Date: 8.10.2017 / Article Rating: 5 / Votes: 5432
Ijx.buyessayonline.cloudns.cx #The Courage of a Scotsman Essay

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> The Courage of a Scotsman Essay














Order Essay Paper Online Anytime - The Courage of a Scotsman Essay

Nov/Fri/2017 | Uncategorized


Write My Essay : 100% Original Content - Lives of illustrious and distinguished Scotsman, forming a complete

Nov 17, 2017 The Courage of a Scotsman Essay,

Academic Proofreading - The Courage of a Scotsman Essay -- Braveheart, William Wallace

Book reports: perhaps the biggest waste of The Courage Scotsman Essay time. As a young teenager I was blessed to live near a great library. At least twice a week my mother used to drop us off at Stand Essay, the Huntington Beach Central Library. Scotsman. It has small ponds, plants, and comfortable bean bag chairs to snuggle into. Anne Fine Books. I remember walking down the book stacks running my right hand across the spines of the book like you would with a stick on The Courage Essay a picket fence.

At home, when my father walked in what steinbeck to write of mice and men the door, we would talk about the of a, newspaper. We would laugh over why do cassius take their at the end of, Art Buchwald or talk about the most current Jim Murray story in The Courage of a Essay the LA Times sports section. After our nightly showers my mother would let us stay up an extra half-hour if we were reading in what inspired steinbeck and men bed. Scotsman. I grew up loving to read. I knew no other way. The Last Essay. I get that some students dont like to read. If you dont read quickly its not very enjoyable. If there are other more interesting diversions, then reading might not be on of a Scotsman your priority list, but I refuse to listen to what my students when they say they hate reading. When I hear that I just say: If a boy or girl that you liked passed by Scotsman Essay you in in eukaryotes, the hall and gave you a note, you would read every word and you would read it quickly, and probably more than once.

So dont tell me you hate reading, you just hate reading anything that you dont care about. So here is The Courage Essay, what I do and dont do to get my students to read: Every Back-to-School night I give my students parents one handout, just one. Synthesis Of Aspirin Lab Report Answers. Ive linked to the handout here . Of A Scotsman Essay. Its one page long. Its full of in eukaryotes, takes place facts and Scotsman statistics including the reading load in various freshmen English classes at of aspirin lab report answers, UC Irvine. Here is just a small sample. Of A Essay. In a six-week study of college student who read 5 times a week for 15 minutes on pleasure reading, their mean reading rate rose from anne fine books, 210 to 348 words per minute. Of A Scotsman. There are many other studies that support these results. The most direct correlation between students and test scores besides parental income is a childs access to books at home.

Parents do not need to synthesis answers spend a ton of money on of a Scotsman Essay books! Take your student to A Lover’s The Emotions and Conflicts Love The Decameron and in Virgil’s The Aeneid the library once every two weeks, subscribe to Scotsman Essay a newspaper or a magazine of the period artwork, students choice. The Courage Essay. Go to used book stores. Former CNN anchor Bernard Shaw grew up in a poor household. He told an The Last Essay interviewer that his love and Scotsman knowledge for world events and his extensive vocabulary was developed because his father made sure that they had the newspaper at anne fine books, home everyday. The Courage Of A Essay. If your son or daughter says that they do not have any homework in in eukaryotes, translation place English please encourage them to The Courage turn off the TV , or computer, get off the phone and The Emotions and Conflicts of a Love The Decameron and in Virgil’s READ a book, magazine, or newspaper. I do not believe in mindless homework assignments, but I do believe in The Courage Scotsman Essay daily reading . I spend quite a bit of time at Back-to-School night talking about magazines, reading, and period artwork library cards. Of A Scotsman Essay. I think parents get the hint that its a big priority for me. I currently give extra credit to A Lover’s Love: The Emotions of a Love The Aeneid students who have a public library card and who check out a book and Essay show both to me. I give this extra credit once a semester. What Inspired John Steinbeck And Men. If I can get a student into a library for any reason, Im happy.

Just look at these two pictures of the of a Scotsman Essay, Cerritos Public Library. It#8217;s only twenty minutes away! I used to steinbeck of mice and men be able to give extra credit to Essay students who had a magazine subscription in what to write their own name. Essay. I think magazines get short shrift in the quest for readers. Translation. My two brothers cut their reading teeth on hockey magazines and comic books. The Courage Scotsman Essay. I cant do that anymore because of an ACLU lawsuit, but I still strongly encourage students to anne fine books read magazines. Of A Scotsman Essay. Here is anne fine books, a presentation link to some magazines that I recommend to The Courage students. Why Do And Brutus Their End Of. I used to The Courage Scotsman do SSR twice a week for anne fine books, 15-20 minutes, usually on Tuesdays and The Courage of a Scotsman Thursdays.

It was a nice start to class. Education In Victorian Times. But ever since we moved to of a a school-wide SSR program (15 minutes a day) I just have my students read for 10-15 minutes on Thursday. In Eukaryotes, Translation. I mostly do this so I can walk around and see what they are reading, have conversations, make recommendations etc At the Scotsman Essay, beginning of the year I show my students a presentation with pictures of education in victorian times some books I like. The Courage Essay. It takes about translation takes a class period, sometimes a little longer. I used to Scotsman Essay pull all of the in victorian times, books off of the The Courage Essay, school library racks and anne fine books put them on Essay a book cart and actually hold up the why do and brutus take at the the tragedy of julius caesar?, books, but thats a real time killer and The Courage of a Scotsman Essay some students cant see the books from the back of the anne fine books, room. Essay. Here is a link to Stand Essay my presentation so you can get an idea of of a Scotsman Essay what Im talking about. Lab Report. Sometimes I will hold up a book I am reading or I will share a passage from a book or have a student talk about a book and why they like it.

These are informal conversations that may happen before or after SSR. Of A Scotsman. I allow magazines during SSR, but not newspapers. Artwork. Its a noise/distraction thing. The Courage Of A Essay. I used to Stand have a classroom library, but I got tired of my favorite books disappearing. Of A. Even when I stamped my name in anne fine books the book they disappeared. I still have a few books that I share with students when they forget their book, but I ask for them back right after SSR. I direct students to our school library. The Courage Of A. Our school library is of mice and men, VERY student friendly and is always mobbed. I want students to feel that energy and Scotsman feel welcomed there. Anne Fine Books. Sometimes, with a reluctant reader who forgot a book, I will just walk them over to the library (its right next door) and The Courage Essay grab a book from the stacks and tell them I really think you will like this book. Book report attempt one: For my first three years of teaching students presented oral book reports in period front of the Scotsman, class.

Those were painful. The most painful part was when my students and I knew that they hadnt read the The Last Stand, book and of a Scotsman Essay we all suffered through their bald-faced lie. One student lied about Stand Essay having read All Quiet on the Western Front and it hurt so badly I just stopped doing this. Forever. Book report attempt two: This one worked pretty well.

In fact, it worked so well, other teachers on my staff started to do it and The Courage Essay Id say about a third of my twenty-three member English department does this exactly like I did or they have modified it slightly. John Of Mice. I probably did this for The Courage Scotsman Essay, about nine to ten years. If you click on this, you can see a handout detailing this book report idea. It centers on index cards, student-generated questions, and inspired and men a one on of a one student/teacher interview at why do cassius and brutus own lives at the end of the tragedy of julius, the end of each quarter. You dont have to finish a book, just read a certain amount of pages. The Courage Scotsman Essay. I even modified it a few years later to synthesis of aspirin lab report answers add a style analysis component that is Honors/AP level. The Courage Scotsman Essay. It can be found here. I kinda miss this one. A Lover’s Love: The Emotions Love The Aeneid. While I really miss the Scotsman, one-on-one discussions about books, they were very time intensive. Education In Victorian Times. Additionally, while I hated students lying about their book reports in front of the The Courage of a, class, I REALLY hated having students lie to me one on one.

So eventually I just let it go. Book report attempt three: So I started trusting students a bit more and of aspirin lab report answers I went to of a a reading log. What Steinbeck Of Mice. They filled out of a Essay, their log once a week during SSR. Id check to see if they were bringing in the books they were logging about. I did this for Stand, about two years and The Courage it was okay. Anne Fine Books. There was an expectation of reading, a fairly easy way to Essay log the synthesis, types of reading and how much reading and of a Scotsman Essay we were mostly happy. Grading these was fairly easy, but there was no real room for passion. If you want to synthesis answers see an example of my reading log you can click here . Essay. So I continued to question what I was doing as far as book reports. I had a co-worker, David Penhall: really smart, loved by translation takes place students. Essay. Dave Penhall when he started at QB for Cal Berkeley. He pushed his students to read more than any other English teacher.

Often his students would be reading one book in inspired to write and men class and one book at The Courage of a Scotsman Essay, home; obviously he loves and values reading. Anne Fine Books. I asked him one day what he does for of a, book reports. Anne Fine Books. Yeah book reports. You know that thing every English teacher does. What? Seriously Dave, why not? Well I realized a while ago that students who dont like reading wont change how they feel about The Courage Scotsman Essay reading if you give them a book report and A Lover’s Love: and Conflicts Love Affair in Boccaccio’s The Decameron and in The Aeneid will probably just lie about The Courage of a it or use a previous book, and A Lover’s Love: The Emotions and Conflicts in Boccaccio’s and in Virgil’s that students who love reading will continue to read, but will appreciate not having to Essay do book reports. A massive light bulb went off in my head. Steinbeck To Write And Men. Sometimes when you hear something that you know is The Courage of a, true you can feel it in your bones. My spine was humming. So last year I quit doing them.

I still do SSR, and what of mice and men guess what? My students who love reading continue to read, read often, and The Courage Scotsman Essay read widely. Cassius And Brutus Their Own Lives The Tragedy. And my other students who I see with the same book all the The Courage, time I notice it and try to find them something else to why do cassius take their end of the tragedy of julius read. My son loves to Essay read and anne fine books every time he is The Courage Essay, assigned a book report where he has to in eukaryotes, translation place write or make something he just groans. Of A. I like art and education times making stuff, but the The Courage of a Essay, stuff he makes seems more like a parent pleaser or bulletin board material than something that gets him to Stand somewhere else. Im not saying that book reports are a complete waste of of a Essay time and one can make an renaissance period argument for a well-constructed book report that helps a student see connections between their book and The Courage another idea. Its just not for Essay, me. The Courage Of A. So if youre an The Last Stand Essay English teacher struggling with what to of a do for artwork, a book report assignment perhaps the answer is: Dont do book reports. PS- The picture that brought you into this article is one of of a Essay Dave Penhall playing QB for Cal vs.

Stanford in what inspired and men 1970. The Courage Scotsman. Dave led the anne fine books, Cal Bears to an upset victory over of a, the eventual Heisman trophy winner Jim Plunkett and his Stanford Cardinals. Here is a picture of Dave with the anne fine books, Cal rugby team that traveled overseas to The Courage Essay play teams from Australia and in victorian New Zealand in The Courage of a Scotsman Essay the 70s. You can read about it here: A few of anne fine books my English teachers were phenomenal but the rest sure could#8217;ve used some Mr. Scotsman. Theriault inspiration#8230; On an anne fine books episode of Dan Rather Reports it was mentioned that 75% of Finns read a newspaper daily, and that they have the of a Scotsman, highest percent of library card holders of takes any nation. Of A Scotsman Essay. In other words, they are a nation of cassius and brutus their at the the tragedy readers. Of A Scotsman. And they have some of the highest scores on international tests. At my old school I recall seeing kids with A Catcher in Stand the Rye, and of a Scotsman Essay some hated it. I couldn#8217;t believe it!

Then I remembered that I read it independently, not as part of an Stand assignment (my junior english class read Huck Finn, and [ugh] A Scarlet Letter), and of a Essay was able to enjoy the Essay, story and The Courage the characters without worrying about plot structure, or rising action. The Last Stand. In the The Courage of a Essay, end, I think they hate the john steinbeck, assignment, not the content. The Courage Essay. But if all you did in synthesis of aspirin answers English class was sit, read, and of a Scotsman discuss books#8230; wait, that sounds awesome! Just do that! Appreciate the anne fine books, handout wrt daily reading good prod at parents/guardians too.

I found USSR/SSR to The Courage of a work best in Love: Affair The Decameron and in all school settings I taught. Always a rocky start with a majority of disinterest. I would just read on Scotsman Essay through. Anne Fine Books. By early October a majority had found something to The Courage Scotsman read and that silence also seemed to in eukaryotes, takes be appreciated. Of A Essay. I mean where can we enjoy 15 minutes of daily silence? Appreciate the book report retellings. Stand. I, too, abandoned the Essay, trade in lies. Painful? Yes. Enjoyed the The Last Essay, post. Thank-you.

What is USSR? I thought it was just a country. Essay. Uninterrupted Sustained Silent Reading. This was term used in the 1980s in our school district. I think what it amounts to is, as you say, making spaces in cassius and brutus own lives end of of julius classrooms for reading the sheer pleasure of an of a Scotsman Essay activity for self. In our school, everyone read: janitors, school nurse, office staff, principal. And Brutus Their The Tragedy Of Julius. I loved this post! Why? Because you agree exactly with me! Fifteen years ago, we started a compulsory 10-15 min SSR in of a Scotsman Essay all our English classes on inspired to write of mice a daily basis ( we have 75 min classes). It is Scotsman Essay, one of the best things we ever did and there is nothing attached to it because we wanted to anne fine books send the Scotsman Essay, message that reading is pleasurable not just something that you have to renaissance do and answer questions on.

My students read anything from The Courage of a Scotsman, chick-lit to in eukaryotes, translation place Ripley#8217;s. I have a classroom library with Calvin and of a Essay Hobbs etc.that are falling apart but mostly we use the school library which has a HUGE selection of The Last Stand Essay teen friendly books. Essay. Does everyone read all the why do take end of the tragedy of julius, time-hell no! But I don#8217;t care because I know many of The Courage of a Scotsman them will have read multiple books in a semester and I have planted the take their end of of julius caesar?, seeds. The Courage Of A Essay. One thing that does work is having informal book talks once in renaissance awhile.

Kids want to read something their friends have read or something that I really talk up like Malcom Gladwell#8217;s Outliers or a book on probablilities called Struck by Lightning. The Courage Of A. I have had 3 students read The Glass Castle in the last 2 months on my recommendation. The Last Stand Essay. It sounds like you are doing similar things. If everyone is thinking alike, then somebody isn#039;t thinking.

Pay For Essay Writing Service - Braveheart/ William Wallace: essays research papers

The Courage of a Scotsman Essay

Order Essays Online Cheap - Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie makes waves at the - The Scotsman

Nov 17, 2017 The Courage of a Scotsman Essay,

Buy Essay Online at Professional Writing Service - Commonwealth Literature - Page 148 - Google Books Result

Greed Essay Enron and Northern Rock Corporate Collapse. The spectacular collapse of both Enron and Northern Rock illustrate two very distinct methods of errant policy that deserve continual study. This essay examines and The Courage, compares the roles of both companies during their respective period of failure in order to determine the fundamental causes that led each of these companies to ruin. The evidence presented outlines a pattern of greed, ambition and and brutus take own lives at the the tragedy, poor policy that combined to drive the entities to failure. The Courage Scotsman? This research will be of why do own lives the tragedy caesar? value to any person looking into corporate collapse.

Failure in business comes in many forms making continual evaluation beneficial. The cases of the spectacular collapse of both Enron and Northern Rock illustrate two very distinct methods of errant policy. This essay examines and compares the roles of both companies during this period of failure in order to determine the fundamental causes that led each of these companies to ruin. With a focus on The Courage of a Scotsman Essay the role of fraud, market value accounting, fraud and creative accounting this study will identify and evaluate the underlying causes that have been credited with defining business risk in A Lover’s Love: The Emotions Love The Decameron and in the modern age. In the The Courage of a Essay end, this essay examines and evaluates the fundamental factors associated with the collapse of anne fine books Enron and Northern Rock with the stated goal of determining the best methods of avoiding such a scenario in the future. Enron was once considered a blue chip investment with the inherent capacity to The Courage bolster any portfolio during the 1990s until the collapse of 2001 (Khan, 2011). Once regarded as a premier investment, Enron became associated with a wide range of questionable accounting practice, fraud and insider trading during their term of operations.

Over the course of 1990s, Enron was cited and held up as a pillar of innovation and performance with many institutions attempting to Love: The Emotions Affair and in emulate their professed success (Arnold and Lange, 2004). This early idolization of the The Courage Scotsman rising company seems to synthesis of aspirin lab report have increased overall investor interest and expectation. With a platform based on The Courage Essay gas and electricity and a long list of associated enterprises including online and investment services utilized by nearly every other energy entity of the period, Enron was the acknowledged leader in the international energy industry (Solomon and Solomon, 2004). With a broad based system of investors, there was substantial fallout when the final collapse of the company was announced in synthesis lab report 2001, with many in the industry decrying the lack of of a oversight amid the opportunity for fraud (Khan, 2011). The rise and fall of Enron, even on basic level is a reflection of a companys ability to build and of aspirin lab report answers, play upon investors expectations, which indicates a willingness on the part of the The Courage of a investors to risk their money in a questionable investment.

Northern Rock was once considered a leading voice in the UK banking industry (Marshall et al, 2012). Created as a result of and Conflicts in Boccaccio’s a merger between the North East Building Society and the Northern counties Permanent Building Society and the Rock Building Society, the Northern Rock Building Society was in an ideal position to create and further their own business interests. A key area of concern for investors was the fact that Northern Rock derived its capital from depositors until the of a Essay deregulation efforts of the 1980s (Marshall et al, 2012). With the relaxation of oversight, it became possible for why do take their at the end of the tragedy caesar?, entities such as Northern Rock to consider and implement alternate solutions for revenue increase that included heavy investment in the stock market and mortgage industry. Of A Scotsman Essay? Complementing the what john of mice perception of leadership and dedication to the market were statistics that cited Northern Rock as one of the leading mortgage lenders during the period of the early 2000s (Mclean and Elkind, 2003). With a wish to capitalize as much as possible on the conditions of the growing market, which included the The Courage Scotsman American mortgage market prior to 2008, Northern Rock leadership opted to invest heavily in the subprime market that generated so much profit during this period (Dawley et al, 2012). This argument suggests that the old industry region that was home to the companys operations had a direct impact on the initial success and why do cassius end of, eventual failure of the Ban. This initial overview demonstrates that there was a real drive to produce revenue on the part of both of these companies, which in of a Scotsman turn fuelled their need to succeed at any cost. In both cases, Enron and Northern Rock began with a legitimate business foundation, yet desired a continual increase in power and revenue which led to poor decisions and policy implementation.

In a very real way, this brief illustration suggests that the success factor prompted these companies to act in education in victorian the selfish and rash manner that brought about their downfall. The manner in which leadership creates, endorses and implements a company policy is a critical component to any entities day to day operations (OConnell, 2004). In this case Enron leadership including Ken Lay, Jeffrey Skilling and Andy Fastow were primarily credited with first leading the company to incredible heights, and then engineering the massive failure due to their own incredible greed. Perhaps a leading indicator of the manner of leadership Ken Lay found appealing lay in his continual support of the oil trading company headed by Borget that was deemed acceptable as long as there was a profit, regardless of method (Swartz and Watkins, 2003). The Courage? Organizational culture built on greed and corruption will continue to breed these same elements throughout any organization (Solomon et al, 2004). In this case Enron leaderships goal of creating a nature gas stock exchange was driven by the desire to A Lover’s and Conflicts Affair The Decameron and in The Aeneid increase market share and revenue.

In the beginning this form of The Courage of a Scotsman innovation and aggressive marketing were deemed acceptable, but with subsequent discoveries of accounts including M. Yass, or My ass, created by Borget there was an acknowledgement of of aspirin answers corruption (Fox, 2003). Despite Enron initially endorsing Borget and his practices as the scope of the of a Scotsman losses mounted, Ken Lay actively denied any wrong doing, taking advantage of the lack of in eukaryotes, translation takes information that he cultivated. The lack of any serious form of The Courage Essay financial oversight allowed Enron to create questionable forms of accounting and bookkeeping that extended their perception of propriety (Solomon, 2004). During deregulation effort of the late twentieth century, there was serious contention on the part of the business community that there was a need to in eukaryotes, translation takes place reduce regulation in of a Scotsman order to benefit the consumer. Leadership at Enron eagerly campaigned on the notion that deregulation would actively increase the synthesis answers capacity for the worker (Swartz et al, 2003). Blaming regulation for higher electricity the lobbyists were largely successful in their drive to remove any meaningful oversight in the industry. This push included a state by state approach that allowed Enron to utilize their regional positions to great advantage, thereby ensuring a smoother experience (Boje et al, 2004). Skilling created concept of an asset lite strategy, or not actually owning the The Courage Scotsman assets, simply bundling and selling the energy, which in turn provided Enron with a potential method to drastically increase revenue with little to no paper trail (Solomon et al, 2014). The summer of 1998 witnessed a bonanza for Enron as there was a perception of volatility that enabled them to drastically capitalize on the market, leading to the perception that Skilling was a genius (Swartz et al, 2003).

During this period following deregulation many of the Enrons greatest profits were made by employees finding loopholes and exploiting these accounting or business practices to the utmost in john to write order to increase revenue (Arnold and Lange, 2005). Again, this policy of attempting to end run regulation only of a Scotsman Essay, promotes the of aspirin answers false ideal that the company or its employees was smarter than the system. Enron has been credited with employing many questionable accounting techniques during their period of operation in order to bolster expectations (Gordon, 2002). Of A Scotsman Essay? This drive to in victorian times provide a continuous profit for the company led the leadership to adopt accounting practices that did more to obstruct the revelation of negative data in order to maintain profits. A combination of Essay being at the right place in the form of evolving deregulation and belonging to a culture of greed and corruption created the atmosphere that prompted these increasingly poor accounting practices (Macey, 2003). At the heart of Enrons trouble rests a lack of strong corporate governance and in victorian, an increasing disregard for public regulation and investor welfare (Vinten, 2002). Beginning with methods that merely bent the rules, the accounting practices at Enron had to become larger in order to account for the burgeoning debt that was being created (Parker, 2005). The Courage Of A Scotsman Essay? This form of creative bookkeeping suggests that there was a strong knowledge that operations at the company were not only limited in scope, but there was a need to make as much money as possible at any cost.

This form of accounting was illustrated in the Mark to Market accounting expansion that served to misinform investors on accurate valuations, thereby increasing Enrons value (Shelly, 2011). While essentially legal, the stretching and reinterpretation of the anne fine books rules allowed Enron to The Courage of a Scotsman create a wide margin of profit on why do and brutus own lives end of caesar? paper. Further, the use of limited partnership and The Courage Essay, outside parties increased the level of secrecy and anne fine books, uncertainty that surrounded every Enron valuation process including the Credit Default Swaps and Collateralised Debt Obligations (Swartz et al, 2010). These measures became necessary in order to provide the company with the The Courage Scotsman Essay means to maintain expectations, bonuses and pensions. From the outset, Enron was out to why do take at the caesar? make money (Jennings, 2002).

Each innovation was aimed at delivering the most revenue to the leadership, not the investors. Each decision and The Courage of a Scotsman Essay, example of education in victorian times culture illustrates the greed and ambition of those behind the Enron debacle. In the accounting profession a fair presentation is regarded as an accurate representation of a working operation, creative accounting is identified as flexible practice that best serves the interests of the clients, with fraudulent accounting made up of those that blatantly step outside the law (Buckley, 2011). Enron has displayed an initial fair value accounting method that degenerated into a fraudulent accounting method with evidence that paints a portrait of unrestrained greed, propped up by Essay, poor regulation and aided by tacit indulgence of success. There is a clear need to times conduct ethical business in order to sustain opportunities (Gill, 2009). This was does not seem to have happened in the case of of a Scotsman Enron.

This evidence suggests that no matter how Enron had attempted to compensate for poor practice, there could have been no other plausible outcome than failure. Initially specialising in residential and commercial mortgages Northern Rock quickly became an industry frontrunner under the leadership of Adam Applegarth in 2001(Marshall et al, 2012). This form of leadership actively profited from the prior methods of operation, utilizing the past profit to invest in the present stock market, primarily the growing sector mortgage securities. Linsley and Slack (2013) argue that prior to 2001 Northern Rock projected a ethic of care, which in turn was cited for the intense feelings of why do cassius their the tragedy caesar? betrayal following the The Courage Scotsman Essay collapse of the Bank. There was a sense that leadership of the Bank was overly ambitious in their efforts to capitalize on their existing assets by putting all of the previous savings at risk (Marshall et al, 2012).

This suggests that the clientele of Northern Rock expected their leadership to take greater care and substantially less risk. Three primary points including Northern Rocks previous existence as a building society, the local or regional nature of the bank and the appearance of the Northern Rock Foundation bolstered the perception of a caring institution that was out to serve the populace (Linsley, 2013). With the and brutus take own lives end of the tragedy change in policy brought about by Scotsman, a new leader, there was a palpable sense of anger and disillusionment with both Northern Rock and the direction of their investments. It very much seems as if was this effort from the previous eras, the caring and attentive attitude that served to amplify the negativity as the bank began to crumble under the weight of poor leadership and management. With the inspired john steinbeck onset of the The Courage of a Scotsman subprime collapse in answers the United States and the massive international recession that followed, it became impossible for Northern Rock to meet its financial obligations, which in The Courage Scotsman Essay turn prompted the synthesis of aspirin lab report failure of the bank (Linsley et al, 2013). The innovative nature of the investment pattern such as the Together investment scenario set out by Northern Rock was a stark departure from the mutualisation process of previous eras (Nesvetailova and of a Essay, Palan, 2013). With the ambitious investment goals set out by Applegarth, it became necessary for the bank to move from the 75% per in victorian cent income from depositors to a much more modest 25% with the remaining balance being accounted for by investment and loans (Nesvetailova, 2013). As reflected by of a, consumer discontent with the policy decision, the entire process became disliked and heavily blamed for the eventual run on the bank.

The new pattern of investment required Northern Rock to pursue securitization in a fashion that created special purpose vehicles in order to allow these securities to become liquid and thereby tradable (Deegan and Unerman, 2011). This process allowed Northern Rock to obscure their accurate worth by education, essentially hiding these accounts offshore (Scott, 2008). Scotsman? With an accounting practice that was creative and innovative at the time, Northern Rock utilized this method in order to expand their projected revenues, thereby further enhancing their operations. In order to synthesis of aspirin continue lending at Essay, the bank level, mortgages could be sold, or further funds borrowed on the mortgage securities, which in turn kept Northern Rock liquid initially (Gaffikin, 2008). This culture of greed no matter the cost fuelled the leadership drive to not only continue this practice, but expand it to incorporate up to 50 per anne fine books cent of the The Courage Essay Northern Rock operational platform (Deegan et al, 2011). Depending too heavily on any volatile market has the potential to put any operation at risk at any time (Domhoff, 2013). This evidence suggests that Northern Rock was substantially impacted by the subprime mortgage collapse and the inability to borrow money from the lenders. With a business model that was directly dependant on in eukaryotes, translation takes place the interbank lending process, this sudden halt of The Courage of a funding was a severe and crippling blow, only enhanced by the need for the bank to A Lover’s Love: and Conflicts Love in Boccaccio’s The Aeneid have these funds on hand in order to shore up fading public support. The Courage Essay? The perception of dismay and lack of trust only increased as Northern Rock found itself undercut by rivals with better loan rates (Deegan et al, 2011). With no ready pool of funding available and no one to purchase the translation takes securities, some of which were frozen due to questionable value, the internal situation deteriorated to the point of collapse nearly overnight.

Regulation and The Courage Scotsman Essay, lack of effective constraints in the financial process has been cited as an element of the Northern Rock collapse (Nesvetailova, 2013). There was a sustained feeling that the explosive pattern of growth quickly overwhelmed any regulation effort, which in turn led to unsatisfactory testing and performance assessments. The caring culture that once benefited operations at anne fine books, Northern Rock was transformed to increased discontent with the of a Essay announcement of the government bailout, which in in eukaryotes, takes place turn fuelled the run on the bank (Deegan, et al, 2011). This evidence suggests that it was the very elements of safe investment that had given Northern Rock the The Courage opportunity for investment initially and lab report, that the prudent course of action would have been to The Courage maintain a pattern of anne fine books considerate investment rather than an all-out bid for industry leadership. With the nationalization of the Northern Rock entity, the government became the Scotsman only remaining investor, shouldering the substantial loss that had once been a thriving multi-generational company (Deegan et al, 2011). Both Enron and Northern Rock exhibited similar and education times, distinctly different traits as this study as illustrated. Each of the companies possessed leadership that was very focused on success and revenue.

This culture of greed and of a Essay, ambition served to initially propel both companies into positions of leadership which was demonstrated by in eukaryotes, takes place, their drastic increase in value and recognition during the early phases. While both companies began with fair trade accounting methods, there were driving forces behind each entities operation after that period. Enron began to of a Scotsman employ outright fraud in their accounting practices, in some cases going so far as to completely create fictional assets in order to why do cassius their at the of julius maintain viability. In contrast Northern Rock employed creative accounting methods to legally utilize their existing assets to invest in the subprime mortgage market. While Northern Rocks leadership made poor choices, there was no element of of a Scotsman blatant fraud as perpetrated by Enron. There was a distinct organisational culture gap between Enron and Northern Rock. The ethic of care environment enacted a perception of interest in the consumers of Northern Rock aided the long term business efforts and sustained operations over generations.

Enron was focused on profit and the means to increase profit from the point of anne fine books inception, creating management techniques that encouraged a liberal interpretation of any regulation, placing revenue generation above the need to present a high level of honesty during operation. A similarity that binds both companies together was the leadership intention to use the Essay open market to increase their net assets. Further, there was a directed action by both management institutions to hide the debt from the consumer and investors in order to prop up their image and of aspirin answers, brand. Once considered pioneering, creative and innovative the combination of deregulation, massive growth and complex rules provided a wide range of The Courage of a Scotsman Essay opportunities that these companies chose to exploit for their own gain. Each of these entities found itself in the position that required them to borrow money in order to meet expectations. Lacking the means to borrow money was the death knell for both of these enterprises. Northern Rock found itself caught in the subprime mortgage collapse and Enron found itself the focus of scrutiny concerning their assets and true valuation. In the end both Enron and The Emotions and Conflicts Affair in Boccaccio’s and in Virgil’s, Northern Rock exhibited poor policy decision as well as experiencing bad luck. While there is no guarantee in the business world, large scale deception and fraud will eventually come back to roost.

It was the utilization of questionable practice, greed and ambition that served to derail these companies, teaching us all that honesty is indeed the The Courage Scotsman best policy. Arnold, B. and De Lange, P. 2004. Enron: an examination of agency problems. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 15 (6), pp. 751765. Boje, D. M., Rosile, G. A., Durant, R. A. and Luhman, J. T. 2004. Enron spectacles: A critical dramaturgical analysis. Organization Studies, 25 (5), pp. What Inspired John To Write? 751774.

Buckley, A. 2011. Financial crisis. Harlow, England: Financial Times Prentice Hall. Dawley, S., Marshall, N., Pike, A., Pollard, J. and Tomaney, J. 2012. The Courage Scotsman? Continuity and evolution in an old industrial region: the labour market dynamics of the rise and fall of Northern Rock. Regional Studies, (ahead-of-print), pp. 119. Deegan, C. and Unerman, J. 2011.

Financial Accounting Theory: European Edition, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill. New York, NY. Domhoff, G. W. 2013. The myth of liberal ascendancy. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers. Fox, L. 2003. Enron. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. Gaffikin, M. 2008.

Accounting Theory: Research, Regulation and Accounting Practice, Pearson Education. New York, NY. Gill, M. 2009, Accountants Truth: Knowledge and Ethics in the Financial World, Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1(1). Gordon, J. N. 2002. What Enron means for the management and control of the modern business corporation: some initial reflections.

The University of Chicago Law Review, 1(1) pp. 12331250. Gordon, R. W. Synthesis Of Aspirin Lab Report Answers? 2002. New Role for Lawyers: The Corporate Counselor after Enron, A. Conn. L. Rev., 35 p. Of A? 1185. Jennings, M. M. 2002. In Eukaryotes, Place? Primer on of a Essay Enron: Lessons from a Perfect Storm of place Financial Reporting, Corporate Governance and Ethical Culture Failures, A. Cal. The Courage Scotsman? WL Rev., 39 p. 163. Khan, M. A. 2011. The Reasons Behind a Corporate Collapse: A Case Study of Enron.Available at SSRN 1923277.

Linsley, P. M. and Slack, R. E. 2013. Crisis management and an ethic of care: the case of Northern Rock Bank. Journal of education in victorian times business ethics, 113 (2), pp. 285295. Macey, J. R. 2003. Efficient capital markets, corporate disclosure, and Enron.

Cornell L. Rev., 89 p. 394. Marshall, J., Pike, A., Pollard, J. The Courage Of A Essay? S., Tomaney, J., Dawley, S. and in eukaryotes, place, Gray, J. 2012. Placing the run on Northern Rock. Journal of Economic Geography, 12 (1), pp. 157181. Mclean, B. and Elkind, P. 2003.

The smartest guys in the room. New York: Portfolio. Nesvetailova, A. and Palan, R. 2013. Minsky in the Shadows Securitization, Ponzi Finance, and the Crisis of Northern Rock. Review of Radical Political Economics, 45 (3), pp.

349368. OConnell, B. The Courage Of A Scotsman Essay? T. 2004. Enron. Con:He that filches from me my good name makes me poor indeed. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 15 (6), pp. 733749. Parker, L. Education Times? D. 2005. Of A? Corporate governance crisis down under: post-Enron accounting education and research inertia.

European Accounting Review, 14 (2), pp. 383394. Richardson, S. 2011. From the Invisible Hand to CEO Speak: Enron and a Rhetoric of Corporate Collapse. Russell, D. Of Aspirin? 2013. Critical Studies on Corporate Responsibility, Governance and Sustainability, Vol. 3Business and Sustainability: Concepts Strategies and Changes. International Journal of of a Law and Management, 55 (1), pp.

7476. Scott, W. R. 2008 Financial Accounting Theory, 5th Edition, FT Prentice Hall. Solomon, J. and Solomon, A. 2004. Love: And Conflicts Love In Boccaccio’s And In? Corporate governance and accountability. New York: John Wiley. Swartz, M. and Watkins, S. 2003. Power failure. New York: Doubleday. Vinten, G. 2002.

The corporate governance lessons of Enron. Corporate Governance, 2 (4), pp. 49. If you enjoyed this article, subscribe to receive more just like it. Including student tips and advice.

Enter your email address below to receive helpful student articles and tips. 2017 The WritePass Journal. All rights reserved. Premium WordPress Themes.

Buy Essay Papers Online - The Gothic Origin of Modern Civility: Mandeville and the Scots on

Nov 17, 2017 The Courage of a Scotsman Essay,

Essay Writer for All Kinds of Papers - Commonwealth Literature - Page 148 - Google Books Result

What to start with if you need to write a World War 2 essay. Essay about World War 2 is quite a common deal for history classes. It helps students better understand the causes, consequences, mistakes and the process of the greatest war in the history of humanity. Writing an Scotsman, essay requires not only creative approach, but also doing a research, reading lots of related literature, analyzing and learning amounts of information. All these steps are especially necessary when writing an essay that has to give an analyze of a historic event of such significance. Here, you will find useful tips, guidelines and possible topics that might be interesting to write in your paper on why do and brutus take their at the of julius caesar? history. Writing a paper on history requires you providing lots of information and historical details within the given amount of words and The Courage pages. It is essential to include not only what inspired to write of mice and men, related to a certain historical event information, but also to show a coherent, profound manner of analyzing. Scotsman! You are expected to demonstrate your ability to write a history paper and your understanding of the proper material concerning the period of synthesis lab report, history, when the World War 2 took place. Before you actually start writing your essay on World War 2, you need to make sure you comprehend the question, which is needed to be enlightened in your paper. You need to evaluate the topic, which will take some time.

World War 2 is such a broad theme that in order to of a Scotsman Essay write a profound essay, you need to narrow your topic as much as possible. Synthesis Answers! Otherwise, you will write about everything and nothing at the same time. Think thoroughly what you are asked to do. Scotsman! Does it have to be an analyze of certain events or the strategy of one of the countries involved into the war? Or maybe you need to compare some aspects of the war? Does the assignment ask you to do a research on participation of some country in the war or its legal aspects, like resolutions other documents? Anyway, we suggest paying much attention to the instructions and requirements of your assignment. Considering interesting World War 2 essay topics.

Obviously, a good topic is an essential part of a good essay. Therefore, you need to consider many topics, until you pick the one that meets your area of expertise and of aspirin answers interests. You may write a paper in the light of the overall pattern of the strategy and techniques of the warring nations, if you don't want to write about a concrete event within the Scotsman war. Also, you may write about a certain battle or war operation, which may be a significant war campaign or some little raid, which is and Conflicts Love and in not widely known. As a matter of fact, you can even write about the kinds of weapons that were used during the war. Consider doing a research on an important personality, too. Of A Scotsman Essay! All in all, look at the following topics, which you may find pertinent:

The causes of the World War 2. This topic is quite general, where you are not expected to go into details. Instead, it requires analyzing. The key points, that turned the course of the war. This may be an informative essay, where you give information on events of great importance within the and men war. The secret weapons. If you pick this topic, you will be surprised when doing your research because of the facts that you never known before.

For example, did you know what kinds of secret weapons were used by Germany? The outstanding leaders and heroes of the war. You can do a research on one influencing person that played a considerable role in Scotsman Essay, the war course. For example, about one of German Field Marshals. Find out interesting facts about Enigma, which is the cipher machine used by Germany in war times. There are a lot of why do and brutus their own lives the tragedy of julius caesar?, fascinating stories related to this machine, which your readers may want to read about.

Consider writing a theoretical essay about the possible strategies, principles, mechanisms that were used or could be used during the World War 2. One of the most interesting topics to write about is The Courage propaganda and information warfare during the times of anne fine books, war. You may find out the methods of psychological influence that were used by the warring nations. As a rule, World War 2 essays don't require much creativity for writing them, although you need to Scotsman Essay demonstrate your creative skills anyway. The point is, if you want your essay to provoke interest of your readers, you need to make it exciting and include information that they don't know. For this reason, you need to read a lot of literature from anne fine books a wide range of sources. Of A Essay! We suggest considering both usage of Internet sources (including blogs, documentary databases, historical web-sites, etc.) and going to the library.

Additionally, it is education in victorian acceptable to watch historical movies and television shows, as long as they may serve as an additional source of The Courage Scotsman Essay, inspiration for doing further research. Remember that you should use only trustworthy sources and never rely upon. doubtful information. When choosing your position in regard to why do cassius at the the tragedy of julius caesar? the warring countries, make sure you are aware of enough of information and Scotsman Essay possess proper knowledge for making your choice. If you need to in eukaryotes, analyze, avoid describing.

You don't need to rewrite what historians have already written, but instead, you need to give your personal view of the situation, your own conclusions and discoveries. If you need help with writing your essay about the war, you can always contact us and get all support that you need. Our team provides students with a wide range of writing and consulting services. Look below to learn some of them: Essay about World War 2 is quite a common deal for history classes. It helps students better understand the causes, consequences, mistakes and the process of the greatest war in the history of humanity. Writing an essay requires not only creative approach, but also doing a research, reading lots of related literature, analyzing and learning amounts of information.

All these steps are especially necessary when writing an essay that has to give an analyze of a historic event of such significance. Here, you will find useful tips, guidelines and possible topics that might be interesting to write in your paper on history. Writing a paper on history requires you providing lots of information and historical details within the given amount of Essay, words and pages. It is essential to include not only related to a certain historical event information, but also to of aspirin lab report show a coherent, profound manner of analyzing. You are expected to demonstrate your ability to write a history paper and your understanding of the proper material concerning the period of history, when the World War 2 took place. Before you actually start writing your essay on World War 2, you need to make sure you comprehend the question, which is of a needed to anne fine books be enlightened in your paper. The Courage Of A! You need to evaluate the topic, which will take some time. Of Aspirin Lab Report! World War 2 is such a broad theme that in The Courage Essay, order to write a profound essay, you need to narrow your topic as much as possible.

Otherwise, you will write about everything and nothing at the same time. Think thoroughly what you are asked to do. Does it have to be an analyze of certain events or the strategy of one of the countries involved into the war? Or maybe you need to in victorian times compare some aspects of the war? Does the assignment ask you to do a research on participation of some country in the war or its legal aspects, like resolutions other documents? Anyway, we suggest paying much attention to the instructions and requirements of your assignment. Considering interesting World War 2 essay topics. Obviously, a good topic is an essential part of a good essay.

Therefore, you need to consider many topics, until you pick the one that meets your area of expertise and interests. You may write a paper in the light of the overall pattern of the strategy and techniques of the warring nations, if you don't want to write about a concrete event within the war. Also, you may write about a certain battle or war operation, which may be a significant war campaign or some little raid, which is not widely known. As a matter of fact, you can even write about the kinds of weapons that were used during the war. Consider doing a research on an important personality, too. All in Essay, all, look at the following topics, which you may find pertinent: The causes of the World War 2. This topic is quite general, where you are not expected to go into details. Instead, it requires analyzing. The key points, that turned the course of the war. This may be an informative essay, where you give information on events of great importance within the anne fine books war.

The secret weapons. If you pick this topic, you will be surprised when doing your research because of the facts that you never known before. For example, did you know what kinds of secret weapons were used by Germany? The outstanding leaders and heroes of the war. You can do a research on one influencing person that played a considerable role in the war course. The Courage Of A! For example, about Love: The Emotions The Decameron one of German Field Marshals. Find out interesting facts about Enigma, which is the cipher machine used by Germany in war times. There are a lot of fascinating stories related to this machine, which your readers may want to read about.

Consider writing a theoretical essay about the possible strategies, principles, mechanisms that were used or could be used during the World War 2. One of the most interesting topics to write about is propaganda and information warfare during the times of war. The Courage Of A! You may find out the methods of psychological influence that were used by the warring nations. As a rule, World War 2 essays don't require much creativity for writing them, although you need to demonstrate your creative skills anyway. The point is, if you want your essay to provoke interest of your readers, you need to make it exciting and include information that they don't know. Takes! For this reason, you need to read a lot of literature from The Courage a wide range of sources.

We suggest considering both usage of Internet sources (including blogs, documentary databases, historical web-sites, etc.) and going to the library. Cassius And Brutus Take Their End Of Of Julius! Additionally, it is acceptable to watch historical movies and television shows, as long as they may serve as an additional source of of a, inspiration for inspired steinbeck doing further research. Remember that you should use only trustworthy sources and never rely upon. doubtful information. When choosing your position in regard to the warring countries, make sure you are aware of enough of information and Scotsman Essay possess proper knowledge for making your choice. In Eukaryotes, Place! If you need to analyze, avoid describing. You don't need to The Courage Scotsman rewrite what historians have already written, but instead, you need to give your personal view of the situation, your own conclusions and discoveries. If you need help with writing your essay about the translation takes place war, you can always contact us and get all support that you need. Scotsman! Our team provides students with a wide range of writing and consulting services. Look below to learn some of them:

Essay about World War 2 is quite a common deal for history classes. It helps students better understand the A Lover’s The Emotions and Conflicts of a and in The Aeneid causes, consequences, mistakes and The Courage Scotsman the process of the john steinbeck and men greatest war in The Courage of a, the history of why do and brutus take their at the of julius caesar?, humanity. The Courage Scotsman! Writing an in eukaryotes, takes, essay requires not only creative approach, but also doing a research, reading lots of The Courage of a Scotsman, related literature, analyzing and learning amounts of information. All these steps are especially necessary when writing an essay that has to of aspirin give an analyze of a historic event of such significance. Here, you will find useful tips, guidelines and possible topics that might be interesting to write in your paper on history.

Writing a paper on history requires you providing lots of Scotsman, information and historical details within the given amount of words and education in victorian pages. It is Essay essential to include not only place, related to The Courage of a a certain historical event information, but also to show a coherent, profound manner of analyzing. You are expected to anne fine books demonstrate your ability to write a history paper and your understanding of the proper material concerning the period of history, when the of a Scotsman World War 2 took place. Before you actually start writing your essay on World War 2, you need to make sure you comprehend the question, which is needed to be enlightened in your paper. You need to evaluate the topic, which will take some time. World War 2 is lab report answers such a broad theme that in order to write a profound essay, you need to narrow your topic as much as possible. Otherwise, you will write about everything and nothing at The Courage of a Scotsman Essay the same time. Think thoroughly what you are asked to do. Does it have to be an analyze of certain events or the strategy of one of the countries involved into the war? Or maybe you need to anne fine books compare some aspects of the war? Does the assignment ask you to do a research on participation of of a, some country in the war or its legal aspects, like resolutions other documents?

Anyway, we suggest paying much attention to the instructions and anne fine books requirements of your assignment. Considering interesting World War 2 essay topics. Obviously, a good topic is an essential part of Scotsman Essay, a good essay. Therefore, you need to in victorian times consider many topics, until you pick the one that meets your area of The Courage Scotsman Essay, expertise and interests. You may write a paper in the light of the education overall pattern of the strategy and techniques of the warring nations, if you don't want to write about Scotsman a concrete event within the war. Also, you may write about a certain battle or war operation, which may be a significant war campaign or some little raid, which is not widely known. As a matter of fact, you can even write about the kinds of weapons that were used during the war.

Consider doing a research on an important personality, too. All in education, all, look at of a Essay the following topics, which you may find pertinent: The causes of the World War 2. In Eukaryotes, Translation Takes! This topic is The Courage Scotsman quite general, where you are not expected to synthesis go into details. Instead, it requires analyzing. The key points, that turned the The Courage of a Essay course of the war.

This may be an informative essay, where you give information on events of great importance within the war. Education Times! The secret weapons. If you pick this topic, you will be surprised when doing your research because of the facts that you never known before. For example, did you know what kinds of secret weapons were used by The Courage Germany? The outstanding leaders and anne fine books heroes of the war. You can do a research on one influencing person that played a considerable role in the war course. For example, about one of German Field Marshals. Find out interesting facts about Essay Enigma, which is the why do cassius and brutus at the of julius caesar? cipher machine used by Germany in war times. There are a lot of fascinating stories related to of a Scotsman Essay this machine, which your readers may want to read about. Consider writing a theoretical essay about the possible strategies, principles, mechanisms that were used or could be used during the World War 2. One of the A Lover’s The Emotions of a Affair The Decameron Virgil’s The Aeneid most interesting topics to write about is of a Essay propaganda and information warfare during the anne fine books times of war. You may find out the methods of psychological influence that were used by the warring nations.

As a rule, World War 2 essays don't require much creativity for writing them, although you need to demonstrate your creative skills anyway. The point is, if you want your essay to provoke interest of your readers, you need to make it exciting and include information that they don't know. For this reason, you need to read a lot of literature from a wide range of sources. We suggest considering both usage of Internet sources (including blogs, documentary databases, historical web-sites, etc.) and going to of a Scotsman the library. Additionally, it is acceptable to watch historical movies and television shows, as long as they may serve as an additional source of inspiration for doing further research.

Remember that you should use only anne fine books, trustworthy sources and never rely upon. doubtful information. When choosing your position in regard to Scotsman Essay the warring countries, make sure you are aware of inspired of mice, enough of information and possess proper knowledge for making your choice. If you need to The Courage Scotsman analyze, avoid describing. You don't need to rewrite what historians have already written, but instead, you need to give your personal view of the education in victorian times situation, your own conclusions and discoveries. If you need help with writing your essay about the The Courage of a war, you can always contact us and get all support that you need.

Our team provides students with a wide range of writing and consulting services. Look below to learn some of them:

Buy Essays Cheap - The Courage of a Scotsman Essay -- Braveheart, William Wallace

Nov 17, 2017 The Courage of a Scotsman Essay,

Academic Proofreading - Essays: Chiefly on Scottish Antiquities - Page 57 - Google Books Result

An Introduction to RDF and the Jena RDF API. This is a tutorial introduction to both W3C's Resource Description Framework (RDF) and Jena, a Java API for RDF. It is written for the programmer who is unfamiliar with RDF and who learns best by prototyping, or, for other reasons, wishes to move quickly to implementation. Scotsman Essay? Some familiarity with both XML and Java is assumed. Implementing too quickly, without first understanding the RDF data model, leads to frustration and disappointment. Yet studying the data model alone is dry stuff and often leads to tortuous metaphysical conundrums.

It is better to approach understanding both the data model and how to use it in parallel. Learn a bit of the data model and what inspired steinbeck of mice, try it out. Then learn a bit more and try that out. Then the The Courage Scotsman Essay theory informs the practice and the practice the theory. The data model is quite simple, so this approach does not take long. RDF has an XML syntax and many who are familiar with XML will think of why do cassius and brutus their at the end of caesar? RDF in terms of The Courage of a that syntax.

This is Love: The Emotions and Conflicts Love Affair in Boccaccio’s Virgil’s The Aeneid a mistake. RDF should be understood in terms of its data model. RDF data can be represented in XML, but understanding the syntax is secondary to understanding the data model. An implementation of the of a Jena API, including the working source code for all the examples used in this tutorial can be downloaded from jena.apache.org/download/index.cgi . The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is and brutus their at the the tragedy of julius caesar? a standard (technically a W3C Recommendation) for The Courage Scotsman, describing resources. What is a resource? That is rather a deep question and the precise definition is still the subject of debate. For our purposes we can think of it as anything we can identify. Anne Fine Books? You are a resource, as is of a Scotsman Essay your home page, this tutorial, the number one and the great white whale in Moby Dick. Our examples in anne fine books, this tutorial will be about people. They use an RDF representation of The Courage Scotsman Essay VCARDS.

RDF is A Lover’s Love: The Emotions of a Affair The Decameron best thought of in the form of node and arc diagrams. A simple vcard might look like this in RDF: The resource , John Smith, is shown as an elipse and is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) 1 , in this case http://. /JohnSmith. The Courage? If you try to access that resource using your browser, you are unlikely to be successful; April the first jokes not withstanding, you would be rather surprised if your browser were able to deliver John Smith to your desk top. If you are unfamiliar with URI's, think of them simply as rather strange looking names.

Resources have properties . In these examples we are interested in the sort of properties that would appear on John Smith's business card. Figure 1 shows only one property, John Smith's full name. A property is synthesis answers represented by an arc, labeled with the name of a property. The name of a property is also a URI, but as URI's are rather long and The Courage Scotsman, cumbersome, the diagram shows it in education in victorian times, XML qname form. The Courage Of A Scotsman? The part before the ':' is called a namespace prefix and represents a namespace. The part after the ':' is called a local name and represents a name in that namespace. Properties are usually represented in this qname form when written as RDF XML and lab report answers, it is a convenient shorthand for representing them in diagrams and in text.

Strictly, however, properties are identified by The Courage Scotsman a URI. The nsprefix:localname form is a shorthand for the URI of the namespace concatenated with the localname. A Lover’s Love: And Conflicts Love Affair The Decameron And In The Aeneid? There is The Courage no requirement that the anne fine books URI of a property resolve to The Courage Scotsman Essay, anything when accessed by a browser. Translation? Each property has a value. In this case the value is a literal , which for now we can think of as a strings of characters 2 . Literals are shown in rectangles. Jena is The Courage Scotsman Essay a Java API which can be used to create and manipulate RDF graphs like this one. Jena has object classes to represent graphs, resources, properties and literals. The interfaces representing resources, properties and literals are called Resource, Property and Literal respectively. In Jena, a graph is called a model and is represented by the Model interface. The code to create this graph, or model, is simple: It begins with some constant definitions and then creates an anne fine books, empty Model or model, using the ModelFactory method createDefaultModel() to create a memory-based model.

Jena contains other implementations of the Model interface, e.g one which uses a relational database: these types of Model are also available from ModelFactory. The Courage Of A Scotsman Essay? The John Smith resource is then created and a property added to anne fine books, it. The property is provided by a constant class VCARD which holds objects representing all the definitions in the VCARD schema. Jena provides constant classes for The Courage, other well known schemas, such as RDF and RDF schema themselves, Dublin Core and OWL. The code to create the resource and add the property, can be more compactly written in a cascading style: The working code for this example can be found in the /src-examples directory of the Jena distribution as tutorial 1. As an exercise, take this code and modify it to A Lover’s The Emotions and Conflicts of a in Boccaccio’s The Decameron and in Virgil’s The Aeneid, create a simple VCARD for yourself.

Now let's add some more detail to The Courage of a Scotsman, the vcard, exploring some more features of RDF and Jena. In the first example, the property value was a literal. RDF properties can also take other resources as their value. Using a common RDF technique, this example shows how to why do cassius and brutus their the tragedy caesar?, represent the different parts of John Smith's name: Here we have added a new property, vcard:N, to Scotsman Essay, represent the structure of John Smith's name. There are several things of lab report interest about this Model. Note that the vcard:N property takes a resource as its value. Note also that the ellipse representing the compound name has no URI. It is known as an blank Node. The Jena code to construct this example, is again very simple. The Courage? First some declarations and and Conflicts Love The Decameron Virgil’s The Aeneid, the creation of the empty model.

The working code for this example can be found as tutorial 2 in the /src-examples directory of the Jena distribution. Each arc in an RDF Model is called a statement . The Courage Of A Scotsman Essay? Each statement asserts a fact about a resource. A statement has three parts: the subject is the why do take own lives at the end of resource from which the arc leaves the predicate is the property that labels the arc the of a object is the resource or literal pointed to of aspirin lab report, by the arc. A statement is sometimes called a triple, because of of a Scotsman its three parts. An RDF Model is represented as a set of synthesis lab report statements. Each call of addProperty in tutorial2 added a another statement to the Model. (Because a Model is set of statements, adding a duplicate of a statement has no effect.) The Jena model interface defines a listStatements() method which returns an of a Scotsman Essay, StmtIterator , a subtype of Java's Iterator over all all the statements in a Model. StmtIterator has a method nextStatement() which returns the education times next statement from the iterator (the same one that next() would deliver, already cast to The Courage of a Essay, Statement ). In Eukaryotes, Translation Place? The Statement interface provides accessor methods to the subject, predicate and object of a statement. Now we will use that interface to extend tutorial2 to list all the statements created and Essay, print them out. A Lover’s Of A Love Affair And In? The complete code for this can be found in tutorial 3. Of A? Since the object of why do cassius and brutus their own lives the tragedy of julius caesar? a statement can be either a resource or a literal, the getObject() method returns an object typed as RDFNode , which is a common superclass of both Resource and Literal . Scotsman Essay? The underlying object is of the synthesis answers appropriate type, so the code uses instanceof to determine which and Scotsman, processes it accordingly.

When run, this program should produce output resembling: Now you know why it is clearer to draw Models. If you look carefully, you will see that each line consists of three fields representing the subject, predicate and object of each statement. There are four arcs in the Model, so there are four statements. The anon:14df86:ecc3dee17b:-7fff is an place, internal identifier generated by Jena. It is The Courage of a Scotsman not a URI and should not be confused with one. It is simply an internal label used by anne fine books the Jena implementation. The W3C RDFCore Working Group have defined a similar simple notation called N-Triples. The name means triple notation. We will see in the next section that Jena has an The Courage, N-Triples writer built in.

Jena has methods for reading and writing RDF as XML. These can be used to cassius take end of the tragedy, save an The Courage of a, RDF model to a file and later read it back in A Lover’s The Emotions of a Affair in Boccaccio’s The Decameron and in The Aeneid, again. The Courage Scotsman Essay? Tutorial 3 created a model and wrote it out in triple form. Tutorial 4 modifies tutorial 3 to write the model in RDF XML form to the standard output stream. The code again, is very simple: model.write can take an OutputStream argument. The output should look something like this: The RDF specifications specify how to represent RDF as XML. The RDF XML syntax is quite complex. The reader is referred to the primer being developed by the RDFCore WG for a more detailed introduction. However, let's take a quick look at how to interpret the above.

RDF is anne fine books usually embedded in an rdf:RDF element. The Courage Of A Scotsman Essay? The element is what inspired steinbeck to write of mice optional if there are other ways of knowing that some XML is RDF, but it is usually present. The RDF element defines the two namespaces used in the document. There is of a Scotsman Essay then an rdf:Description element which describes the resource whose URI is http://somewhere/JohnSmith. If the cassius and brutus take at the end of rdf:about attribute was missing, this element would represent a blank node.

The vcard:FN element describes a property of the resource. The property name is the FN in the vcard namespace. RDF converts this to a URI reference by Scotsman concatenating the URI reference for the namespace prefix and FN, the A Lover’s Love: The Emotions and Conflicts of a Affair and in The Aeneid local name part of the name. This gives a URI reference of of a http://www.w3.org/2001/vcard-rdf/3.0#FN. The value of the property is the literal John Smith. The vcard:N element is a resource. In this case the resource is represented by a relative URI reference. RDF converts this to an absolute URI reference by concatenating it with the base URI of the current document.

There is an error in this RDF XML; it does not exactly represent the Model we created. The blank node in Love: of a Love Affair The Decameron The Aeneid, the Model has been given a URI reference. Essay? It is no longer blank. The RDF/XML syntax is not capable of representing all RDF Models; for synthesis of aspirin answers, example it cannot represent a blank node which is the object of two statements. The 'dumb' writer we used to write this RDF/XML makes no attempt to write correctly the subset of Models which can be written correctly. It gives a URI to each blank node, making it no longer blank. Jena has an extensible interface which allows new writers for different serialization languages for The Courage of a Scotsman, RDF to be easily plugged in.

The above call invoked the standard 'dumb' writer. Love: Affair In Boccaccio’s The Decameron Virgil’s? Jena also includes a more sophisticated RDF/XML writer which can be invoked by specifying another argument to the write() method call: This writer, the so called PrettyWriter, takes advantage of features of the RDF/XML abbreviated syntax to write a Model more compactly. It is also able to Essay, preserve blank nodes where that is possible. It is however, not suitable for writing very large Models, as its performance is The Emotions Love The Decameron and in Virgil’s The Aeneid unlikely to be acceptable. To write large files and preserve blank nodes, write in N-Triples format: This will produce output similar to that of tutorial 3 which conforms to the N-Triples specification.

Tutorial 5 demonstrates reading the The Courage of a statements recorded in RDF XML form into a model. With this tutorial, we have provided a small database of vcards in RDF/XML form. The following code will read it in and write it out. Anne Fine Books? Note that for this application to run, the input file must be in the current directory. The second argument to The Courage of a Essay, the read() method call is the URI which will be used for resolving relative URI's. As there are no relative URI references in the test file, it is allowed to A Lover’s Love: Love in Boccaccio’s The Decameron The Aeneid, be empty. When run, tutorial 5 will produce XML output which looks like: In the previous section, we saw that the output XML declared a namespace prefix vcard and used that prefix to Scotsman Essay, abbreviate URIs.

While RDF uses only the full URIs, and A Lover’s and Conflicts of a Affair in Boccaccio’s The Decameron, not this shortened form, Jena provides ways of controlling the namespaces used on output with its prefix mappings . Here's a simple example. The output from this fragment is three lots of RDF/XML, with three different prefix mappings. First the default, with no prefixes other than the standard ones: We see that the of a Scotsman rdf namespace is declared automatically, since it is required for tags such as rdf:RDF and rdf:resource . XML namespace declarations are also needed for using the two properties P and Q, but since their prefixes have not been introduced to anne fine books, the model in this example, they get invented namespace names: j.0 and j.1 . The method setNsPrefix(String prefix, String URI) declares that the namespace URI may be abbreviated by prefix . Jena requires that prefix be a legal XML namespace name, and that URI ends with a non-name character. The RDF/XML writer will turn these prefix declarations into Scotsman, XML namespace declarations and use them in its output: The other namespace still gets the constructed name, but the nsA name is now used in the property tags. There's no need for the prefix name to have anything to education in victorian times, do with the variables in the Jena code: Both prefixes are used for output, and no generated prefixes are needed. Take the output produced by the previous fragment, and paste it into some file, with URL file:/tmp/fragment.rdf say. Then run the code: You'll see that the prefixes from the input are preserved in the output. All the prefixes are written, even if they're not used anywhere. Essay? You can remove a prefix with removeNsPrefix(String prefix) if you don't want it in the output. Translation Takes? Since NTriples doesn't have any short way of writing URIs, it takes no notice of prefixes on output and doesn't provide any on input. The notation N3 , also supported by Jena, does have short prefixed names, and Scotsman Essay, records them on input and uses them on synthesis of aspirin lab report answers, output.

Jena has further operations on the prefix mappings that a model holds, such as extracting a Java Map of the The Courage Scotsman exiting mappings, or adding a whole group of mappings at times, once; see the documentation for PrefixMapping for details. Jena is The Courage of a Scotsman a Java API for semantic web applications. The key RDF package for the application developer is org.apache.jena.rdf.model . The API has been defined in terms of interfaces so that application code can work with different implementations without change. This package contains interfaces for representing models, resources, properties, literals, statements and all the other key concepts of RDF, and a ModelFactory for creating models. In Eukaryotes, Translation Takes Place? So that application code remains independent of the implementation, it is best if it uses interfaces wherever possible, not specific class implementations. The org.apache.jena.tutorial package contains the working source code for The Courage Essay, all the examples used in this tutorial. The org.apache.jena. impl packages contains implementation classes which may be common to many implementations. For example, they defines classes ResourceImpl , PropertyImpl , and LiteralImpl which may be used directly or subclassed by different implementations. Applications should rarely, if ever, use these classes directly.

For example, rather than creating a new instance of ResourceImpl , it is better to use the createResource method of whatever model is being used. That way, if the model implementation has used an optimized implementation of Resource , then no conversions between the two types will be necessary. So far, this tutorial has dealt mainly with creating, reading and writing RDF Models. It is now time to deal with accessing information held in a Model. Given the URI of a resource, the resource object can be retrieved from a model using the Model.getResource(String uri) method. This method is defined to education in victorian times, return a Resource object if one exists in the model, or otherwise to create a new one. For example, to retrieve the John Smith resource from the model read in from the file in tutorial 5: The Resource interface defines a number of methods for accessing the properties of a resource. The Resource.getProperty(Property p) method accesses a property of the resource. This method does not follow the usual Java accessor convention in that the type of the object returned is Statement, not the Property that you might have expected.

Returning the whole statement allows the of a Scotsman Essay application to access the value of the property using one of education times its accessor methods which return the object of the statement. For example to retrieve the resource which is the value of the vcard:N property: In general, the object of a statement could be a resource or a literal, so the application code, knowing the value must be a resource, casts the returned object. One of the things that Jena tries to do is to provide type specific methods so the application does not have to cast and type checking can be done at compile time. The code fragment above, can be more conveniently written: Similarly, the literal value of a property can be retrieved: In this example, the vcard resource has only one vcard:FN and one vcard:N property. The Courage Of A Scotsman Essay? RDF permits a resource to repeat a property; for example Adam might have more than one nickname. Let's give him two: As noted before, Jena represents an RDF Model as set of synthesis lab report answers statements, so adding a statement with the subject, predicate and object as one already in the Model will have no effect.

Jena does not define which of the Essay two nicknames present in the Model will be returned. The result of calling vcard.getProperty(VCARD.NICKNAME) is indeterminate. Jena will return one of the values, but there is no guarantee even that two consecutive calls will return the same value. If it is possible that a property may occur more than once, then the Resource.listProperties(Property p) method can be used to return an iterator which will list them all. This method returns an iterator which returns objects of type Statement . We can list the nicknames like this: This code can be found in tutorial 6. The statement iterator iter produces each and every statement with subject vcard and predicate VCARD.NICKNAME , so looping over it allows us to fetch each statement by lab report using nextStatement() , get the object field, and convert it to The Courage of a, a string. The code produces the following output when run: All the properties of a resource can be listed by in victorian times using the listProperties() method without an argument. The previous section dealt with the case of navigating a model from a resource with a known URI.

This section deals with searching a model. The core Jena API supports only a limited query primitive. The more powerful query facilities of SPARQL are described elsewhere. The Model.listStatements() method, which lists all the statements in a model, is perhaps the Essay crudest way of querying a model. Synthesis Lab Report Answers? Its use is not recommended on very large Models. Model.listSubjects() is similar, but returns an iterator over all resources that have properties, ie are the subject of some statement. Model.listSubjectsWithProperty(Property p, RDFNode o) will return an of a Scotsman Essay, iterator over all the resources which have property p with value o . If we assume that only vcard resources will have vcard:FN property, and that in synthesis of aspirin, our data, all such resources have such a property, then we can find all the vcards like this: All these query methods are simply syntactic sugar over a primitive query method model.listStatements(Selector s) . This method returns an iterator over all the statements in The Courage, the model 'selected' by s . The selector interface is designed to in eukaryotes, translation, be extensible, but for now, there is only one implementation of it, the The Courage Scotsman class SimpleSelector from the package org.apache.jena.rdf.model . Using SimpleSelector is one of the rare occasions in Jena when it is necessary to use a specific class rather than an interface. The SimpleSelector constructor takes three arguments: This selector will select all statements with a subject that matches subject , a predicate that matches predicate and an object that matches object . If a null is supplied in what inspired john to write, any of the The Courage Scotsman positions, it matches anything; otherwise they match corresponding equal resources or literals. (Two resources are equal if they have equal URIs or are the same blank node; two literals are the same if all their components are equal.) Thus: will select all the of aspirin lab report answers statements in a Model. The Courage Scotsman Essay? will select all the in victorian statements with VCARD.FN as their predicate, whatever the Essay subject or object. As a special shorthand, listStatements( S, P, O ) is equivalent to listStatements( new SimpleSelector( S, P, O ) ) The following code, which can be found in full in tutorial 7 lists the why do cassius take end of the tragedy of julius caesar? full names on Scotsman Essay, all the vcards in the database.

This should produce output similar to the following: Your next exercise is to modify this code to use SimpleSelector instead of listSubjectsWithProperty . Lets see how to implement some finer control over the statements selected. SimpleSelector can be subclassed and its selects method modified to perform further filtering: This sample code uses a neat Java technique of overridding a method definition inline when creating an instance of the class. Here the selects(. ) method checks to ensure that the anne fine books full name ends with Smith. The Courage Of A Scotsman Essay? It is important to note that filtering based on the subject, predicate and object arguments takes place before the selects(. ) method is called, so the extra test will only be applied to matching statements. The full code can be found in tutorial 8 and produces output like this: You might think that: is equivalent to: Whilst functionally they may be equivalent, the takes place first form will list all the statements in the Model and test each one individually, whilst the second allows indexes maintained by Scotsman Essay the implementation to A Lover’s The Emotions and Conflicts of a Virgil’s, improve performance. Try it on a large Model and see for yourself, but make a cup of coffee first. Jena provides three operations for manipulating Models as a whole. These are the common set operations of union, intersection and difference. The union of two Models is the The Courage of a union of the sets of statements which represent each Model. This is one of the key operations that the design of RDF supports.

It enables data from disparate data sources to be merged. Synthesis Of Aspirin Lab Report Answers? Consider the following two Models: When these are merged, the two http://. The Courage Of A Essay? JohnSmith nodes are merged into one and synthesis lab report answers, the duplicate vcard:FN arc is dropped to produce: Lets look at the code to do this (the full code is in tutorial 9) and The Courage of a Scotsman, see what happens. The output produced by the pretty writer looks like this: Even if you are unfamiliar with the details of the why do and brutus take own lives end of of julius caesar? RDF/XML syntax, it should be reasonably clear that the The Courage of a Scotsman Models have merged as expected.

The intersection and of aspirin lab report, difference of the The Courage Essay Models can be computed in a similar manner, using the inspired john of mice and men methods .intersection(Model) and .difference(Model) ; see the difference and of a, intersection Javadocs for more details. RDF defines a special kind of resources for inspired steinbeck, representing collections of things. These resources are called containers . The members of a container can be either literals or resources. There are three kinds of container: a BAG is an unordered collection an ALT is an unordered collection intended to represent alternatives a SEQ is an ordered collection. The Courage Scotsman Essay? A container is represented by The Emotions of a Love and in a resource. That resource will have an rdf:type property whose value should be one of rdf:Bag, rdf:Alt or rdf:Seq, or a subclass of one of these, depending on the type of the The Courage of a Scotsman container. The first member of the container is the value of the container's rdf:_1 property; the second member of the container is the take their own lives the tragedy of julius caesar? value of the container's rdf:_2 property and so on. The rdf:_nnn properties are known as the ordinal properties . For example, the Model for a simple bag containing the vcards of the Smith's might look like this: Whilst the members of the bag are represented by the properties rdf:_1, rdf:_2 etc the of a Scotsman Essay ordering of the properties is not significant. We could switch the values of the rdf:_1 and rdf:_2 properties and the resulting Model would represent the same information. Alt's are intended to represent alternatives.

For example, lets say a resource represented a software product. It might have a property to Love: of a Love Affair in Boccaccio’s The Decameron The Aeneid, indicate where it might be obtained from. The value of that property might be an Alt collection containing various sites from which it could be downloaded. Alt's are unordered except that the rdf:_1 property has special significance. It represents the default choice.

Whilst containers can be handled using the basic machinery of Scotsman Essay resources and properties, Jena has explicit interfaces and implementation classes to handle them. It is not a good idea to have an object manipulating a container, and at the same time to modify the state of that container using the lower level methods. Let's modify tutorial 8 to create this bag: If we write out this Model, it contains something like the why do cassius and brutus at the following: which represents the Bag resource. The container interface provides an of a Scotsman, iterator to what inspired john steinbeck to write, list the contents of a container: which produces the The Courage of a following output: Executable example code can be found in tutorial 10, which glues together the fragments above into a complete example. The Jena classes offer methods for manipulating containers including adding new members, inserting new members into the middle of a container and removing existing members. The Jena container classes currently ensure that the the list of ordinal properties used starts at rdf:_1 and is contiguous. The RDFCore WG have relaxed this contraint, which allows partial representation of containers. Of Aspirin Answers? This therefore is an area of Jena may be changed in The Courage of a Scotsman, the future. More about Literals and synthesis, Datatypes. The Courage Scotsman? RDF literals are not just simple strings. Literals may have a language tag to indicate the language of the literal.

The literal chat with an English language tag is considered different to what john steinbeck to write of mice, the literal chat with a French language tag. This rather strange behaviour is an artefact of the original RDF/XML syntax. The Courage Scotsman? Further there are really two sorts of Literals. In one, the string component is education just that, an ordinary string. In the other the string component is expected to be a well balanced fragment of XML. When an RDF Model is written as RDF/XML a special construction using a parseType='Literal' attribute is used to represent it. In Jena, these attributes of a literal may be set when the literal is constructed, e.g. in tutorial 11: For two literals to be considered equal, they must either both be XML literals or both be simple literals. In addition, either both must have no language tag, or if language tags are present they must be equal.

For simple literals the strings must be equal. XML literals have two notions of equality. The simple notion is that the conditions previously mentioned are true and the strings are also equal. The other notion is that they can be equal if the canonicalization of The Courage Scotsman their strings is equal. Jena's interfaces also support typed literals. The old-fashioned way (shown below) treats typed literals as shorthand for strings: typed values are converted in the usual Java way to strings and these strings are stored in the Model. For example, try (noting that for simple literals, we can omit the model.createLiteral (. Takes? ) call): The output produced is: Since both literals are really just the Essay string 11, then only one statement is added.

The RDFCore WG has defined mechanisms for supporting datatypes in RDF. Jena suports these using the typed literal mechanisms; they are not discussed in this tutorial. The identifier of an RDF resource can include a fragment identifier, e.g. http://hostname/rdf/tutorial/#ch-Introduction, so, strictly speaking, an RDF resource is identified by a URI reference. As well as being a string of characters, literals also have an optional language encoding to translation takes place, represent the language of the string. For example the literal two might have a language encoding of en for English and the literal deux might have a language encoding of fr for France. [1]: sparql_data/vc-db-1.rdf. Copyright 20112017 The Apache Software Foundation, Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.

Apache Jena, Jena, the of a Essay Apache Jena project logo, Apache and the Apache feather logos are trademarks of times The Apache Software Foundation.

Buy Essays Online from Successful Essay - Historical Memoirs of the Irish Bards: An historical essay on the

Nov 17, 2017 The Courage of a Scotsman Essay,

Buy Essay Papers Here - Commonwealth Literature - Page 148 - Google Books Result

essay selected Short Essay Samples. Brought to you by EssayEdge.com -- The world's premier Application Essay editing service -- The New York Times Learning Network. Please select from the following short essay sets: Note: The below essays were not edited by Scotsman Essay, EssayEdge Editors.

They appear as they were initially reviewed by admissions officers. SAMPLE SHORT ESSAY SET 1: Georgetown, Saudi International Relations. For many years, I have been interested in studying international relations. What Inspired? My interest in pursuing this field stems from several factors which have affected me. First, I have been exposed to international affairs throughout my life. With my father and two of The Courage of a Scotsman my brothers in the Saudi Foreign Service, I have grown up under the A Lover’s The Emotions and Conflicts of a in Boccaccio’s The Decameron and in The Aeneid shadow of inter-national affairs.

Second, I am fascinated by history, economics, and The Courage Essay diplomacy. I believe, through the study of international relations, I can effectively satisfy my curiosity in these fields. Times? A third factor which has affected my interest in The Courage of a Scotsman Essay international relations is patriotism. Through the Foreign Service, I would not only have the opportunity to serve my country, but also have the chance to help bridge gaps between my country and what inspired john to write of mice and men others. Finally, as a Saudi living abroad, I have been bridging cultures throughout my life. Scotsman Essay? This experience has taught me to look for differences to compromise and similarities to synthesize in order to balance different cultures. Anne Fine Books? In short, I believe that my experiences in life, combined with a rigorous academic education, will enable me to pursue a successful career in the Saudi Foreign Service. Georgetown, Favorite Class. At St.

Albans, especially in our later years, we are given the freedom to choose from a vast array of classes. The Courage Of A? Using this freedom, I have selected classes which have personal significance to me, regardless of difficulty or appearance on my transcript. However, from these classes, one holds an A Lover’s of a Love in Boccaccio’s The Aeneid extraordinary amount of of a Essay value to me. This course is A.P. Omnibus History, a combination of American and European history. There are several reasons for my great interest in this class. First, I am fascinated by the cyclical nature of the past.

I see these recurring political, economic, and social trends as a means of looking forward into the future, while allowing us to avoid the why do cassius and brutus take own lives end of the tragedy of julius caesar? mistakes of the past. Of A? Second, history teaches many lessons about the nature of human behavior, both past and present, providing insight into the actions, desires, and aspirations of those around me. Finally, it lays a solid foundation for several disciplines, including political science, economics, and international relations, three fields of great interest to anne fine books, me. Georgetown, Visual Arts. Another major interest of mine, which I have not had the opportunity to express elsewhere on my application, is the visual arts. Throughout high school, I have used a variety of media to express myself. I began with black and white photography, focusing on the presence of lines and balance in nature. For my work in this medium, I received an award at the St. Albans School Art Show.

From photography, I moved on to glass etching. Using a sandblaster to etch the glass, I again concentrated on lines and balance in my works. The Courage Scotsman Essay? Moreover, by arranging several glass panes into a sculpture, I moved my study into three dimensions, winning another Art Show award. Currently, I am working on canvas, using oil and acrylic in a Mondrian style, which is based on lines and balance. Eventually, I hope to anne fine books, explore the effects of combining these and other media, creating my own style of artistic expression.

In the past four years of The Courage my life, no activity has affected me more than wrestling. And Brutus End Of The Tragedy Caesar?? Four years of varsity wrestling and the honor of being a team captain has instilled many qualities in me. First, through years of hard work and continuous dieting, wrestling has given me discipline. This discipline has spread to other parts of my personality, including my moral character, work ethic, and perserverence. Another quality wrestling has given me is leadership. As a team captain, I have learned to lead by of a Essay, example, both on and off the mat. Above all, though, wrestling has given me a love of life. Through this sport, I have experienced pain, sacrifice, adversity, and success. Exposure to these feelings-which are, in my opinion, the essence of and brutus take their own lives at the the tragedy caesar? being-has allowed me to of a, truly appreciate life.

I hope to continue wrestling at Georgetown. What immediately strikes the reader about this set-before even reading it-is the balance between the essays. Each answer contains only one paragraph, each of approximately equal length. Lab Report Answers? The solid structure of each essay and the focus of each reflects this outward balance. Each one focuses on a completely different area of The Courage Scotsman its writers life, another striking detail. The first focuses on his career goals, the second on his interest in A Lover’s The Emotions of a Love Affair history, the third on his interest in the visual arts, and the fourth on wrestling. This is a perfect example of the jigsaw puzzle approach. When put together, you have a well-rounded individual with passion, depth, and Essay involvement in many different areas. SAMPLE SHORT ESSAY SET 2: Throughout my life, I have tried to be a well-balanced person. Growing up in the South, I had a hard time fighting the stereotypical image of a Chinese person.

I was expected to be a math and science genius and and brutus end of of julius caesar? nothing more. As it turned out, I defied my detractors by excelling in English and history along with math and science. And over Scotsman the years, I have continued to maintain my academic standards. Nevertheless, I have also made sure that I am more than an academic person. I am an active one as well. In middle school, the most popular game during lunch was a basketball game called Salt and Pepper (white vs. black). Of Aspirin? The first day of school, I stepped onto the basketball courts and Scotsman was greeted by cries of consternation, Who is he? Is he salt or pepper? But after the game, I had made a name for myself. From then onward, I would be known as Spice, and the game we played became Salt, Pepper, and Spice. When I moved to California, things were no different.

I continued to play an active part both academically and why do and brutus take their end of of julius socially. My involvement with Cross-country, Speech and Debate, Ultimate Frisbee and The Courage of a Essay numerous clubs guaranteed that I would not be only known as an Honors student. Like myself, Duke is much more than an academic institution; it is a living institution. I feel that I will be given the opportunity to excel both academically and socially. Education? Duke is a university known for its rich history and strong academic program. And, at the same time, it is also known for its innovation and progressiveness. These are qualities which draw me to the college. In addition, Duke and The Courage of a Essay I have a lot in common. The two most important extracurricular activities I have are a major part of Duke University. Dukes Speech team is known for its strong Extemp squad. I remember the time when my speech coach asked me what schools I was applying to.

When I had listed my top five choices, he frowned at me and said, Out of all those schools, I will only respect you if you either join us at Berkeley or go to Duke and extemp. I hope I will be given the opportunity to contribute my part in the Duke Speech team. Equally important, the takes place Duke University has a well-known Ultimate Frisbee team. The Courage Of A Scotsman? I look forward expectantly to becoming a part of the team. Strange as it seems, Ultimate Frisbee is one of my top criteria for in eukaryotes, place, choosing my future college. It delights me that Duke places such great emphasis on the two extracurricular activities that mean most to me. My first year at Duke should be a great one. Majoring in economics at The Courage of a Essay, Duke should allow me to both pursue my major studies and allow me time for personal interests in Chinese and the Humanities. Moreover, in synthesis of aspirin lab report answers my spare time, I plan to join the Speech team and the Ultimate Frisbee team. Hopefully, with my previous experience, I will have an early start in both Speech and Ultimate. Yet, I will never forget why Im in college in The Courage of a the first place. As long as I give organic chemistry a wide berth, I should be able to continue my level of academic excellence.

Overall, my first year at Duke promises to be exciting, if a bit hectic. I find Hermann Hesses book, Narcissus and Goldmund, intellectually exciting. After reading the book last year, I remember putting it down and sighing contentedly. Inspired John To Write And Men? I had, after a sleepless night, finally finished. What I reveled in was not the fact that I could sleep, but that I had come away with an inexplicable something. It was not an understanding which could be pinpointed and explained. Rather, it was a sense I felt in the depths of my soul. And yet, what delighted me more was that I knew that I had only begun to understand the book; that there remained countless messages which I could only sense but not grasp. Here, finally, I had a book which could be re-read. And every time I finished, I would come away with a new understanding of something I could not put into words. Unlike the normal academic, I do not want to find the final answer for everything.

Throughout my life, I have always felt a sense of loss after succeeding in a long search. For me, it is not the ends I seek, but the means themselves. Of A Scotsman Essay? I am perfectly content to never find the final answer as long as I will always be able to find a better one. Duke, Chinese Culture/Economics. Born in in eukaryotes, translation place Taiwan, I came to the United States when I was five.

Armed with only two words (hello and popcorn), I braved the Scotsman uncertainties of a complex, new environment. Twelve years later, my vocabulary is considerably larger and I have adapted well to my surroundings. At the same time, I have neither forgotten my native culture nor its language. My ties with my native Chinese culture remain as strong as ever. I visit my relatives in Taiwan regularly almost every summer and have traveled throughout China. And to A Lover’s of a Love Affair in Boccaccio’s The Decameron, everyones continuing surprise, I have yet to forget how to Scotsman, speak Mandarin. Synthesis Of Aspirin Lab Report Answers? Nevertheless, twelve years in The Courage Essay America has made its impressions upon me as well. I am as American as anyone my age. Education In Victorian Times? The songs I listen to, the sports I play, and the way I speak are all a reflection of The Courage Essay that. Anne Fine Books? In short, I am a combination of both East and West.

Nevertheless, I sometimes wonder whether speaking Chinese at The Courage of a Scotsman, home and visits in the summer are enough to maintain my ties with my native culture. Often, when I see my parents reading old Chinese literature or poetry, I feel that I am only in synthesis answers touch with half of what I am. This sense of loss has led me to seek out my old roots. I turn to the East to rediscover what I have lost. Yet, I cannot resign myself to merely studying my own culture and language.

I want to The Courage of a Essay, be able to apply my knowledge as well. John Steinbeck To Write Of Mice? To me, pursuing a career in business is a very pragmatic solution to The Courage of a Scotsman, my future welfare. My father is a businessman in Taiwan and I have had numerous opportunities to watch him work. Through him, I have discovered my own interests in the business field. I find the way business operates in the East to be very exciting. At the synthesis lab report answers same time, my father has soothed my sense of morality by showing me that it is possible to be an Scotsman honest businessman in why do cassius their own lives at the of julius caesar? Asia. Before I learned about The Courage of a Scotsman Duke, I had made up my mind to study economics and to ultimately pursue a career in international business.

I had come to see this path as the best combination for fulfilling both my aspirations towards knowledge and my pragmatic goals of a future livelihood. China, my planned area of focus, is an anne fine books expanding market with a dearth of The Courage Scotsman Essay skilled business professionals. Why Do Their End Of The Tragedy Of Julius? But I had misgivings because I wanted a school with a strong focus on of a Scotsman Essay the humanities as well. Thus, I find Duke University exciting and perfect for me. It gives me a strong economics curriculum, but still allows me to times, pursue my interests in the humanities. With economics at Duke University, I will have access to a wide array of studies both within and beyond my chosen major. I will have an edge in the business world by virtue of Duke.

After attending Duke (if I am accepted, of course), I will have a clear path before me. The Courage Scotsman? My studies at Duke should virtually guarantee me for A Lover’s The Emotions and Conflicts of a Affair in Boccaccio’s Virgil’s, any graduate business school. Of A Essay? And, after my graduate studies, I will be able to realize my dreams. Perhaps, I will be able to serve as a bridge between East and West. These three well-written essays create a strong set.

The first and the last would have been impressive on of mice and men their own. Reading them all together magnifies their impact considerably. This student does an especially good job of targeting the school. This student focuses his first essay on his extracurriculars and relates them to why Duke would be perfect for The Courage, him. He focuses the third on his Chinese background and how it relates to his career goals and academic interests.

Then he also relates these interests to why Duke matches him perfectly. His favorite book provided the focus of the second essay. What makes this second essay better than others like it is what inspired john to write and men that the applicant manages to Scotsman, put himself into the question. He does not just talk about the book, he uses it to talk about himself and stress the inquisitive nature of his personality-always a plus. SAMPLE SHORT ESSAY SET 3: Participating in why do take their own lives at the end of the tragedy of julius caesar? my high schools debate program has been my most meaningful activity these past four years. I have learned how to speak in front of The Courage of a a crowd without becoming nervous, how to think on my feet, and how to argue the merits of any side of an issue.

Being on inspired steinbeck of mice the debate team also allows me to educate myself on current topics of global importance such as the The Courage of a Essay homeless problem, health care, and A Lover’s The Emotions of a Love Affair in Boccaccio’s Virgil’s The Aeneid pollution. Throughout the three years I have dedicated to the activity, (high school) has always maintained a successful squad and I am quite proud to know that I have earned many of the trophies and awards that have helped make the program so successful and (high school) well known on the debate circuit. Because of the activity, I have learned that from education to communication, from argument to enlightenment, debate is necessary for two or more humans to transcend mere exchange of thought and achieve synergy instead. The Courage Of A Scotsman? I now view success in debate as far more than a trophy; I now see it as evidence that I can successfully communicate my beliefs to others and have them logically accept them as their own, thus priming me for any future challenges involving human interaction. Dartmouth, Honors and Awards. My most important honors since tenth grade have been winning the Brown University Book Award for my skills in English, being named as a National Merit Semifinalist (Finalist status pending), winning the Journalism Education Association National Write-off Award of Excellence in the Editorial division at a national conference, being selected as a Semifinalist in the NCTE Writing Contest for my work in prose, being named as an Illinois State Scholar for my academic achievement in high school and synthesis lab report my high A.C.T. scores, being selected to Essay, the Spanish Honor Society for my consistent success with the language in the classroom, being selected as the Student of the Month in the Foreign Language/Social Sciences division two years in a row for my success in those classes, and in a culminating event, being featured in Whos Who Among American High School Students for in eukaryotes, place, my overall scholastic success. Dartmouth, Summer at Dartmouth. Most of The Courage of a Scotsman Essay my past summer was spent away from home. In that brief month in which I remained in (town name) I worked at (job) in order to earn the money I was going to spend on john steinbeck my trips.

My first excursion was to the east coast where I visited several schools and took in the atmosphere of an area to which my midwestern self was somewhat unaccustomed. One school I was considering that I did not visit was Dartmouth. After all, I spent a month there later in the summer. As a participant of the Dartmouth Debate Institute I spent a lot of time in Feldberg, Dana, and Baker libraries; resided in the well-known Choates; attended sessions in Scotsman Silsby; and A Lover’s The Emotions and Conflicts of a The Decameron The Aeneid dined in the Full-Fare section of The Courage of a Thayer. There was also time for recreational activities such as rope swinging, volleyball, frisbee, sleep (every little bit was cherished), and beautiful hikes up to Dana. I did manage to sit down and work in such a clean, open environment, however. The instructors made sure of that.

The four-week institute honed my skills in speaking, researching, structuring arguments, and takes place thinking. As a result, my partner and I were able to break into the elimination rounds at The Courage of a, the institute-ending tournament which included the A Lover’s Love: The Emotions and Conflicts of a Love Affair in Boccaccio’s The Decameron and in top debaters in Scotsman the nation. Aside from the debate skills I learned, I found the institute very favorable because of the exchange of ideas taking place between the education in victorian students and staff. Essay? What I learned from The Emotions of a Affair Virgil’s The Aeneid, those exchanges enlightened me not only as a debater but also as a person. Although I enjoy all of my subjects, I regard classes I have taken in the social sciences to be the The Courage Scotsman most meaningful. Whereas some classes use formulas to describe natural occurrences, the social sciences show that not everything is explicable in such a clear-cut manner. The social sciences describe people; they describe the people who make up the formulas and how and why that was done. The social sciences also explain the past so as a society, people can avoid past catastrophes and build upon past successes. Not only do they describe how we act as we do, but why we act as we do. I am not a student who always likes to follow someone elses rules.

While most subjects allow for free thought, the social sciences encourage innovative thinking. A Lover’s And Conflicts Affair Virgil’s The Aeneid? Those classes expect students to Scotsman, explain why something happened based on certain conditions. I didnt learn that the Iron Curtain was an economic measure in synthesis lab report any math class. As a student my ultimate goal is to understand things. I feel the best way to understand is not by reciting anothers thought, but by formulating my own and The Courage Essay debating it with people who disagree with me. I believe that exchange of thought is vital in every curriculum, but the social sciences do the most to promote that exchange. Why Do Cassius Own Lives End Of Of Julius Caesar?? I highly doubt that anyone will be debating Einsteins ideas in the near future-and be right.

This essayist dedicates the of a Scotsman first essay to his involvement in what inspired john to write of mice debating. He manages to communicate quite a lot in a short amount of of a Scotsman space (what he has learned, what he has achieved, and what steinbeck to write and men what debating means to The Courage Scotsman, him) without ever losing his focus. Takes Place? The second essay is an example of an answer to a list question (List your honors and awards). The third gets more personal by describing the summer he spent at Dartmouth. The strength of this essay is that he sells himself on his knowledge and familiarity of the school. The weakness of this essay is that he tries to The Courage of a Scotsman, do too much and loses his focus after the second paragraph. The conclusion does not seem to fit with the points he has made in the essay-the last line particularly seems to come from nowhere. SAMPLE SHORT ESSAY SET 4: Harvard, Favorite Books.

The novel Black Like Me was the why do and brutus their end of the tragedy most stimulating book I have recently read. I was taken aback by The Courage of a Scotsman Essay, the cruelty the narrator experienced when he was black compared to lab report answers, the hospitality he found as a white man. Possessing the Essay same occupation, clothing, wealth, speech, and of aspirin identity did not matter when his skin was another color. Given that this was a non-fictional piece, my reaction was even stronger. Essay? The book made me favor equality of opportunity for all in every endeavor so others opinions of A Lover’s The Emotions of a The Decameron The Aeneid them are based on performance, not preconceptions. Harvard, Favorite Teacher. I selected Mr. (name) because he taught me more than U.S. Of A? History; he taught me how to think independently.

This wasnt done only to prepare me for the free-response section of the A.P. Translation? test, either. I know he did it to make his students responsible citizens and responsible adults. From the outset, he wanted to make sure that we knew how we stood in our political philosophy: strict constructionists or loose constructionists. He wanted to make sure that we didnt gravitate towards empty categories like liberal or conservative, but rather focused on issues separately whenever we needed to take a stand on them. Imagine my surprise when I, the son of Scotsman two very conservative parents who constantly bombarded me with their rhetoric, discovered that I had strong liberal tendencies on some issues. Aside from political affiliations, Mr. In Eukaryotes, Translation Takes? (name) taught us how to make sense out of history by The Courage Scotsman, trying to understand the anne fine books personal motives that went in to The Courage of a, any chain of historical occurrences. In his class, I came to the realization that history isnt only The Emotions of a Love in Boccaccio’s The Decameron, a series of The Courage of a Scotsman names and dates printed in a textbook, but a more complex subject that requires deep thought and anne fine books analysis for full comprehension. The Courage Essay? Because of Mr. (name), history is synthesis lab report answers now my favorite subject. He has also been a motivating force outside of the classroom. Essay? He always had faith in my ability and constantly encouraged me to do my best.

I believe he respected my abilities and wanted to see them developed further. In fact, had it not been for in eukaryotes, translation takes, his faith in The Courage me, I would have never applied to Harvard, the school I plan to attend in the fall. Harvard, Unnoticed Accomplishment. Its not that Im a weak guy, just that I had been somewhat self-conscious about my strength early on in my high school career. My gym class didnt help too much, either. Thanks to a demeaning test of strength appropriately dubbed the Grip Test, once each quarter I was provided the opportunity to squeeze a gadget, get a score, and have my teacher announce it out loud, no matter how high or (as in my case) how low it was. No matter how hard I tried, the cruel and callous scale never registered above 40. Almost every other male in the class could boast of a high-40s or mid-50s score. I hated that test with a passion.

Until recently. The Emotions In Boccaccio’s And In Virgil’s The Aeneid? When this semester rolled around and of a Essay I had the gripper placed in my palm, I was prepared for the same old same old. I had been improving slightly from quarter to quarter, but nothing impressive ever happened. I drew in a deep breath, squeezed, looked at inspired to write of mice and men, the scale, and Essay almost fainted. Cassius Their At The The Tragedy Caesar?? Sixty-six! In a way only a teenager can appreciate, for of a, an accomplishment only a teenager would find meaningful, I thought I was in heaven.

My success was even sweeter as I watched jocks pale in in eukaryotes, comparison when they took the test. Sure, to some people my academic accomplishments seem fairly impressive, and I would agree. Yet the grip test situation was much more personal and represented success in an area I normally dont pay attention to. Plus I learned two things. One: I can pride myself on the smallest triviality.

Two: Im glad we dont measure strength in our gym classes with the bench press. Harvard, Leadership through Dedication. To me, leadership does not necessarily mean accumulating as many titles as possible in school activities; I feel one leads through his dedication, actions, and contributions. I have always tried to lead in almost everything I set out to do. I feel I have been successful at that.

Superficially, I have earned such titles as president of the National Honor Society chapter at of a Scotsman Essay, my school, Editor-in-Chief, columnist, Investigative Editor, and anne fine books Editorial Editor of the Essay school newspaper, senior varsity leader in debate, and a Class Representative for Student Council. However, those titles dont begin to tell the story of my abilities as a leader. They dont reveal how I volunteered to help out at in eukaryotes, takes, a handicapped lock-in at an unfamiliar youth center when no one else wanted to, they dont reveal how I always sought to The Courage of a Scotsman Essay, be on time for work and to cassius and brutus of julius caesar?, avoid boondoggling, they dont reveal how I aided younger debaters with their argumentation so they can have the of a Scotsman same success I was lucky enough to education times, enjoy, they dont reveal how I became a role model for the JETS squad by studying my material often, eventually becoming the most medaled member on the team, and they dont reveal all the effort I put into learning my lines and acquiring a good stage presence for The Courage of a Essay, Images, my first stage production ever, so I wouldnt single-handedly jeopardize the whole show with my lack of experience. All those actions stress the quality I feel is lab report answers most important in a leader, dedication. With dedication comes hard work and the ability to seek out solutions when problems get in the way, whether they are with a news page layout or in a students diction. Because of this dedication, taking charge is Scotsman Essay second nature for in eukaryotes,, me.

People are always willing to follow one with a clear sense of direction. Harvard, Close-knit family. I dont view my important characteristics as different from those my family has imparted on me throughout the years. The pride, care, dedication, effort, and hard-working attitude that I view as critical to any success I may achieve have all descended upon of a Scotsman me courtesy of my close-knit, Italian family. Born the child of two immigrants who came here with nothing, only one possessing a college degree, the importance of a good work ethic was stressed by my parents from day one.

Through their actions in education their jobs and through the verbal lessons on life I began to get from the moment I could communicate, they set an Essay example for me to synthesis of aspirin lab report answers, follow, one of being proud of what I do, no matter what it was, and above all, to The Courage of a Essay, care about everything I do as if everything had a big impact. This meant that everything had to be done right and be done well. And Brutus Take Their Own Lives At The End Of? Undoubtedly, following their own advice carried my parents from The Courage of a Scotsman Essay, their status as blue-collar immigrants who labored as a factory workers to white-collar citizens, one of anne fine books whom owns his own business while the The Courage of a Essay other works as a bank officer. Those ascensions from in eukaryotes, translation, nothing only served as other examples for The Courage Essay, me to follow, examples that delineated the ability for education in victorian, a person to improve through effort. Another quotation from my father propelled me from the The Courage of a Scotsman Essay time I started school to today: No matter what you do, you have to be the answers best. This set up the inner drive that motivates all my actions. The Courage Scotsman? It was what forced me to try hard in school although I didnt know English well enough to always understand the teacher.

Its the reason why I have developed my skills. It accounts for my dedication to all activities, and to lab report answers, the hard work I put into all of of a them as I strive to lead both in anne fine books class and out. Essay? Essentially, my parentage was the first quality that distinguished me as a leader. Despite all the talk of being a leader, I have never lost sight of the importance of my family. I know I owe my family everything, and A Lover’s The Emotions of a Love Affair in Boccaccio’s and in Virgil’s as a result, Ill always be close with it. I pursue a variety of Scotsman Essay activities for fun and relaxation. I enjoy reading books and The Emotions and in Virgil’s The Aeneid magazines (my tastes range from Time to Gentlemens Quarterly) on a regular basis, imitating Beavis and Butt-head, and most of all, spending time with my friends. Although I am fan of playing pick-up games of basketball, football, and roller hockey, the phrase doing nothing with my time doesnt bother me since I can have a good time just hanging around. The Courage Of A Scotsman? I think people, not places, make for a good time. Harvard, Social Concerns.

My major social concerns all revolve around the anne fine books future. In other words, Im concerned about what prevents people from rising above their disadvantages. The Courage Scotsman Essay? Specifically, I am most concerned with the handicapped, education, and crime. I feel societys response to handicaps is answers what really hampers the potential of the disabled. It is important for the disabled to get a better sense of worth and to be able to adapt to, and of a Scotsman survive in, todays world. Through National Honor Society (NHS), I have done just that. I have helped out at a lock-in that was designed to foster interaction among the children of the organization, as well as at Special Olympics, where the children participate in translation takes place sports on Scotsman Essay a competitive basis so their talents and abilities can be recognized. Whenever the disabled can be successful at an activity, the barrier between them and the rest of society is drastically reduced.

Education is key to other problems such as gangs, drugs, and crime because it can prevent and eliminate them. I try to why do and brutus, get students in our school to maximize their opportunities by using the educational resources available. By setting up a tutoring program through NHS, I have matched up needy students with other students who can assist them with their problems in classes. More directly, I help students out with English and show them how to use the Writing Center Lab, an indispensable resource for The Courage of a Scotsman, English students at cassius take the tragedy of julius, any level. The more educated a person is, I believe, the more able he is to be successful in the future. I have dealt with criminal problems in my school by discussing solutions to gangs and other crime in the Student Advisory Committee.

We have drafted several proposals to help reduce those problems in The Courage of a our school. Educating people about such social concerns is also very crucial because they wont fix what they dont think is broken. That is one objective of what to write our newspaper, in which we have written various editorials and news stories to educate the student body on social topics. Through debate, I myself have become knowledgeable on such topics as the homeless, poverty, health care, and the environment. That way I can practice what I preach. Harvard is notorious for its long list of essay questions, as you can see from the seven essays this applicant had to write. The first essay is a standard favorite book essay. His second, about his favorite teacher, goes into more depth and Essay reveals more about the candidate, that he enjoys learning, admires independent thought, and plans to study history.

The third essay in this set stands out from the rest. Had the panel who were grading the compositions understood the context of this essay in light of the education six others in Scotsman Essay the set, they probably would have given it more credit. Anne Fine Books? Its strength lies in The Courage of a Scotsman Essay its funny, lighthearted approach-it shows a completely different aspect of the A Lover’s The Emotions of a Love Affair in Boccaccio’s The Decameron and in Virgil’s candidates personality. Without it, he would have appeared deadpan serious and probably a bit dull. However, showing the of a Scotsman wittier side of himself strengthens the set considerably.

It is a good example of allowing yourself to take a risk in one essay, as long as more serious approaches in the others balance it.