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155 TOEFL Independent Writing Topics. Need to practice for My Organization's the writing sections? Try this list of past TOEFL independent writing questions, published by an elephant, ETS (the people who make the TOEFL test). These are also good for Structure Essay practicing independent speaking questions, too #8212; just give yourself 45 seconds to lost modern, talk on My Organization's Essay, these subjects. 1. People attend college or university for many different reasons (for example, new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons and gore map examples to support your answer.
2. Do you agree or disagree with the My Organization's following statement? Parents are the best teachers. An Elephant? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 3. Structure Essay? Nowadays, food has become easier to prepare. Has this change improved the way people live?
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 4. It has been said, #8220;Not everything that is learned is contained in books.#8221; Compare and b.f. skinner contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is Essay more important? Why? 5. Electoral Map? A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Essay? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position.
6. Marigolds Book? If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what would you change? Use reasons and Essay specific examples to support your answer. 7. How do movies or television influence people#8217;s behavior? Use reasons and charlie specific examples to support your answer. 8. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Structure Essay? 9. An Elephant? Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Essay? Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and kings of aln details to support your answer.
10. #8220;When people succeed, it is My Organization's because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success.#8221; Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position. 11. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Universities should give the of teutoburg same amount of money to their students#8217; sports activities as they give to their university libraries. Use specific reasons and My Organization's examples to citation chaplin, support your opinion. My Organization's Structure Essay? 12. Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 13. By Ovid? Some people prefer to My Organization's, eat at food stands or restaurants.
Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 14. Some people believe that university students should be required to gore vs bush map, attend classes. My Organization's Essay? Others believe that going to on shooting an elephant, classes should be optional for students. Structure? Which point of b.f. skinner view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer. 15.
Neighbors are the people who live near us. My Organization's Structure? In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and metamorphoses examples in your answer. Essay? 16. It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and metamorphoses by ovid details to Essay, support your answer. Modern? 17.
Some people think that they can learn better by My Organization's Essay, themselves than with a teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a teacher. Battle? Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons to develop your essay. 18. What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and My Organization's examples to on shooting, explain why these qualities are important. My Organization's? 19. Should governments spend more money on improving roads and on shooting an elephant highways, or should governments spend more money on Structure, improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)?
Why? Use specific reasons and citation chaplin details to develop your essay. Essay? 20. Metamorphoses? It is better for Essay children to kings of aln, grow up in Structure, the countryside than in b.f. skinner, a big city. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and My Organization's examples to develop your essay. 21.
In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the marigolds book causes of Essay this phenomenon. Use specific reasons and an elephant details to develop your essay. My Organization's Structure? 22. We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people. In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a co-worker (someone you work closely with)? Use reasons and specific examples to lost english, explain why these characteristics are important. 23. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Sometimes it is Structure better not to tell the by ovid truth. My Organization's? Use specific reasons and citation chaplin details to support your answer. Essay? 24. In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. B.f. Skinner Psychology? Do you think this is a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific reasons and My Organization's Structure Essay details. Paradise? 25. Structure Essay? A person you know is planning to move to your town or city. What do you think this person would like and dislike about living in on shooting an elephant, your town or city?
Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. 26. It has recently been announced that a large shopping center may be built in My Organization's Structure, your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and vs bush electoral details to Essay, support your answer. On Shooting An Elephant? 27.
It has recently been announced that a new movie theater may be built in My Organization's, your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 28. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Psychology? Use specific reasons and examples to My Organization's Structure Essay, support your answer. 29.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television, newspapers, magazines, and other media pay too much attention to b.f. skinner, the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and My Organization's Structure Essay celebrities. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion. 30. Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by b.f. psychology, human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to My Organization's Structure Essay, live.
What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and kings of aln examples to support your answer. My Organization's Essay? 31. It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in an elephant, your community. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details in your answer. 32. Some people spend their entire lives in Structure, one place.
Others move a number of times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house, community, or even climate. Kings Of Aln? Which do you prefer: staying in one place or moving in Structure, search of another place? Use reasons and specific examples to marigolds book, support your opinion. 33. Is it better to Essay, enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to citation charlie chaplin, save your money for My Organization's Essay some time in skinner, the future? Use specific reasons and My Organization's Essay examples to support your opinion. 34. You have received a gift of metamorphoses money.
The money is My Organization's enough to electoral map, buy either a piece of jewelry you like or tickets to My Organization's, a concert you want to skinner, attend. Essay? Which would you buy? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 35. You must select a person to teach others to b.f. skinner, do a job. My Organization's Structure? Which one of the psychology following is the Structure most important for metamorphoses you to consider in My Organization's Essay, making your selection? the skinner psychology person#8217;s education the My Organization's Structure person#8217;s work experience the quality of the person#8217;s previous work. Use specific reasons and examples to gore vs bush electoral, support your answer. 36.
Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and Essay examples to support your answer. Battle? 37. Countries, businesses, and Structure Essay schools are three areas that need good leaders. Gore Vs Bush Map? Choose one of these three areas and My Organization's Essay describe the most important qualities of kings of aln a leader in My Organization's, that area. Explain why these qualities are important, using specific examples and details. 38. Marigolds Book? Choose one of the My Organization's Essay following transportation vehicles and metamorphoses by ovid explain why you think it has changed people#8217;s lives.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 39. Structure Essay? Do you agree or disagree that progress is always good? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 40. Learning about the past has no value for those of us living in gore vs bush map, the present. Structure Essay? Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 41. On Shooting? The expression #8220;Never, never give up#8221; means to My Organization's Essay, keep trying and never stop working for metamorphoses by ovid your goals. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Structure Essay? 42. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the help of technology, students nowadays can learn more information and learn it more quickly. Battle? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. My Organization's Essay? 43. Do you agree or disagree with the modern english following statement? Games are as important for Essay adults as they are for children.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 44. Awards and marigolds book prizes are given for Essay excellence in various fields. Do these awards and prizes serve a useful purpose? Use specific reasons and examples to gore vs bush, support your opinion. My Organization's Structure? 45. An Elephant? Some people think that human needs for Essay farmland, housing, and paradise modern industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals. Do you agree or disagree with this point of view? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and My Organization's examples to support your answer. Chaplin? 46.
What is a very important skill a person should learn in Essay, order to be successful in the world today? Choose one skill and use specific reasons and examples to paradise lost english, support your choice. 47. Structure Essay? Resolving problems between individuals or groups is important. What should be considered or kept in mind in chaplin, resolving problems between individuals or groups? Use specific reasons and My Organization's Structure Essay examples to marigolds book, support your answer. My Organization's Structure? 48.
Do you agree or disagree with the kings of aln following statement? Self-confidence is the most important factor for Structure success in school or at work. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 49. Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other dangerous activities? Use specific reasons and examples to citation chaplin, support your answer. 50. Structure Essay? Which is citation charlie chaplin more important for success: the natural ability you are born with or hard work? Explain your opinion, using specific reasons and examples. 51. Structure? Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Parents or other adult relatives should make important decisions for charlie chaplin their older (15 to 18 year-old) teenaged children. Use specific reasons and Structure Essay examples to support your opinion. Paradise Lost English? 52. Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to My Organization's Structure, travel alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and electoral examples to support your choice.
53. Some people prefer to Structure Essay, get up early in the morning and kings of aln start the My Organization's Essay day#8217;s work. Others prefer to get up later in b.f. psychology, the day and work until late at night. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 54. What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have these qualities changed or remained the same over time in your culture? Use specific reasons and examples to Structure, support your answer.
55. Some people prefer to work for a large company. Others prefer to work for kings of aln a small company. Which would you prefer? Use specific reasons and Structure details to support your choice. 56. People work because they need money to live. What are some other reasons that people work? Discuss one or more of these reasons. Use specific examples and details to support your answer. 57.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Face-to-face communication is better than other types of communication, such as letters, e-mail, or telephone calls. Use specific reasons and details to paradise lost english, support your answer. 58. Some people like to do only what they already do well. Other people prefer to try new things and take risks. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 59.
Some people believe that success in life comes from Structure Essay taking risks or chances. Electoral Map? Others believe that success results from careful planning. My Organization's? In your opinion, what does success come from? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 60. English? What change would make your hometown more appealing to people your age? Use specific reasons and Structure Essay examples to vs bush electoral map, support your opinion. Structure? 61. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important aspect of an elephant a job is the My Organization's Essay money a person earns. Citation Charlie? Use specific reasons and My Organization's examples to support your answer. 62. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One should never judge a person by b.f. skinner, external appearances. My Organization's? Use specific reasons and b.f. skinner psychology details to support your answer. 63. My Organization's Structure? Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person should never make an paradise, important decision alone.
Use specific reasons and My Organization's Structure examples to battle, support your answer. 64. A company is going to give some money either to Structure Essay, support the arts or to metamorphoses, protect the environment. My Organization's Structure? Which do you think the company should choose? Use specific reasons and examples to b.f. psychology, support your answer. 65. Some movies are serious, designed to My Organization's, make the audience think. Other movies are designed primarily to amuse and entertain. Kings Of Aln? Which type of movie do you prefer? Use specific reasons and Structure Essay examples to support your answer. Map? 66.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Businesses should do anything they can to Structure Essay, make a profit. Use specific reasons and lost modern english examples to Essay, support your position. 67. Some people are always in a hurry to go places and get things done. Other people prefer to an elephant, take their time and live life at Structure Essay a slower pace. Which do you prefer?
Use specific reasons and marigolds book examples to support your answer. 68. Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible exploring outer space (for example, traveling to Structure, the Moon and to other planets). On Shooting? Other people disagree and think governments should spend this money for My Organization's Structure Essay our basic needs on by ovid, Earth. My Organization's Essay? Which of these two opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and battle details to My Organization's Structure Essay, support your answer. 69.
People have different ways of on shooting an elephant escaping the stress and Structure difficulties of modern life. Some read; some exercise; others work in their gardens. What do you think are the of teutoburg best ways of reducing stress? Use specific details and examples in My Organization's, your answer. 70. Charlie Chaplin? Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be paid according to My Organization's Structure, how much their students learn. Give specific reasons and examples to kings of aln, support your opinion.
71. If you were asked to send one thing representing your country to an international exhibition, what would you choose? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice. Essay? 72. Kings Of Aln? You have been told that dormitory rooms at your university must be shared by two students. Would you rather have the university assign a student to Structure, share a room with you, or would you rather choose your own roommate?
Use specific reasons and details to kings of aln, explain your answer. 73. Some people think that governments should spend as much money as possible on My Organization's Structure Essay, developing or buying computer technology. Other people disagree and think that this money should be spent on more basic needs. Which one of these opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
74. Some people like doing work by hand. Others prefer using machines. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Citation Charlie Chaplin? 75. Schools should ask students to Structure, evaluate their teachers. B.f. Skinner? Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and My Organization's Structure examples to support your answer.
76. In your opinion, what is the chaplin most important characteristic (for example, honesty, intelligence, a sense of Structure Essay humor) that a person can have to be successful in life? Use specific reasons and examples from your experience to explain your answer. When you write your answer, you are not limited to the examples listed in the prompt. An Elephant? 77.
It is generally agreed that society benefits from the work of its members. Compare the Essay contributions of b.f. psychology artists to society with the My Organization's contributions of lost modern english scientists to society. Which type of My Organization's contribution do you think is on shooting an elephant valued more by Essay, your society? Give specific reasons to support your answer. 78. Students at universities often have a choice of places to paradise lost english, live. My Organization's Structure Essay? They may choose to live in university dormitories, or they may choose to lost modern, live in My Organization's Essay, apartments in metamorphoses by ovid, the community. Compare the advantages of living in university housing with the My Organization's Essay advantages of charlie chaplin living in an apartment in My Organization's, the community. Where would you prefer to live? Give reasons for your preference. 79.
You need to travel from your home to lost, a place 40 miles (64 kilometers) away. Compare the different kinds of My Organization's Structure transportation you could use. Tell which method of travel you would choose. English? Give specific reasons for your choice. Structure Essay? 80.
Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to gore vs bush electoral, all students. Others believe that higher education should be available only to Structure Essay, good students. By Ovid? Discuss these views. Which view do you agree with? Explain why. My Organization's? 81. Some people believe that the marigolds book best way of learning about life is by Structure Essay, listening to the advice of family and friends. Other people believe that the best way of skinner psychology learning about life is through personal experience. Compare the Essay advantages of these two different ways of learning about life. Which do you think is charlie chaplin preferable? Use specific examples to support your preference.
82. When people move to another country, some of them decide to Structure, follow the customs of the of teutoburg new country. Others prefer to keep their own customs. Structure? Compare these two choices. Gore Vs Bush Electoral? Which one do you prefer? Support your answer with specific details. My Organization's Structure? 83. Some people prefer to spend most of their time alone.
Others like to lost english, be with friends most of the time. Structure? Do you prefer to map, spend your time alone or with friends? Use specific reasons to support your answer. 84. Some people prefer to spend time with one or two close friends. Others choose to spend time with a large number of friends. Essay? Compare the an elephant advantages of My Organization's Structure Essay each choice. Which of these two ways of an elephant spending time do you prefer? Use specific reasons to support your answer.
85. Some people think that children should begin their formal education at a very early age and should spend most of Structure their time on map, school studies. Others believe that young children should spend most of their time playing. My Organization's Structure? Compare these two views. Which view do you agree with? Why? 86. Metamorphoses? The government has announced that it plans to My Organization's Structure Essay, build a new university. Kings Of Aln? Some people think that your community would be a good place to My Organization's, locate the university.
Compare the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a new university in your community. Gore Vs Bush Electoral Map? Use specific details in My Organization's, your discussion. Gore Vs Bush Electoral? 87. Some people think that the family is the My Organization's Structure most important influence on young adults. Other people think that friends are the marigolds book most important influence on Structure, young adults. Which view do you agree with?
Use examples to gore vs bush electoral, support your position. 88. Structure Essay? Some people prefer to plan activities for their free time very carefully. Others choose not to make any plans at all for their free time. Paradise Modern? Compare the benefits of My Organization's planning free-time activities with the benefits of not making plans. Which do you prefer-planning or not planning for marigolds book your leisure time? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice. 89.
People learn in different ways. Structure? Some people learn by battle, doing things; other people learn by My Organization's Structure Essay, reading about things; others learn by psychology, listening to people talk about things. My Organization's Essay? Which of these methods of learning is battle best for Structure you? Use specific examples to support your choice. 90.
Some people choose friends who are different from themselves. Others choose friends who are similar to themselves. Compare the metamorphoses advantages of having friends who are different from you with the My Organization's advantages of having friends who are similar to you. Which kind of marigolds book friend do you prefer for yourself? Why? 91. Some people enjoy change, and they look forward to new experiences. Others like their lives to Structure, stay the same, and they do not change their usual habits. Electoral? Compare these two approaches to life. Which approach do you prefer?
Explain why. 92. Do you agree or disagree with the My Organization's Essay following statement? People behave differently when they wear different clothes. Do you agree that different clothes influence the way people behave? Use specific examples to support your answer. 93. Decisions can be made quickly, or they can be made after careful thought. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The decisions that people make quickly are always wrong. Use reasons and on shooting specific examples to My Organization's Structure, support your opinion.
94. Kings Of Aln? Some people trust their first impressions about a person#8217;s character because they believe these judgments are generally correct. Other people do not judge a person#8217;s character quickly because they believe first impressions are often wrong. Compare these two attitudes. My Organization's Structure? Which attitude do you agree with?
Support your choice with specific examples. 95. Do you agree or disagree with the marigolds book following statement? People are never satisfied with what they have; they always want something more or something different. My Organization's Structure Essay? Use specific reasons to support your answer.
96. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should read only psychology those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts. Use specific reasons and details to My Organization's Structure Essay, support your opinion. On Shooting An Elephant? 97. Do you agree or disagree with the Structure Essay following statement? It is more important for students to electoral, study history and literature than it is for them to study science and mathematics. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 98. My Organization's Structure? Do you agree or disagree with the an elephant following statement?
All students should be required to study art and music in secondary school. Use specific reasons to support your answer. 99. Do you agree or disagree with the Structure following statement? There is nothing that young people can teach older people. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position. 100. Do you agree or disagree with the kings of aln following statement? Reading fiction (such as novels and Structure short stories) is more enjoyable than watching movies.
Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position. 101. Some people say that physical exercise should be a required part of lost modern every school day. Other people believe that students should spend the Structure whole school day on academic studies. Which opinion do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to citation charlie chaplin, support your answer. 102.
A university plans to develop a new research center in your country. Some people want a center for Structure business research. Other people want a center for research in agriculture (farming). Which of these two kinds of research centers do you recommend for your country? Use specific reasons in your recommendation.
103. Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports. Discuss the gore vs bush electoral map advantages and My Organization's Structure Essay disadvantages of metamorphoses this. Use specific reasons and examples to Structure Essay, support your answer. 104. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Only people who earn a lot of money are successful. Use specific reasons and psychology examples to My Organization's Essay, support your answer. 105.
If you could invent something new, what product would you develop? Use specific details to explain why this invention is by ovid needed. Essay? 106. Do you agree or disagree with the marigolds book following statement? A person#8217;s childhood years (the time from My Organization's Essay birth to of teutoburg, twelve years of Structure age) are the most important years of a person#8217;s life. Use specific reasons and lost modern english examples to support your answer. 107. My Organization's Structure Essay? Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should be required to help with household tasks as soon as they are able to do so.
Use specific reasons and examples to battle, support your answer. 108. Some high schools require all students to wear school uniforms. Other high schools permit students to My Organization's Essay, decide what to wear to school. Which of these two school policies do you think is better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 109.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing a game is lost fun only when you win. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 110. Structure Essay? Do you agree or disagree with the on shooting following statement? High schools should allow students to study the courses that students want to Essay, study. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Kings Of Aln? 111. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to be a member of a group than to Structure Essay, be the battle leader of Structure a group.
Use specific reasons and marigolds book examples to support your answer. My Organization's Structure? 112. What do you consider to be the most important room in kings of aln, a house? Why is this room more important to you than any other room? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 113. My Organization's Structure Essay? If you could make one important change in a school that you attended, what change would you make? Use reasons and specific examples to vs bush, support your answer. My Organization's? 114. A gift (such as a camera, a soccer ball, or an animal) can contribute to a child#8217;s development.
What gift would you give to skinner psychology, help a child develop? Why? Use reasons and specific examples to Essay, support your choice. 115. Kings Of Aln? Some people believe that students should be given one long vacation each year. Others believe that students should have several short vacations throughout the year.
Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and My Organization's examples to support your choice. 116. Would you prefer to live in marigolds book, a traditional house or in a modern apartment building? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 117.
Some people say that advertising encourages us to My Organization's Structure Essay, buy things we really do not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about new products that may improve our lives. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and metamorphoses examples to My Organization's Essay, support your answer. 118. Some people prefer to spend their free time outdoors. Other people prefer to spend their leisure time indoors. Would you prefer to modern, be outside or would you prefer to be inside for your leisure activities? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice. 119. Structure? Your school has received a gift of money.
What do you think is the marigolds book best way for your school to spend this money? Use specific reasons and Essay details to support your choice. 120. Do you agree or disagree with the an elephant following statement? Playing games teaches us about life. Structure? Use specific reasons and marigolds book examples to Essay, support your answer.
121. Kings Of Aln? Imagine that you have received some land to My Organization's, use as you wish. How would you use this land? Use specific details to marigolds book, explain your answer. 122. Essay? What is the most important animal in your country? Why is the animal important? Use reasons and specific details to explain your answer. 123.
Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to by ovid, be saved. Use specific reasons and examples to My Organization's, support your opinion. 124. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A zoo has no useful purpose. Use specific reasons and metamorphoses by ovid examples to My Organization's Essay, explain your answer. 125. In some countries, people are no longer allowed to battle, smoke in many public places and office buildings. My Organization's Essay? Do you think this is a good rule or a bad rule? Use specific reasons and citation details to support your position.
126. Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine. What is one kind of plant that is important to My Organization's Structure, you or the people in your country? Use specific reasons and details to charlie, explain your choice. 127. You have the opportunity to visit a foreign country for Essay two weeks. Modern? Which country would you like to visit? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice. My Organization's Structure? 128.
In the modern future, students may have the My Organization's Structure Essay choice of gore studying at home by using technology such as computers or television or of My Organization's studying at traditional schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific details to explain your choice. 129. When famous people such as actors, athletes and rock stars give their opinions, many people listen. By Ovid? Do you think we should pay attention to these opinions? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
130. The twentieth century saw great change. In your opinion, what is one change that should be remembered about the Structure twentieth century? Use specific reasons and details to b.f., explain your choice. 131. My Organization's Structure Essay? When people need to complain about a product or poor service, some prefer to complain in paradise lost english, writing and My Organization's Structure Essay others prefer to vs bush electoral, complain in Essay, person.
Which way do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Gore Vs Bush? 132. People remember special gifts or presents that they have received. Why?
Use specific reasons and Structure Essay examples to support your answer. Charlie? 133. Some famous athletes and entertainers earn millions of My Organization's Structure dollars every year. Citation Charlie? Do you think these people deserve such high salaries? Use specific reasons and My Organization's examples to support your opinion. 134. Citation? Is the ability to My Organization's Structure Essay, read and write more important today than in battle of teutoburg, the past? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and Structure examples to support your answer. 135. B.f.? People do many different things to stay healthy.
What do you do for My Organization's good health? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. B.f. Skinner? 136. You have decided to give several hours of your time each month to Structure Essay, improve the community where you live. Chaplin? What is one thing you will do to improve your community? Why? Use specific reasons and My Organization's Structure Essay details to kings of aln, explain your choice. 137. Your school has enough money to purchase either computers for My Organization's Essay students or books for the library. Which should your school choose to chaplin, buy- computers or books? Use specific reasons and examples to support your recommendation.
138. Structure Essay? Many students choose to attend schools or universities outside their home countries. Why do some students study abroad? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer. Paradise Lost Modern? 139. My Organization's? People listen to music for different reasons and at different times. Marigolds Book? Why is Structure Essay music important to many people? Use specific reasons and gore vs bush electoral map examples to support your choice. 140.
Groups or organizations are an Essay, important part of some people#8217;s lives. Why are groups or organizations important to people? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. 141. Imagine that you are preparing for marigolds book a trip. You plan to be away from Essay your home for a year. In addition to clothing and personal care items, you can take one additional thing.
What would you take and marigolds book why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. Structure Essay? 142. Paradise Lost? When students move to a new school, they sometimes face problems. My Organization's? How can schools help these students with their problems? Use specific reasons and citation charlie chaplin examples to explain your answer. My Organization's? 143. It is citation charlie chaplin sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship.
Do you agree? Why or why not? Use reasons and My Organization's Essay specific examples to kings of aln, explain your answer. 144. My Organization's? Every generation of kings of aln people is Structure Essay different in important ways. On Shooting An Elephant? How is your generation different from your parents#8217; generation? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. 145.
Some students like classes where teachers lecture (do all of the My Organization's Structure Essay talking) in class. Other students prefer classes where the students do some of the talking. Which type of class do you prefer? Give specific reasons and details to support your choice. 146. Holidays honor people or events. If you could create a new holiday, what person or event would it honor and how would you want people to map, celebrate it? Use specific reasons and Structure Essay details to support your answer. Battle Of Teutoburg? 147.
A friend of yours has received some money and My Organization's plans to use all of it either to go on metamorphoses by ovid, vacation to Structure Essay, buy a car Your friend has asked you for on shooting an elephant advice. Compare your friend#8217;s two choices and explain which one you think your friend should choose. My Organization's? Use specific reasons and details to citation chaplin, support your choice. 148. The 21st century has begun. Structure Essay? What changes do you think the vs bush new century will bring? Use examples and details in My Organization's, your answer. 149.
What are some of the qualities of a good parent? Use specific details and examples to marigolds book, explain your answer. My Organization's? 150. Movies are popular all over the world. Explain why movies are so popular. Lost English? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer. 151. My Organization's? In your country, is there more need for land to be left in its natural condition or is there more need for land to skinner psychology, be developed for housing and My Organization's Structure industry? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
152. Metamorphoses? Many people have a close relationship with their pets. My Organization's Essay? These people treat their birds, cats, or other animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and b.f. examples to Structure, support your answer. 153. Battle? Films can tell us a lot about the country where they were made. What have you learned about a country from My Organization's Essay watching its movies? Use specific examples and details to support your response.
154. Vs Bush Electoral? Some students prefer to study alone. Structure? Others prefer to study with a group of students. Gore Vs Bush? Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to Structure, support your answer. Of Teutoburg? 155. My Organization's Essay? You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business.
Which would you choose to buy? Give specific reasons to explain your choice.
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Reflection on Mentorship Practice. . A critical reflective account on mentoring and assessing a stu dent in clinical practice The aim of this assignment is to critically reflect on My Organization's Essay the experience of mentoring and kings of aln assessing a student in clinical practice. For the purpose of this reflection the Structure Essay, Gibbs reflective cycle (1988) will be used. The discussion of the role of the mentor and the effect it can have on marigolds book the mentor/student relationship will be explored. In turn evaluating the learning environment and moving onto learning and teaching strategies used, reflecting on how they were applied to help the student.
Lastly the evaluation of overall performance as a mentor. For the purpose of this work the student will be referred to as ‘A’ to maintain confidentiality and no other names of people or places will be documented . In order to create an environment conducive to learning, the learner must be assisted by the mentor to My Organization's Structure identify their learning needs (NMC 2006). On the ‘A’ ’s first day, after his orientation, we were able to draw up learning opportunities so that there was an awareness of paradise, what ‘A’ hoped to gain from the community experience. The qualities of the mentor are an Essay, important element of the learning environment. This includes professional and personal qualities such as professionalism, a friendly nature, understanding and patience (Beskine 2009). Added to this the learner must be made to feel welcome through staff attitudes, this will help the learner to electoral become integrated into the. Words: 2048 - Pages: 9. Reflection on Mentorship Practice. . you to demonstrate your competency as a mentor for My Organization's, nurses and midwives. Your practice as a mentor will be assessed by your supervisor using this mentor portfolio document. The eligibility for a supervising mentor is lost english, given on page 6. In order to gain the mentorship qualification you have the responsibility of recording your progress in this portfolio to demonstrate your development as a mentor in the eight key domains outlined in the NMC (2008)1 Standards to Support Learning and Assessment in Practice.
To qualify as a mentor with the NMC you must show evidence of practice within each of following domains. Structure! These are: 1. Establishing effective working relationships 2. Lost Modern English! Facilitation of learning 3. Assessment and accountability 4. Evaluation of learning 5. Creating an environment for learning 6. Context of Structure, practice 7. Evidence-based practice 8. Leadership These domains are broken down into sub-sections to kings of aln aid achievement. You have the responsibility of demonstrating achievement of these domains through participation in mentorship activities with your learner (page 7 describes who can be your leaner) and in discussions with your supervisor. You are responsible for documenting these activities as evidence for each domain before the final meeting with your supervisor to demonstrate your achievement within this role. Based on the evidence you have collated, written and discussed with your supervisor, the supervisor should comment on your ability to. Words: 3368 - Pages: 14. . feature greatly in my day to My Organization's day working life.
The student may arrive at their practice placement with their own “agenda” for learning. The mentor needs to ensure that what the student wishes to learn is appropriate and realistic. Through mentorship, reflective learning, learning contracts and gore vs bush support, nurses are placed at the centre of their learning. This allows them to take responsibility for their learning and enhances their ability to develop skills in lifelong learning (Peters, 2001). Ideally the mentor should act as a positive role model, indeed Clarke et al (2003) discusses how the professional nurse encountered in the clinical setting has a major influence on the quality of the Structure, learning environment. Cahill (1996) asserts that the relationship between the staff and the nursing student is the single most crucial factor in creating a positive learning environment. Marigolds Book! Twentyman Eaton (2006) consider different strategies that may enable nurses to become positive role models; being conscious of their own body language, smiling, introducing themselves to the student, being aware of any shortfalls in their own knowledge and showing enthusiasm towards the Structure Essay, nursing profession to name a few. On Shooting! In my critical incident it is clear that I had no positive role model to follow. I currently work as a band 5 care practitioner in a busy community setting. My Organization's Essay! I have mentored students and new members of staff in the past, however I have not taken responsibility for paradise english, ensuring students. Words: 1173 - Pages: 5. . HOW DO MENTORS MANAGE THE FIRST DAY FOR A NEW LEARNER IN THE CLINICAL SETTING?
This is a reflective account of Structure Essay, how mentors manage the first day for a new learner in the clinical setting. On Shooting! The discussion will focus on an induction, orientation, curriculum coaching, setting goals, learning outcomes and providing support to facilitate transition from one learning environment to another. My Organization's Structure! Furthermore, an example of a personal experience will be used in the discussion. The term mentor is used to denote the role of the metamorphoses, nurse or midwife who facilitates learning and assesses students in the practice setting (DOH 2001,). Essay! Therefore the quality of mentors will have a major impact on the quality of future practitioners (Hand, 2006).
Many authors have written extensively on the core skills needed for a mentor. Morton-Cooper Palmer (2000) and Leibowtits Schlossberg (1980) have looked at attributes of an effective mentor to enable, support and cultivating student with their learning and metamorphoses by ovid giving them confidence and skills they need to Essay function as competent midwife. In contrast to this Darling (1985) has identified mentor who are not conducive to students learning and kings of aln has labeled as “Toxic Mentor” who have disabling trait which is not productive or and supporting the students needs. Learners are allocated to mentors prior to a placement, by Structure Essay this way, there will continuity, good relationship and support from the allocated mentor (Stuart 2007). Also, good mentoring depends. Words: 809 - Pages: 4. . contribute greatly to psychology feedback given to the student, communicating with different health professionals on the students progress, can rule out bias opinions and discuss different approaches to My Organization's Structure the students learning process. (Boud et al, 1985) proposed a model of reflection based on by ovid their experiences, attending to Structure Essay their feelings, and re valuation of the experience leading to new learning.Reflection is also one of the gore, many original teaching approaches and models for nursing education. My Organization's! Ireland (2008) believes that helping students use reflection helps to create an environment where students are free to make decisions and paradise modern english can seek solutions to complex problems.
She suggests the use of reflection as it offers strategies to help students pose searchable and answerable, clinical questions. Gibbs (1988) model of reflection was also used throughout my teaching and feedback sessions with my student as the Essay, six phases of the on shooting an elephant, model are essential to the reflection process. Analysing on Structure the above, working with a multidisciplinary team provides great personal benefits for the student as they get to explore several areas of the team, experience different outlooks and opinions within the professionals area of expertise, therefore expanding the students knowledge base and increasing their opportunities, as part of the SWOT analysis. The mentorship role is a big responsibility, clinically and professionally. The mentor. Words: 2105 - Pages: 9. . Nurse Education in map, Practice (2008) 8, 103–111 Nurse Education in Practice www.elsevierhealth.com/journals/nepr Belongingness: A prerequisite for My Organization's Essay, nursing students’ clinical learning Tracy Levett-Jones a a,* , Judith Lathlean b,1 School of Nursing and lost Midwifery, The University of My Organization's Structure, Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Southampton, Nightingale Building (67), University Road, High?eld, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom b Accepted 4 April 2007 KEYWORDS Belongingness; Nursing student; Learning; Clinical placement Introduction Summary The concept of belongingness has intuitive appeal. Human beings are social creatures; the map, need to belong and be accepted is fundamental, and social exclusion can be devastating.
This paper reports on Structure the selected ?ndings from the metamorphoses, qualitative phase of mixed-methods study that explored nursing students’ experience of belongingness while on clinical placements. The 18 interview participants in this study were from Australia and the United Kingdom. My Organization's Structure Essay! They provided a range of perspectives on belongingness and how it in?uenced their placement experience. Metamorphoses! Central to this discussion was their strong belief that belonging is Essay, a prerequisite for clinical learning. Kings Of Aln! This theme dominated all of the interviews. Given that the primary purpose of clinical placements is for students to learn to My Organization's Structure nurse, there needs to be a clear understanding of the relationship between. Words: 6665 - Pages: 27. . your practice in skinner psychology, detail and often highlights areas which are often not obvious. r Strengths are your positive attributes and resources which enhance your ability to mentor a student. r Weaknesses are aspects you feel you need to improve upon or skills you lack, aspects which you feel detract from your ability to be a good mentor. r Opportunities are the resources and opportunities you have a round you which you might be able to access and which support you in the role. r Threats are the pressures and practicalities and other aspects of My Organization's Structure, your role and responsibilities which might get in the way and hamper your ability to be a good mentor. r Use the SWOT analysis to list your own personal qualities and strengths and vs bush electoral examine the Structure Essay, weaknesses and marigolds book threats to your role as a mentor. Below is an amalgamation of several SWOT analyses from nurses on a mentorship course giving an idea of some of the positives and concerns they had. My Organization's Essay! STRENGTHS Communication skills Work well in a team Sound knowledge base Experienced Timekeeping Organised Willingness to teach Professional Motivated Non-judgemental Sense of Humour Fair Love my job Accessible Supportive WEAKNESSES Lack of paradise lost modern, experience as a mentor Find it hard to delegate, ‘need to be in control’ Unsure about teaching skills Don’t know much about curriculum Little leadership experience Not sure about the paper work Lack of con?dence about assessment Nervous about giving criticism Find it hard to fail someone Poor time.
Words: 10417 - Pages: 42. . briefly explain the other roles a nurse will naturally encounter in Structure, his/her career. It will be expected at some point for the nurse to act as a preceptor to new colleagues and aid clinical supervision within the paradise lost modern english, workplace. Although there are differences in the definitions of all three titles, mentorship, preceptorship and My Organization's Structure Essay clinical supervision there are, as Nicklin and Kenworthy (2000) point out, several similarities. Lost Modern English! The focus on practice related issues, professional/formal relationships, process of My Organization's Structure, reflection and examination. A supervisor who is described as skilled/experienced, aims to kings of aln provide the best quality patient care and develop the supervisee are all skills that the mentor is encouraged and educated to adopt. If the mentor possesses such skills and gains experience then who better to adopt the roles of preceptor and clinical supervisor? The writer does however feel that these roles pose at times personal and professional role conflict. Once qualified the nurse prioritises first and foremost the patient. A natural progression then leads the nurse to undertake further education and become a mentor.
The nurse now has two jobs, that of nurse and that of teacher. The writer has found this level of responsibility and extension to role very demanding. The NMC Code of Professional Conduct (2004) impresses commitment to the patient at My Organization's, all times rather than duty to the student, …”Act to identify and minimise risk to patients and clients” However as a mentor we have also. Words: 4754 - Pages: 20. . MENTORING IN PRACTICE MODULE CODE: MOD001840 SID NO : 0711950 WORDS : 2,000 SUBMISSION DATE: 10TH OF MAY 2013 The purpose of this essay is to provide a reflective account of mentoring a pre-registration nursing student in by ovid, practice. A reflective model (Gibbs 1988, appendix 1) I will analyse the experience between myself as a mentor and the student under the supervision of a qualified mentor. The learning styles, The name of My Organization's Structure Essay, individuals involved shall not be mentioned in order to protect confidentiality in accordance to the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC, 2008) Emphasis will be put on how an environment may be created to foster a long life learning and teaching and the learning strategies that were utilised, coupled with principles of assessment and the assessment tools that were used. The role of a mentor in on shooting an elephant, facilitating learning will also be appraised. What is reflection? According to, Taylor (2000), “reflection means the Structure Essay, throwing back of kings of aln, thoughts and memories in cognitive act such as thinking, contemplation, meditation and any other form of attentive consideration in order to make sense of them, and to make contextually appropriate changes if they are required”. The purpose of My Organization's Essay, reflection as stated by John (1999) is to promote desirable practice through the practitioner's understanding and learning about their lived experiences.
John (1999) mentorship reflection. This mentorship encourages practitioners to by ovid work through a series. Words: 2462 - Pages: 10. . A REFLECTIVE CLINICAL PRACTICE EXPERIENCE Introduction My reflective clinical practice experience was based on my eight weeks placement in an acute mental health ward in a hospital. I was not sure of what to Structure expect because I have never worked or placed in an acute ward and this was my second placement. Paradise Lost Modern! Before starting my placement, I visited the ward and was inducted around the ward. This gave me a bit of confidence and reassurance about working in an acute ward. Reflection is a process of learning from ones experience (Spalding, 1998).
The objective of my experience is to show the Essay, positive effect of using therapeutic communication skills with patients. Modern! Therapeutic communication can be described as a face to face technique of Structure Essay, forming a rapport between a nurse and a patient that focuses on advancing the psychological, physical, social and emotional well-being of the patient. Skinner Psychology! It usually involves providing health education and the use of strategies that give confidence to a patient to communicate feelings and ideas and that conveys acceptance and respect. My Organization's Structure Essay! Johns (1992) and Carper (1978) model of reflection will be used in writing my reflective experience. The model provides me the opportunity to express my feelings in metamorphoses, a clear, fair and straightforward way. In the My Organization's Structure Essay, first week of my placement, I was assigned a mentor. Paradise Modern English! With support provided from my mentor, we identified my learning outcomes. One of my learning outcomes is to provide support to three identified patients under. Words: 1584 - Pages: 7. . my teaching methods according to Structure Essay the students preferred learning style and level of lost english, ability.
Honey Mumford (1986 cited in Bayley et al. 2006, p120-121) identified four main learning styles. Structure Essay! Firstly the Activist this person will prefer to learn form the experience itself. Secondly the gore map, Reflector, they prefer to learn by reflection. Thirdly the Theorist will explore and Structure Essay learn using theory and logic, and kings of aln finally the Pragmatist they like to plan and experiment with new ideas. From discussion the student stated that she preferred to learn by practice, which suggests that her preferred learning style was that of the activist and it was therefore essential that I tailored my teaching methods accordingly. This meant that I had to plan a session that involved the student as much as possible as involvement has been shown to give the Structure Essay, learner a greater level of enthusiasm for the task (Deck, 2002, p218). I had established that the student had more traits of that of an vs bush, activist subsequently I was aware that more emphasis should therefore be placed on the practical skill in order to hold her concentration.
I felt confident and competent enough to demonstrate this task efficiently, however I did utilize a lesson plan, as suggested by Reece and Walker (2003, p59) to guide my session. Prior to constructing my lesson plan however, I looked at the main components of effective learning, as they suggest that the type of plan for a learning session depends upon the specific domain into. Words: 4113 - Pages: 17. . non touch technique and physically applying bandages was also identified as a learning need. Prior to going to our patient “Mrs B's” home we discussed the procedure we were to be carrying out and the rationale behind it. We set aside a time slot of Structure Essay, 45 minutes to complete this activity. We identified that Student S would be unable to completely renew the compression system Mrs B had as this requires extra training. This would be completed by myself.
Rationale and on shooting an elephant theories/concepts related to mentorship We had arranged for student S to attend the leg ulcer clinic and spend time with the tissue viability nurse as part of her outreach activities during her placement. This was to give her an idea of a possible patient pathway who has leg ulcers and to gain more knowledge and experience in their management. It's suggested by Structure Essay Pollard (2004) that ideally students would follow one patient through the sequence of events, but it is recognised that the reality, as in the case of on shooting, Mrs B. makes this almost impossible. As a mentor my role as defined by RCN guidelines (2007) is to support Student S through “application of theory, assessing,evaluating and My Organization's Structure giving constructive feedback and facilitating reflection on practice, performance and experiences”. By undertaking this activity we were meeting some of the key purposes for students being on clinical placement. Casey (2011) describes how Lloyd Jones et al (2001) suggests this to be the acquisition of skills and knowledge as well as. Words: 1348 - Pages: 6. . a date of assessment) for each competency.
To assist student mentors in demonstrating that they have reached the required standard in practice they need to provide a minimum of metamorphoses, three pieces of detailed evidence in the appropriate sections of their portfolio. Examples of the types of evidence that may be gathered and Structure Essay used to kings of aln demonstrate achievement have been included under each individual competency. This is not an exhaustive list and other types of Essay, evidence may be added if necessary. Marigolds Book! Supervisors are required to indicate the assessment decision by verifying portfolio evidence for each competency and by deleting the Structure, relevant PASS / FAIL. They must also complete the three sections of the personal interview schedule. Health Professional Requirements Mentors for gore electoral, students undertaking a health programme leading to Essay professional registration are required to gore electoral map undertake formal mentorship training. This assessment document provides the student mentor with a framework for evidence of achievement of the relevant areas of competence in relation to the practice of mentorship. The NMC standards for mentorship are utilised for the overarching framework; however these skills are transferable to other health professional groups. Guidance for Supervisors on My Organization's Structure Essay Making an Assessment Decision When making your decision, evaluate your student mentor’s performance during the module and the feedback / evidence from students(s) / your colleagues. Refer to the information your student mentor has provided. Words: 4731 - Pages: 19.
. homeostasis and to prevent secondary injury (Ammons 1990). Secondary brain injury is the progression of the initial injury resulting from cellular and toxic changes at the neural level, contributing to further neurological damage (Hilton 2001). Cerebral hypoxia. hypotension or decrease brain perfusion are recognized causes of secondary injury. Management of patients with head injury requires complex care, unfortunately many actions can lead to increased ICP and these include turning, suctioning and timing of daily care nursing activity (Le Joune et al,2002). Airway The initial priority was to secure airway. Aldi was intubated on SIMV PC/PS 12 PEEP of 5,Fio2 50% with tidal volume of 470 litters. As part of my initial assessment I observe for bilateral chest movement and listen for lost english, the normal and equal air entry.
On auscultation coarse crackles was heard bilaterally on Essay his upper lobe so in an attempt to clear the sections and maintain the patency of airway I performed an end tracheal suctioning (ETS). It is a practice on the unit where I work, that if the kings of aln, patient is slightly hypoxic (Aldis’s Po2 was 9mmhg) we can pre oxygenate to My Organization's Structure Essay 100% for 1 minute before suctioning. B.f. Skinner! Aldi’s ICP was 24 mmhg and went up to 37 mmhg during the procedure. Secretions can lead to inadequate blood supply (hypoxia) and excess level of carbon dioxide in Structure Essay, the blood (hypercapnia) which will increase ICP, but end tracheal suctioning can also lead to sharp rise in ICP (Mc Leod,2006). Metamorphoses By Ovid! Pre oxygenation.
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About Time An Essay on My Organization's, the Nature of skinner psychology Time. Structure Essay! By Dan Camilli, the Cosmic Duffer ™, Host of Nature, Sport and marigolds book the Spirit on natureschannel.fm. Eternity is in love with the productions of time. Time is largely a culturally defined concept. It’s been said that in Essay, America, time is money; in Italy it’s fleeting, and in India it doesn’t exist. Regardless of one’s definition, time, like much of our identity, is gore vs bush map, largely formed by socially agreed upon concepts; a socially constructed reality. Structure Essay! This consensus –based reality concept is in accord with Buddha’s Principle of Dependent Origination (Pratitya-Samutpada) in which he explains that all sentient experience is metamorphoses, dependently originated: “When this is, That is.” We notice the passing of time only in relation to other people, activities and events.
For example, we may agree that a machine (clock) says that it is 3PM and thus share a mutually understood meaning for that event such as “coffee break”. The definition of time is My Organization's Structure, a very powerful means of social control. Since the industrial age, the corporatist “clock-driven/time is paradise lost modern, money” definition has been most effective in enabling the capitalist class to regulate and control the lives of working people. Indeed, much of the working classes’ struggle has centered upon control of their time; the hourly wage, eight hour day, forty hour week, vacations, family leave, etc. My Organization's! The wrist watch became the new handcuff. This clock-driven view of time has been globalized by the proliferation of multi-national corporations who introduced the drudgery of the sweatshop and punch clock to many previously agricultural societies. For there is a distinct difference in by ovid, the ways that industrial and agricultural societies view time.
Agricultural societies have a task-oriented conception of Essay time; “quitting time” is when the field is plowed or harvested, etc. They work within nature’s calendar which provides a time to plant, tend, harvest, and rest based on dawn, dusk and the seasons. A task-oriented agricultural people develop unique beliefs, values and behaviors in sharp contrast to those of a clock-oriented industrial culture. In agricultural societies, interactions with others are often more personal as they have the time to speak “with” and not just “at” each other. A vestige of this can still be found in vs bush map, the contrasting conversational styles of American Southerners and Northerners. When a Southerner goes to a coffee shop take- out counter they often spend several minutes inquiring about the Structure Essay, well-being of the server. Marigolds Book! Topics such as the weather and Structure even family issues may be discussed while awaiting their cup of Joe.
Meanwhile Yankees, from a long industrialized North, view this as time wasted and simply say “Hi, coffee, black. Bye”. Consequently, Northerners believe that Southerners are slow and Southerners view Northerners as rude. Marigolds Book! And they are both correct. The Eighteenth Century transition from agriculture to industrialization saw wealthy American and European men douse their faces with white makeup in My Organization's Structure Essay, order to emphasize that they did not spend time working in the fields and consequently, were not tanned. Ironically, in our post-industrial culture, where most work is conducted indoors, the sun tan itself has now morphed into a socially desirable status symbol which suggests that one enjoys the by ovid, luxury of outdoor leisure time. Thus the advent and My Organization's Essay popularity of tanning salons and, for the more frugal, tanning sprays in order to attain that “Lord of Leisure” look. A more recent example of conflicting cultural definitions of an elephant time is the manner in My Organization's Essay, which Italy and Spain have staunchly defended their cultural practice of Siesta despite relentless efforts by the European Union to coerce conformity to corporatist “Business Hours”.
Yet the Italians persist in savoring “La dolce far niente” -the sweetness of doing nothing. They work to live but don’t live to work. Alas, the triumph of the kings of aln, Italians and Spaniards in expressing their own unique definition of time is being steadily eroded by corporatist lawmakers and employers who refuse to honor Siesta, as the global hegemony of “corporate time” increasingly becomes the My Organization's Structure, norm. In our social media age, control of one’s time has, itself, become a form of wealth as “technology idolatry” makes us increasingly accessible on a 24/7 basis. Kings Of Aln! We each voluntarily carry about our own personal GPS in the form of our cell phones and our location can be determined in minutes from virtually anywhere. Sayonara “down time”! Adios, “out of My Organization's Structure pocket”! The standardization of American public school curriculum also reflects this “business model” as there is increasingly less time for students to ponder and explore ideas when being constantly prepped for high stakes exams.
Apparently, playtime is no longer deemed appropriate even for children as in some districts, parents of 7 th Graders are fighting to on shooting an elephant, restore recess! Our most popular spectator sports are now clock-based as football and My Organization's Structure basketball have replaced the more pastoral baseball as national pastimes. We are taught to feel guilty for “wasting time” and to reject British philosopher Bertrand Russell’s astute riposte that “The time you enjoy wasting is not wasted time.” In this clock-obsessed cultural landscape, the simple gesture of taking time to appreciate the aesthetic, to become immersed and filled by nature; to engage in the most human conduct of kings of aln observing beauty and truth is itself a revolutionary act. The ancient Greeks believed that beauty and truth were the two values worth living for My Organization's, and much of what ails our “9 to 5” clock-driven society today may well derive from a culturally constructed lack of time to appreciate the eternal timelessness of now. We must each make a personal commitment to lost modern english, take the time for wonder; to fully appreciate eternity’s love affair with the productions of My Organization's Structure time and reclaim the magic of paradise lost modern our lives. “Tempus fugit.” Copyright © 2016 by Dan Camilli All Rights Reserved. Essay! Award winning philosophy teacher Dan Camilli, The Cosmic Duffer ™ ” is the host of “Nature, Sport and the Spirit ” on natureschannel.fm radio airing Live Fridays at 10 AM ET and author of “Tee Ceremony: A Cosmic Duffer’s ™ Companion to the Ancient Game of Golf ” available at Amazon.
Visit blog at gore map, cosmicduffer.com. Good job Dan. As I view my perspective of time I find myself trying to squeeze my wants into My Organization's Structure Essay, a week of what others are wanting from me. When I first retired I would reply I now have 4 Saturday#8217;s and one Sunday in a week. Now it seems more like 1/2 Saturday and 1/2 Sunday. I still am trying to fit my 4 hour breaks for golf but it seems it is getting harder to chedule around other requests. Kings Of Aln! I don#8217;t think people are trying to take advantage of me but rather want to keep me busy. My Organization's! Realistically I believe I can fill my time constructively.
So I find myself somewhere between clock driven, task driven and family requested. Should have read . When I first retired I would reply when asked what#8217;s retirement like? #8220;I now have 6 Saturday#8217;s and 1 Sunday in a week#8221;
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Free International Relations essays. Thus in summary the Chinese concept are presented below as developed from (Geert-hofstede 2015) Concept Findings on My Organization's Essay, the Chinese culture. Power At least 80% of China sits in the higher rankings of Power index a?” this means that it is a society that believes that inequalities amongst people are acceptable. Kings Of Aln! The superior affiliation to relationship tends to be polarized and there is no defense against power abuse by superiors. Individuals are therefore more influenced by My Organization's Essay formal authority and sanctions and are in metamorphoses general optimistic about peoplea??s capacity for leadership and Essay, initiative.
People should not have aspirations beyond their rank according to the Chinese. Individualism and collectivism At a score of 20% China is a highly collectivist culture where people act in marigolds book the interests of the group and not necessarily of Structure Essay themselves. In-group considerations affect hiring and promotions with closer in-groups (such as family) are getting preferential treatment. Employee commitments to the organization (but not necessarily to the people in the organization) are low. Whereas relationships with colleagues are cooperative for in-groups they are cold or even hostile to b.f. skinner psychology out-groups. Personal relationships prevail over My Organization's Structure Essay, task and metamorphoses, company. Gender With a score of Structure 66 China is a Masculine society a?”success oriented and driven. The need to ensure success can be exemplified by the fact that many Chinese will sacrifice family and leisure priorities to on shooting an elephant work. Service people (such as hairdressers) will provide services until very late at Essay, night.
Leisure time is not so important. The migrated farmer workers will leave their families behind in faraway places in on shooting an elephant order to obtain better work and pay in the cities. UAI With a ranking of 30% China has a low score on Uncertainty Avoidance. None the less, adherence to laws and rules may be flexible to suit the actual situation and pragmatism is a fact of life. The Chinese are comfortable with ambiguity; the Essay, Chinese language is full of ambiguous meanings that can be difficult for Western people to paradise lost modern follow. Chinese are adaptable and entrepreneurial. At the My Organization's, time of gore electoral map writing the majority (70% -80%) of My Organization's Chinese businesses tend to be small to medium sized and metamorphoses by ovid, family owned. Time orientation China scores 87% in this dimension, which means that it is a very pragmatic culture. In societies with a pragmatic orientation, people believe that truth depends very much on situation, context and time.
They show an ability to Essay adapt traditions easily to changed conditions, a strong propensity to save and invest thriftiness, and perseverance in achieving results. Indulgence China is a restrained society as can be seen in its low score of 24% in this dimension. Societies with a low score in this dimension have a tendency to cynicism and pessimism. Also, in contrast to Indulgent societies, restrained societies do not put much emphasis on b.f. psychology, leisure time and control the gratification of their desires. People with this orientation have the perception that their actions are restrained by social norms and feel that indulging themselves is Structure, somewhat wrong. Figure 5 Hofstedes framework on China. 2.4. Case analysis of relationship effects: Qingxin Zhang. Guanxi is a a??Chinese cultural phenomenona?? (Fan, 2002, p. 374) that has multiple meanings, the following are some of the meanings that can be attributed to gore vs bush electoral the Guanxi phenomenon.
1. The relationship between people with shared characteristics. 2. Active and repeated contact between people. 3. Infrequent, and direct communication with people. It is an interesting irony that guanxi, the socially intense system of informal relationships that undercuts and reverses formal Chinese institutions, is My Organization's Essay, itself a subcategory of the paradise modern english, central principle of Chinese culture. Guanxi, is a word for networking, it connects the individuals to Structure a social network of a??friendsa?? who can be called upon for favors when needed. These social networks, however, pay tribute to the status of an elephant their members.
The social status of each member in the broader community is respected within the social network. Yet the exact purpose and function of Guanxi is to bypass formal hierarchical systems, institutions, and demands for obedience in My Organization's the broader society. These intense obligations of respect, required and mapped out in detail in innumerable interpersonal rituals and mannerisms, make efficient action difficult. Guanxi addresses this problem by b.f. skinner psychology enabling relationships to develop new types of bonds based on trust and mutual advantage and thus new channels for action. Guanxi, then, is an outgrowth of hierarchy that simultaneously turns back against My Organization's it, undermining its directives while maintaining its integrity.
It maintains its integrity by both respecting hierarchical status within guanxi networks and contributing efficiency to rigid hierarchal structures (Sethi, 2014) Equally, this traditional concept to the Chinese culture is one that is referring to on shooting closeness within the relationship of people, it is notes that the Structure Essay, studies in this field has reveled the interest that the concepts of guanxi have on the affecting of cultural relationships. Looking at the positions that are described with the gore vs bush, concepts, the most valid dimension in the studies reveal that the My Organization's Structure, cultural affection, the sovereignty and the concern of paradise english societal collectively are more entrenched in the traditional Chinese concerns, the present day seem more rooted in understanding better directions of using this concepts in the filled of socialization. We further identified gaps and potential for advancing guanxi research through multi-perspective and multi-level theorizing and examination. In doing so, we hope that guanxi theories and research will not only help illuminate the complexity of guanxi in Chinese organizations and societies but also that of human relations in the rest of the world.a?? (Chen, Chen and Huang, 2013) In addition, based on Kipnis (1997), guanxi involves mianzi, affect and reciprocal favor, which are the characteristics of guanxi. (Lin, 2010) In fact not only mianzi does not only exist in Asian culture dimensions. In Western society, the concept of mianzi is close to that of a?˜a?˜face,a??a?? referring to one persona??s identity in Structure a particular situation While a?˜a?˜facea??a?? represents an identity at individual level, mianzi in Eastern society represents a positive social value that one successfully earns from others in specific social interaction. It is also the self-image which is praised by society (Goffman, 1972). In their Politeness Theory, Brown and paradise english, Levinson (1978) brought up two kinds of face, namely negative and positive face. My Organization's Essay! While positive face refers to the need of onea??s value to be accepted or praised by related people, negative face refers to the public image which represents independence and self-sufficiency. In China, mianzi denotes onea??s public image which is built by certain social roles and it deeply influences Chinese social life.
2.5 Effects of corporate culture on performances. At a practical level, the metamorphoses by ovid, business sales must align with the My Organization's, realities of the corporate culture and kings of aln, what is possible within that culture. The excellent corporate cultures make their innovation continued and became the cornerstone of the enterprise to support the fast sustainable development in the future. Culture can manifest themselves from superficial elements to deep element. Therefore, based on the interest that the Chinese fraternity will be having in the analytical presentation that the Chinese culture that they are having is concern the main interest is on the dismal performance that the Chinese companies have on the external dimensions.
In particular, a number of political concerns have been raised on Structure Essay, the associations that china has with a number of metamorphoses by ovid operations with the sub Saharan Africa continent. One of these major interest develop very much form the interactions and My Organization's Structure, the indulgence index that the hofstedes framework provides for the Chinese culture and their social interactions. Citing an example of the Kenya relationships with China, Chinese companies score in indulgence even goes lower with the Kenyan relationships. This is because the Chinese are prone to having lower number of kings of aln local employed in Structure Essay the countries they operate. According to ( ) low score to electoral map indulgence can be termed as cultural barrier to economic and Structure Essay, development concern with trade in mind. This, implies of the limitations that the country and it business culture has from the metamorphoses by ovid, concepts of interaction with other cultures. Chapter 3: Sales and International Marketing. 3.1 Introductory comments.
The art of sales is Essay, defined by completing a transaction from the time you introduce your company to a prospect; to the delivery of the finished good and payment for lost modern that good. My Organization's! This definition is limited in scope as the art of sales is a never-ending cycle. To quote the famous Guy Kawasaki, a??How can you tell an entrepreneur is selling? His lips are moving.a??There has never been a truer statement, as we live in a time where new businesses, ideas and thirty-second elevator pitches are becoming a commonality. As companies construct and hone their pitch, consumers and end users create new and innovative ways to tune them out. Skinner Psychology! The technology age has succeeded in adding more effective ways to sell, but has also created additional noise in an already crowded sales channel. The challenge is to Essay identify how you are ten times better than your competition.
In this step of the series, we will guide you through the basics of forecasting, recruiting, executing, reporting and b.f. psychology, measuring sales. We will also examine these principles by applying them to our fictitious company, Profit Corporation. Specifically, we will determine how they developed their strategic sales and marketing plans by Structure Essay utilizing this method according to (). 3.2 Marketing Overview. It was once quoted, a??You dona??t need marketing if you do not plan to make money.a?? Marketing is a necessary component in completing your sale; in marigolds book fact, survival without it is almost impossible.
People will not buy from a company that they dona??t realize exists; nor will they buy a product or service of My Organization's Structure Essay which they are ill-educated. It is your job to on shooting educate your target market and Structure Essay, let them know how you make meaning. Marigolds Book! Consider the example of Starbucks. The sale for Starbucks happened before you stepped into their storea?”it happened when you decided to meet a colleague there. Why did you choose Starbucks? Perhaps it was because the location was convenient, or you knew that the prospect enjoyed good coffee. Perhaps you knew that your client would know exactly how to get to that location. My Organization's Structure Essay! At any rate, Starbucks won the war of sales and marketing well before you stepped into gore vs bush electoral map, the door. Structure! They won the war of competition through marketing.
In most cities, there are hundreds of coffee shops in shopping malls, on street corners and even in most restaurants. Skinner! Think of an example directly related to your company where a sale was made to you through marketing. There is a time where your lack of education in Structure Essay marketing could impede your growth. It is important to recognize when that time occurs and to define the need to an elephant turn your faith over to a professional marketing company. These companies focus on the growth and development of businesses like yours every day; they have seen the a??bigger picturea?? of successful tactics to market businesses.
They understand all the governing dynamics when building a marketing strategy and how to relate it to your business, but there are a couple of factors you should investigate when outsourcing your marketing strategy. 3.3 The importance of salesperson and Structure, strategy. Jong and Willem have outlined a closer look at kings of aln, the sales literature has mainly focused on the following issues; 1. Identifying different types of salesperson customer interactionsa?”examples are adaptive selling (originated by Structure Essay Spiro and Weitz, 1990) and customer orientation (originated by Saxe and Weitz,1982) 2. Salesperson interactions conceived from the perspective of kings of aln role expectations of their managers (and customers) (originated by Churchill, Ford, Hartley, and Walker, 1985) 3. Building stable relationships between customers and selling firms based on trust and avoidance of opportunism (originated by Morgan and Hunt, 1994, or Jap and Anderson, 2007) 4. The accentuation of key account management and team selling (originated by Essay Weitz and Bradford, 1999), (de Jong, Verbeke and psychology, Nijssen, 2014)
Artur and Nick believe businesses in an increasing number of Structure Essay countries are seeking competitive advantages by providing high-quality products and services to marigolds book meet the needs of a global customer base. Currently, almost any firm, large or small, is challenged to a??go international,a?? as doing business across borders is the Structure, mantra for kings of aln continuous prosperity. Moreover, even firms that do not engage in international activities cannot escape globalization processes because they need to defend their home market position from these international interlopers. Given that the sales force is primarily responsible for the liona??s share of My Organization's Structure Essay customer acquisition and retention, understanding sales force issues in a global context would seem to be vital for ongoing corporate success. B.f. Skinner Psychology! Operating at the customera?”firm boundary-spanning interface, the sales function occupies a prominent role in My Organization's Structure the internationalization process of most firms.
Therefore, international selling and sales management topics should be of interest to paradise lost english academics and Structure Essay, practitioners, recognizing that acquiring a deep knowledge base may be less challenging for managers than for academics. From a scholarly perspective, a major challenge remains in taking into account the traditions and accumulated knowledge from at least two research areas: international business or management, and selling and sales management. (Baldauf and Lee, 2011) 3.3 Sales behaviors. Pettijohn, Pettijohn and Taylor had list tow related literatures. One study was examined what was termed critical success factors. In this research, sales skills, tasks, and behaviors were identified that influenced performance.
The findings indicated that differences existed in terms of tactics used by high and low performers. Metamorphoses! For example, the My Organization's Structure, findings revealed that low performers tended to use cold calling and other impersonal prospecting techniques. Conversely, high performers were described as being more likely to use interpersonal prospecting methods (centers of influence, seminars, etc.). Moreover, low performers used the product benefit approach, more standardized sales presentations, and more a??manipulative sales tactics.a?? High performers, on the other hand, tended to use more visualization in the sales process and tended to use silence in selling. The research concluded by noting that high performers met their clienta??s needs by being more personal and customer oriented. Poor performers took a more traditional/sales-oriented approach (Dwyer, Hill, and Martin 2000).
Other studies have examined sales skills from the perspective of the buyer. Del Vecchio et al. (2002, p 3) examined relationships between buyersa?? perceptions of alternative sales tactics and their perceived effectiveness. The results indicated that buyers responded differently to many sales tactics based upon differences in the buyersa?? characteristics. The study also discovered that buyers tended to respond similarly to what were termed product-focused techniques. In using product focused techniques, the salesperson engaged in discussions of product applications, demonstrations, and product uses. The research also contended that when salespeople meet with buyers with authority to purchase, the salesperson should use a??a benefit approach, ask confirmation or clarification questions, directly address the buyera??s objections, and finally, clear the english, path to closing the salea?? (DelVecchio et al. My Organization's Structure! 2002 p. Kings Of Aln! 45). These techniques were termed customer-focused selling techniques. Structure Essay! Competitive selling techniques (comparisons with either the buyera??s or sellera??s competitors) were responded to equally by both types of buyers analyzed. Map! In a separate study, buyers were asked to identify the characteristics they desired from salespeople. This study found that buyers preferred salespeople who had expertise in their own product lines and the market.
Buyers also wanted salespeople who could communicate well, expedite orders, solve problems, understand their needs, and Structure, who could get their needs satisfied (Garver and Mentzer 2000). By Ovid! Williams and Seminerio (1985) also evaluated the importance of salesperson behaviors from the buyera??s perspective. Their findings indicated that buyers sought salespeople who were thorough, knowledgeable, willing to represent the buyer, and had market knowledge. (Pettijohn, Pettijohn and Taylor, 2007) 3.3.2 Sales innovation. Through the review of My Organization's Structure Essay journal article, the sales innovation is getting more focused on new product development. Lacroix, Lussier and Ouellet said: Innovation has emerged as the new mantra in all spheres of business over the past decades. Intuitively, salespeople should play a key role in metamorphoses innovation and My Organization's Essay, new product development (NPD). B.f. Psychology! Because they spend their workdays interacting with customers and clients, they are very likely the ones who best understand whatever it is that the market prefers, needs, and wants. (Lacroix, Lussier and Ouellet, 2014) In addition, Jong, Verbeke and Nijssen also pointed out The goal of My Organization's Structure Essay sales innovation is to better understand the role of a companya??s sales force in the product innovation process and salespersonsa?? ability to sell newly developed products. Salespeople who sell new products have contact with lead users, and lead users most of the time are innovative too.
Hence, salespeople not only get involved in lost modern english facilitating product adoption in the market but also help to get voice from the market and, as such, help their company to keep innovating effectively (Hargadon, 2003). In fact, many new technologies have emerged because they answer the problems of a specific set of customers (lead users). My Organization's Essay! This makes a salesperson a new kind of customer boundary spanner: he convinces customers, listens to metamorphoses by ovid their voices, and Structure, also effectuates the interaction between people of his firm and psychology, that of the customer (Wotruba, 1991). Consistent with this, in the business press, Dixon and My Organization's Structure, Adamson (2011) recently proposed that salespeople ought to operate as challengers, meaning they have to confront customersa?? habitual work and thinking habits (which are imprinted) and challenge them to look differently at the world so that they can mobilize their own social environment (or buying center). Modern salespeople are not just sellers, but they have become challengers of ideas requiring that they have a deep understanding of the industry such that they become proficient knowledge brokers (Verbeke, Dietz, and Verwaal, 2010; De Jong, Verbeke and Nijssen, 2014) 3.3.3 Chinese sale person behaviors. Networks of informal relationships are one of the major characteristics of business and social activities in Asian regions such as China, HongKong, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. (Tsai, Chi and Hu, 2009) Tsai, Chi and Hu also pointed out modern renqing orientation as a personality Trait. Nevertheless, not every Chinese person follows this cultural norm in the same manner. My Organization's! Some may have a higher tendency of metamorphoses giving gifts to those who have helped them in the past, for example, but other may not. Moreover, they followed Weitz et al.a??s (1986) classification of selling behaviors.
They identified two general types of Essay selling behaviors: adaptive selling and hard work (see also Levy and Sharma 1994; Sujan 1986; Weiner 1980; Sujan et al. 1994). As show as below, the first type of selling behavior is a?˜a?˜adaptive sellinga??a??, or a?˜a?˜the altering of sales behaviors during a customer interaction, or across customer interactions, based on perceived information about the nature of the selling situationa??a?? (Levy and Sharma 1994, p. 39). English! Research has shown that excellent sales representatives often alter their selling behaviors on the basis of situational considerations (Sujan et al. 1994; Leong et al. 1989). That is, these salespeople will try to understand the need of My Organization's Structure their customers, select the best sales strategies for these customers, and recommend products that satisfy these customersa?? particular needs (Weitz 1978; Weitz et al. 1986; Lambert et al. Kings Of Aln! 1990).
Another type of My Organization's Essay selling behavior, a?˜a?˜hard worka??a?? describes a?˜a?˜the overall amount of effort that a salesperson devotes to his or her worka??a?? (Sujan et al. 1994, p. 40). Empirical evidence has shown that high-performing salespeople are usually those who work very hard at their jobs (Churchill et al. 1985; Sujan et al. 1994). Sujan et al. (1994) suggested that these successful salespeople tend to be persistent at selling, devote a great deal of effort to their work, and gore electoral map, continue their selling effort even in the face of failure. (Tsai, Chi and Hu, 2009) 3.3.4 Cross culture selling. Although cross-cultural selling is Structure Essay, a delicate process requiring a high level of cultural sensitivity, our understanding of why some salespeople are more effective than others in culturally diverse situations is marigolds book, limited. Structure Essay! This is problematic considering the fact that many firms now derive a large percentage of their revenues from global operations. Political events of the past 20 yearsa?”events such as the gore electoral map, collapse of the Structure, Soviet bloc, creation and modern english, enlargement of the European Union, and implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)a?” have spurred an increase in My Organization's Essay global initiatives among firms. Many have shifted their focus to map the emerging economies of the world, particularly those of Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC), given the significant growth opportunities these economies provide.
All indications suggest this shift will become even more pronounced in the years to come. (Hansen et al., 2011) Hansena??s research was based on Structure Essay, cultural intelligence and cultural adaptation related on salesperson performance. Individuals high in CQ are capable of functioning and effectively managing in culturally diverse settings (Earley and Ang 2003). The construct is rooted in on shooting an elephant general intelligence theories that posit that highly intelligent individuals are adept at solving problems based on their ability to grasp and reason with the relevant concepts surrounding the problem (Schmidt and Hunter 2000). Giacobbe (1991) found that adaptive behaviors account for approximately 20 percent of the variance in sales performance, and extant research generally supports the Structure, notion that ASB enhances performance (e.g., Boorom, Goolsby, and Ramsey 1998; Park and Holloway 2003; Spiro and b.f. skinner, Weitz 1990). In the most wide-ranging investigation of the My Organization's, relationship, Franke and Park (2006) found through a meta-analysis of 26 samples and over 5,800 salespeople that ASB was highly correlated with self-rated salesperson performance. It stands to reason that the same relationship will hold true in crosscultural sales situations, due in part to the fact that culturally sensitive salespeople will be more adept at electoral map, establishing and maintaining cross-cultural relationships. (Hansen et al., 2011) 3.3.5 Role of the My Organization's Essay, sales -Value creation. In the course of the paradise modern, servitisation (Vandermerwe Rada, 1988) of business exchanges, the salesperson’s role has changed, away from being the communicator between the customer’s needs and the company’s products, to actively engaging in creating value for the customer using the company resources as support (Wotruba, 1991). The initial idea of salesperson’s value creation is My Organization's Essay, that they can add value for the customer by kings of aln augmenting a product through services or by finding a solution in the form of combined products and services (Tanner, Fournier, Wise, Hollet c Poujol, 2008). Hence, customer value is no longer considered to lie in the product itself (Levitt, 1969; Miles, 1961) but rather to be added by the salesperson by either increasing the customer’s benefits or decreasing the cost (Anderson et al., 2007; Rose, 1991).
More recently, the terminology of value added has been substituted by the concept of value selling, with the idea that the salesperson does not need an existing product or offering anymore but can create monetary value by My Organization's Essay making the customer’s business more efficient or effective (Anderson et al., 2007; Hanan, 2004; Rackham DeVincentis, 1999). (Hohenschwert, 2012) Blocker and his colleague are also said like that, within business markets, salespeople are in a prime position to recognize and manage the costs and profitability of individual customers, influence repeat purchasing, increase share-of-spending, and shape other strategic outcomes that could help their firma??s appropriate greater value. Kings Of Aln! Yet little empirical work addresses how value appropriation for My Organization's the firm is mediated or can be positively shaped through the gore vs bush electoral, efforts of the sales force. And Our framework portends increased opportunity and responsibility for the sales force in that refining skills in identifying and cocreating value for customers and helping determine how to best appropriate value from exchange relationships can significantly enhance the value of the sales force in an organization. Structure Essay! Yet such skill gains necessitate training to provide the sales force with the requisite skills and compensation and reward systems to encourage such activities. Salespeople and selling firms that build trusting, highly relational exchanges with customers may be tempted to gore vs bush electoral map take advantage of Structure Essay such relationshipsa?”in particular if the sales force is placed under some pressure to modern english appropriate more profits. (Blocker et al., 2012) Search our thousands of My Organization's essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom International Relations essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on b.f., hand, waiting to help you.
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Nov 17, 2017 My Organization's Structure Essay,
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and My Organization's Tips. If you're reading this article, I assume you're an IB Student, who is getting ready to write their Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and skinner What is the IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?. IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay. My Organization's Essay! In this articles, I'll try to gore vs bush electoral get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources to get an A. I'm a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to receive an A on my IB Extended Essay. Structure! If you don’t believe me, the proof is in the IBO pudding,
If you're confused by by ovid what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay, and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In layman’s terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received a grade A. The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the supervision of an advisor (an IB teacher at Essay your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out our other article). Metamorphoses! I'll explain exactly how the EE affects your diploma later in Essay this article. For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to marigolds book be approved by IBO (which is not very difficult). You can do a typical research paper such as in this paper, or you conduct an My Organization's Essay, experiment/solve a problem such as in vs bush this paper. Most schools allow you to pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at your school, although you can also get access to one at My Organization's another school through the Pamoja Education). Metamorphoses By Ovid! I'll explain how to pick your IB EE advisor below. The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an abstract (one-page synopsis of your essay), a table of contents, the 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on whether your topic requires illustrations such as an experiment would), and a bibliography. Your completed Extended Essay is Structure, then sent to the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on grading below).
What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay? You can technically write about anything, so long as the electoral IBO approves it. However, you should choose a topic that falls into one of the IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldn’t be difficult because there are so many class subjects. Here is a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay: You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to Structure Essay picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the options are limitless? I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for Writing a Grade A Extended Essay. Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of marigolds book, Time on It. I love British theatre and My Organization's Structure ended up writing mine about marigolds book a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd.
I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the Extended Essay seriously. Structure! I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC’s School of Dramatic Arts program and in my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship. How do you find a topic you are passionate about? Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them. Do you like Math because you like to problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts? Once you have figured out marigolds book a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper.
What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending an hour on My Organization's Essay, this type of brainstorming. After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow. This is a fine line. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you can’t write 4,000 words on it . You can’t write about kings of aln WWII because that would be a book worth of material. You don’t want to write about what type of soup prisoners of My Organization's Essay, war received in POW camps because you probably can’t come up with 4000 words on it. However, you could possibly write about how the conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and failures.
This may be too obvious of paradise english, a topic, but you get my point. If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. If you refer back to Structure Essay the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons. I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in gore order to show a transition in British Theatre. Topics with comparisons of 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. tend to be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and Structure after doing in-depth analysis on vs bush electoral map, each, you compare and explain the My Organization's Structure Essay significance of the comparison. The key here is by ovid, that the comparison needs to Structure Essay be significant. Marigolds Book! I compared two plays to show a transition in British Theatre. Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade A EE. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and My Organization's Structure Essay see how much material is out there.
If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out kings of aln there on My Organization's, the exact topic, it may be too broad. Kings Of Aln! If there are only 2 books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow. My Organization's Structure! If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of advisors: Tip #3: Choose an Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and Who Seems Excited About It. If you are not certain of who you would like to be your advisor, I would start by creating a list of your top three choices. Next, create a list of pros and modern english cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!). For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher, and we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to My Organization's conduct an experiment to compare the efficiency of American Hybrid Cars to Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms. White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me.
She could help me design my experiment. I am going to ask Ms. Vs Bush Map! White! Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to guide you in writing your English EE.
EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is passionate and My Organization's Essay knowledgeable about skinner psychology your topic (as my English teacher was about my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor. Consider all of your options first before you do. There was no theatre teacher at My Organization's Essay my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the next best thing. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is any required paperwork. IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. Tip #4: Choose an marigolds book, Advisor Who Will Push You to My Organization's Structure Essay Be Your Best.
Some teachers may just take on students because they have to marigolds book and may not be passionate about Structure reading drafts and may not give you a lot of feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the skinner psychology time to read several drafts and My Organization's Structure give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the draft better. Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an on shooting an elephant, extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is unlikely to push you. Note: The IBO only allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the EE. The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to Structure Essay three hours in total with the an elephant candidate discussing the EE. Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow. IB likes structure.
Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced). An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and briefly summarizes your whole argument. My Organization's Essay! An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for the reader to follow your essay’s argument and will also hurt the grading of your EE. The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on whether or not you include diagrams).
Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and B Analysis. If you are conducting an experiment or analyzing data such as in this EE , your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the research question, discussing your method, showing the data, analyzing the data, discussing uncertainties, and drawing a conclusion/evaluating the experiment. Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later! You will not be able to crank out a 4,000-word essay in kings of aln a week and get an A. My Organization's Essay! You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on by ovid, your topic, possibly books, plays, and My Organization's Essay watching movies). On Shooting! Start the research possible as soon as possible. Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Some schools want them as soon as November of your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Structure Essay, Senior Year. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by by ovid February of My Organization's, Junior year, ask your IB coordinator. Some schools will give you a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do.
Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on a specific timeline. Here is my recommended timeline, it is psychology, earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember): January/February of My Organization's, Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at on shooting least top 3). February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor). April/May of Essay, Junior Year: Submit an on shooting, outline of your EE and a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least 7-10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to Structure Essay discuss your outline. Paradise Modern English! Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and Essay Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to on shooting work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the fall when you are busy with college applications and other IB internal assessments for your IB classes.
You will want to Essay have this first full draft done because you will want to kings of aln complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely won’t be able to get everything you want to say into My Organization's Structure 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of metamorphoses, your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. August/September of Senior Year: Turn in Structure your first draft of your EE to your advisor and receive feedback. Work on incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft. September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and on shooting an elephant receive their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft. Structure! November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of your final draft to metamorphoses by ovid your school to be sent off to IBO. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate. The early bird DOES get the worm!
Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by the IB) on a scale of 0 to 36. My Organization's Structure Essay! There are general and subject-specific criteria, at gore vs bush map a ratio of 2:1 (24 possible marks for My Organization's the general criteria and 12 marks for the subject-specific one). The total mark is converted into a grade from b.f. skinner, A to Structure E, using the electoral map below parameters: Here is the typical breakdown of scores (from 2008): How Does the Structure Essay Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma? The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on marigolds book, What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. This diagram shows how the Structure Essay two scores are combined to paradise modern determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least).
So, let’s say you get an A on your EE and a B on TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. My Organization's! Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Prior to the class of 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in marigolds book either the extended essay or theory of knowledge and Structure still be awarded a diploma. However, as of 2014 (for the first examination in May 2015), a student who scores an E on marigolds book, either the Structure extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to gore vs bush map receive an My Organization's Structure Essay, IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on kings of aln, how to get an A EE.
Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure: Want to My Organization's Structure Essay improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at kings of aln improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article!
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