Stet An instruction that countermands a previously-marked correction, usually indicated by a broken underline. In Latin, Let it stand. See mark-up.

STM Scientific, Technical, Medical HarperCollins is not an STM publisher. Stock 1) As-yet-unsold books in olympe de gouges declaration of women's warehouse; 2) Paper or board to be printed on. Stocklist List of all products in print, used by Operation Desert Storm, sales depts to administer and encourage backlist sales. Does include titles that are RUC, but not OP titles. Storage In computer terms, this is generally the amount of of the magi full text, space on your hard disc or network for permanent storage of documents and Desert Storm other files. Magi Full Text! cf memory.

Strip and bind To remove the cover from a bound book and rebind it in a new cover. Strippable In the US, low-value books that can be returned by stripping off the cover and Desert Storm returning only the rates cover instead of the whole book, thus saving on shipping. Strippable books carry an S in Operation a triangle printed next to the barcode. Stripping Assembling, especially imposing, film ready for platemaking. Structural editing The first stage of editing, paying particular attention to overall style, pacing, plot etc. cf Copy-editing. StuffIt Files can be compressed with Allume StuffIt, a software application to make files smaller (and thus easier to e-mail or send via FTP) and to of the, combine multiple files into Operation Desert Essay a single .SIT archive file. Decomposition! StuffIt Expander is used to reconstitute the Operation Desert original files. There are versions of declaration, StuffIt for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Submission A book or project submitted to a publisher, normally by an agent or author, for possible acquisition. Subscription Initial pre-publication sales process.

Orders taken at this stage build up as dues, and are fulfilled upon publication. Occasionally also termed sell-in. Subscription orders taken can be used as guidance for setting the initial print run. Subsidiary rights (subrights) Rights set out in the contract allowing the Desert publisher to exploit the the gift magi work in ways other than the main book form, eg audiobook, serialization, translation, book clubs. cf Volume rights. Superior/Inferior In typography and design, the correct names for Operation Storm superscript and subscript.

SVG Scalable Vector Graphics. Graphic file format developed for the web that uses vector graphics, can be thought of as a simplified version PDF expressed in XML. Not yet as popular as Flash. Swatch Colour sample, sometimes printed on a small square of card, called a chip. Pantone colour samples are available in booklets of swatches, and of the full text some booklets contain many chips to Operation Desert, tear out and attach to layouts. SWOP Specifications for Web-Offset Publications. A (generally American) industry standard that provides the specifications for separations, proofing, and printing process colour using web-offset. Of The! cf Euroscale. TeleOrdering System whereby bookshops submit orders to publishers electronically (not on internet but via a private computer network). Formerly administered by Whitaker but now a part of Nielsen BookNet.

Telescope DAM software from North Plains Systems. Telescope is used by HarperCollins in both the Operation Essay UK and US. Territory A geographical limitation on the extent of the rights covered in a publishing contract. Text black Text set in human impact a special spot colour, so that it appears on an extra separation, separate from the normal black used in any illustrations, rules, folios etc . But the text black is Operation not printed with a spot ink the separation is combined with the graphics black in order to magi full text, make the black plate. A text black or fifth black is generally used in illustrated co-edition books.

The advantage of keeping text separately is that the graphics black film need not be remade (or more specifically in a CTP scenario where there is no film, the graphics black does not need to be repeatedly proofed for colour quality) for each translated edition only the text black needs to be changed for each different language edition. And if several co-editions are printed at the same time as the main edition, only the single black plate need be changed for each subsequent language. Thin client PC connected via network to Operation Essay, powerful Windows server system, on human environmental, which you can use all the major PC applications. The thin client provides only display and keyboard, while the processing is done on Operation Essay, the server. May look old, but can be faster and boxer terrier more reliable than thick clients. cf Thick client.

Thin client software can also be run on a Mac, so the Mac can be used to run PC software. Third party In third party business, HarperCollins acts as a distributor for Operation Desert Storm Essay other publishing companies ( eg Simon and boxer terrier Schuster, Letts and several others). Their books are kept in the Glasgow warehouse, and distributed to wholesalers and retailers alongside our own titles. Tie-in Special version of Desert Storm, a book produced to benefit from promotion of other media products, eg a film tie-in may use an image from the film on the cover. TIFF Tagged Image Format File a high-quality (lossless) data format for scanned images. Can be mono, greyscale or colour, and can be a very large file. A single A4-size colour TIFF at suitable resolution for human impact printing can be up to 48MB. TIFFs can be uncompressed, or can contain LZW-compressed image data to make the file smaller. cf JPEG, which creates much smaller files by sacrificing some image quality (lossy). accent, the diacritical mark used in Spanish señor , and also (loosely) of Operation Desert, a swung dash.

Tint Pale version of a colour: grey is a tint of black, pink is a tint of red, generally specified by percentage of the Essay and Customer Service base colour and printed with a halftone. Storm Essay! You can also have tints of spot colours, eg 50% of a teal colour such as Pantone 2476 is a pale minty green, but unless your choice of Pantones is Essay on FedEx Service and Customer Service severely limited, its better to Essay, avoid halftoning by using 100% of a similar hued but paler spot colour like PMS 5493. Tip-in Extra leaf glued into a book after its bound, often used for separately-printed illustrations or plates, errata sheets, gatefolds and other pages that are not the same size, or sometimes for forms to and Customer Issue, be removed and Essay returned. Title ISBN Sometimes also called the head ISBN. Environmental Impact! ISBN of the primary version of a book, usually the Operation Storm initial hardback. All the different bindings and decomposition editions of a particular book hardback, paperback, audiobook and so on share the same title ISBN. It is, in effect, an Operation Storm identifier for the work, though its imperfect because audiobooks and the gift full special sales often do not share the same head ISBN as the main trade versions of the Operation Storm work. The ISTC is a much better work identifier, when it is boxer terrier introduced. Title page Page in the prelims (often the third page and Operation Desert always a recto) on boxer terrier, which the authors name, the Operation Storm title of the book, the series title and subtitle (if any) and the imprint logotype all appear. Title verso Page in rates uk the prelims backing the title page (often the fourth page) on Operation Storm Essay, which the h2so4 decomposition copyright notice, publisher and imprint details, the Operation Storm ISBN and impression number, and other details about the publication of the book appear. Also called the copyright page or imprint page.

Tivoli Software application used to make tape backups of divorce uk, computer data stored on our servers and SAN. TPS Trimmed page size (also trim size and Operation trimmed leaf size). The outer dimensions of a page of a finished book, so for A-format, 178 ? 111mm. Trade paperback (TPB) A large-format paperback, usually Royal or Demy size, with the implication that there is (or will be) a separate smaller A- or B-format paperback for Essay on FedEx Service and Customer Service Issue the mass market. In fiction publishing, a trade paperback version is often published after the Desert Storm Essay hardback but before the main mass market paperback version.

In Australia, a trade paperback is often published instead of a hardback. Although a paperback, a TPB often earns the author royalties more in line with a hardback; US: trade paperback is boxer terrier often used to mean what in Desert Storm the UK would be a B-format paperback, and contrasts with an rack-sized mass-market edition. Trademark The rights to the use of a specific symbol or words connected to boxer terrier, a specific product or service, to differentiate one business, product or service from another. In the UK, trademarks can be registered with The Patent Office, and unlike copyright, trademark rights can be renewed indefinitely. Trademark owners object strongly if their mark is Operation Essay used to mean a generic business, product or service ( eg Hoover, Filofax, Coke, Xerox still defend their trademark rights, whereas nylon and uk escalator have lost their former trademark status). Trademarks can be noted as such with the symbol, and registered trademarks with the symbol. Trapping Range of methods to prevent obvious printing errors caused by imperfect registration between the Operation Desert process colours. Environmental Impact! If you wanted to print a light blue circle within a pink box, and the cyan circle were exactly the Desert Storm same size as the knocked out hole in the magenta, any mis-registration between cyan and magenta would show as a white line around half the circle. Since a narrow dark blue halo around the circle where magenta and cyan overlap is less visually intrusive than a white line, the circular hole in the magenta is boxer terrier choked made slightly smaller, typically reducing it by Essay, less than 0.25 point to create a deliberate overlap (overprint), so that any mis-registration between cyan and h2so4 yellow does not create a white line. Alternatively, the size of the Storm Essay cyan circle could be spread. Whether to choke or spread depends on the visual strength of the boxer terrier colours generally the weakest colour is Operation Desert Storm Essay increased in area.

Transparency (trannie) 1) Photographic slide; 2) Objects in some Postscript, PDF, EPS and application files can be coloured as semi-transparent. These can only be printed after flattening. Decomposition! Transparency is supported from Illustrator version 10, Quark XPress 7, PDF 1.4. Trim marks L-shaped marks printed just outside the page area showing where the page should be cut to the correct trim size after printing. Also called crop marks, and Operation Essay occasionally cut marks and tick marks. Decomposition! To allow for some tolerance in Storm the trimming, items intended to print right to decomposition, the edge of the page dont just stop at the trim marks, but extend out into the bleed area. cf Registration marks. Storm! Strictly, trim marks need only be printed in one colour ( ie they only need appear on one plate, usually black) but if they are printed on all plates, the same marks can be used for both trim and registration. Truetype One kind of font software that can be used on both Macs and PCs.

Arial and Times New Roman are common Truetype fonts Helvetica and Times are the Postscript equivalents. They can provide better cross-platform compatibility than Postscript fonts, but Truetype fonts are often of lower quality. Typeface A set of characters (glyphs) that share a distinctive and consistent design, eg Times Roman, Helvetica Oblique or Stempel Garamond Italic. These days, synonymous with font, though originally font (or fount) meant the characters were also all the same size ( eg Times Roman 12 point). Typefaces come in families of differing weights Times Roman, Times Italic, Bold, Bold Italic, Condensed, Bold Condensed etc . Typescale Special ruler for measuring type sizes, marked in points and ems instead of inches or centimetres. Typescript Unedited text delivered by an author, usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten. Abbreviated TS or ts. The term is now used more commonly than Manuscript, though they are synonymous. Typesetter Company or person that typesets text and lays out pages, creates proofs, does revisions etc (US and traditional UK: compositor). UCC 1) Universal Copyright Convention (the Berne Convention as agreed in 1886, and revised in Geneva in 1952 and h2so4 Paris in 1971) gives legal protection to authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc , to prevent reuse without permission or acknowledgment. The publication should carry the copyright mark , the Operation Desert Storm Essay name of the originator and Essay on FedEx Service Magnagement the year of Operation, publication, although this isnt vital as copyright is boxer terrier automatic it doesnt have to be applied for or registered with any central agency.

For further details, see The Patent Office website; 2) Uniform Code Council, company that administers the UPC barcode system. See also EAN. UCR/GCR Undercolour removal/grey component replacement. Desert Storm Essay! In CMYK printing, removing cyan, magenta and yellow ink from areas where all three overlap and human environmental replacing the Operation Storm dark area with black. This reduces the ink coverage and speeds up drying of the ink. Unders/Overs The amount of de gouges declaration of women's rights, printed materials that is under or over the originally specified print run. Unicode Computer character set. Hugely improved over Desert Storm Essay, Ascii and Latin-1, because it includes accented characters, fancy punctuation and a wide range of olympe declaration of women's rights, specialised symbols ( eg for Operation Desert Storm Essay maths). In principle and in the gift of the full contrast to Desert, Latin-1 it also includes all the characters required for all other written languages, including non-European scripts like Arabic, Devanagari or Chinese, and of the magi text a vast range of mathematical and other symbols.

Obviously this is font-dependent too your data may be in Unicode, but if your font does not contain the right characters, you still cant see it! Again in principle, a single font file could contain glyphs for all the Unicode characters, but in practice only a subset are included. OpenType fonts are based around Unicode, and generally contain a much wider selection of glyphs than older Postscript T1 fonts based around the Latin-1 or MacRoman character sets. Operation Storm! Unicode is relatively new, so not all software can use it. This web page is composed in Unicode, which allows it to include special characers like v (square root symbol), (Cyrillic letter de), ? (Arabic character sheen) or ? (Chinese word fang) but you might not see them correctly if your web browser, font and human environmental impact operating system dont all support Unicode. Each character in Unicode has a 32-bit number (cf Ascii, which allows 8 bits per Desert, character), so Unicode files are four times the size of Ascii files for the same text content. UTF-8 and UTF-16 are special forms of Unicode that reduce the file sizes to something more manageable. UPC Universal Product Code.

Special barcode used on books for the US mass market. Generally these books have a conventional ISBN/EAN barcode as well. UPCs on the gift magi, books have been deprecated since the beginning of 2005 and have mostly disappeared theyll be phased out completely over the next couple of years. Upper case Capital letters, so called because when type was cast blocks of metal, the capitals were kept in a wooden case on the top shelf, and lower case letters were kept in a case on the lower shelf. URL Uniform Resource Locator, the internet's equivalent of an address what you type in Operation Storm the location field in a web browser.

Typically starts http:// but other protocols can also be included in URLs ( eg ftp://). UTF-8, UTF-16 Practical encodings of the Unicode character set. A rich text file could be saved in UTF-8 and be understandable on boxer terrier, any machine that can deal with UTF-8. More useful than ascii because of the inclusion of accented characters and proper punctuation marks, yet UTF-8 files are roughly the same size as ascii files. UTF-16 is more practical for CJK and other Asian text: its rarely used for English text because the Operation Storm files are unnecessarily large (twice the human impact size of the UTF-8 equivalent). UV varnish / UV coating Often just UV or spot UV. Varnish coating used to add shiny finish and make colours richer on covers and jackets. Its dried using ultraviolet light. Spot UV is applied only to parts of the cover, to highlight part of an image or some text.

See also matt laminate. VAT Value Added Tax: the standard rate is currently 17.5% in the UK. Books are zero-rated, whereas e-books, audiobooks and other products such as CD-Roms carry standard rate VAT. Tax on packs containing a mixture of Desert, zero-rated and standard-rated items ( eg a book-tape pack) are part-vattable: the proportion of the price that is vattable should generally be worked out full from the relative production costs of the Operation Desert Storm Essay items. The exception to h2so4, this is where one of the items can be considered a free gift promotional item ( eg includes free CD), or is of no value whatsoever without the accompanying zero-rated product ( eg an Essay audio CD intended for decomposition read-along use with a childrens book). Vanity publisher Publisher who charges (rather than pays) the author to publish the Desert authors book; (US: subsidy press). Variance Difference between budgetted amount and actual amount. Negative if sales didnt meet budget or if costs were greater than expected. Vector Computer image data consisting of lines and shapes, such as (typically) maps, diagrams, logos. Generally quite small files, often stored as an EPS file. cf raster. Vignette 1) illustration in which the background fades gradually away; 2) gradual change of colour, also called graduated fill, graduated tint or blend; (US: fountain fill).

VIP Visually Impaired Person. Human Environmental Impact! Blind, low-vision and partially-sighted people. See accessible editions. Operation Storm! Note that VIPs hold a legal exception to copyright they can make copies, scans or other electronic version of magi full, books for their own use. Vista 1) Sales order processing system used to Operation Essay, control stock levels and Essay on FedEx Magnagement and Customer generate invoices; 2) Software company responsible for this sales order processing system and for Production Manager, and original developer of PubEasy. Volume rights Loose term indicating the main rights to publish a book in hardback and paperback acquired in Operation Desert Essay a contract. cf subrights. Voucher copy Free copy of a book given to a contributor, editor or agent. Voucher proof Single proof sent by or to the printer, for rates uk confirmation purposes rather than for correction. Desert! cf proof. VPN Virtual Private Network.

A way of securely connecting your computer to HarperCollins internal network, via the internet, so that while physically you can be at home, or in on FedEx Service and Customer Service Issue a hotel or some other companys office, your computer acts just as if it were connected to the network in Hammersmith or Glasgow. Through the VPN, you have access to the intranet or the main servers ( eg Pickup), which are not normally accessible from outside. Has generally replaced RAS and increasingly is replacing Nfuse as a method for Desert Essay accessing the internal company network remotely. Warning level Stock level set within a stock control application such as BIDS, which triggers an alert and ensures a decision can be made to reprint in a timely fashion, ensuring new deliveries ( ie a new impression) can be delivered to the warehouse before going out-of-stock. Warranty A guarantee given in a contract, usually that an item or service is as stated in the contract. For example, an author usually warranties that they are the original author, that they have the legal power to license or assign the copyright to the publisher, and that they agree to indemnify the publisher against the gift of the full text, this not being the Operation Desert case. WAV Wave file, a common type of uncompressed audio file. Like AIFF and unlike mp3 and AAC, it retains the full quality of the audio.

Web 1) Very long roll of the gift of the text, paper used on a printing press where the paper is Storm Essay drawn through the de gouges of women's press continuously, and only cut into sheets after printing. The web of Storm Essay, paper is the human environmental impact same width as each printing plate. cf sheet; 2) The world wide web one of the main uses of the Internet. Web-fed press Printing press which uses a continuous roll (web) of paper rather than individual pre-cut sheets. Generally print much faster than sheet-fed presses. Weight A single member of a typeface family. Times Roman and Times Bold are two weights within the Times family. Wet proof Proof printed on a printing press, often a specialised proofing press rather than a litho press, and generally on the stock to be used in the final product. cf Cromalin, Iris. As wet proofing requires making plates, its more expensive than Cromalin or digital proofs. Whitaker Formerly independent bibliographic data aggregator, now merged with Nielsen Bookdata.

As well as supplying bibliographic data to (among others) WH Smith, Whitaker ran BookScan, was publisher of Desert Essay, The Bookseller magazine, and operator of boxer terrier, TeleOrdering. Whitakers online bibliographic information service, LibWeb, can be checked via the Desert Essay intranet both for our titles and those of other publishers. Human Environmental! Whitaker was purchased by VNU in 2002, and in early 2003 combined with its former competitor BookData to form Nielsen Bookdata, under the ownership of Nielsen Entertainment. Wholesaler Intermediary between publisher (or primary distributor) and smaller bookshops, whose orders are generally too small for the primary distributor to deal with efficiently. Wibalin Brand name for the clothlike material used to cover the Desert Storm Essay boards of a hardback book.

Widow The short last line of a paragraph at the top of Essay Service and Customer Service Issue, a page or column of Operation Desert Storm Essay, type. Sometimes used more generally, any very short last line of a paragraph (esp. a single word). To be avoided in high-quality typesetting. See also Orphan. Windows Microsoft Windows is the main system software (or operating system) used by most PCs (but not by Macs). Windows comes in different flavours, including 95, 98, NT (all obsolete), 2000, ME, 2003 and Vista, and provides the framework within which applications such as Word and Excel work. Windows-1252 Character set used by default in most Windows software, similar to decomposition, Latin-1.

Wire stitched Simple binding method where folded sheets are stapled together where they fold. Wiro Type of spiral wire binding. Useful for manuals/atlases as it allows a book to Operation Desert, open flat. Without prejudice Legal term used during negotiations between parties. Statements made without prejudice cannot generally be held against the party making them for example, offering to make a payment to settle a claim without prejudice cannot be used as an indication that the claim is of the magi full valid. WOB White out of black. White text on black background.

See also reverse out. Wood-free Type of paper made from chemical pulp only. Word Microsoft Word, the de facto standard software application for word processing. There are versions for both Mac and Operation Desert Storm Essay Windows PCs. Work The single element of intellectual property from which several products (or manifestations in intellectual property terms) may be derived; roughly synonymous with title. For example, hardback, paperback and e-book manifestations all represent the same work. Boxer Terrier! While ISBNs identify manifestations (at least loosely), there is Desert Essay no equivalent, standardised, global identification scheme for works yet, though see also title ISBN which gets close, and ISTC, which is intended to be such a global work identifier. Work and turn Imposition method. Involves passing paper through a (non-perfecting) press twice, but using the Magnagement Service same plate each time, to Operation Desert, print two complete signatures on environmental impact, each sheet. The sheets are split before being folding into sections.

Wove Type of paper with a smooth finish ( cf laid). The process that produces the smooth finish is Desert Essay calendaring. X-height In typography, the height of the lower case letters in a font, measured from the baseline to the top of the x character. cf Cap height. Xerography Printing technique using toner rather than ink, such as in a laser printer or photocopier, or in a digital press such as a Xerox Docutech or IBM InfoPrint presses which are used in POD applications. XHTML A more developed type of HTML used to mark up modern web pages on the internet, but redefined slightly in a more rigorous XML form. A simple example of the Essay on FedEx and Customer Service Issue difference is that the br tag in Storm Essay HTML becomes br / in XHTML. XML eXtensible Markup Language. Modern technical standard for mark-up, allows highly structured, granular documents, and makes data easily reusable.

Often used to human environmental impact, communicate data between databases. Originally conceived as a simplified and more usable subset of SGML. See also DTD and XSL. XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language. Stylesheets ( ie specifications for the appearance fonts, sizes, colours and so on of the data) used to Operation, typeset XML-structured data. XSLT XSL Transformation method for boxer terrier processing XML documents, for example translating from Desert Storm Essay, one DTD to another or into decomposition an XHTML format for output on the internet. Yapp binding Soft cover that extends a few mm beyond the Operation Essay edge of the divorce page (like hardback boards do), often used for Essay bibles, vinyl-cover dictionaries. Can also be fitted with a zip, to human, keep the book closed. Your HC 1) Umbrella term for Operation Desert Essay HarperCollins corporate communication and cultural change project; 2) more specifically, the Your HC intranet news magazine and boxer terrier portal site, gateway to all that is HarperCollins. Your Product Intranet-based business information system and replacement for BIDS, now more usually known as BIDS II. Operation Storm! Your Product shows product and sales information, and allows direct linking into Cognos for de gouges declaration more detailed analytic work.

Zero-rated Books do carry VAT, but are zero-rated the Operation Storm Essay rate of tax is 0%. This is different from human, being VAT-exempt. Audiobooks and Operation e-books are not zero-rated, and carry standard rate (17.5%) VAT. Zip 1) In computing, type of removable storage disc a bit like a thick floppy disc. It holds 100MB or (in more recent versions) 250MB of data. Divorce Rates! Not ultra reliable, but a reasonable way of Operation Desert Storm Essay, transferring large files between systems; 2) Type of compressed file, generally created with the PKZIP or WinZip applications. Usually only suitable only for h2so4 Windows files, not Mac files, but Mac OS X can use a special form of Mac-compatible Zip file. cf SIT files. 2-colour 1) Printing in Storm Essay black plus a spot colour; 2) In graphics, see duotone.

2-up, 4-up 1) Printing two or four copies of something ( eg a cover) at once. This halves the effective print run, but can make more efficient use of larger presses; 2) More generally, printing two or more items at once ( eg two different covers). 2-for-10, 3-for-2 Common retail promotions, two mass market paperbacks for olympe de gouges ?10 or three books for the price of two. 4-sheet Common advertising poster size. Its 1524mm high and 1016 mm wide, pasted together from four sheets 762 ? 508mm. Why such a seemingly odd size? The individual sheets are 30 inches by 20 inches. 48-sheet Billboard-sized advertising poster, also the largest sized poster used on the London Underground, pasted together from 48 762 ? 508mm sheets. In total, its 3048mm high and 6096mm wide. 48-sheets is also the most common large outdoor billboard size, but 96-sheets also exist.

5-colour, 5th colour, 5th black 1) In co-editions, see text black; 2) More loosely, printing in CMYK plus a spot colour. approx 700 entries. Last updated 18/6/2007. Please report embarassing errors and suggestions for useful words and definitions to include to publishing.systems@harpercollins.co.uk. Desperately seeking definitions (none at present)

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